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3. Country Plant Protection Profiles

3.1 AUSTRALIA

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

Last updated: December 2006

Plant Protection Organization Chart

Plant protection profiles
from
Asia-Pacific countries

 Important Contact Addresses

Responsible Department

Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) Ms Joanna Hewitt, Secretary

GPO Box 858
Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Switchboard: (+61) 2 6272 3933
Website: http://www.affa.gov.au/

Address for nominations

Operational Offices:

Plant Protection

Office of the Chief Plant Protection Officer
Ms Lois Ransom, Chief Plant Protection Officer

Product Integrity, Animal and Plant Health
Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
GPO Box 858
Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Tel: (+61) 2 6272 6534
Fax: (+61) 2 6272 5835
E-mail: ocppo@daff.gov.au
Website: www.daff.gov.au/planthealth

Plant Quarantine

Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS) (inspections, permits)
Mr Peter Yuile, Executive Director

PO Box 858
Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Tel: (+61) 2 6272 3933

Plant Biosecurity
Ms Louise van Meurs, General Manager

Biosecurity Australia
GPO Box 858
Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Tel: (+61) 2 6272 4042
Fax: (+61) 2 6272 3307
E-mail: louise.vanmeurs@daff.gov.au

Surveillance, Pest Outbreaks and Invasive Species Management

Office of the Chief Plant Protection Officer
State/Territory Departments of Agriculture

Pesticide Registration

Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority
Dr Joe Smith, Chief Executive Officer
Dr Eva Bennet-Jenkins, Program Manager Pesticides

  Amtech Park  Mailing Address:
  18 Wormald Street P.O. Box E240
  Symonston ACT 2609, Australia Kingston ACT 2604, Australia
  Tel: (+61) 2 6210 4700  
  Fax: (+61) 2 6210 4776  
  E-mail: EnquiryLine@apvma.gov.au  
  Website: http://www.apvma.gov.au/  

Official International Contact Points

National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) Contact Point (for IPPC/APPPC)

Office of the Chief Plant Protection Officer
Ms LoisRansom, Chief Plant Pr otection Officer

Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
GPO Box 858
Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Tel: (+61) 2 6271 6534
Fax: (+61) 2 6272 5835
E-mail: IPPC ContactPoint@daff.gov.au;
Website: https://www.ippc.int/servlet/
CDSServlet?status=ND1ucHBvYXUmNj1lbiYzMz0qJjM3PWtvcw~~;
www.daff.gov.au/plantippc
http://www.affa.gov.au/content/output.cfm?ObjectID=D2C48F86-BA1A-11A1-A2200060B0A00294(en)
Date received: 21March2006, Official Correspondence

Australian IPPC Secretariat
Ms Julia Rymer (Executive Officer)

Tel: (+61) 2 6272 4837
Fax: (+61) 2 6272 5835
E-mail: ocppo@daff.gov.au

WTO-SPS Contact Point

Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
GPO Box 858
Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Tel: (+61) 2 6272 5242
Tel: (+61) 2 6272 3678
E-mail: sps.contact@daff.gov.au
Website: http://www.daffa.gov.au/market-access-trade/sps

Rotterdam Convention (PIC) DNA Pesticides (P)

Technical and International Policy
Dr Angelo Valois

Product Integrity, Animal and Plant Health
Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
GPO Box 858
Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Tel: (+61) 2 6272 5566
Fax: (+61) 2 6272 5697
E-mail: Angelo.Valois@daff.gov.au

Stockholm Convention (POP) National Focal Point (P)

Chemical Policy
Mr Chris Mobbs, Assistant Director

Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage
GPO Box 787
Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Tel: (+61) 2 6274 2385
Fax: (+61) 2 6274 2060
E-mail: chris.mobbs@deh.gov.au

Basel Convention Competent Authority (CA) and Focal Point

Hazardous Waste Section
Manager

Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage
GPO Box 787
Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Tel: (+61) 2 6274 1411
Fax: (+61) 2 6274 1164
E-mail:hwa@deh.gov.au

Montreal Protocol Focal Point

Selected Country Statistics

Agricultural Population 

0.87 million

Agricultural Land

48.3 million ha

GDP $410 590 million

Agric. GDP: 2.9%

GNI per capita: $26 900

Undernourishment: 2.5%

Main crops grown:

GDP = Gross Domestic Product; GNI = Gross National Income; Hunger = Population below minimum energy requirement

II. PLANT QUARANTINE

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

1908 Quarantine Act

Web source for further information:
see IPP for more information
http://www.daff.gov.au/content/output.cfm?ObjectID=D2C48F86-BA1A-11A1-A2200060A1B00706

Policies (regarding plant quarantine)

Yes

No

Does phytosanitary legislation cover domestic quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover import quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover export quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover living modified organisms?

