Previous PageTable of ContentsNext Page

3.3 CHINA, PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

Last updated: December 2006

Plant Protection Organization Chart

Plant protection profiles
from
Asia-Pacific countries

Important Contact Addresses

Responsible Ministry

Ministry of Agriculture (MOA)
Mr Dun Niu,Deputy Minister

No. 11 Nongzhanguan Nanli, Beijing, P.R. China 100026
Tel: 86-10-6419 2328
Fax: 86-10-6500 3621
Website: www.agri.gov.cn

Responsible Department

Crop Production Department, MOA
Mr Shouchong Wang, Deputy General Director

No. 11 Nongzhanguan Nanli, Beijing, P.R. China 100026
Tel: 86-10-6419 2864
Fax: 86-10-6419 3376
E-mail: ppq@agri.gov.cn
Website: www.agri.gov.cn

Address for nominations

International Cooperation Department
Ms Xiangjun Yao, Deputy General Director

Ministry of Agriculture
No. 11 Nongzhanguan Nanli, Beijing, P.R. China 100026
Tel: 86-10-6419 2400
Fax: 86-10-6500 4635
E-mail: yaoxj@agri.gov.cn
Website: www.agri.gov.cn

Operational Offices:

Plant Protection

Plant Protection & Quarantine Division
Mr Youquan Chen, Division Director

Crop Production Department, MOA
No. 11 Nongzhanguan Nanli, Beijing, P.R. China 100026
Tel: 86-10-6419 3350
Fax: 86-10-6419 3376
E-mail: ppq@agri.gov.cn
Websites: www.agri.gov.cn
www.ppq.gov.cn

Plant Quarantine

Agricultural Plant Quarantine

Plant Protection & Quarantine Division
Ms Xiaoling Wu, Deputy Division Director (IPPC Contact Point)

Crop Production Department, MOA
Add: No. 11 Nongzhanguan Nanli, Beijing, P.R. China 100026
Tel: 86-10-6419 3350
Fax: 86-10-6419 3376
E-mail: ppq@agri.gov.cn
Websites: www.agri.gov.cn
www.ppq.gov.cn

Forestry Plant Quarantine

Pests Management Division
Ms Xiaohua Wang, Division Director

Forestation Department, State Forestry Administration (SFA)
Tel: 86-10-8423 8512
Fax: 86-10-8423 8067
E-mail: wangxiaohua@forestry.gov.cn
Website: www.forestry.gov.cn

Import/Export Plant Quarantine

Department for Supervision on Animal and Plant Quarantine
Mr Lu Houlin, Deputy Director-General

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ)
No. 9 Madiandonglu, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China 100088
Tel: 86-10-8226 1912
Fax: 86-10-8226 0155
E-mail: luhoulin@aqsiq.gov.cn
Website: www.aqsiq.gov.cn

Plant Quarantine Division
Mr Yiyu Wang, Division Director

Department for Supervision on Animal and Plant Quarantine
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ)
No. 9 Madian Donglu, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China 100088
Tel: 86-10-8226 1909
Fax: 86-20-8226 0157
E-mail: wangyiyu@aqsiq.gov.cn
Website: www.aqsiq.gov.cn

Surveillance, Pest Outbreaks and Invasive Species Management

National Agro-Tech Extension and Service Center (NATESC)
Mr Tianrun Zhong, Deputy General Director

Ministry of Agriculture
No. 20 Maizidian Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100026
Tel: 86-10-6419 4524
Fax: 86-10-6419 4726
E-mail: zhongtianrun@agri.gov.cn
Website: www.natesc.gov.cn

Pesticide Registration

Institute for the Control of Agrochemicals (ICAMA)
Mr Yunhao Wang, Director

Ministry of Agriculture
No. 22 Maizidian Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100026
Tel: 86-10-641 94055
Fax: 86-10-6502 5929
E-mail: wangyh@agri.gov.cn
Website: www.chinapesticide.gov.cn

Official International Contact Points

National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) Contact Point (for IPPC/APPPC)

Plant Protection & Quarantine Division
Ms Xiaoling Wu, Deputy Division Director

Crop Production Department, Ministry of Agriculture
No. 11 Nongzhanguan Nanli
Beijing, P.R. China 100026
Tel: 86-10-6419 2804
Fax: 86-10-6419 3376
E-mail: ppq@agri.gov.cn
Website: www.ppq.gov.cn

WTO-SPS Contact Point

Research Centre for International Inspection & Quarantine Technical Regulation &
Standard of the People’s Republic of China
WTO-SPS Enquiry Point
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ)
No. 9 Madiandonglu, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China 100088

