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8. Impact assessment

The proposed Programme will need practical indicators to measure the impact of improved water-lifting technologies on food production and livelihoods. The details will only emerge as the Programme proceeds, because the nature of available data will only become known during the course of Task K1a. This is why development of indicators is itself included in the list of Programme components, as part of Task M3. This task will need specialist agro-economic and probably sociological expertise. This chapter merely makes some initial suggestions.

Some general indicators might be the following:

In addition to the poverty-reduction implications of those general indicators, specific poverty-related indicators could include:

Together with quantifiable indicators that are amenable to numerical analysis of trends, there could be from time to time a place for qualitative diagnostic studies. This would complete monitoring of the continually changing situation.

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