 

x

Is plant quarantine a separate organization from animal quarantine?

 

x

Other policy initiatives (under review/progress)

Web source for further information: –

 

Organization of Plant
Quarantine Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Pest Risk Analysis

DAFF/Biosecurity Australia

National standards development

DAFF

International notifications

DAFF/OCPPO

Import:

 
Import permits DAFF/AQIS

Import inspections

DAFF/AQIS

Emergency action

DAFF/PIAPH/OCPPO

Export:

 

Phytosanitary certificates

DAFF/AQIS

Treatment of commodities

Certified service providers

 

Infrastructure

Year: 2005

Number of plant quarantine officers authorized to inspect/certify

2,800

Total qualified personnel for plant pest risk analysis

 

Number of quarantine offices

 

entry points (sea/air/land/mail = total)

13/23//0 = 36

post-entry plant quarantine containment facilities

 
other offices  

Number of quarantine service diagnosis laboratories

 

In-country recognized pest diagnostics capabilities (incl. universities, etc.)

 

Number of laboratories for insect/mite (arthropod) samples

 

Number of laboratories for bacteria samples

 

Number of laboratories for virus samples

 

Number of laboratories for fungus samples

 

Number of laboratories for mycoplasma samples

 

Number of laboratories for nematode samples

 

Number of laboratories for plant/weed samples

 

Number of laboratories for other pests (snail, slug, rodents, etc.)

 
 

Pest-Free Areas
According to ISPM 10

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Overall management

States/territories

– surveillance  
– management

 

– certification

 

List of target pest species and crops ISPM 4

  Number of sites in [year]

Queensland Fruit Fly

 

 

Mediterranean Fruit Fly

   

List of target pest species and crops I SPM 10

 

Number of sites in [year]

     
     

Web source for further information: Information provided to IPPC in response to pest free areas survey

Key Situation Indicators

International Trade

 

Year:

Main Import Plant Commodities

Main countries/areas of origin

Quantity (tons)

     
     
     

Main Export Plant Commodities

Main destination countries

 
     
     
     
 

Cooperation Projects

     

Title (Purpose/Target)

Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

SPS Capacity Building Programme for ASEAN

AusAID  

2004-2007

See SPS paper G/SPS/GEN/717

     

Title of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Key Operation Indicators

Institutional Functions

Year:

Number of import permits issued

1.3 million

Number of import inspections carried out

 

Number of emergency phytosanitary treatments taken on imports

 

Number notifications of non-compliance

 

Number of conventional phytosanitary certificates issued

 

Number of electronic phytosanitary certificates issued

 
 
Number of quarantine pests intercepted

Year:

Top three commodity Top three pest/commodity

# of interceptions

     
   
   
     
   
   
     
   
   
 

Lists of Regulated Pests

Year of last update

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

Number of quarantine pests

       

Number of regulated non-quarantine pests

       

Number of regulated import articles

 

15 IRA (Import Risk Analysis)

Web source for further information: see IPP

 

Pest Risk Analysis

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

No. of PRA completed and documented (according to ISPM)

     

PRA included in the IRA: completed for 15 commodities/countries of origin, 9 currently under review. SEE LINK AT IPP.
Web source for further information: http://www.daff.gov.au/content/output.cfm?ObjectID=4B6768B0-F086-4EDE-95029297CCAC6B6E

 

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 
 

Implementation of ISPM

RelevanceI

Implementation

Planned/Actual
Year of full
implementation

International Measures

low

medium

high

none

partial

most

full

ISPM 01 Principles of plant quarantine as related to international trade

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 02 Guidelines for pest risk analysis

