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3.2 CAMBODIA

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

Last updated: December 2006

Plant Protection Organization Chart

Plant protection profiles
from
Asia-Pacific countries

Important Contact Addresses

Responsible Ministry/Ministries

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)
No. 200, Preah Norodom Blvd. , Sangkat Tonle Basak, Khan Chamkarmon,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: (023) 211 351, 211 352
Fax: (855) 23 217 320
Website: http://www.maff.gov.kh

Responsible Department

Department of Agronomy and Agricultural Land Improvement (DAALI)
Mr Pen Vuth, Director

Tel: (855) 12 835151

Dr Hean Vanhan, Deputy Director in charge on plant protection, quarantine and crop zoning

Tel: (855) 12818216 / (855) 16818216
Fax: (855) 23216655 / 12849179
E-mail: hean_vanhan@yahoo.com

National Plant Protection Organization (if different from Focal Point)

Plant Protection and Phytosanitary Office (PPPSO)

Dr Hean Vanhan, Deputy Director in charge on plant protection, quarantine and crop zoning

Tel: (855) 12818216 / (855) 16818216
Fax: (855) 23216655 / 12849179
E-mail: hean_vanhan@yahoo.com

Address for nominations

Department of Agronomy and Agricultural Land Improvement (DAALI)
Dr Hean Vanhan, Deputy Director of DAALI

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)
No. 200, Preah Norodom Blvd., Sangkat Tonle Basak, Khan Chamkarmon,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: (855) 12818216 / (855) 16818216
Fax: (855) 23216655 / 12849179
E-mail: hean_vanhan@yahoo.com

Operational Offices:

Plant Protection

Plant Protection and Phytosanitary Office (PPPSO)
Mr Dy Sam An, Acting Chief of PPPSO

Tel: (855) 12336934

Mr Buntuon Simona, Vice Chief of PPPSO

Tel: (855) 12898049

Mr Heng Chhunhy, Vice Chief of PPPSO

Tel: (855) 12954963

Department of Agronomy and Agricultural Land Improvement (DAALI)
No. 200, Preah Norodom Blvd., Sangkat Tonle Basak, Khan Chamkarmon,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Plant Quarantine

Plant Protection and Phytosanitary Office (PPPSO)
Mr Dy Sam An, Acting Chief of PPPSO

Tel: (855) 12336934

Mr Buntuon Simona, Vice Chief of PPPSO

Tel: (855) 12898049

Mr Heng Chhunhy, Vice Chief of PPPSO

Tel: (855) 12954963

Department of Agronomy and Agricultural Land Improvement (DAALI) No. 200, Preah Norodom Blvd., Sangkat Tonle Basak, Khan Chamkarmon, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Surveillance, Pest Outbreaks and Invasive Species Management

Plant Protection and Phytosanitary Office (PPPSO)

(see above)

Pesticide Registration

Department of Agricultural Legislation (DAL)
Mr Uk Siphan, Director

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)
No. 200, Preah Norodom Blvd., Sangkat Tonle Basak, Khan Chamkarmon,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: (855) 12807806

Bureau of Agricultural Materials Standards (BAMS) of DAL
Mr Chea Chan Veasna, Chief Office

No. 200, Preah Norodom Blvd., Sangkat Tonle Basak, Khan Chamkarmon,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: (855) 12841867

Other Useful Contact Addresses

Department of Agricultural Extension

Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE)
Mr So Khanrithykun, Director

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)
No. 200, Preah Norodom Blvd., Sangkat Tonle Basak, Khan Chamkarmon,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: (855) 12833777

Official International Contact Points

National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) Contact Point (for IPPC/APPPC)

Department of Agronomy and Agricultural Land Improvement (DAALI)
Dr Hean Vanhan

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)
No. 200, Preah Norodom Blvd., Sangkat Tonle Basak, Khan Chamkarmon,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: (855) 23218141 / 12818216
Fax: (855) 23216655 / 12849179
E-mail: hean_vanhan@yahoo.com

