Previous PageTable of ContentsNext Page

3.4 INDIA

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

Last updated: December 2006

Plant Protection Organization Chart

Plant protection profiles
from
Asia-Pacific countries

Important Contact Addresses

Responsible Ministry/Ministries

Responsible Department

Plant Protection (Policy, Regulations, Pesticide Registration, Overall Management)

Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine and Storage
Dr W.R. Reddy, Joint Secretary (Plant Protection)
Mr Amit Jha, Director (Plant Protection)

Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture
Room No. 147, Krishi Bhavan, Rajendra Prasad Road
New Delhi 110001, India
Tel: (+91) 11-23073384 / (+91) 11-23381385
Fax: (+91) 11-23384468
E-mail: reddywr@nic.in
Websites: http://www.dacnet.ppin.nic.in; http://www.plantquarantineindia.org/; http://agricoop.nic.in.

Address for nominations

Operational Offices:

Plant Protection

Plant Quarantine

Surveillance, Pest Outbreaks and Invasive Species Management

Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage
Dr P.S. Chandurkar, Plant Protection Advisor

Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture
N.H-IV, Faridabad – 121 001 (Haryana), India
Tel: (+91) 129-2413985; 129-2410056
Fax: (+91) 129-2412125
E-mail: ppa@nic.in
Website: www.plantquarantineindia.org/www.cibrc.nic.in/dacnet.nic.in/ppin

Pesticide Registration

Registration Committee, Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine and Storage
Dr (Mrs) S. Kulshrestha, Secretary

Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture
N.H-IV, CGO Complex
Faridabad-121001 (Haryana), India
E-mail: cibsecy@nic.in
Website: http://www.cibrc.nic.in

Official International Contact Points

National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) Contact Point (for IPPC/APPPC)

Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine and Storage
Dr W.R. Reddy, Joint Secretary (Plant Protection)
Mr Amit Jha, Director (Plant Protection)
Dr P.S. Chandurkar, Plant Protection Advisor (Information officer for IPP)

Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture
Room No. 147, Krishi Bhavan, Dr Rajendra Prasad Road
New Delhi 110001, India
Tel: (+91) 129 2413985 / (+91) 11 23385026
Fax: (+91) 129 2412125 / (+91) 11 23384182
E-mail: reddywr@nic.in; ppa@nic.in
Website: http://www.dacnet.ppin.nic.in; http://www.plantquarantineindia.org/

WTO-SPS Contact Point

Department of Agriculture & Cooperation
Amit Jha, Director (Plant Protection)

Ministry of Agriculture
Krishi Bhavan
New Delhi 110001, India
Tel/Fax: (+91) 11 2338 1385
E-mails: amit.jha@nic.in/amitjha100@gmail.com

Rotterdam Convention (PIC) DNA Pesticides (P)

Plant Protection Division
Mr Amit Jha, Director

Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture
Room No. 228-A, Krishi Bhavan, Dr Rajendra Prasad Road
New Delhi 110 001, India
Fax: (+91) 11 233 81385
E-mail: amit.jha@nic.in

Stockholm Convention (POP) National Focal Point (P)

Ministry of Environment & Forests Plant Protection Division
Mr Shri R.K. Vaish, Joint Secretary Mr Amit Jha, Director
  Paryavaran Bhavan   Department of Agriculture and
CGO Complex, Lodhi Road Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture
New Delhi – 110 003, India Room No. 228-A, Krishi Bhavan
Tel: (+91) 11 2436 0634 Dr Rajendra Prasad Road
Fax: (+91) 11 2436 3577 New Delhi 110 001, India
E-mail: vaishrk@nic.in Fax: (+91) 11 233 81385
  E-mail: amit.jha@nic.in

 Basel Convention Competent Authority (CA) and Focal Point

Ministry of Environment and Forests
Secretary to the Government of India

CGO Complex, Lodi Road
New Delhi 110 003, India
Tel: (+91) 11 24 36 07 21 or 24 36 18 96
Fax: (+91) 11 24 36 27 46
E-mail: meena.gupta@nic.in

Hazardous Substances Management Division
Mr Shri R.K. Vaish, Joint Secretary

Ministry of Environment and Forests
Paryavaran Bhavan
CGO Complex, Lodi Road
New Delhi 110 003, India
Tel: (+91) 11 24 36 06 34
Fax: (+91) 11 24 36 35 77
E-mail: vaishrk@nic.in

Selected Country Statistics

Agricultural Population

553 million

Agricultural Land

170 million ha

GDP $598 966 million

Agric. GDP: 22.7%

GDP $598 966 million

Undernourishment: 20%

Main crops grown:

GDP = Gross Domestic Product; GNI = Gross National Income; Hunger = Population below minimum energy requirement

 

II. PLANT QUARANTINE

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

1914

Destructive Insects & Pests Act.