Rotterdam Convention (PIC) DNA Pesticides (P)

Institute for the Control of Agrochemicals (ICAMA)
Ms Yong-zhen Yang, Deputy Director-General (until December 2006)

Ministry of Agriculture
No. 22 Maizidian Street, Chaoyang, Beijing, P.R. China 100026
Tel: 86-10-6419 4071
Fax: 86-10-6502 5929
E-mail: yangyongzhen@agri.gov.cn

Stockholm Convention (POP) National Focal Point (P)

Division of International Organizations.
Mr Yue Ruisheng, Deputy Director General

Department of International Cooperation
State Environment Protection Administration
No. 115 Xizhimennei Nanxiaojie, Beijing, P.R. China 100035
Tel.: 86-10-6655 6492
Fax: 86-10-6655 6494
E-mail: yuers@zhb.gov.cn

Basel Convention Competent Authority (CA)

State Environmental Protection Administration
No. 115 Xizhimennei Nanxiaojie
Beijing, P.R. China 100035
Tel: 86-10-6655 6256/6257
Fax: 86-10-6655 6252
E-mails: zhong.bin@sepa.gov.cn or wangqian@sepa.gov.cn

Selected Country Statistics

Agricultural Population 745 million Agricultural Land

1,23.4 million ha

GDP $2 560 billion Agric. GDP: 12.6% GNI per capita: $1 758 Undernourishment: 1.7%

Main crops grown: Rice, Wheat, Maize, Cotton

GDP = Gross Domestic Product; GNI = Gross National Income; Hunger = Population below minimum energy requirement

II. PLANT QUARANTINE

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

1991 Law of the PRC on the entry and exit animal and plant quarantine
1992 Regulation on Plant Quarantine
1996 Regulation for the implementation of the entry and exit animal and plant quarantine

Web sources for further information: www.aqsiq.gov.cn, www.agri.gov.cn

Policies (regarding plant quarantine)

Ye s

No

Does phytosanitary legislation cover domestic quarantine?

x

 
Does phytosanitary legislation cover import quarantine? x  
Does phytosanitary legislation cover export quarantine? x  
Does phytosanitary legislation cover living modified organisms?   x
Is plant quarantine a separate organization from animal quarantine?   x
Other policy initiatives (under review/progress):
Web sources for further information:
http://www.aqsiq.gov.cn; http://www.agri.gov.cn
 

Organization of Plant
Quarantine Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit (Ministry/Department/Unit)

Pest Risk Analysis AQSIQ/SAPQD/PQD
MOA/CPD/PPQD
SFA/FD/PMD
National standards development AQSIQ/SAPQD/PQD
MOA/CPD/PPQD
SFA/FD/PMD
International notifications AQSIQ/SAPQD/PQD
Import:  
Import permits AQSIQ/SAPQD/PQD
MOA/CPD/PPQD
SFA/FD/PMD
Import inspections AQSIQ/SAPQD/PQD
Emergency action MOA/CPD/PPQD
SFA/FD/PMD
AQSIQ/SAPQD/PQD
Export:  
Phytosanitary certificates AQSIQ/SAPQD/PQD
Treatment of commodities AQSIQ/SAPQD/PQD
 

Infrastructure

Year: 2005

Number of plant quarantine officers authorized to inspect/certify

30 000

Total qualified personnel for plant pest risk analysis

200

Number of quarantine offices

5 557

  entry points (sea/air/land/mail = total)

598

  post-entry plant quarantine containment facilities

10

  other offices

4 949

Number of quarantine service diagnosis laboratories

63

In-country recognized pest diagnostics capabilities
(incl. universities, etc.)

 

Number of laboratories for insect/mite (arthropod) samples

many

Number of laboratories for bacteria samples

many

Number of laboratories for virus samples

many

Number of laboratories for fungus samples

many

Number of laboratories for mycoplasma samples

many

Number of laboratories for nematode samples

many

Number of laboratories for plant/weed samples

many

Number of laboratories for other pests (snail, slug, rodents, etc.)

many
 

Pest-Free Areas
According to ISPM 10

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Overall management MOA/CPD/PPQD  
– surveillance MOA/NATESC/Plant Quarantine Division  
– management MOA/CPD/PPQD  
– certification MOA  
List of target pest species and crops ISPM 4

Number of sites in 2006

Codling moth on apples (pilot)