WTO-SPS Enquiry Point

Cambodia Import Export Inspection and Fraud Repression Department
(CAMCONTROL), Ministry of Commerce.
#50Eo, Street 144
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel/Fax: (855) 23 426 166
E-mail: camcontrol@camnet.com.kh

Rotterdam Convention (PIC) DNA Pesticides (P)

Bureau of Agricultural Materials Standards (BAMS) of DAL
Mr Chea Chan Veasna, Chief Office

Tel: (855) 12841867
No. 200, Preah Norodom Blvd., Sangkat Tonle Basak, Khan Chamkarmon,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Stockholm Convention (POP) National Focal Point (P)

Political Focal Point Technical Focal Points
Ministry of Environment Department of Pollution Control
H.E. Mr Khieu Muth, Secretary of State Mr Ken Choviran, Deputy Director
  #48 Samdech Preah Sihanouk   Ministry of Environment
Tonle Bassac, Chamkarmon #48 Samdech Preah Sihanouk
Phnom Penh, Cambodia Tonle Bassac, Chamkarmon
Tel: (855) 16 821 180 Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Fax: (855) 23 219 287  Tel: (855) 12 856 818
E-mail: moe@online.com.kh Fax: (855) 23 987 880
  E-mail: moepcd@online.com.kh

Basel Convention Competent Authority (CA) and Focal Point

Department of Pollution Control
Director

Ministry of Environment
48, Samdech Preah Sihanouk
Tonle Bassac, Chamkarmon
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: (855) 12 85 68 18
Fax: (855) 23 21 25 40 or 98 78 80
E-mail: moepcd@online.com.kh

Environmental Pollution Research and Technology Management
Vice Chief

Department of Pollution Control
Ministry of Environment
48, Samdech Preah Sihanouk
Tonle Bassac, Chamkarmon
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: (855) 23 21 04 92
Fax: (855) 23 21 25 40 or 98 78 80
E-mails: choviran@hotmail.com or moepcd@online.com.kh

Selected Country Statistics

Agricultural Population

9.6 million

Agricultural Land

3.8 million ha

GDP $4 299 million

Agric. GDP: 35.6%

GNI per capita: $380

Undernourishment: 33%

Main crops grown:

GDP = Gross Domestic Product; GNI = Gross National Income; Hunger = Population below minimum energy requirement

 II. PLANT QUARANTINE

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

2003 Prakas (Ministerial Regulation) No. 522 on the creation and role of the office and organization under DAALI (Dated 30 September 2003): DAALI responsible in Plant Quarantine Activity.
2003 Sub-Decree (Government Regulation) No. 15 on the Phytosanitary Inspection (Dated 13 March 2003): which appointed PPPSO of DAALI as Cambodian Plant Quarantine Authority (PQA).
2001 Sub-Decree No. 69 on the management of border check points (09/07/01): Plant and animal quarantine staff are not included in the team of border check point inspectors.
2004 Sub-Decree No. 6 on the management of international airport of the Kingdom of Cambodia (30/03/04): Plant and animal quarantine staff are included in the team of border check point inspectors.
(prep.) Sub-Decree on the management of the entry-exit border check point at the sea and river port of the Kingdom of Cambodia: Plant and animal quarantine staff may will be included in the team of border check point inspectors. 
(prep.) Sub-Decree on the management of the entry-exit check point at the land border of the Kingdom of Cambodia: Plant and animal quarantine staff may/will be included in the team of border check point inspectors.

Web source for further information: –

 

Policies (regarding plant quarantine)

Ye s

No

Does phytosanitary legislation cover domestic quarantine?

x  

Does phytosanitary legislation cover import quarantine?

x  

Does phytosanitary legislation cover export quarantine?

x  

Does phytosanitary legislation cover living modified organisms?

  x

Is plant quarantine a separate organization from animal quarantine?

x  

Other policy initiatives (under review/progress)
protect the agriculture production and biodiversity.