2003

Plant Quarantine Order (effective: 1.1.2004) and amendments therto (under consideration) Plant Quarantine Bill to replace “Destructive Insects and Pest Act” of 1914

 
Web sources for further information: 

http://www.plantquarantineindia.org/law.htm;
http://agricoop.nic.in

 

Policies (regarding plant quarantine)

Yes

No

Does phytosanitary legislation cover domestic quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover import quarantine?

   

Does phytosanitary legislation cover export quarantine?

   

Does phytosanitary legislation cover living modified organisms?

  x

Is plant quarantine a separate organization from animal quarantine?

x

 

Other policy initiatives (under review/progress): The DIP Act is in the process of being amended but is not likely to result in altered import phytosanitary conditions.

Web source for further information: http://www.plantquarantineindia.org/abpqo.htm

 

Organization of Plant
Quarantine Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Pest Risk Analysis

MOA/DAC/PPD/PPQ&S/NBPGR

National standards development

MOA/DAC/PPD/PPQ&S

International notifications

MOA/DAC/PPD

Import:

 

Import permits

MOA/DAC/PPD/PPQ&S/ NBPGR/DBT/State Agricultural Universities

Import inspections

MOA/DAC/PPD

Emergency action

MOA/DAC/PPD

Export:

 

Phytosanitary certificates

MOA/DAC/PPD/PPQ&S/Notified State government authorities/ ICAR/SAUs

Treatment of commodities

MOA/DAC/PPD/PPQ&S/NBPGR/DBT/State Agricultural Universities

 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of plant quarantine officers authorized to inspect/certify

292

Total qualified personnel for plant pest risk analysis

100

Number of quarantine offices

 
 

entry points (sea/air/land/mail = total)

34/12/13/ = 59

 

post-entry plant quarantine containment facilities

140

  other offices

5 N/RPQS +22 PQS

Number of quarantine service diagnosis laboratories

45

In-country recognized pest diagnostics capabilities (incl. universities, etc.)

 

Number of laboratories for insect/mite (arthropod) samples

40

Number of laboratories for bacteria samples

 

Number of laboratories for virus samples

 

Number of laboratories for fungus samples

55

Number of laboratories for mycoplasma samples

 

Number of laboratories for nematode samples

 

Number of laboratories for plant/weed samples

40

Number of laboratories for other pests (snail, slug, rodents, etc.)

 
 

Pest-Free Areas
According to ISPM 10

Responsible Organizational Unit (Ministry/Department/Unit)

Overall management MOA/DAC
–  surveillance MOA/DAC/PPQ&S/ICAR/State Agricultural Universities
–  management MOA/DAC assisted by PPQ&S

– 

certification MOA/DAC/PPQ&S/ICAR
List of target pest species and crops ISPM 4   Number of sites in [year]
Fruit fly    
Brown rot on potato    
Stone weevil and pulp weevil on mango    
List of target pest species and crops ISPM 10   Number of sites in [year]
     
     
     

Key Situation Indicators

International Trade

 

Year:

Main Import Plant Commodities

Main countries/areas of origin

Quantity (tons)

Pulses and Peas

USA/Canada/France/Australia/ Myanmar

 
Timber

Canada/ Malaysia/South America/ New Zealand/Ghana

 

Fresh fruits-pome/stone/citrus

Australia/New Zealand, Thailand

 

Main Export Plant Commodities

Main destination countries

 
Mango

EC/Japan/Canada/Africa/China

 
Grapes

EC/Canada/China/Middle East

 
Basmati Rice

Across the Globe – Majority of the Countries

 
 

Cooperation Projects

     

Title (Purpose/Target)

Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

Need assessment and project formulation for the development of an Integrated National Quarantine

UNDP    

Title of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     

Key Operation Indicators

Institutional Functions

Year: 2005-2006

Number of import permits issued

20 877

Number of import inspections carried out

 

