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3.5 INDONESIA

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

Last updated: December 2006

Plant Protection Organization Chart

Plant protection profiles
from
Asia-Pacific countries

Important Contact Addresses

Responsible Ministry/Ministries

Centre for Plant Quarantine
Mr Suwanda, Director (NPPO focal point)

Agency for Agricultural Quarantine (AAQ)
Ministry of Agriculture
Jl: Harsono RM No. 3 E Building (5th floor)
Pasar Minggu, Jakarta Selatan 12550, Indonesia
Tel: (+62) 21 7816482 / 7805641 ext. 1508
Fax: (+62) 21 7816481 / 7816482 / 7816483
E-mail: caqsps@indo.net.id, pusatkt@indo.net.id
Websites: http://www.karantina.deptan.go.id/
http://www.deptan.go.id/karantina/english/plant.htm

Responsible Department

Address for nominations

Operational Offices:

Plant Protection

Directorate of Food Crop Protection
Ms Ati Wasiati, Director

Jl. AUP Pasar Minggu, P.O. Box 7236/Jks Pasar Minggu
akarta 12520, Indonesia
Tel: (+62) 21 7806213
Fax: (+62) 21 7805652
E-mail: atiwasiati@deptan.go.id; ditlin-ptp@deptan.go.id

Directorate of Estate Crops Protection
Dr Herdradjat Natawijaya, Director

Building C, Ministry of Agriculture, Jl. Harsono RM No. 3
Ragunan, Pasar Minggu
Jakarta 12550, Indonesia
Tel: (+62) 21 7815684
Fax: (+62) 21 7815684

Directorate of Horticulture Crop Protection
Mr Sukirno, Director

Jl. AUP Pasar Minggu, P.O. Box 7228/Jks PsM 12072
Jakarta 12520, Indonesia
Tel: (+62) 21 7819117
Fax: (+62) 21 78845628
E-mail: ditlinhor@deptan.go.id

Plant Quarantine

Centre for Plant Quarantine
Mr Suwanda, Director (NPPO focal point)

Agency for Agricultural Quarantine (AAQ)
Ministry of Agriculture
Jl. Harsono RM No. 3 E Building (5th floor)
Pasar Minggu
Jakarta Selatan 12550, Indonesia
Tel: (+62) 21 7816482 / 7805641 ext. 1508
Fax: (+62) 21 7816481 / 7816482 / 7816483
E-mail: caqsps@indo.net.id, pusatkt@indo.net.id
Websites: http://www.karantina.deptan.go.id/
http://www.deptan.go.id/karantina/english/plant.htm

Surveillance, Pest Outbreaks and Invasive Species Management

Pesticide Registration

Centre for Investement and Permit
Mr Mohammad Dani, Director

Ministry of Agriculture
3th Floor, Archive Building, Ministry of Agriculture, Jl. Harsono RM No. 3
Ragunan, Pasar Minggu
Jakarta 12550, Indonesia
Tel: (+62) 21 7815380 ext. 6314, 7812162
Fax: (+62) 21 7818205

Official International Contact Points

National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) Contact Point (for IPPC/APPPC)

Centre for Plant Quarantine
Mr Suwanda, Director (NPPO focal point)

Agency for Agricultural Quarantine (AAQ)
Ministry of Agriculture
Jl. Harsono RM No. 3 E Building (5th floor)
Pasar Minggu
Jakarta Selatan 12550, Indonesia
Tel: (+62) 21 7816482 / 7805641 ext. 1508
Fax: (+62) 21 7816481 / 7816482 / 7816483
E-mails: pusatkt@indo.net.id; caqsps@indo.net.id
Website: http://karantina.deptan.go.id/

WTO-SPS Contact Point

Agency for Agricultural Quarantine (Badan Karantina Pertanian)
Ministry of Agriculture
Ged. E. Lt. V. Jl. Harsono RM No. 3, Ragunan-Pasar Minggu
Jakarta Selatan 12550, Indonesia
Tel: (+62) 21 781 6480
Fax: (+62) 21 781 6481 / 781 6483
E-mail: caqsps@indo.net.id
Website: http://karantina.deptan.go.id/

Rotterdam Convention (PIC) DNA Pesticides

Pesticide Committee
Dr Ato Suprapto, Chairman

Ministry of Agriculture
8th Floor, Building D Jl. Harsono RM No. 3
Jakarta 12520, Indonesia
Tel: (+62) 21 781 91 17
Fax: (+62) 21 7883 76522