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 03 Code of conduct for the import and release of exotic biological control agents

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 04 Requirements for the establishment of pest free areas

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 05 Glossary of phytosanitary terms

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 06 Guidelines for surveillance

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 07 Export certification system

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 08 Determination of pest status in an area

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 09 Guidelines for pest eradication programmes

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 10 Requirements for the establishment of pest free places of production and pest free production sites

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 11 Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 12 Guidelines for phytosanitary certificates

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 13 Guidelines for the notification of

noncompliance and emergency action

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 14 The use of integrated measures in a systems approach for pest risk management

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 15 Guidelines for regulating wood packaging material in international trade

   

x

     

x

1 May 2006

ISPM 16 Regulated non-quarantine pests: concept and application

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 17 Pest reporting

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 18 Guidelines for the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary measure

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 19 Guidelines on lists of regulated pests

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 20 Guidelines for a phytosanitary import regulatory system

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 21 Pest risk analysis for regulated non-quarantine pests

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 22 Requirements for the establishment of areas of low pest prevalence

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 23 Guidelines for inspection

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 24 Guidelines for the determination and
recognition of equivalence of phytosanitary measures

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 25 Consignments in transit

x

   

x

       

ISPM 26 Establishment of pest free areas for fruit flies (Tephritidae)

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 27 Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests

   

x

     

x

 

Comments/Constraints

III. SURVEILLANCE, PEST OUTBREAKS AND INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Surveillance, Pest Reporting and Emergency Actions

 Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding invasive/migratory species management)

Yes

No

National strategy to control serious field pest outbreaks?

x

 

National strategy to control migratory or periodically occurring pests?

 

x

National strategy to eradicate serious newly invaded exotic pests?

x

 

Other policies: (e.g. subsidies, etc.)

Web source for further information: www.outbreak.gov.au http://www.daff.gov.au/content/output.cfm?ObjectID=84D90915-8340-434B-9677E0D0B5C54D2F

 

Organization of Outbreak
Management Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Field/Storage Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. BPH, bollworm, etc.)

Response strategy/plans

DAFF/PIAPH/OCPPO

Surveillance

States/territories

Control  

Migratory Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. locusts, birds, armyworm)

Response strategy/plans 

DAFF/PIAPH/APLC, Queensland, NSW, Victoria,
South Australia, Western Australia

Surveillance

DAFF/PIAPH/APLC; State Departments in Queensland, NSW,
Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia

Control  

New Exotic Pest Eradication

(e.g. coconut beetle)

Response strategy/plans

DAFF/PIAPH/OCPPO

Surveillance

States and territories

Control/eradication

DAFF/PIAPH/OCPPO + states/territories

   

Reporting to bilateral or international organizations

DAFF/OCPPO
 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of designated staff for surveillance of field pests of national importance

 

Number of designated staff for surveillance of migratory and periodically occurring pests

 

Number of designated staff for surveillance of invasive species

 

Number of designated staff for control of field pests of national importance

 

Number of designated staff for control of migratory and periodically occurring pests

 

Number of designated staff for eradication of invasive species

 

Key Situation and Operation Indicators
(Outbreaks and invasions in the past 2 years)

New exotic species found established in country

Insects

Pathogens

Weeds

Total number for year:

     

Total number for year:

     

Total number on record

     
 

Eradication or internal quarantine actions taken against economically important species

Name of species

Citrus cancer

Current lettuce aphid

European house borer

Year of first discovery

2004    
Passway      

Location of first discovery

Queensland

   

Area affected [ha]

     

Area treated [ha]

     

Control method

Host destruction

   
Expenditures      
 

Pest outbreak actions

Outbreak 1

Outbreak 2

Outbreak 3

Name of species

Australian Plague
Locust

   

Year of outbreak

2006/07

2006/07

2006/07

Area affected [ha]

     

Estimated damage $

     

Area treated by government [ha]

     

Expenditures by government [$]

     

Control method

Ground and aerial
spray

   

More information

NB APLC is not national and only deals with some areas of relevant states where migration is across state borders of Qld, NSW, Victoria and SA

Western Australia

Victoria

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

  Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)
   

IV. PEST MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Pest Management

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding pest management)

Yes

No

Do you have policies encouraging organic or low-pesticide use production

 

x

Is IPM specifically mentioned in laws or policy documents?