Number of emergency phytosanitary treatments taken on imports

 

Number notifications of non-compliance

 

Number of conventional phytosanitary certificates issued

100 152

Number of electronic phytosanitary certificates issued

 
 

Number of quarantine pests intercepted

Year:

Top three commodity

Top three pest/commodity

# of interceptions

     
   
   
     
   
   
     
   
   
 

Lists of Regulated Pests

Year of last update

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

Number of quarantine pests

2006    

31

Number of regulated non-quarantine pests

2006      

Number of regulated import articles

 

1 681

372 Commodities with Import Risk Analyses

Web source for further information: –
Note: India regulates import seeds and consumption plant species, not pests
see: http://www.plantquarantineindia.org/seeds.htm#

 

Pest Risk Analysis

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

No. of PRA completed and documented (according to ISPM)

(1 682)

   

Web source for further information: 1682 Commodities can be imported into India as per the Pest Risk Analysis. Details are available in website: www.plantquarantineindia.org

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

  • A new PRA based and continually updated PQ regulation put in effect, i.e. Plant Quarantine Order, 2003, effective since 1 July 2004.
  • SPS principles and transparency requirements being met through timely notifications of proposed phytosanitary measures.
  • National Phytosanitary certification system being modernized and strengthened.
  • Market access and phytosanitary requests from a number of member countries considered and issues resolved.
  • National Phytosanitary Standards, protocols and guidelines developed in a number of key phytosanitary activities.
  • Emphasis on capacity building; training and human resource development.
  • Continuous overhaul of the certification and accreditation system for treatment providers-both fumigators and ISPM 15 heat providers.
  • Major expansion of facilities and laboratories under way – Number of new entry points and Plant Quarantine Stations opened across the country, more being opened.
  • Modern diagnostic facilities put in place.
  • Quarantine treatment facilities using VHT, Irradiation and other treatments being developed and accreditation/certification systems being developed for these facilities.
  • Massive survey and surveillance programmes undertaken for development and maintenance of pest free areas.

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

  • Constraints are mainly in form of staff shortages in the wake of massive expansion of the Plant Quarantine facilities and operations across the country. Also, the need remains for upscaling training of officials and support staff in phytosanitary tasks.

 

Implementation of ISPM

Relevance

Implementation

Planned/Actual Year of full implementation

International Measures

low medium high none partial most full

ISPM 01 

Principles of plant quarantine as related to international trade     x       x  

ISPM 02 

Guidelines for pest risk analysis     x       x  

ISPM 03 

Code of conduct for the import and release of exotic biological control agents     x     x    

ISPM 04 

Requirements for the establishment of pest free areas     x   x      

ISPM 05 

Glossary of phytosanitary terms     x       x  

ISPM 06 

Guidelines for surveillance     x     x    

ISPM 07 

Export certification system     x       x  

ISPM 08 

Determination of pest status in an area     x     x    

ISPM 09 

Guidelines for pest eradication programmes     x     x    

ISPM 10 

Requirements for the establishment of pest free places of production and pest free production sites     x     x    

ISPM 11 

Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests     x       x  

ISPM 12 

Guidelines for phytosanitary certificates     x       x  

ISPM 13 

Guidelines for the notification of noncompliance and emergency action     x       x  

ISPM 14

The use of integrated measures in a systems approach for pest risk management     x     x    

ISPM 15 

Guidelines for regulating wood packaging material in international trade     x       x  

ISPM 16 

Regulated non-quarantine pests: concept and application     x     x    

ISPM 17 

Pest reporting     x     x    

ISPM 18 

Guidelines for the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary measure     x     x    

ISPM 19 

Guidelines on lists of regulated pests     x     x    

ISPM 20 

Guidelines for a phytosanitary import regulatory system     x     x    

ISPM 21 

Pest risk analysis for regulated non-quarantine pests     x     x    

ISPM 22 

Requirements for the establishment of areas of low pest prevalence     x   x      

ISPM 23 

Guidelines for inspection     x       x  

ISPM 24 

Guidelines for the determination and recognition of equivalence of phytosanitary measures   x     x      

ISPM 25 

Consignments in transit   x   x        

ISPM 26 

Establishment of pest free areas for fruit flies (Tephritidae)     x     x    

ISPM 27 

Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests     x     x    

Comments/Constraints
15 adopted National standards: http://www.plantquarantineindia.org/standards.htm
4 standards under preparation