Stockholm Convention (POP) National Focal Point (S)

Ministry of Environment
Mr Moh Gempur Adnan, Deputy for Environmental Pollution

5th Floor, Building A
Jl. D.I. Panjaitan, Kebon Nanas
Jakarta 13410, Indonesia
Tel: (+62) 21 858 0110 / 0067
Fax: (+62) 21 852 0763 / 851 8135
E-mail: haruki@indo.net.id

Basel Convention Competent Authority (CA) and Focal Point

Ministry of Environment
Dr Yanuardi Rasudin, Deputy Minister for Hazardous and Toxic Wastes Management

Jl. D.I. Panjaitan, Kebon Nanas
Jakarta 13410, Indonesia
Tel: (+62) 21 85 90 56 37
Fax: (+62) 21 85 90 56 37 or 85 90 49 32
E-mail:db3@menlh.go.id

Selected Country Statistics

Agricultural Population 

93.0 million

Agricultural Land

33.7 million ha

GDP $208 311 million 

Agric. GDP: 17.5%

GNI per capita: $810

Undernourishment: 6%

Main crops grown:
Paddy, Maize, Crude Palm Oil, Rubber, Cocoa, Coffea

GDP = Gross Domestic Product; GNI = Gross National Income; Hunger = Population below minimum energy requirement;

II. PLANT QUARANTINE

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

1961

Exportation from the Territory of the Republic of Indonesia of Plant Propagating Materials on Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture No. 6/PMP/1961. 

1984

Importation into the Territory of the Republic of Indonesia of Plants Used as Packing on DOMOA No. 796/Kpts/TP.830/10/1984.

1984

Importation into the Territory of the Republic of Indonesia of Plant Growing Media on DOMOA No. 797/Kpts/TP.830/10/1984.

1985

Plant Quarantine Requirements for the Importation of Plant Propagating Materials of Coconut, Oil Palm, Cocoa, Rubber, Coffee, Tea, Sugarcane, and Tobacco on DOMOA No. 559/Kpts/KB.630/8/1985.

1985

Domestic Plant Quarantine on DOMOA No. 809/Kpts/LB.710/12/1985.

1989

Prevention on the Introduction into the Territory of the Republic of Indonesia of South American Leaf Blight of Hevea on DOMOA No. 861/Kpts/LB.720/12/1989.

1989

Eradication for Khapra Beetle (Trogoderma granarium Everts) on DOMOA No. 799/Kpts/ LB.710/10/1989.

1990

Plant Quarantine Requirements and Actions in relation to the Importation into the Territory of the Republic of Indonesia of Plants and Plant Propagating Materials on DOMOA No. 38/Kpts/HK.310/1/1990.

1992

Law No. 16 of 1992 concerning Animal, Fish, and Plant Quarantine.

1995

Importation into the Territory of the Republic of Indonesia of Biological Agents on DOMOA No. 411/Kpts/TP.120/6/1995.

1995

Formation of Biological Agent Commission on DOMOA No. 412/Kpts/KP.150/6/1995.

2001

Actions and conditions of quarantine plant for the entry of plant and seedling into the territory of the Republic of Indonesia, lastly amended by the decree of the Ministry of Agriculture Number: 211/Kpts/HK.310/2001 on DOMOA No. 469/Kpts/HK.310/8/200.

2002

Government Regulation of the Republic Indonesia No. 14 of 2002, concerning Plant Quarantine.

2006

Decree of the Minister of Agriculture No. 38 of 2006 concerning Plant Quarantine Pests Group I Category A1 and A2, and Group II Category A1 and A2; their hosts, carriers and countries of distribution.

2006

Minister of Agriculture Regulation No. 37 of 2006 concerning Importation of Fresh fruits and vegetables.

2006

Concerning requirements and guideline for Quarantine Installation Establishment for Private on DOMOA No. 05/Permentan/HK.060/3/2006. 

2006

Concerning requirements and guidelines for the Implementation of Plant Quarantine action by third party on DOMOA No. 271/Kpts/HK.310/4/2006.

2006

Concerning the Implementation of Plant Quarantine action conducted import and exit points  on DOMOA No. 18/Permentan/OT.160/5/2006. 

2006

Concerning addition requirements on DOMOA No. 52/Permentan/OT.140/10/2006.