Web source for further information: www.maff.gov.kh/www.ippc.int

 

Organization of Plant
Quarantine Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Pest Risk Analysis

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO/Phytosanitary Section

National standards development

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO/Phytosanitary Section

International notifications

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO/Phytosanitary Section (IPPC/APPPC) MOC/CAMCONTROL/(for WTO-SPS)

Import:

 
Import permits

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO/Phytosanitary Section

Import inspections

MOC/CAMCONTROL

Emergency action

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO/Phytosanitary Section

Export:

 

Phytosanitary certificates

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO/Phytosanitary Section

Treatment of commodities

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO/Phytosanitary Section Authorized pest control services

 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of plant quarantine officers authorized to inspect/certify

35

Total qualified personnel for plant pest risk analysis

5

Number of quarantine offices

 

 

 

entry points (sea/air/land/mail = total)

0/1/0/0 = 1

 

post-entry plant quarantine containment facilities

0

  other offices

0

Number of quarantine service diagnosis laboratories

1

In-country recognized pest diagnostics capabilities (incl. universities, etc.)

2

Number of laboratories for insect/mite (arthropod) samples

2

Number of laboratories for bacteria samples

0

Number of laboratories for virus samples

0

Number of laboratories for fungus samples

2

Number of laboratories for mycoplasma samples

0

Number of laboratories for nematode samples

0

Number of laboratories for plant/weed samples

2

Number of laboratories for other pests (snail, slug, rodents, etc.)

0

 

Pest-Free Areas
According to ISPM 10

 

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Overall management

MAFF/DAALI

– 

surveillance

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO/Plant Protection Section

–  management

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO/Plant Protection Section

– 

certification MAFF/DAALI
List of target pest species and crops ISPM 4

 

Number of sites in [year]

List of target pest species and crops ISPM 10

 

   Number of sites in [year]

Key Situation Indicators

International Trade

 

Year: 2006

Main Import Plant Commodities

Main countries/areas of origin

Quantity (tons)

Cigarettes

Thailand, Singapore, China

 
Dry mushroom

China, Singapore

 

Main Export Plant Commodities

Main destination countries

 

Anacardium occidentale (Cashew nut)

India, China

25

Arachis hypogaea (Groundnut)

Taiwan

15

Glycine max

Taiwan

5

Hevea brasiliensis (Rubber wood)

Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand, China

47

Manihot esculenta (Tapioca starch)

Indonesia, Malaysia, China, Philippines

16

Nicotiana tabacum (Tobacco)

Indonesia, Singapore, Republic of Korea

13

Oriza sativa (rice) milled paddy rice

Australia, Belgium, France, Malaysia, New Zealand, USA, Thailand, Italy, Taiwan

27

Phellinus linteus (Dry Mushroom)

Republic of Korea

8

Piper nigrum (Black pepper)

UK

1

Sesamum indicum (Seasame)

China, Taiwan

11

Vigna radiata (Mungbean)

Taiwan

10

Zea mays (pigeon corn)

Hong Kong, Republic of Korea, Taiwan

26

 

Cooperation Projects

     

Title (Purpose/Target)

Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

Agric. Productivity Improvement Project

World Bank <$10 million

1999-2005

Phytosanitary Capacity Dev. Proj. Phase1 Installation of NPD and SOM

NZAID ?