III. SURVEILLANCE, PEST OUTBREAKS AND INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Surveillance, Pest Reporting and Emergency Actions

List of legislation/regulations/rules for surveillance, pest reporting and emergency actions: DIP Act/Plant Quarantine (Regulation of Import into India) Order, 2003 (DIP Act proposed to be amended and replaced by Plant Quarantine Act

Web source for further information: www.agricoop.nic.in

 

Policies (regarding invasive/migratory species management)

Yes

No

National strategy to control serious field pest outbreaks?

x

 

National strategy to control migratory or periodically occurring pests?

x

 

National strategy to eradicate serious newly invaded exotic pests?

x

 

Other policies: (e.g. subsidies, etc.): IPM/GAP/Survey and Surveillance Project/NRM

Web source for further information: www.agricoop.nic.in

 

Organization of Outbreak
Management Functions

 

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Field/Storage Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. BPH, bollworm, etc.)

Response strategy/plans

MOA/DAC/PPQ&S/CIPMC/LWO/State Government/ICAR and SAUs

Surveillance

MOA/DAC/PPQ&S/CIPMC/State Governments

Control

MOA/DAC/State Government/PPQ&S/LWO/CIPMCs/ICAR/ SAUs/Pesticide Industry

Migratory Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. locusts, birds, armyworm)

Response strategy/plans

MOA/DAC/PPQ&S/Locust Warning Organization (LWO)

Surveillance

MOA/DAC/PPQ&S/CIPMC/State Governments

Control

MOA/DAC/State Government/PPQ&S/LWO/CIPMCs/ICAR/ SAUs/Pesticide Industry

New Exotic Pest Eradication

(e.g. coconut beetle)

Response strategy/plans

MOA/DAC/PPQ&S/CIPMC/LWO/State Government/ICAR and SAUs

Surveillance

MOA/DAC/PPQ&S/CIPMC/State Governments

Control/eradication

MOA/DAC/State Government/PPQ&S/LWO/CIPMCs/ICAR/ SAUs/Pesticide Industry

Reporting to bilateral or international organizations

MOA/DAC/PPD
 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of designated staff for surveillance of field pests of national importance

>150 000

Number of designated staff for surveillance of migratory and periodically occurring pests

11 Locust and
32 CIPMCs

Number of designated staff for surveillance of invasive species

>150 000

Number of designated staff for control of field pests of national importance

 

Number of designated staff for control of migratory and periodically occurring pests

11 Locust and
32 CIPMCs

Number of designated staff for eradication of invasive species

 

Key Situation and Operation Indicators
(Outbreaks and invasions in the past 2 years)

New exotic species found established in country

Insects

Pathogens

Weeds

Total number for year:

     

Total number for year:

     

Total number on record

     
 

Eradication or internal quarantine actions taken against economically important species

Name of species

White Woolly Aphid

Migratory Locust

 

Year of first discovery

2005

2006

 
Passway      

Location of first discovery

Tamil Nadu

J&K-Ladakh Himalayas

 

Area affected [ha]

6 000

5 000

 

Area treated [ha]

6 000

5 000

 

Control method

State Government was facilitated with financial and technical support

Inspection/Air Spray/ Pesticide based control in 13 000 feet altitude terrain

 
Expenditures      
 

Pest outbreak actions

Outbreak 1

Outbreak 2

Outbreak 3

Name of species

Tobacco caterpillar

   

Year of outbreak

2004/05    

Area affected [ha]

674 867    

Estimated damage $

     

Area treated by government [ha]

522 051    

Expenditures by government [$]

     

Control method

     

More information

on soybean in
Madhya Pradesh

   

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

IV. PEST MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Pest Management

Insecticides Act, 1968, Insecticides Rules, 1971

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding pest management)

Yes

No

Do you have policies encouraging organic or low-pesticide use production

x

 

Is IPM specifically mentioned in laws or policy documents?

  x

Do you have official Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) or any other relevant food safety (ecofood, etc.) standards for pest management?

x

 

Is pest management extension separate from general extension?

x

 

Other policies: (subsidies, production inputs, etc.)

