THE STATE OF THE WORLD’s ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
THE STATE OF THE WORLD’s ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’s
ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES
FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE

 

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    COMMISSION ON GENETIC RESOURCES FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
    FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2007


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ISBN 978-92-5-105762-9

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgements   (Download pdf 1,1Mb)
Preface
The reporting and preparatory process
Executive Summary

ANNEXES

PART 1 - THE STATE OF AGRICULTURAL BIODIVERSITY IN THE LIVESTOCK SECTOR

    SECTION A: Origin and history of livestock diversity  (Download pdf 956Kb)

    1  Introduction
    2  The livestock domestication process
    3  Ancestors and geographic origins of our livestock
    4  Dispersal of domesticated animals
    5  Transformations in livestock following domestication
    6  Conclusions
    References

    SECTION B: Status of animal genetic resources (Download pdf 258Kb)

    1  Introduction
    2  State of reporting
    3  Species diversity
    4  Breed diversity
    5  Risk status of animal genetic resources
    6  Trends in breed status
    7  Conclusions

    SECTION C: Flows of animal genetic resources (Download pdf 1,013Kb)

    1  Introduction
    2  Driving forces and historical phases in gene flows
    3  The big five
    4  Impacts of gene flows on diversity
    References

    SECTION D: Uses and values of animal genetic resources (Download pdf 448Kb)

    1  Introduction
    2  Contribution to national economies
    3  Patterns of livestock distribution
    4  Food production
    5  Production of fibre, skins, hides and pelts
    6  Agricultural inputs, transport and fuel
    7  Other uses and values
    8  Roles of livestock for the poor
    9  Conclusions
    References

    SECTION E: Animal genetic resources and resistance to disease (Download pdf 98Kb)

    1  Introduction
    2  Disease resistant or tolerant breeds
    3  Opportunities for within-breed selection for disease resistance
    4  Conclusions
    References

    SECTION F: Threats to livestock genetic diversity (Download pdf 229Kb)

    1  Introduction
    2  Livestock sector trends: economic, social and policy factors
    3  Disasters and emergencies
    4  Epidemics and disease control measures
    5  Conclusions
    References

PART 2 - LIVESTOCK SECTOR TRENDS

    SECTION A: Drivers of change in the livestock sector  (Download pdf 365Kb)

    1  Changes in demand
    2  Trade and retailing
    3  Changing natural environment
    4  Advances in technology
    5  Policy environment

    SECTION B: Livestock sector’s response (Download pdf 1,078Kb)

    1  Landless industrialized production systems
    2  Small-scale landless systems
    3  Grassland-based systems
    4  Mixed farming systems
    5  Issues in mixed irrigated systems

    SECTION C: Implications of the changes in the (Download pdf 89Kb)
                        livestock sector for genetic diversity
    References

PART 3 - THE STATE OF CAPACITIES IN ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

    SECTION A: Institutions and stakeholders  (Download pdf 406 Kb)

    1  Introduction
    2  Analytical framework
    3  Stakeholders, institutions, capacities and structures
    References
    Annex

    SECTION B: Structured breeding programmes (Download pdf 153Kb)

    1  Introduction
    2  Species priorities and breeding objectives
    3  Organizational structures
    4  Tools and implementation
    5  Overview of breeding programmes by region
    6  Conclusions and future priorities
    References
    Annex

    SECTION C: Conservation programmes (Download pdf 193Kb)

    1  Introduction
    2  Global status
    3  Stakeholders
    4  Conservation at species level – status and opportunities
    5  In vivo and in vitro conservation programmes – regional analysis
    6  Opportunities for improving conservation programmes
    7  Conclusions and priorities
    References

    SECTION D: Reproductive and molecular biotechnology (Download pdf 78Kb)

    1  Introduction
    2  Global overview
    3  Africa
    4  Asia
    5  Europe and the Caucasus
    6  Latin America and the Caribbean
    7  Near and Middle East
    8  North America
    9  Southwest Pacific
    10 Conclusions
    References

    SECTION E: Legislation and regulation (Download pdf 348Kb)

    1  International legal framework – major instruments
    References
    2  Emerging legal issues
    3  Regulatory frameworks at regional level
    Legislation cited
    4  National legislation and policy
    References

PART 4 - STATE OF THE ART IN THE MANAGEMENT OF ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

    SECTION A: Basic concepts  (Download pdf 345Kb)

    1  Animal genetic resources and breeds
    2  Management of animal genetic resources
    3  Risk status classification
    References

    SECTION B: Methods for characterization (Download pdf 107Kb)

    1  Introduction
    2  Characterization – as the basis for decision-making
    3  Tools for characterization
    4  Conclusions
    References

    SECTION C: Molecular markers – a tool for (Download pdf 147Kb)
                        exploring genetic diversity

    1  Introduction
    2  The roles of molecular technologies in characterization
    3  Overview of molecular techniques
    4  The role of bioinformatics
    5  Conclusions
    References

    SECTION D: Genetic improvement methods to (Download pdf 323Kb)
                        support sustainable utilization

    1  Introduction
    2  The context for genetic improvement
    3  Elements of a breeding programme
    4  Breeding programmes in high-input systems
    5  Breeding programmes in low-input systems
    6  Breeding in the context of conservation
    7  Conclusions
    References

    SECTION E: Methods for economic valuation (Download pdf 118Kb)

    1  Introduction
    2  Development of methodologies for economic analysis
    3  Application of economic methodologies in animal genetic resources management
    4  Implications for policies and future research
    References

    SECTION F: Methods for conservation (Download pdf 206Kb)

    1  Introduction
    2  Arguments for conservation
    3  The unit of conservation
    4  Conservation of plant versus animal genetic resources
    5  Information for conservation decisions
    6  In vivo conservation
    7  Current status and future prospects for cryoconservation
    8  Resource allocation strategies in conservation
    9  Conclusions
    References

    SECTION G: Research priorities (Download pdf 129Kb)

    1  Information for effective utilization and conservation
    2  Information systems
    3  Molecular methods
    4  Characterization
    5  Genetic improvement methods
    6  Conservation methods
    7  Decision-support tools for conservation
    8  Economic analysis
    9  Access and benefit-sharing

PART 5 - NEEDS AND CHALLENGES IN ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES MANAGEMENT  
 (Download pdf 396Kb)
              

    SECTION A: Knowledge of animal genetic diversity:  
    concepts, methods and technologies

    SECTION B: Capacity in animal genetic resources
    management

    1  Capacity in characterization, sustainable use
        and conservation of animal genetic resources
    2  Capacity in institutions and policy-making

    SECTION C: Major challenges for livestock development
    and animal genetic resources management

    SECTION D: Accepting global responsibility

    Abbreviations and acronyms


ANNEXES


© FAO 2007