2001-2005

Phytosanitary Capacity Dev. Proj. Phase 2
Pest surveillance, diagnosis and PRA

NZAID
AusAID

AU$29 089 + NZ$37 552

2007-2009

Title of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     

Key Operation Indicators

Institutional Functions

Year: 2006

Number of import permits issued

19

Number of import inspections carried out

0

Number of emergency phytosanitary treatments taken on imports

0

Number notifications of non-compliance

0

Number of conventional phytosanitary certificates issued

0

Number of electronic phytosanitary certificates issued

287

 

Number of quarantine pests intercepted

Year:

Top three commodity

Top three pest/commodity

# of interceptions

     
     
     
 

Lists of Regulated Pests

Year of last update

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

Number of quarantine pests

2004

119

38

13

Number of regulated non-quarantine pests

       

Number of regulated import articles

   

27 plant genera

Web source for further information: –

 

Pest Risk Analysis

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

No. of PRA completed and documented (according to ISPM)

0 0

0

Web source for further information: –

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

  • National Phytosanitary Database have been set up (NZAID)
  • Capacity building for staffs on pest surveillance, pest list (entomology and plant pathology) (AusAID: SPS capacity building for ASEAN; NZAID II)
  • 2004 Sub-Decree No. 6 on the management of international airport of the Kingdom of Cambodia (30/03/04): Plant and animal quarantine staff are included in the team of border check point inspectors.

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

  • No Plant Quarantine Check point at all river-port, seaport and entry-exit point of the land border,
  • Awareness on the advantages of Phytosanitary Inspection is still low amount related inspection agencies, exporters, shipping agencies, and policy-makers.
  • Plant Quarantine infrastructure is still remain a big gap below the ISPM, that is the main constrain in compliance with the importing country requirement.
 

Implementation of ISPM

Relevance Implementation

Planned/Actual
Year of full
implementation

International Measures low medium high none partial most full

ISPM 01

Principles of plant quarantine as related to international trade   x              

ISPM 02 

Guidelines for pest risk analysis             x        

ISPM 03 

Code of conduct for the import and release of exotic biological control agents             x        

ISPM 04 

Requirements for the establishment of pest free areas           x          

ISPM 05 

Glossary of phytosanitary terms   x              

ISPM 06 

Guidelines for surveillance             x        

ISPM 07 

Export certification system               x      

ISPM 08 

Determination of pest status in an area             x        

ISPM 09 

Guidelines for pest eradication programmes               x      
ISPM 10 

Requirements for the establishment of pest free places of production and pest free production sites

          x          
ISPM 11 

Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests

            x        
ISPM 12 

Guidelines for phytosanitary certificates

              x    
ISPM 13 

Guidelines for the notification of noncompliance and emergency action

          x          
ISPM 14 

The use of integrated measures in a systems approach for pest risk management

            x        
ISPM 15 

Guidelines for regulating wood packaging material in international trade

          x          
ISPM 16 

Regulated non-quarantine pests: concept and application

          x          
ISPM 17 

Pest reporting

            x        
ISPM 18 

Guidelines for the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary measure

          x          
ISPM 19 

Guidelines on lists of regulated pests

            x        
ISPM 20 

Guidelines for a phytosanitary import regulatory system

          x          
ISPM 21 

Pest risk analysis for regulated non-quarantine pests

          x          
ISPM 22 

Requirements for the establishment of areas of low pest prevalence

          x          
ISPM 23 

Guidelines for inspection

            x        
ISPM 24 

Guidelines for the determination and recognition of equivalence of phytosanitary measures

          x          
ISPM 25 

Consignments in transit

          x          
ISPM 26 

Establishment of pest free areas for fruit flies (Tephritidae)

          x          
ISPM 27 

Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests

          x          

Comments/Constraints

  • No enough capacity to implement;
  • No infrastructure
  • No supporting

III. SURVEILLANCE, PEST OUTBREAKS AND INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Surveillance, Pest Reporting and Emergency Actions

2003

Sub-Decree (Government Regulation) No. 15 on the Phytosanitary Inspection (Dated 13 March 2003): the only one legislation on plant quarantine which give the obligation to plant quarantine authority to conduct the pest surveillance and take the eradication activity in case of new invaded exotic pest.

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding invasive/migratory species management)

Ye s

No

National strategy to control serious field pest outbreaks?

