FAO Species Identification Field Guide for Fishery Purposes

Field Guide to
The Living Marine Resources of Namibia


prepared by
G. Bianchi
Institute of Marine Research
P.O. Box 1870, N-5024
Bergen, Norway
K.E. Carpenter
Department of Biological Sciences
Old Dominion University
Norfolk, Virginia 23529
USA
J.-P. Roux
Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources
P.O. Box 394
Lüderitz, Namibia
F.J. Molloy
Biology Departmant
Faculty of Science
University of Namibia
Private Bag 31
Windhoek, Namibia
D. Boyer and H.J. Boyer
Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources
P.O. Box 912
Swakopmund, Namibia


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome, 1999

Table of Contents


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-104345-0

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by email to copyright@fao.org

© FAO 1999

Bianchi, G.; Carpenter, K.E.; Roux, J.-P.; Molloy, F.J.; Boyer, D.; and Boyer, H.J.
FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Namibia.
Rome, FAO. 265 p., 11 colour plates.

SUMMARY

This field guide covers the major resource groups likely to be encountered in the fisheries of Namibia. These include seaweeds, shrimps, lobsters, crabs, bivalves, gastropods, cephalopods, hagfishes, sharks, batoid fishes, chimaeras, bony fishes, turtles, seabirds, and marine mammals. The introduction outlines the geographical, environmental, and ecological factors influencing fisheries, and the basic components of the fisheries of Namibia. As an aid to identification to higher taxonomic levels, a pictorial index to families is included and most groups are preceded by an illustrated guide to orders and families. Each resource group includes general remarks, an introduction to the technical terms and measurements pertinent to that group, and a guide to species likely to be encountered in fisheries. Each species account provides scientific nomenclature, FAO common names, sizes, notes on fisheries, habitat and biology, diagnostic features, and one or more illustrations. An annotated checklist of sharks, batoid fishes, chimaeras, bony fishes, and marine mammals, and a list of important references are appended. The introduction and guide sections are fully indexed. Finally, 88 colour photographs are presented of fishes caught mostly by trawl.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Field Guide to the Living Marine Resources of Namibiapdf

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

INTRODUCTION pdf

Shelf assemblages
Upper slope assemblages
Pelagic species
Fisheries
The taxa included in this guide
How to use this guide

A PICTORIAL INDEX TO DIVISIONS, ORDERS, OR FAMILIES pdf

SEAWEEDS pdf

TECHNICAL TERMS
DIVISION RHODOPHYTA - Red Algae
Gracilariaceae Gigartinaceae
Cryptonemiaceae
Gelidiaceae
Bangiaceae
DIVISION PHAEOPHYTA - Brown Algae
Laminariaceae
Alariaceae
DIVISION CHLOROPHYTA - Green Algae
Ulvaceae

SHRIMPS AND PRAWNSpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDE TO ORDERS AND FAMILIES
Infraorder Penaeidea - Penaeid Shrimps
Infraorder Caridea - Caridean Shrimps
GUIDE TO SPECIES
Solenoceridae
Aristeidae
Penaeidae
Oplophoridae
Nematocarcinidae
Pasiphaeidae
Palaemonidae
Pandalidae
Crangonidae

LOBSTERS pdf

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS AND ILLUSTRATED GUIDE TO FAMILIES
GUIDE TO SPECIES
Palinuridae
Scyllaridae
Nephropidae

CRABSpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDE TO ORDERS AND FAMILIES
Suborder Anomura - Hermit Crabs, Stone Crabs, King Crabs, and Squat Lobsters
Suborder Brachyura - True Crabs
GUIDE TO SPECIES
Lithodidae
Homolidae
Majidae
Calappidae
Geryonidae
Portunidae
Grapsidae

BIVALVES AND GASTROPODSpdf

GUIDE TO SPECIES
Mytilidae (Class Bivalvia - pelycepods, clams, oysters, and allies)
Patellidae (Class Gastropoda - univalves, conches, whelks, chanks, and allies)

CEPHALOPODSpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDE TO ORDERS AND FAMILIES
Order Sepioidea - Cuttlefish, Ram’s Horn Squids, and Bob-tailed Squids
Order Teuthoidea - Inshore and Oceanic Squids
Order Vampyromorpha - Black Octopus
Order Octopoda - Octopuses
GUIDE TO SPECIES
Sepiidae
Loliginidae
Onychoteuthidae
Histioteuthidae
Brachioteuthidae
Ommastrephidae
Thysanoteuthidae
Octopodidae