2 provinces

   
List of target pest species and crops ISPM 10

Number of sites in [year]

   
   

Key Situation Indicators

International Trade

 

Year: 2005

Main Import Plant Commodities

Main countries/areas of origin

Quantity (tons)

Soybean

USA, Brazil, Argentina

26.59 million

Wheat

Canada, Australia, USA

3.51 million

Tapioca

Thailand, Viet Nam, Indonesia

3.33 million

Main Export Plant Commodities

Main destination countries

 
Corn

Japan, Korea, Southeast Asia

8.61 million

Fruit

EU, Southeast Asia, North America

2.04 million

     
 

Cooperation Projects

     

Title (Purpose/Target)

Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Title of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     

Key Operation Indicators

Institutional Functions

Year: 2005

Number of import permits issued

19 000

Number of import inspections carried out

 

Number of emergency phytosanitary treatments taken on imports

 

Number notifications of non-compliance

 

Number of conventional phytosanitary certificates issued

529 000

Number of electronic phytosanitary certificates issued

0

 

Number of quarantine pests intercepted

Year:

Top three commodities

Top three pest/commodity

# of interceptions

     
   
   
     
   
   
     
   
   
 

Lists of Regulated Pests

 

Year of last update

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

Number of quarantine pests

1997 212 202

38

Number of regulated non-quarantine pests

       

Number of regulated import articles

     

Web source for further information: www.aqsiq.gov.cn

 

Pest Risk Analysis

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

No. of PRA completed and documented (according to ISPM)

     

Web source for further information:
http://www.aqsiq.gov.cn

     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

Updated the domestic quarantine pest list
Finished 3 modern post-entry plant quarantine containment facilities
Investments doubled

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, raining, etc.)

New quarantine staff must be trained before engaged

 

Implementation of ISPM

Relevance

Implementation

Planned/Actual
Year of full implementation

International Measures

low medium high none partial most full

ISPM 01 Principles of plant quarantine as related to international trade

    x       x 2001

ISPM 02 Guidelines for pest risk analysis

    x       x 2001

ISPM 03 Code of conduct for the import and release of exotic biological control agents

  x       x   2003

ISPM 04 Requirements for the establishment of pest free areas

  x     x     2004

ISPM 05 Glossary of phytosanitary terms

    x       x 2005

ISPM 06 Guidelines for surveillance

    x       x 2000

ISPM 07 Export certification system

    x       x 1998

ISPM 08 Determination of pest status in an area

    x       x 2001

ISPM 09 Guidelines for pest eradication programmes

    x       x 2002

ISPM 10 Requirements for the establishment of pest free places of production and pest free production sites

    x       x 2004

ISPM 11 Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests

    x       x 2002

ISPM 12 Guidelines for phytosanitary certificates

    x       x 2003

ISPM 13 Guidelines for the notification of
noncompliance and emergency action

    x       x 2004

ISPM 14 The use of integrated measures in a systems approach for pest risk management

    x       x 2003

ISPM 15 Guidelines for regulating wood packaging material in international trade

    x       x 2005

ISPM 16 Regulated non-quarantine pests: concept and application

    x   x     2006

ISPM 17 Pest reporting

    x       x 2004

ISPM 18 Guidelines for the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary measure

  x     x     2003

ISPM 19 Guidelines on lists of regulated pests

    x       x 2005

ISPM 20 Guidelines for a phytosanitary import regulatory system

    x       x 2004

ISPM 21 Pest risk analysis for regulated non-quarantine pests

    x     x   2005

ISPM 22 Requirements for the establishment of areas of low pest prevalence

  x     x     2006

ISPM 23 Guidelines for inspection

    x       x 2005

ISPM 24 Guidelines for the determination and

recognition of equivalence of phytosanitary measures

    x       x 2005

ISPM 25 Consignments in transit

    x       x 2006

ISPM 26 Establishment of pest free areas for fruit flies (Tephritidae)

    x   x      

ISPM 27 Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests

    x     x    

Comments/Constraints

III. SURVEILLANCE, PEST OUTBREAKS AND INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Surveillance, Pest Reporting and Emergency Actions

– 

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding invasive/migratory species management)

Yes

No

National strategy to control serious field pest outbreaks?

x

 

National strategy to control migratory or periodically occurring pests?

x

 

National strategy to eradicate serious newly invaded exotic pests?

x

 

Other policies: (e.g. subsidies, etc.)
In 2005, the amount of $22.5 million RMB Yuan were subsidized from national government for control of migratory and grain pests

Web source for further information: www.agri.gov.cn

 
 

Organization of Outbreak
Management Functions

 

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Field/Storage Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. BPH, bollworm, etc.)