 

x

National strategy to control migratory or periodically occurring pests?

 

x

National strategy to eradicate serious newly invaded exotic pests?

 

x

Other policies: (e.g. subsidies, etc.)

Web source for further information: –

 

Organization of Outbreak
Management Functions

 

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Field/Storage Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. BPH, bollworm, etc.)

Response strategy/plans

MAFF/DAALI
Surveillance

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO + CARDI

Control

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO

Migratory Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. locusts, birds, armyworm)

Response strategy/plans

MAFF/DAALI
Surveillance

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO

Control

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO

New Exotic Pest Eradication

(e.g. coconut beetle)

Response strategy/plans

MAFF/DAALI
Surveillance

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO

Control/eradication

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO

   

Reporting to bilateral or international organizations

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO

 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of designated staff for surveillance of field pests of national importance

25

Number of designated staff for surveillance of migratory and periodically occurring pests

5

Number of designated staff for surveillance of invasive species

4

Number of designated staff for control of field pests of national importance

 

Number of designated staff for control of migratory and periodically occurring pests

 

Number of designated staff for eradication of invasive species

 

Key Situation and Operation Indicators
(Outbreaks and invasions in the past 2 years)

New exotic species found established in country

Insects

Pathogens

Weeds

Total number for year: 2006

     

Total number for year: 2005 and before

2

   

Total number on record

2

   
 

Eradication or internal quarantine actions taken against economically important species

Name of species

Brontispa longissima

   

Year of first discovery

2001    
Passway

coconut and seedling import from Viet Nam

   

Location of first discovery

The provinces near Viet Nam border

   

Area affected [ha]

around 75% of Palm

   

Area treated [ha]

2 provinces near Viet Nam border

   
Control method

Raise and release the Ascecodes hispinarum

   
Expenditures

support by AusAID through FAO

   
 

Pest outbreak actions

Outbreak 1

Outbreak 2

Outbreak 3

Name of species

BPH Golden snail  

Year of outbreak

2003 2005  

Area affected [ha]

22 500    

Estimated damage $

     

Area treated by government [ha]

     

Expenditures by government [$]

chemical Mechanical  
Control method      

More information

     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

  • Four staffs of PPPSO have been trained by SPS of AusAID project on basic of pest surveillance (entomology and plant pathology);
  • Have ability to raise the Asecodes hispinarum as the parasite to coconut beetle (Brontispa longissima)

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

  • No Plant Quarantine Check point at all entry-exit point of the border, It is a big risk to new invade species;
  • Plant Quarantine infrastructure is still remain a big gap below the ISPM, that is the main constrain in compliance with the importing country requirement.

IV. PEST MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Pest Management

          –

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding pest management)

Yes

No

Do you have policies encouraging organic or low-pesticide use production

x

 

Is IPM specifically mentioned in laws or policy documents?

x

 

Do you have official Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) or any other relevant food safety (ecofood, etc.) standards for pest management?

  x

Is pest management extension separate from general extension?

   

Other policies: (subsidies, production inputs, etc.)

Web source for further information: –

 
 

Organization of Plant Protection Functions

 

 Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Policy development

MAFF/DAALI

Pest management research

MAFF/DAALI

Control recommendations

MAFF/DAALI

Pest management extension

MAFF/DAALI/PPPIO

IPM training

MAFF/DAALI/National IPM Programme

GAP training MAFF/DAALI
 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of technical officers for pest management

44

Number of central, regional, provincial or state offices

24

Number of district and village level field offices

 

Number of field/extension agents for pest management advice

 

Number of field/extension agents trained in IPM-FFS facilitation

~200+~300 farmers

Number of government biocontrol production/distribution facilities

0

Number of government biopesticide production/distribution facilities

0

Number of general extension staff involved in pest management

 

Number of designated plant protection technical officers for extension

 