 

x

Do you have official Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) or any other relevant food safety (ecofood, etc.) standards for pest management?

   

Is pest management extension separate from general extension?

   

Other policies: (subsidies, production inputs, etc.)

Web source for further information: –

 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Policy development

Australian Government, states and territories

Pest management research

States and territories

Control recommendations

States and territories

Pest management extension

States and territories

IPM training

States and territories

GAP training  
 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of technical officers for pest management

 

Number of central, regional, provincial or state offices

 

Number of district and village level field offices

 

Number of field/extension agents for pest management advice

 

Number of field/extension agents trained in IPM-FFS facilitation

 

Number of government biocontrol production/distribution facilities

 

Number of government biopesticide production/distribution facilities

 

Number of general extension staff involved in pest management

 

Number of designated plant protection technical officers for extension

 

Key Situation and Operation Indicators

Pest Management

Yes

No

Does the country have a National IPM Programme? If yes, give Name and Address of IPM Programme:

 

x

Does the country have specific IPM extension programmes? If yes, in which crops?:

   

Does the country have specific IPM research programmes? If yes, in which crops?:

   

Does the country have specific GAP extension programmes? If yes, in which crops?:

   

Does the country have specific GAP research programmes? If yes, in which crops?:

   
 

Market shares (estimated value, volume or area under control; or percent)

Year:

Size of chemical pest control market

 

Size of biopesticides market

 

Size of biological control agents market

 
 

Major pest control requiring crops (requiring most pesticide applications)

1st

2nd

3rd

Affected crop

     

Name(s) of pest(s)

     

Estimated crop loss

     

Affected area

     

Number of pesticide applications or amount of pesticide used

     

Government action taken

     
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target

Donor

Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     
 

Pest Management Extension

Year:

Number of farmers trained in IPM during the year

 

Number of IPM-FFS conducted during the year

 

Number of farmers trained in GAP standards during the year

 

Area under IPM/low pesticide management [ha]

 

Area under organic/pesticide-free management [ha]

 

Crops in which IPM or other ecology friendly programmes are successfully implemented:

Crops grown organic/pesticide-free:

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

V. PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994 [No. 47 of 1994]
Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1994
[No. 36 of 1994]
Agricultural and Veterinary Chemical Products (Collection of Levy) Act 1994
[No. 41 of 1994]
Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Administration) Act 1992
[No. 262 of 1992]
See Comlaw site

Web source: http://www.apvma.gov.au/about_us/legislat.shtml

List of registered products: http://www.apvma.gov.au/actives/standards_actives.shtml

Policies (regarding pesticide management)

Yes

No

Do you have national pesticide reduction targets? If yes, what is the target: ____________

 

x

Have you ratified the Rotterdam (PIC) Convention?

x

 

Have you ratified the Stockholm (POP) Convention?

x

 

Have your ratified the Basel Convention? (hazardous wastes)

x

 

Have your ratified the Montreal Protocol? (MeBr phasing-out)

x

 

Have you reported the observance of the Code of Conduct to FAO according to Art. 12 of the Code?

   

Have you adopted Good Laboratory Practices (GLP)?

x

 

Pesticide Registration

   

Do you require pesticides to conform to relevant FAO or WHO specifications?

   

Do you allow the “me-too” registration and sale of generic pesticides?

x

 

Do you require data on product equivalence for generic registration?

x

 

Do you conduct country-specific risk assessments for…

   

 

occupational risks?

x

 

 

consumer risks?

x

 

 

environmental risks?

x

 

Have you adopted the Global Harmonized System (GHS) for pesticides hazards evaluation and labelling?

Not
Yet

 

Do you accept evaluation results from other countries? Note: Yes, with qualifications

Note

 

Do you accept field studies conducted in other countries?

x

 

Do you require environmental fate studies?

x

 

Incentives/Disincentives

   

Do you have a special tax on pesticides to cover externality costs?