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding plant quarantine)

Yes

No

Does phytosanitary legislation cover domestic quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover import quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover export quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover living modified organisms?

x

 

Is plant quarantine a separate organization from animal quarantine?

x

 

Other policy initiatives (under review/progress)

Web source for further information: 
http://www.karantina.deptan.go.id/

 

Organization of Plant
Quarantine Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
 (Ministry/Department/Unit)

Pest Risk Analysis

Center for Plant Quarantine

National standards development

MOA/AAQ/Centre for Plant Quarantine

International notifications

MOA/AAQ

Import:

 
Import permits

DGs of Food Crops, DG of Estate Crops, DG of Horticulture, 
DG of Livestock

Import inspections

Centre for Plant Quarantine

Emergency action

Centre for Plant Quarantine

Export:

 

Phytosanitary certificates

MOA/AAQ/Centre for Plant Quarantaine

Treatment of commodities

Centre for Plant Quarantaine, Plant Protection

 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of plant quarantine officers authorized to inspect/certify

356

Total qualified personnel for plant pest risk analysis

17

Number of quarantine offices

43

entry points (sea/air/land/mail = total)

>200

post-entry plant quarantine containment facilities

5

other offices  

Number of quarantine service diagnosis laboratories

6

In-country recognized pest diagnostics capabilities
(incl. universities, etc.)

 

Number of laboratories for insect/mite (arthropod) samples

45

Number of laboratories for bacteria samples

15

Number of laboratories for virus samples

4

Number of laboratories for fungus samples

15

Number of laboratories for mycoplasma samples

1

Number of laboratories for nematode samples

15

Number of laboratories for plant/weed samples

45

Number of laboratories for other pests (snail, slug, rodents, etc.)

1

 
 

Pest-Free Areas 
According to ISPM 10

 

Responsible Organizational Unit 
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Overall management

Directorate of Plant Protections of related DG/AAQ

–  surveillance

Directorate of Plant Protections of related DGs

–  management

Directorate of Plant Protections of related DGs

– 

certification N/A

List of target pest species and crops ISPM 4

Number of sites in [year]

To be determined

 

List of target pest species and crops ISPM 10

Number of sites in [year]

To be determined

   

Key Situation Indicators

International Trade

 

Year: 2005

Main Import Plant Commodities

Main countries/areas of origin

Quantity (tons)

Wheat

Australia, USA, Canada, China, Argentina, Belgia

261 136 575 262

Soybean

USA, India

2 209 255 290

Fruits

Australia, USA, China

425 033 075

Main Export Plant Commodities

Main destination countries

 

Crude palm oil

Viet Nam, China

1 124 440 748

Rubber

USA, Argentina, Africa, Brazil, Netherland, England, Canada

261 831 055

Living plants (ornamentals)

Korea, Netherlands, Japan, USA

9 604 045

 

Cooperation Projects

     

Title (Purpose/Target)

Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

Fruitfly Management

ACIAR A$124 000

2004-2008

       

Title of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     

Key Operation Indicators

Institutional Functions

Year: 2005

Number of import permits issued

>120

Number of import inspections carried out

>43 726

Number of emergency phytosanitary treatments taken on imports

0

Number notifications of non-compliance

5

Number of conventional phytosanitary certificates issued

>58 935

Number of electronic phytosanitary certificates issued

0

 

Number of quarantine pests intercepted

Year: 2005

Top three commodity

Top three pest/commodity

# of interceptions

Wheat Abisidia sp.

Australia

   
   
Soybean    
   
   
   
Fruits Abisidia sp.

China

   
   
 

Lists of Regulated Pests

Year of last update

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

Number of quarantine pests

2006

221

357

>100

Number of regulated non-quarantine pests

       

Number of regulated import articles

       

Web source for further information: –

 

Pest Risk Analysis

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

No. of PRA completed and documented (according to ISPM)

     

Web source for further information: PRA conducted base on country and commodity not base on pests, the number of PRA conducted are 20.

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

In 2006 AAQ has successfully issued 6 new Minister of Agriculture Decrees concerning plant quarantine. Four of the Decrees are in process of socialization to stake holders. Another activity was Training in PQ which produced about 60 PQ inspectors. While PQ infrastructures funded by the Government was designed to fulfill the needs of PQ stations throughout the country.

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

The main constraint is the recruitment of PQ officers as the Government allows the recruitment for only certain amount of personnel per year.

