FAO FISHERIES PROCEEFINGS 3/1

FAO FISHERIES PROCEEFINGS 3/1

Deep Sea 2003: Conference on the Governance and Management of Deep-sea Fisheries
Part 1: Conference Reports

1-5 December 2003
Queenstown, New Zealand

Edited by
Ross Shotton
Fishery Resources Officer
Marine Resources Service
Fishery Resources Division
FAO Fisheries Department


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2005
 

Table of Contents


Cover photo:

Fishing trawler Austral Leader in heavy weather in the southern Indian Ocean.
Courtesy of Captain Geiri Petursson.

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ISBN 92-5-105402-9
ISSN 1813-3490

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Shotton, R. (ed.)
Deep Sea 2003: Conference on the Governance and Management of Deep-sea Fisheries.
Part 1: Conference reports. Queenstown, New Zealand, 1-5 December 2003.
FAO Fisheries Proceedings. No. 3/1. Rome, FAO. 2005. 718p.

Abstract

The first of these two-volume Proceedings contains papers presented at Deep Sea 2003: Conference on the Governance and Management of Deep-sea Fisheries that was held in Queenstown, New Zealand from 1 to 5 December 2003. They include the Conference opening statements and the keynote addresses for the seven theme sessions, which covered the topics of (i) environment, ecosystem biology, habitat, diversity and oceanography; (ii) population biology and resource assessment; (iii) harvesting and conservation strategies for resource management; (iv) technology requirements; (v) monitoring, compliance and controls; (vi) review of existing policies and instruments; and (vii) governance and management. A review by a group of selected experts on these themes, as presented at the Conference, is also provided and gives their personal views. The perspectives of the Conference Steering Committee, as regards the general conclusions of the Conference, are provided in terms of what are considered necessary to address the issues of deep-sea fisheries governance and management and the programme elements that must be undertaken if deep-sea fish resources are to be sustained, their habitat protected to ensure its productivity and appropriate concern of protection of deep-sea biodiversity.

The second volume of the Proceedings consists of two parts. Authors who presented posters at Deep Sea 2003 were invited to provide more detailed papers, based on their posters, for the Proceedings and the papers of those authors who have done so are at the beginning of the volume. The subsequent part contains papers presented at four workshops held at the University of Otago, Dunedin from 27 to 29 November 2003, the week prior to the main Conference in Queenstown. These workshops addressed the topics of (i) assessment and management of deepwater fisheries; (ii) management of small-scale deep-sea fisheries; (iii) conservation and management of deepwater fisheries; and (iv) bioprospecting in the high seas.

© FAO 2005


Contents

Foreword
Preface
Summary report and conclusions
Conference programme
Welcome addresses

SETTING THE SCENE

Keynote address
RT. HON. S. UPTON

Not IUU but LRR - a commercial fishing industry perspective
A. MACFARLANE

High-seas bottom fisheries and their impact on the biodiversity of vulnerable deep-sea ecosystems: preliminary findings
M. GIANNI

Improving international governance in the deep sea
MICHAEL W. LODGE

Can deep-sea fisheries satisfy growing consumer demand for fish? Unilever’s approach to sustainable fisheries
V. KUNTZSCH

THEME 1. ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEM BIOLOGY, HABITAT AND DIVERSITY, OCEANOGRAPHY

Environmental and biological aspects of deepwater demersal fishes
J.D.M. GORDON

A seascape perspective for managing deep-sea habitats
A. WILLIAMS, R. KLOSER, B. BARKER, N. BAX AND A. BUTLER

In situ observations of deep-water fishes in four canyons off the Georges Bank, NW Atlantic
F. UIBLEIN, M. YOUNGBLUTH, C. JACOBY, F. PAGÈS, M. PICHERAL AND G. GORSKY

Features of oceanography and ichthyofauna composition on the Emperor Ridge
V.A. BELYAEV AND V.B. DARNITSKIY

The census of marine life: community access to basic science
K. YARINCIK AND R.K. O’DOR

Patterns and processes of the ecosystems of the Northern Mid-Atlantic (MAr-eco project) - an international census of marine life project on deep-sea biodiversity
O.A. BERGSTAD AND T. FALKENHAUG

THEME 2. POPULATION BIOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENT

The challenges of, and future prospects for, assessing deepwater marine resources: experiences from Australia, New Zealand, Southern Africa and the United States
A.E. PUNT

Deepwater fish resources in the northeast Atlantic: fisheries, state of knowledge on biology and ecology and recent developments in stock assessment and management
P.A. LARGEAND O.A. BERGSTAD

Potential exploitable deepwater resources and exploratory fishing off the South African coast and the development of the deepwater fishery on the south Madagascar ridge
D.W. JAPPAND A. JAMES

Counting deepwater fish: challenges for estimating the abundance of orange roughy in New Zealand fisheries
M. CLARK