JAWLESS FISHES pdf

Order Myxiniformes - Hagfishes

SHARKSpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDE TO ORDERS AND FAMILIES
Order Hexanchiformes - Cow and Frill Sharks
Order Lamniformes - Mackerel Sharks
Order Carcharhiniformes - Ground Sharks
Order Squaliformes - Dogfish Sharks
Order Squatiniformes - Angel Sharks
GUIDE TO SPECIES
Hexanchidae
Chlamydoselachidae
Odontaspididae
Lamnidae
Alopiidae
Scyliorhinidae
Triakidae
Hemigaleidae
Carcharhinidae
Squalidae
Oxynotidae
Echinorhinidae
Squatinidae

BATOID FISHES - SKATES, RAYS, AND GUITARFISHES pdf

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDE TO ORDERS AND FAMILIES
Order Torpediniformes - Electric Rays
Order Rajiformes - Guitarfishes and Skates
Order Myliobatiformes - Stingrays
GUIDE TO SPECIES
Torpedinidae
Narkidae
Rhinobatidae
Rajidae
Dasyatidae
Gymnuridae
Myliobatidae

CHIMAERAS pdf

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDE TO ORDERS AND FAMILIES
Order Chimaeriformes - Chimaeras
GUIDE TO SPECIES
Callorhinchidae
Chimaeridae
Rhinochimaeridae

BONY FISHESpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS USED FOR BONY FISHES GUIDE TO ORDERS AND FAMILIES
Order Albuliformes - Bonefishes
Order Notacanthiformes - Halosaurs and Spiny Eels
Order Anguilliformes - Eels
Order Clupeiformes - Herrings and allies
Order Siluriformes - Catfishes
Order Salmoniformes - Smelts and allies
Order Stomiiformes - Bristlemouths and allies
Order Aulopiformes - Greeneyes, Lizardfishes, and allies
Order Myctophiformes - Blackchins and Lanternfishes
Order Gadiformes - Hakes, Cods, and allies
Order Ophidiiformes - Cusk Eels and allies
Order Batrachoidiformes - Toadfishes
Order Lophiiformes - Anglerfishes
Order Gobiesociformes - Clingfishes
Order Atheriniformes - Silversides and allies
Order Beloniformes - Flyingfishes, Sauries, and allies
Order Lampriformes - Opahs and allies
Order Beryciformes - Alfonsinos and allies
Order Cetomimiformes - Whalefishes
Order Zeiformes - Dories and allies
Order Syngnathiformes - Pipefishes and allies
Order Scorpaeniformes - Scorpionfishes
Order Perciformes - Perch-like Fishes
Order Pleuronectiformes - Flatfish
Order Tetraodontiformes - Tetradontiform Fishes
GUIDE TO SPECIES
Albulidae
Notacanthidae
Ophichthidae
Congridae
Clupeidae
Engraulidae
Ariidae
Alepocephalidae
Chlorophthalmidae
Synodontidae
Myctophidae
Merlucciidae
Moridae
Macrouridae
Ophidiidae
Batrachoididae
Lophiidae
Atherinidae
Exocoetidae
Scomberesocidae
Lampridae
Trachipteridae
Ateleopodidae
Berycidae
Diretmidae
Trachichthyidae
Zeidae
Oreosomatidae
Macroramphosidae
Congiopodidae
Scorpaenidae
Triglidae
Acropomatidae
Polyprionidae
Serranidae
Epigonidae
Pomatomidae
Rachycentridae
Carangidae
Coryphaenidae
Bramidae
Emmelichthyidae
Haemulidae
Sparidae
Sciaenidae
Dichistiidae
Cheilodactylidae
Mugilidae
Sphyraenidae
Ammodytidae
Callionymidae
Gobiidae
Gempylidae
Trichiuridae
Scombridae
Xiphiidae
Istiophoridae
Centrolophidae
Nomeidae
Stromateidae
Tetragonuridae
Bothidae
Soleidae
Cynoglossidae
Tetraodontidae

SEA TURTLESpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDE TO SPECIES
Cheloniidae
Dermochelyidae

SEABIRDSpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS USED FOR SEABIRDS
GUIDE TO SPECIES
Spheniscidae
Diomedeidae
Procellariidae
Pelecanidae
Sulidae
Phalacrocoracidae
Laridae

MARINE MAMMALSpdf

ORDER CETACEA - WHALES AND DOLPHINS
TECHNICAL TERMS
GUIDE TO SPECIES
Suborder Mysticeti - Baleen Whales
Balaenidae
Neobalaenidae
Balaenopteridae
Suborder Odontoceti - Toothed Whales and Dolphins
Physeteridae
Delphinidae
ORDER PINNIPEDIA - SEALS
TECHNICAL TERMS
Otariidae
Phocidae

REFERENCESpdf

CHECKLIST OF FISHES AND MARINE MAMMALS

INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC AND VERNACULAR NAMES pdf

COLOUR PLATESpdf