 

Implementation of ISPM

Relevance

Implementation

Planned/Actual
Year of full implementation

International Measures

low

medium

high

none

partial

most

full

ISPM 01 Principles of plant quarantine as related to international trade

   

x

   

x

  2008

ISPM 02 Guidelines for pest risk analysis

   

x

     

x

2006

ISPM 03 Code of conduct for the import and release of exotic biological control agents

   

x

     

x

2000

ISPM 04 Requirements for the establishment of pest free areas

   

x

x

      2009

ISPM 05 Glossary of phytosanitary terms

   

x

   

x

   

ISPM 06 Guidelines for surveillance

   

x

 

x

    2007

ISPM 07 Export certification system

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 08 Determination of pest status in an area

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 09 Guidelines for pest eradication programmes

 

x

   

x

     

ISPM 10 Requirements for the establishment of pest free places of production and pest free production sites

 

x

 

x

      2007

ISPM 11 Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 12 Guidelines for phytosanitary certificates

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 13 Guidelines for the notification of

noncompliance and emergency action

   

x

   

x

  2002

ISPM 14 The use of integrated measures in a systems approach for pest risk management

x

   

x

      2008

ISPM 15 Guidelines for regulating wood packaging material in international trade

   

x

     

x

2006

ISPM 16 Regulated non-quarantine pests: concept and application

   

x

x

      2007

ISPM 17 Pest reporting

   

x

   

x

   

ISPM 18 Guidelines for the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary measure

   

x

x

      2008

ISPM 19 Guidelines on lists of regulated pests

   

x

     

x

 

ISPM 20 Guidelines for a phytosanitary import regulatory system

   

x

   

x

   

ISPM 21 Pest risk analysis for regulated non-quarantine pests

   

x

        2008

ISPM 22 Requirements for the establishment of areas of low pest prevalence

 

x

   

x

     

ISPM 23 Guidelines for inspection

   

x

   

x

  2007

ISPM 24 Guidelines for the determination and

recognition of equivalence of phytosanitary measures

 

x

   

x

     

ISPM 25 Consignments in transit

 

x

     

x

   

ISPM 26 Establishment of pest free areas for fruit flies (Tephritidae)

   

x

x

       

ISPM 27 Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests

   

x

   

x

   

Comments/Constraints
The applications of ISPM involve many different institutions. It needs some periods of time to be harmonized and applied. Changing of MOA internal position also results in different policies of new decision-maker.

Note:

III. SURVEILLANCE, PEST OUTBREAKS AND INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Surveillance, Pest Reporting and Emergency Actions

Law No. 16 of 1992 and Government Regulation No. 14 of 2002 

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding invasive/migratory species management)

Yes

No

National strategy to control serious field pest outbreaks?

x

 

National strategy to control migratory or periodically occurring pests?

x

 

National strategy to eradicate serious newly invaded exotic pests?

x

 

Other policies: (e.g. subsidies, etc.)

 

Web source for further information: –

 
 

Organizationof Outbreak
Management Function

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)
 

Field/Storage Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. BPH, bollworm, etc.)

Response strategy/plans

MOA
Surveillance

Related Directorate of Plant Protection

Control

Related Directorate of Plant Protection

Migratory Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. locusts, birds, armyworm)

Response strategy/plans

MOA
Surveillance

Related Directorate of Plant Protection

Control

Related Directorate of Plant Protection

New Exotic Pest Eradication

(e.g. coconut beetle)

Response strategy/plans

MOA
Surveillance

Related Directorate of Plant Protection/AAQ

Control/eradication

Related Directorate of Plant Protection/AAQ

 

 

Reporting to bilateral or international organizations NPPO/Centre of Plant Quarantine
 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of designated staff for surveillance of field pests of national importance

3 000

Number of designated staff for surveillance of migratory and periodically occurring pests

3 000

Number of designated staff for surveillance of invasive species

 

Number of designated staff for control of field pests of national importance

3 000

Number of designated staff for control of migratory and periodically occurring pests

3 000

Number of designated staff for eradication of invasive species

 

Key Situation and Operation Indicators
(Outbreaks and invasions in the past 2 years)

New exotic species found established in country

Insects

Pathogens

Weeds

Total number for year: 2005

     

Total number for year: 2004 and before

     

Total number on record

     
 

Eradication or internal quarantine actions taken against economically important species

Name of species

None None None

Year of first discovery

     
Passway      

Location of first discovery

     