Modelling the distribution of two fish species in seamounts of the Azores
M. MACHETE, T. MORATO AND G. MENEZES

A life history approach to the assessment of deepwater fisheries in the Northeast Atlantic
M.W. CLARKE

Local fishing efficiencies estimated from observers’ recordings of Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides)
E. DE OLIVEIRA, N. BEZ AND G. DUHAMEL

THEME 3. HARVESTING AND CONSERVATION STRATEGIES FOR RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Experiences in Southern Africa in the management of deep-sea fisheries
D.S. BUTTERWORTH AND A. BRANDÃO
A phased approach to fishery development in the deep sea - a case study for the grooved tanner crab (Chionoecetes tanneri)
J.A. BOUTILLIER AND G.E. GILLESPIE
Ecological risk assessment of the New Zealand hoki fishery
J. GUNN AND R. CADE

Providing management advice for deep-sea fisheries: lessons learned from Australia’s orange roughy fisheries
N.J. BAX, R. TILZEY, J. LYLE, S.E. WAYTE, R. KLOSER AND A.D.M. SMITH

THEME 4. TECHNOLOGY REQUIREMENTS

Use and abuse of data in fishery management
A. BARKAI AND M. BERGH

Achievements and advances in science through the use of the satellite monitoring technology applied to the industrial fishery in Peru
M. SEGURA, M. RAMÍREZ, A. GUARDIA AND J. ATIQUIPA

Digital photography as a stock assessment tool for Metanephrops challengeri on New Zealand’s continental slope
M. CRYER, K. DOWNING, B. HARTILL, J. DRURY, H.J. ARMIGER, C. MIDDLETON AND M.D. SMITH

The contribution of visual observations to surveying the deep-sea fish community
V.M. TRENKEL AND P. LORANCE

Technical requirements and prerequisites for deepwater trawling
W. THIELE AND G. NIEDZWIEDZ

THEME 5. MONITORING, COMPLIANCE AND CONTROL

Creating and implementing an effective deterrent
S. STUART

Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) proves the case in court
MICHELE KURUC
Technology solutions and international opportunities for improved maritime domain awareness
B. BOTWIN

Prosecuting fishery law breaches - the roughy end of compliance
S. BACHE AND GAIL LUGTEN

Purely high-seas fisheries - gearing for optimal compliance
AMANDA-JANE RIDDELL

THEME 6. REVIEW OF EXISTING POLICIES AND INSTRUMENTS

Towards a high-seas fishery management regime: vision and reality
D.M. JOHNSTON

Global, regional and unilateral approaches to unregulated deep-sea fisheries
E.J. MOLENAAR
CCAMLR’s approach to managing Antarctic marine living resources
D.G.M. MILLER, E.N. SABOURENKOV AND D.C. RAMM

1. Introduction
2. Regulation of new and exploratory fisheries
3. Minimization of seabird bycatch in longline fisheries
4. Trade related measures to combat unregulated fishing
5. Further development of the ccamlr fisheries management and conservation regime
6. Conclusions
7. Literature cited

Deep-sea fisheries management: the approach taken by the European Union
M. CLARKE AND K. PATTERSON

Schrödinger’s TAC - superposition of alternative catch limits from 2003 to 2006 under the South Tasman Rise orange roughy arrangement between Australia and New Zealand
A. SERDY

The devil and the deep sea - economics, institutions and incentives: the theory and the New Zealand quota management experience in the deep sea
CATHERINE WALLACE AND B. WEEBER

Management of New Zealand orange roughy fisheries - a deep learning curve
J. ANNALA, M. CLARK, G. CLEMENT AND J. CORNELIUS

The Namibian orange roughy fishery: lessons learned for future management
B. OELOFSEN AND A. STABY

Marine protected areas (MPAs) as management tools to conserve seamount ecosystems
D. SANTILLO AND P.A. JOHNSTON

Sea and sky: Patagonian large marine ecosystem programme integrating continental shelf realities with deep-sea potentialities
C.A. VERONA, C. CAMPAGNA AND J. CROXALL

THEME 7. GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT

Governing deep-sea fisheries: future options and challenges
M. HAYASHI

Management and governance conventions and protocols - SEAFC, WCPFC and SADC
D.G.M. MILLER

1. Introduction
2. South east atlantic fisheries commission
3. Western central pacific fisheries commission
4. South africa development community fisheries protocol
5. Discussion
6. Conclusions
7. Literature cited

Managing living marine resources multilaterally: some threshold questions
D.A. BALTON

The way ahead: principles and criteria for management and governance of human impacts on the deep sea
CATHERINE WALLACE

Subsidies and deep-sea fisheries management: policy issues and challenges
A. COX

Requirements for managing deep-seas fisheries
R. SHOTTON AND M. HAWARD

Governance and management of living marine resources and fisheries on the continental slope and in the deep sea - a legal framework and some points of departure
ANN-KRISTIN WESTBERG

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