Response strategy/plans

MOA/CPD/PPQD, SFA
MOA/NATESC + Provincial Plant Protection Stations

Surveillance

MOA/NATESC/Pest forecast division, SFA

Control

MOA/NATESC/Pest management division, SFA

Migratory Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. locusts, birds, armyworm)

Response strategy/plans

MOA/DCP/PPQD, SFA

Surveillance

MOA/NATESC/Pest forecast division, SFA

Control

MOA/NATESC/Pest management division, SFA

New Exotic Pest Eradication

(e.g. coconut beetle)

Response strategy/plans

MOA/DCP/PPQD, SFA

Surveillance

MOA/NATESC/Plant quarantine division, SFA

Control/eradication

MOA/NATESC/Plant quarantine division, SFA

   

Reporting to bilateral or international organizations

MOA/DCP/PPQD
 

Infrastructure

Year: 2005

Number of designated staff for surveillance of field pests of national importance

15 351

Number of designated staff for surveillance of migratory and periodically occurring pests

15 351

Number of designated staff for surveillance of invasive species

 8 692

Number of designated staff for control of field pests of national importance

29 512

Number of designated staff for control of migratory and periodically occurring pests

29 512

Number of designated staff for eradication of invasive species

 

Key Situation and Operation Indicators
(Outbreaks and invasions in the past 2 years)

New exotic species found established in country

Insects

Pathogens

Weeds

Total number for year: Most recent

9

12

1

Total number for year: year before 2000

8

2

3

Total number on record

17

14

4

 

Eradication or internal quarantine actions taken against economically important species

Name of species

Red fire ant    

Year of first discovery

2004    
Passway

Imported waste material

   

Location of first discovery

Guangdong Wuchuan

   

Area affected [ha]

13 333    

Area treated [ha]

13 333    

Control method

Poison bait    
Expenditures

6 million US$

   
       
 

Pest outbreak actions

Outbreak 1

Outbreak 2

Outbreak 3

Name of species

Locusts BPH

Wheat stripe rust

Year of outbreak

2004 2004 2004

Area affected [ha]

2.2 million 23 million 4.3 millioin

Estimated damage $

NA

210 million tons

63 million tons

Area treated by government [ha]

NA NA NA

Expenditures by government [$]

NA NA NA

Control method

Pesticides, biopesticides

Pesticides

Seed treatments, crop diversities, fungicides

More information

     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

IV. PEST MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Surveillance, Pest Reporting and Emergency Actions

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding pest management)

Yes

No

Do you have policies encouraging organic or low-pesticide use production

x

 

Is IPM specifically mentioned in laws or policy documents?

x

 

Do you have official Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) or any other relevant food safety (ecofood, etc.) standards for pest management?

x

 

Is pest management extension separate from general extension?

 

x

Other policies: (subsidies, production inputs, etc.)

Web source for further information: http://www.ppq.gov.cn

 

Organization of Plant Protection Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Policy development

MOA/CPD/PPQD, SFA

Pest management research

MOA/NATESC, SFA

Control recommendations

MOA/NATESC, SFA

Pest management extension

MOA/NATESC, Plant protection station at county, prefecture and provincial levels. SFA

IPM training

MOA/NATESC, Plant protection station at county, prefecture and provincial levels. SFA

GAP training

Plant protection station at county, prefecture and provincial levels

 

Infrastructure

Year: 2005

Number of technical officers for pest management

29 512

Number of central, regional, provincial or state offices

600

Number of district and village level field offices

10 865

Number of field/extension agents for pest management advice

19 026

Number of field/extension agents trained in IPM-FFS facilitation

1 036

Number of government biocontrol production/distribution facilities

NA

Number of government biopesticide production/distribution facilities

NA

Number of general extension staff involved in pest management

29 512

Number of designated plant protection technical officers for extension

29 512

Key Situation and Operation Indicators

Pest Management

Yes

No

Does the country have a National IPM Programme?
If yes, give Name and Address of IPM Programme:
NATESC, MAO

x

 

Does the country have specific IPM extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:
Vegetables and Fruits

x

 

Does the country have specific IPM research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

 

x

Does the country have specific GAP extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?: Apple

x

 

Does the country have specific GAP research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

 

x

 

Market shares (estimated value, volume or area under control)