Area affected [ha]

     

Area treated [ha]

     

Control method

     
Expenditures      
       
 

Pest outbreak actions

Outbreak 1

Outbreak 2

Outbreak 3

Name of species

None None

None

Year of outbreak

     

Area affected [ha]

     

Estimated damage $

     

Area treated by government [ha]

     

Expenditures by government [$]

     

Control method

     

More information

     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

IV. PEST MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Pest Management

1992    Law No. 12 on Crop Cultivation System (incl. IPM).
1995    Regulation of Indonesian government/Government Decree No. 6 on Plant Protection.
1997    Agricultural Ministerial Decree No. 887/Kpts/OT/9/1997 on Guideline of Pest Control.
1999    Law No. 22 on Autonomy.
1999    Regulation No. 25 on Decentralization.
2000    Law No. 25 on Conduct of Autonomy.

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding pest management)

Ye s

No

Do you have policies encouraging organic or low-pesticide use production

   

Is IPM specifically mentioned in laws or policy documents?

x

 

Do you have official Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) or any other relevant food safety (ecofood, etc.) standards for pest management?

  x

Is pest management extension separate from general extension?

x

 

Other policies: (subsidies, production inputs, etc.)

Web source for further information: –

 

Organization of Plant 
Protection Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Policy development

MOA/Directorates of Plant Protection/AAQ

Pest management research

MOA/Directorates of Plant Protection

Control recommendations

 

Pest management extension

MOA/Directorates of Plant Protection

IPM training

MOA/Directorates of Plant Protection

GAP training  
 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of technical officers for pest management

 

Number of central, regional, provincial or state offices

 

Number of district and village level field offices

 

Number of field/extension agents for pest management advice

 

Number of field/extension agents trained in IPM-FFS facilitation

 

Number of government biocontrol production/distribution facilities

 

Number of government biopesticide production/distribution facilities

 

Number of general extension staff involved in pest management

 

Number of designated plant protection technical officers for extension

 

Key Situation and Operation Indicators

Pest Management

Yes

No

Does the country have a National IPM Programme?
If yes, give Name and Address of IPM Programme:

x  

Does the country have specific IPM extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:
Estates Crops

x  

Does the country have specific IPM research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

   

Does the country have specific GAP extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

   

Does the country have specific GAP research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

   
 

Market shares (estimated value, volume or area under control)

Year:

Size of chemical pest control market

 

Size of biopesticides market

 

Size of biological control agents market

 
 

Major pest control requiring crops
(requiring most pesticide applications)

1st

2nd

3rd

Affected crop

Cacao Tea  

Name(s) of pest(s)

Cacao Pod Borer

Helopeltis  

Estimated crop loss

     

Affected area

     

Number of pesticide applications or amount of pesticide used

     

Government action taken

     
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor

Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
       
 

Pest Management Extension

Year: 2005

Number of farmers trained in IPM during the year

1 048 564

Number of IPM-FFS conducted during the year

 

Number of farmers trained in GAP standards during the year

 

Area under IPM/low pesticide management [ha]

 

Area under organic/pesticide-free management [ha]

 

Crops in which IPM or other ecology friendly programmes are successfully implemented:

Crops grown organic/pesticide-free:

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

V. PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

1973   

Pesticide Regulation No. 7.

1996   

Joint Decree of the Minister of Health and Minister of Agriculture No. 881/MENKES/ SKB/8/1996 on Pesticides Maximum Residues No. 711/Kpts/TP.270/8/1996.

2001   

Ministry of Agriculture Decree No. 434.1/Kpts/TP.270/7/2001: Pesticide Registration.

2002   

Ministry of Agriculture Decree No. 517/Kpts/TP.290/9/2002 Supervision of storage, use and the distribution of pesticides.

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding pesticide management)

Ye s

No

Do you have national pesticide reduction targets? If yes, what is the target: 

x  

Have you ratified the Rotterdam (PIC) Convention?

 

x

Have you ratified the Stockholm (POP) Convention?

 

x

Have your ratified the Basel Convention? (hazardous wastes)

x  

Have your ratified the Montreal Protocol? (MeBr phasing-out)

x  

Have you reported the observance of the Code of Conduct to FAO according to Art. 12 of the Code?

   

Have you adopted Good Laboratory Practices (GLP)?

x  
     

Pesticide Registration

   

Do you require pesticides to conform to relevant FAO or WHO specifications?

x  

Do you allow the “me-too” registration and sale of generic pesticides?