   
  • Increase in financial support for IPM
  • Phasing out of subsidies on chemical pesticides
  • Emphasis on biocontrol agents, biopesticides and pheromones
  • Phasing out, banning or restricting hazardous chemical pesticides
   

Web source for further information: www.dacnet.ppim.nic.in

   
 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Policy development

MOA/DAC

Pest management research

MOA/DAC/ICAR & PPQ&S

Control recommendations

MOA/DAC/ICAR & PPQ&S

Pest management extension

States/PPQ&S
IPM training States/PPQ&S
GAP training  
 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of technical officers for pest management

 

Number of central, regional, provincial or state offices

35 Central IPM centres

Number of district and village level field offices

 

Number of field/extension agents for pest management advice

 

Number of field/extension agents trained in IPM-FFS facilitation

1 400

Number of government biocontrol production/distribution facilities

31

Number of government biopesticide production/distribution facilities

 

Number of general extension staff involved in pest management

 

Number of designated plant protection technical officers for extension

 

Key Situation and Operation Indicators

Pest Management

Yes

No

Does the country have a National IPM Programme?
If yes, give Name and Address of IPM Programme: PPQ&S

x

 

Does the country have specific IPM extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

   

Does the country have specific IPM research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

   

Does the country have specific GAP extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

   

Does the country have specific GAP research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

   
 

Market shares (estimated value, volume or area under control)

Year: 2004-2005

Size of chemical pest control market

39 000 MT

Size of biopesticides market

3 000 MT

Size of biological control agents market

 
 

Major pest control requiring crops
(requiring most pesticide applications)

1st

2nd

3rd

Affected crop

Cotton Paddy Vegetables

Name(s) of pest(s)

     

Estimated crop loss

     

Affected area

     

Number of pesticide applications or 
amount of pesticide used

40% 20% 15%

Government action taken

     
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     
 

Pest Management Extension

Year: 2004/05

Number of farmers trained in IPM during the year

 

Number of IPM-FFS conducted during the year

 

Number of farmers trained in GAP standards during the year

 

Area under IPM/low pesticide management [ha]

 

Area under organic/pesticide-free management [ha]

 

Crops in which IPM or other ecology friendly programmes are successfully implemented:
77 IPM packages developed

Crops grown organic/pesticide-free:

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

V. PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

Ministry of Agriculture Department of Agriculture & Cooperation

1968 Insecticide Act
1971 Insecticide Rules.

Ministry of Environment & Forest

1986 Environment Protection Act.

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare

1954 Prevention of Food Adulteration Act (residue monitoring, MRLs).

Ministry of Labour

1948 Factories Act.

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding pesticide management)

Yes

No

Do you have national pesticide reduction targets?
If yes, what is the target: ____________

   

Have you ratified the Rotterdam (PIC) Convention?

 

x

Have you ratified the Stockholm (POP) Convention?

 

x

Have your ratified the Basel Convention? (hazardous wastes)

 

x

Have your ratified the Montreal Protocol? (MeBr phasing-out)

   

Have you reported the observance of the Code of Conduct to FAO according to
Art. 12 of the Code?

 

x

Have you adopted Good Laboratory Practices (GLP)?

x

 

Pesticide Registration

   

Do you require pesticides to conform to relevant FAO or WHO specifications?

 

x

Do you allow the “me-too” registration and sale of generic pesticides?

x

 

Do you require data on product equivalence for generic registration?

 

x

Do you conduct country-specific risk assessments for…

   
 

occupational risks?

x

 
 

consumer risks?

x

 
 

environmental risks?

x

 

Have you adopted the Global Harmonized System (GHS) for pesticides hazards evaluation and labelling?

x

 

Do you accept evaluation results from other countries?

x

 

Do you accept field studies conducted in other countries?

x

 

Do you require environmental fate studies?

 

x

Incentives/Disincentives

   

Do you have a special tax on pesticides to cover externality costs?

 

x

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost pesticides?

 

x

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost biopesticides?

 

x

     

Other policies: Other policies: Insecticides Act, 1968 being amended.

