STUDIES AND REVIEWS No. 75

STUDIES AND REVIEWS

No. 75

GENERAL FISHERIES COMMISSION FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN

Fisheries Laws and Regulations in the Mediterranean: A Comparative Study

by
Philippe Cacaud
FAO Legal Consultant

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2005

 

Table of Contents


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ISBN 92-5-105276-X
ISSN 1020-9549

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Cacaud, P.
Fisheries laws and regulations in the Mediterranean: a comparative study.
Studies and Reviews. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean. No. 75. Rome, FAO. 2005. 40p.

ABSTRACT

This comparative study of fisheries laws and regulations covers the entire Mediterranean basin and focuses on three main issues: (i) access regimes to fisheries resources; (ii) management of fishing effort and fishing capacity; and (iii) monitoring, control and surveillance. Its purpose is to provide fisheries managers with information on the principal measures adopted in the region to identify areas where harmonization should be sought, particularly in relation to shared stocks. It has been conceived as a working document and is intended for states to complete and build upon.

© FAO 2005


CONTENTS

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

INTRODUCTION

1. ACCESS REGIMES TO FISHERIES RESOURCES

1.1 Commercial fishing

1.1.1 National vessels
1.1.2 Foreign vessels
1.1.3 Fixed gears and other activities not requiring the use of a vessel

1.2 Recreational fishing

2. MANAGEMENT OF FISHING EFFORT AND FISHING CAPACITY

2.1 Core measures

2.1.1 Management of fishing effort

2.2 Management of fishing capacity
2.3 Subsidiary measures

2.3.1 Closed season and temporary suspension
2.3.2 Fishing gears and methods
2.3.3 Minimum landing sizes
2.3.4 Prohibited fishing areas
2.3.5 Fishing zones
2.3.6 Fish reserves
2.3.7 Protection and conservation of juveniles
2.3.8 Protected species
2.3.9 Bycatch

3. MONITORING, CONTROL AND SURVEILLANCE

3.1 Registering or recording of fishing vessels
3.2 Register of fishers
3.3 Marking
3.4 Inspection
3.5 Reporting
3.6 Landing of catch
3.7 Transshipment
3.8 Observer programmes
3.9 VMS

ANNEX 1 Summary list of the main fisheries legislation in the Mediterranean

ANNEX 2 Note on maritime jurisdiction in the Mediterranean Sea

A1 MARITIME JURISDICTION

A1.1 Maritime zones
A1.2 Status of maritime zones in coastal states

A1.2.1 Territorial seas
A1.2.2 Exclusive economic zones
A1.2.3 Fishing zones
A1.2.4 Continental shelves

A2. ADHESION TO MAJOR INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS AND AGREEMENTS ON THE LAW OF THE SEA AND FISHERIES

ÉTUDES ET REVUES DE LA CGPM DÉJÀ PUBLIÉES / GFCM STUDIES AND REVIEWS ALREADY ISSUED

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