 

x

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost pesticides?

 

x

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost biopesticides?

 

x

         

Other policies:

Web source for further information: –

 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

 

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Legislation DAFF APVMA
Registration ()/APVMA

Licensing of shops

Nil

Licensing of field applicators

States

Enforcement/inspections

States/territories & APVMA for supply

Testing of pesticide efficacy

APVMA requires of applicant

Development of pesticide use recommendations

APVMA

Safe use training/extension

States/territories

Food residue monitoring

DAFF/PIAPH/Natl. Residue Survey

Environmental monitoring

DAFF/PIAPH/Natl. Residue Survey

Health monitoring

(DAFF)/APVMA/Adverse Experience Reporting Programme

Other Stakeholders:

 

Pesticide Industry Association

CropLife Australia, ACCORD, PACIA

Civil Society Organizations
(NGO, etc.)

   
 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of registration officers

(depends how define)

Number of enforcement officers

States – unknown

Number of department quality control laboratories

none

Number of quality control laboratory personnel

none

Number of department residue analysis laboratories

National Residue Survey Labs

Number of residue laboratory personnel

unknown

Key Situation Indicators

Pesticide Trade: 2004-2005

Tons

US$ ’000 Value

Imports    
Manufacture    
Export    

Domestic Use/Sales

 

1 851 222

Pesticide Use Profile:

Tons
(a.i./formulation to be specified)

US$ ’000 Value

Agriculture    

 

Chem. Insecticides  

246 164

 

Chem. Fungicides

 

124 687

 

Chem. Herbicides  

398 170


Chem. Others
e.g. molluscicide,acaricide
 

204 437

  Other
e.g. Avamectrin, Bt, Neem
   

Other purposes

 

564 556

TOTAL    

Post Registration Monitoring

Testing, Quality Control and Effects in the Field

Yes

No

Do you have significant problems with low-quality pesticides in the market?

 

x

Do you have significant problems with pesticide resistance?

x

 

Do you have a list of pesticides under close observation for problems

   

Source for more information: –

   
 

Health and Environmental Information

Yes

No

Do you maintain data on pesticide poisoning cases?

x

 

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in food?

x

 

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in the environment?

   

Do you have significant problems of environmental contamination from pesticides?

 

x

Do you have data on pesticides effects on wildlife and ecosystems?

x

 

Source for more information: –

   
 

Pesticide Disposal

Yes

No

Do you have system to collect and safely dispose of used containers and small quantities of left-over pesticides?

x

 

Do you have an inventory of outdated and obsolete pesticides in the country? (e.g. banned and no longer traded, but still in storage)

   

Do you have illegal trade in pesticides?

if yes: what is the estimated amount: _______________

   

Source for more information: –

 

Key Operation Indicators

Registration/Regulation/Monitoring

Year:

a.i.*

Trade Name

Number of registered pesticide products

   

Number of registered biopesticides (Avamectrin, Bt, Neem, etc.)

   

Number of restricted-use pesticides/formulations

   
Number of banned pesticides  

 

Number of licensed outlets

 
Number of licensed field applicators (professional and/or farmers)  

 

 
Number of licensing violations reported during year  

 

 
Number of quality control analyses conducted during year  

 

 

Number of food samples analyzed for pesticide residues during year

20 322

Number of samples exceeding MRL

26

   

Number of environmental samples an

alyzed for pesticide residues

126 (wild fish)

* active ingredient
List of registered products: http://www.apvma.gov.au/actives/standards_actives.shtml

 

Pesticides Restricted in Recent Years

Year

Name of active ingredient or hazardous formulation

 

pre-construction termiticide product containing chlorpyrifos

 

pindone that is a concentrate and for which the relevant label instructions require further mixing with carriers before it is ready to use as a bait

  Endosulfan
  mevinphos
 

Pesticides Banned in Recent Years

Year

Name of active ingredient

2004

Those chemicals listed in the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants for which Australia has not registered an exemption

 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

VI. ADDITIONAL ISSUES OF INTEREST

Last updated: December 2006

Genetically Modified Crops

 

Name of GMO Crop

Area under Cultivation [ha]

   
   
   
   

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