   

Web source for further information: http://agricoop.nic.in

   
 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

 

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Legislation MOA/DAC
Registration MOA/DAC/CIB&RC

Licensing of shops

State Governments

Licensing of field applicators

State Governments

Enforcement/inspections

States, Central Task Force

Testing of pesticide efficacy

RC, IARI, PLT, ICAR

Development of pesticide use recommendations

RC

Safe use training/extension

MOA/DAC/PPQ&S/NPPTI

Food residue monitoring

MOA/DAC/PPD & DOH

Environmental monitoring

DOC/DBT

Health monitoring

DOH

Other Stakeholders:

 

Pesticide Industry Association

Crop Life India, Indian Pest Control Assoc., Crop Care Fed. of India, Pestic. Manuf. & Formulation Assoc. of India

Civil Society Organizations (NGO, etc.)

Center for Science and Environment (CSE), Voluntary Health Assoc. of India

 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of registration officers

 

Number of enforcement officers

>10 000

Number of department quality control laboratories

35

Number of quality control laboratory personnel

>500

Number of department residue analysis laboratories

21 Central Gov’t, 56 States;
30 other Gov’t sectors

Number of residue laboratory personnel

>1 500

Key Situation Indicators

Pesticide Trade:

Tons

$ ’000 Value

Imports 11 050 89 796
Manufacture    
Export 89 052 896 360

Domestic Use/Sales

   

Pesticide Use Profile:

Tons
(a.i./formulation to be specified)

$ ’000 Value

Agriculture 39 000  
 

Chem. Insecticides

56%

 
 

Chem. Fungicides

15%

 
 

Chem. Herbicides

15%

 
  Chem. Others:
e.g. molluscicide, acaricide

14%

 
  Other
e.g. Avamectrin, Bt, Neem
   

Other purposes

   
TOTAL    

Post Registration Monitoring

Testing, Quality Control and Effects in the Field

Yes

No

Do you have significant problems with low-quality pesticides in the market?

x

 

Do you have significant problems with pesticide resistance?

x

 

Do you have a list of pesticides under close observation for problems

   

Source for more information: –

   
 

Health and Environmental Information

Yes

No

Do you maintain data on pesticide poisoning cases?

x

 

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in food?

x

 

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in the environment?

x

 

Do you have significant problems of environmental contamination from pesticides?

x

 

Do you have data on pesticides effects on wildlife and ecosystems?

x

 

Source for more information: –

   
 

Pesticide Disposal

Yes

No

Do you have system to collect and safely dispose of used containers and small quantities of left-over pesticides?

x

 

Do you have an inventory of outdated and obsolete pesticides in the country?
(e.g. banned and no longer traded, but still in storage)

x

 

Do you have illegal trade in pesticides?

   

if yes: what is the estimated amount: ______

Note: No estimates made, but it exists.

Note

 

Source for more information: –

   

Key Operation Indicators

Registration/Regulation/Monitoring

Year:

a.i.*

Trade Name

Number of registered pesticide products

194  

Number of registered biopesticides (Avamectrin, Bt, Neem, etc.)

15 prov.  

Number of restricted-use pesticides/formulations

10 4

Number of banned pesticides

26  
   

Number of licensed outlets

>5 000

Number of licensed field applicators (professional and/or farmers)

250

   

Number of licensing violations reported during year

24

   

Number of quality control analyses conducted during year

42 900

   

Number of food samples analyzed for pesticide residues during year

7 800

Number of samples exceeding MRL

47

   

Number of environmental samples analyzed for pesticide residues

48 0

* active ingredient
 

Pesticides Restricted in Recent Years

Year

Name of active ingredient or hazardous formulation

   
   
 

Pesticides Banned in Recent Years

Year

 

Name of active ingredient

     
     
Cooperation Projects      
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       
Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes  Amount 

Years (start-end)

     
     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

Monitoring of pesticide residues at national level, a new national initiative has been started by the Plant Protection Division of the Ministry of Agriculture to synthesize the efforts and data/results of more that 100 laboratories across the country with view to synthesize and collate their results and prepare the basis for future food safety decision-making and as a tool for policy formulation. This scheme is being handled through existing and dedicated laboratories which have been made updated and state of the art in the current year. The Nodal officers for this new major initiative are Mr Ashish Bahuguna, Joint Secretary and Amand Shah Director, Plant Protection Division in the Ministry of Agriculture along with Dr T.P. Rajendran, Assistant Director General, ICAR, New Delhi. The scheme has started functioning only in the year 2005.

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

VI. ADDITIONAL ISSUES OF CONCERN

Last updated: December 2006

Genetically Modified Crops

Name of GMO Crop

Area under Cultivation [ha]

   
   
   
   

Previous PageTop of PageNext Page