Key Situation and Operation Indicators

Pest Management

Yes

No

Does the country have a National IPM Programme?
If yes, give Name and Address of IPM Programme:
National IPM Programme
, #10, Monireth St., Tuol Svay Prey II,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia

x  

Does the country have specific IPM extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?: Rice, Vegetables

x  

Does the country have specific IPM research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

  x

Does the country have specific GAP extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

    x

Does the country have specific GAP research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

    x
 

Market shares (estimated value, volume or area under control)

Year:

Size of chemical pest control market

 

Size of biopesticides market

 

Size of biological control agents market

 
 

Major pest control requiring crops
(requiring most pesticide applications)

 

1st

2nd

3rd

Affected crop

     

Name(s) of pest(s)

     

Estimated crop loss

     

Affected area

     

Number of pesticide applications or amount of pesticide used

     

Government action taken

     
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

Community IPM FAO + donors  

-2002

Agric. Productivity Dev. Proj.

World Bank $1.46 M

2000-

    DANIDA $4.5 M

2000-2005

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

       
 

Pest Management Extension

Year:

Number of farmers trained in IPM during the year

 

Number of IPM-FFS conducted during the year

 

Number of farmers trained in GAP standards during the year

 

Area under IPM/low pesticide management [ha]

 

Area under organic/pesticide-free management [ha]

 

Crops in which IPM or other ecology friendly programmes are successfully implemented:

Crops grown organic/pesticide-free:

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

V. PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

1998

Sub-Decree on Standards and Management of Agricultural Materials. The Prime Ministers signed this Sub-Decree on 28th October 1998 (Pesticide management in Cambodia was clearly mentioned in Chapter III “Pesticides” of the above Sub-Decree (Article 11-24 ).

1998

Sub-Decree (No. 69) on Standard and the Management of Agricultural Materials issued 28 October 1998 contains 14 articles mentioning the pesticide management procedures.

1999

Ministerial declaration (No. 038) on the creation of the Bureau of Agricultural Material Standard issued 21 January 1999.

2002

Ministerial guideline (No. 245) on the implementation of Sub-Decree No. 69 on the Standard and the Management of Agricultural Materials issued 21 October 2002.

2003

Ministerial declaration (No. 064) on Formats of Application Forms relating to Agricultural Materials issued 27 February 2003.

2003

Ministerial declaration (No. 522) on the Mandate of the Department of Agronomy and Agricultural Land Improvement issued 30 September 2003.

2003

Ministerial declaration (No. 598) on the Lists of Pesticide in Cambodia issued 15 December 2003.

2004

Ministerial declaration (No. 204) on Amendment of Declaration No. 064 issued 12 July 2004.

2004

Mutual declaration (No. 02/04) between MAFF and MoJ on Formats and Police of Justice for DAL/MAFF issued 26 October 2004.

Web source for further information: -

Policies (regarding pesticide management)

Yes

No

Do you have national pesticide reduction targets?
If yes, what is the target: ____________

 

x

Have you ratified the Rotterdam (PIC) Convention?

 

x

Have you ratified the Stockholm (POP) Convention?

 

x

Have your ratified the Basel Convention? (hazardous wastes)

 

x

Have your ratified the Montreal Protocol? (MeBr phasing-out)

   

Have you reported the observance of the Code of Conduct to FAO according to Art. 12 of the Code?

   

Have you adopted Good Laboratory Practices (GLP)?

   

Pesticide Registration

   

Do you require pesticides to conform to relevant FAO or WHO specifications?

x  

Do you allow the “me-too” registration and sale of generic pesticides?

   

Do you require data on product equivalence for generic registration?

   

Do you conduct country-specific risk assessments for…

   
 

occupational risks?

   

x

 

consumer risks?

 

x

 

environmental risks?

 

x

Have you adopted the Global Harmonized System (GHS) for pesticides hazards evaluation and labelling?