Year: 2005

Size of chemical pest control market

260.71 M ha

Size of biopesticides market

29.80 M ha

Size of biological control agents market

8.45 M ha

 

Major pest control requiring crops (requiring most pesticide applications)

1st

2nd

 

3rd

 

Affected crop

Rice [2005]

Vegetables [2005]

Cotton [2005]

Name(s) of pest(s)

Rice borers, BPH, Leaf feeders, Rice blast, Sheath blight

Leaf miners, Cater­pillars, DBM, White-flies, Soil diseases, Leaf diseases

Cotton bollworm, Aphids, Lygus bugs

Estimated crop loss

630 million tons

1 119 million tons

35.1 million tons

Affected area

10.87 million ha

26 million ha

2.61 million ha

Number of pesticide applications or amount of pesticide used

10.67 million ha

2.5 million ha

1.76 million ha

Government action taken

     
 

Cooperation Projects

Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

IPM-FFS in vegetables

FAO/Norway

450 000 US$

2003-2007

       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

Matching funds for IPM-FFS in vegetables and fruits

100 000 US$

2005-2007

     
 

Pest Management Extension

Year: 2005

Number of farmers trained in IPM during the year

2 400

Number of IPM-FFS conducted during the year

85

Number of farmers trained in GAP standards during the year

NA

Area under IPM/low pesticide management [ha]

NA

Area under organic/pesticide-free management [ha]

 

Crops in which IPM or other ecology friendly programmes are successfully implemented: Rice, cotton, wheat, locusts

Crops grown organic/pesticide-free:

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

V. PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

1982 Pesticide Registration Regulation
1989 Data Requirement of Pesticide Registration
1995 Pesticide Advertisement Inspection Measures (MOA and SA Industry & Commerce)
1997 Regulation on Pesticide Administration
1998 Implementation Rule of Regulation on Pesticide Administration (Min. Chem. Industry)
1999 Implementation Rule of Regulation on Pesticide Administration (MOA)

Web source: www.chinapesticide.gov.cn

Policies (regarding pesticide management)

Yes

No

Do you have national pesticide reduction targets?
If yes, what is the target:
Note: Reduce the production of high toxic pesticides and persistence organic
pollution pesticides

Note

 

Have you ratified the Rotterdam (PIC) Convention?

x  

Have you ratified the Stockholm (POP) Convention?

x  

Have your ratified the Basel Convention? (hazardous wastes)

x  

Have your ratified the Montreal Protocol? (MeBr phasing-out)

x  

Have you reported the observance of the Code of Conduct to FAO according to Art. 12 of the Code?

 

x

Have you adopted Good Laboratory Practices (GLP)?

 

x

     

Pesticide Registration

   

Do you require pesticides to conform to relevant FAO or WHO specifications?

x  

Do you allow the “me-too” registration and sale of generic pesticides?

x  

Do you require data on product equivalence for generic registration?

x  

Do you conduct country-specific risk assessments for…

   

 

occupational risks? x  

 

consumer risks? x  
 

environmental risks?

x  

Have you adopted the Global Harmonized System (GHS) for pesticides hazards evaluation and labelling?

 

x

Do you accept evaluation results from other countries?

 

x

Do you accept field studies conducted in other countries?

 

x

Do you require environmental fate studies?

x

 
     

Incentives/Disincentives

   

Do you have a special tax on pesticides to cover externality costs?

 

x

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost pesticides?

 

x

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost biopesticides?

 

x

       
 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

 

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Legislation

National Legislative Bureau

Registration

MOA/ICAMA and ICAs

Licensing of shops

CAMTC/MOA

Licensing of field applicators

 

Enforcement/inspections

AQSIQ, State Admin. for Industry and Commerce (SAIC), MOA

Testing of pesticide efficacy

State PPI, PPS

Development of pesticide use recommendations

MOA/ICAMA

Safe use training/extension

MOA/NATESC, + State PPS

Food residue monitoring

MOA

Environmental monitoring

MOA/ICAMA

Health monitoring

MOA/ICAMA

Other Stakeholders:

 

Pesticide Industry Association

Crop Life China, China Pesticide Industry Assoc.
China Pesticide Development and Application Assoc.

Civil Society Organizations
(NGO, etc.)