   

Do you require data on product equivalence for generic registration?

   

Do you conduct country-specific risk assessments for…

   
 

occupational risks?

   
 

consumer risks?

   
 

environmental risks?

   

Have you adopted the Global Harmonized System (GHS) for pesticides hazards evaluation and labelling?

   

Do you accept evaluation results from other countries?

   

Do you accept field studies conducted in other countries?

   

Do you require environmental fate studies?

   
     

Incentives/Disincentives

   

Do you have a special tax on pesticides to cover externality costs?

   

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost pesticides?

   

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost biopesticides?

   
 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

 

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Legislation

Pesticides Committee

Registration

MOA/Centre of Investment & Permit/Pesticide Registration

Licensing of shops

Pesticides Committee

Licensing of field applicators

Pesticides Committee

Enforcement/inspections

DG of Crops, DG of Horticulture, DG of Estate DG/Ministry of Environment

Testing of pesticide efficacy

Centre for Plant Quarantine/DG of Crops, DG of Horticulture, DG of Estate DG

Development of pesticide use recommendations

 

Safe use training/extension

 

Food residue monitoring

Ministry of Health/DG of Crops, DG of Horticulture

Environmental monitoring

DG of Crops, DG of Horticulture, DG of Estate DG/Ministry of Environment

Health monitoring

Ministry of Health

Other Stakeholders:

 

Pesticide Industry Association

 

Civil Society Organizations (NGO, etc.)

 
 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of registration officers

8

Number of enforcement officers

3 000

Number of department quality control laboratories

5

Number of quality control laboratory personnel

12

Number of department residue analysis laboratories

5

Number of residue laboratory personnel

10

Key Situation Indicators

Pesticide Trade: 2004

Tons

$ ’000 Value

Imports 50 305  
Manufacture    
Export 48 759  

Domestic Use/Sales

   

Pesticide Use Profile: 2004

Tons
(a.i./formulation to be specified)

 $ ’000 Value

Agriculture    
 

Chem. Insecticides

   
 

Chem. Fungicides

   
 

Chem. Herbicides

   
  Chem. Others:
e.g. molluscicide, acaricide
   
  Other
e.g. Avamectrin, Bt, Neem
   

Other purposes

   
TOTAL    

Post Registration Monitoring

Testing, Quality Control and Effects in the Field

Yes

No

Do you have significant problems with low-quality pesticides in the market?

x

 

Do you have significant problems with pesticide resistance?

x

 

Do you have a list of pesticides under close observation for problems

   

Source for more information: –

 
 

Health and Environmental Information

Yes

No

Do you maintain data on pesticide poisoning cases?

x

 

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in food?

x

 

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in the environment?

x

 

Do you have significant problems of environmental contamination from pesticides?

 

x

Do you have data on pesticides effects on wildlife and ecosystems?

 

x

Source for more information: –

   
 

Pesticide Disposal

Yes

No

Do you have system to collect and safely dispose of used containers and small
quantities of left-over pesticides?

x

 

Do you have an inventory of outdated and obsolete pesticides in the country?
(e.g. banned and no longer traded, but still in storage)

x

 

Do you have illegal trade in pesticides?
if yes: what is the estimated amount: ______________

x

 

Source for more information: –

 

Key Operation Indicators

Registration/Regulation/Monitoring

Year:2006

a.i.*

Trade Name

Number of registered pesticide products

  1 158

Number of registered biopesticides (Avamectrin, Bt, Neem, etc.)

8

>25

Number of restricted-use pesticides/formulations

4

 

Number of banned pesticides

36

 

Number of licensed outlets

 

Number of licensed field applicators (professional and/or farmers)

 

Number of licensing violations reported during year

 

Number of quality control analyses conducted during year

 

Number of food samples analyzed for pesticide residues during year

 

Number of samples exceeding MRL

 

Number of environmental samples analyzed for pesticide residues

 

* active ingredient

Pesticides Restricted in Recent Years

  Year   Name of active ingredient or hazardous formulation
   
 

Pesticides Banned in Recent Years

Year

Name of active ingredient

     
     
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

VI. ADDITIONAL ISSUES OF INTEREST

Last updated: December 2006

Genetically Modified Crops

 

Name of GMO Crop

Area under Cultivation [ha]

Cotton >550 ha
   
   
   

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