 

x

Do you accept evaluation results from other countries?

x  

Do you accept field studies conducted in other countries?

 

x

Do you require environmental fate studies?

 

x

Incentives/Disincentives

   

Do you have a special tax on pesticides to cover externality costs?

 

x

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost pesticides?

 

x

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost biopesticides?

 

x

 
 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

 

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Legislation

MAFF/DAL + DAALI

Registration MAFF/DAL/BAMS

Licensing of shops

MAFF/DAL/BAMS

Licensing of field applicators

 

Enforcement/inspections

MAFF/DAL/BAMS

Testing of pesticide efficacy

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO

Development of pesticide use recomm

endations MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO

Safe use training/extension

MAFF/DAALI/PPPIO and MAFF/DAE

Food residue monitoring

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO

Environmental monitoring

MAFF/DAALI/PPPSO

Health monitoring

 

Other Stakeholders:

 

Pesticide Industry Association

 

Civil Society Organizations (NGO, etc.)

 
 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of registration officers

25

Number of enforcement officers

 

Number of department quality control laboratories

1

Number of quality control laboratory personnel

 

Number of department residue analysis laboratories

1

Number of residue laboratory personnel

 

Key Situation Indicators

Pesticide Trade:

Tons

$ ’000 Value

Imports 39  
Manufacture    
Export    

Domestic Use/Sales

   

Pesticide Use Profile:

Tons (a.i./formulation to be specified)

$ ’000 Value

Agriculture 198

226

 

Chem. Insecticides

73%  
 

Chem. Fungicides

3%  
 

Chem. Herbicides

8%  
 

Chem. Others: e.g. molluscicide, acaricide

15%  
 

Other: e.g. Avamectrin, Bt, Neem

   
  Other purposes    
TOTAL    

Post Registration Monitoring

Testing, Quality Control and Effects in the Field

Yes

No

Do you have significant problems with low-quality pesticides in the market?

x

 

Do you have significant problems with pesticide resistance?
Note: Unknown

   

Do you have a list of pesticides under close observation for problems

   

Source for more information: –

 

Health and Environmental Information

Yes

No

Do you maintain data on pesticide poisoning cases?

 

x

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in food?

 

x

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in the environment?

 

x

Do you have significant problems of environmental contamination from pesticides?
Note: Unknown

   

Do you have data on pesticides effects on wildlife and ecosystems?
Note: Unknown

   

Source for more information: –

 

Pesticide Disposal

Yes

No

Do you have system to collect and safely dispose of used containers and small quantities of left-over pesticides?

   

x

Do you have an inventory of outdated and obsolete pesticides in the country?
(e.g. banned and no longer traded, but still in storage)

x

 

Do you have illegal trade in pesticides?
if yes: what is the estimated amount: ______________

x

 

Source for more information: –

Key Operation Indicators

Registration/Regulation/Monitoring

Year:

a.i.*

Trade Name

Number of registered pesticide products

   

Number of registered biopesticides (Avamectrin, Bt, Neem, etc.)

   

Number of restricted-use pesticides/formulations

   

Number of banned pesticides

 

 

   

Number of licensed outlets

 

Number of licensed field applicators (professional and/or farmers)

 
   
Number of licensing violations reported during year
   
Number of quality control analyses conducted during year  
   

Number of food samples analyzed for pesticide residues during year

 

Number of samples exceeding MRL

 
   
Number of environmental samples analyzed for pesticide residues  
* active ingredient
 

Pesticides Restricted in Recent Years

Year

Name of active ingredient or hazardous formulation

   
   
 

Pesticides Banned in Recent Years

Year  

Name of active ingredient

     
     
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 
 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

The existing system is not effective to manage the pesticide import and distribution in the country

VI. ADDITIONAL ISSUES OF INTEREST

Last updated: December 2006

Genetically Modified Crops

 

Name of GMO Crop

Area under Cultivation [ha]

   
   
   
   

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