 
 

Infrastructure*

Year: 2005

Number of registration officers

445 (ICAMA:90)

Number of enforcement officers

20 000

Number of department quality control laboratories

62

Number of quality control laboratory personnel

510

Number of department residue analysis laboratories

56

Number of residue laboratory personnel

448

 

Total: ~30 000

 

*only include the laboratories belonging to MOA

Key Situation Indicators

Pesticide Trade:

Tons

$ ’000 Value

Imports 27 627

146 850

Manufacture 1 030 000

22 636 310

Export 391 587

1 187 130

Domestic Use/Sales

258 000

5 670 000

     

Pesticide Use Profile:

Tons
(a.i./formulation to be specified)

$ ’000 Value

Agriculture 258 000  

 

Chem. Insecticides 53%  
 

Chem. Fungicides

10%  

 

Chem. Herbicides 25%  

 

Chem. Others: e.g. molluscicide, acaricide 12%  

 

Other: e.g. Avamectrin, Bt, Neem    

Other purposes

   
TOTAL    

Post Registration Monitoring

Testing, Quality Control and Effects in the Field

Yes

No

Do you have significant problems with low-quality pesticides in the market?

x

 

Do you have significant problems with pesticide resistance?

x

 

Do you have a list of pesticides under close observation for problems

x

 

Source for more information: www.chinapesticide.gov.cn

 

Health and Environmental Information

Yes

No

Do you maintain data on pesticide poisoning cases?

x

 

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in food?

x

 

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in the environment?

 

x

Do you have significant problems of environmental contamination from pesticides?

x

 

Do you have data on pesticides effects on wildlife and ecosystems?

x

 

Source for more information: –

   
 

Pesticide Disposal

Yes

No

Do you have system to collect and safely dispose of used containers and small quantities of left-over pesticides?

 

x

Do you have an inventory of outdated and obsolete pesticides in the country? (e,g. banned and no longer traded, but still in storage)

x

 

Do you have illegal trade in pesticides?
if yes: what is the estimated amount: _______________

x

 

Source for more information: –

Key Operation Indicators

Registration/Regulation/Monitoring

Year: 2005

a.i.*

Trade Name

Number of registered pesticide products

600

20 000

Number of registered biopesticides (Avamectrin, Bt, Neem, etc.)

150

2 000

Number of restricted-use pesticides/formulations

21

 

Number of banned pesticides

18

 
     

Number of licensed outlets

 

Number of licensed field applicators (professional and/or farmers)

 
   

Number of licensing violations reported during year

600

   

Number of quality control analyses conducted during year

15 000

   

Number of food samples analyzed for pesticide residues during year

12 000

Number of samples exceeding MRL

250

   

Number of environmental samples analyzed for pesticide residues

1 000

* active ingredient  
 

Pesticides Restricted in Recent Years

Year 

Name of active ingredient or hazardous formulation

1982, 2002 

Methamidophos, Parathion-methyl, Parathion, Monocrotophos, Phosphamidon, Phorate, Isofenphos-methyl, Terbufos, Phosfolan-methyl, Sulfotep, Carbofuran, Demeton, Aldicarb, Ethoprophos, Phosfolan, Coumaphos, Fonofos, Isazofos, Fenamiphos (Banned use on fruit, vegetable, tea and herbal medicine)

1982 

Phorate (Restricted for seed dressing)

1982 

Carbofuran (Restricted for broadcasting and seed dressing)

 

Pyrethroid insecticides (Banned use on paddy)

 

Lindan (Restricted for wheat or in wastelands)

 

Fenvalerate, Dicofol (Banned use on tea)
 

Pesticides Banned in Recent Years

Year

Name of active ingredient

1970’s

Arsena, Acetate, Mercury compounds, dieldrin, aldrin

1982

Fluoroacetamide

1983

BHC, DDT, Dibromochloropropane,^^)^

1984

Ethylene dibromide

1986 Cyhexatin
1990

Chlordimeform (Promugated 1990 and enforced 1992)

1990

%mm

1991

Tetramine, Silatrane

1995 Gliftor
1997

Nitrofen ( Promulgated 1997, production banned 2000, use banned 2001)

2007

Methamidophos, Parathion-methyl, Parathion, Monocrotophos, Phosphamidon

 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

Sino-German Pesticide Quality
Control Project

Germany Government

3 750 000 $

1995-2002

Sino-German Obsolete Pesticide
Management Project

Germany Government

2 550 000€

2004-2009

Sino-Dutch Minimize

Holland Government

2 849 461€

2003-2007

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

       

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

VI. ADDITIONAL ISSUES OF INTEREST

Last updated: December 2006

Genetically Modified Crops

 

Name of GMO Crop

Area under Cultivation [ha]

Cotton

3 542 000

   
   
   
   

Previous PageTop of PageNext Page