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3.6 KOREA, DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF (KOREA DPR)

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

Last updated: December 2006

Plant Protection Organization Chart

Plant protection profiles
from
Asia-Pacific countries

Important Contact Addresses

Responsible Ministry/Ministries
Ministry of Agriculture
Mr Kim Kyong Il, Officer

Jungsong-dong, Central District
Pyongyang City, Korea, DPRK

Operational Offices:

Plant Protection

Central Plant Protection Centre
Mr Kim Chun San, Director

Ministry of Agriculture
Janghun Dong No. 1, Mangyongdae District
Pyongyang City, Korea, DPRK
Fax: (+850) 2 381 4427; 850 2 381 4081

Pesticide Registration

Agrochemicalization Research Institute
Mr Kim Chi Yong, Director

Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Chonggye-dong, Ryongsong District
Pyongyang City, Korea, DPRK
Tel: (+850) 2 18111(381 8557)
Fax: (+850) 2 381 2100
E-mail: ilsop@co.chesin.com

Official International Contact Points

National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) Contact Point (for IPPC/APPPC)

National Committee for FAO
Mr Rim Song Chol, Coordinator
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
P.O. Box 44
Jungsong-dong, Central District
Pyongyang City, Korea, DPRK
Tel: (+850) 2 (Through operator)
Fax: (+850) 2 381 4460
E-mail: fao.myonghyok.kim@undp.org

Central Plant Protection Centre (country report)
Mr Kim Chun San, Director

Ministry of Agriculture
Janghun Dong No. 1, Mangyongdae District
Pyongyang City, Korea, DPRK
Fax: (+850) 2 381 4427; 850 2 381 4081
Source: Country Report

WTO-SPS Contact Point

Rotterdam Convention (PIC) DNA Industrial Chemicals and Pesticides (CP)

National Committee for FAO
Mr Rim Song Chol, Coordinator

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
P.O. Box 44
Jungsong-dong, Central District
Pyongyang City, Korea, DPRK
Tel: (+850) 2 (Through operator)
Fax: (+850) 2 381 4460
E-mail: fao.myonghyok.kim@undp.org

Stockholm Convention (POP) National Focal Point

National Coordinating Committee for Environment
Mr Kim Yong U, Coordinator

P.O. Box 44
Jungsong-dong, Central District
Pyongyang City, Korea, DPRK
Tel: (+850) 2 (Through operator)
Fax: (+850) 2 381 4460

Basel Convention Competent Authority (CA)

National Coordinating Committee for Environment
Mr Kim Yong U, Coordinator

P.O. Box 44
Jungsong-dong, Central District
Pyongyang City, Korea, DPRK
Tel: (+850) 2 (Through operator)
Fax: (+850) 2 381 4460

Montreal Protocol Focal Point

National Coordinating Committee for Environment
Mr Kim Yong U, Coordinator

P.O. Box 44
Jungsong-dong, Central District
Pyongyang City, Korea, DPRK
Tel: (+850) 2 (Through operator)
Fax: (+850) 2 381 4460

Selected Country Statistics:

Agricultural Population

6.4 million

Agricultural Land

2.7 million ha
GDP $ million Agric. GDP: %

GNI per capita: $

Undernourishment: %

Main crops grown:

GDP = Gross Domestic Product; GNI = Gross National Income; Hunger = Population below minimum energy requirement

II. PLANT QUARANTINE

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

“Legislations of the Border Animal and Plant Quarantine” by the decision of Standing Committee
of the Supreme People’s Assembly, DPRK, No. 89 16 July 1997.
“Regulations of the Border Animal and Plant Quarantine” by the Cabinet of DPRK, 14 February
1998.
“Minor Regulations of the Border Animal and Plant Quarantine” by the MOA.

Web source for further information: -

Policies (regarding plant quarantine)

Yes

No

Does phytosanitary legislation cover domestic quarantine?

 

x

Does phytosanitary legislation cover import quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover export quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover living modified organisms?

 

x

Is plant quarantine a separate organization from animal quarantine?

x

 

Other policy initiatives (under review/progress)

   

Web source for further information: –

   
 

Organization of Plant
Quarantine Functions

 Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Pest Risk Analysis

No knowledge on PRA

National standards development

Ministry of Agriculture/CPPC

International notifications

Central Plant Protection Centre (CPPC)

Import:

 

Import permits

Central Plant Quarantine Service (CPQS)

Import inspections

National Quality Inspection Service

Emergency action

MOA/CPPC

Export:

 

Phytosanitary certificates

CPQS

Treatment of commodities

National Quality Inspection Service

 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of plant quarantine officers authorized to inspect/certify

53

Total qualified personnel for plant pest risk analysis

 

Number of quarantine offices

27

 

entry points (sea/air/land/mail = total)

7/1/16/1 = 25

 

post-entry plant quarantine containment facilities

2

  other offices  

Number of quarantine service diagnosis laboratories

7

In-country recognized pest diagnostics capabilities
(incl. universities, etc.)

5

Number of laboratories for insect/mite (arthropod) samples

7

Number of laboratories for bacteria samples

5

Number of laboratories for virus samples

1

Number of laboratories for fungus samples

5

Number of laboratories for mycoplasma samples 1
Number of laboratories for nematode samples 3
Number of laboratories for plant/weed samples 7
Number of laboratories for other pests (snail, slug, rodents, etc.) 7
 

Pest-Free Areas
According to ISPM 10

Responsible Organizational Unit (Ministry/Department/Unit)

Overall management

  – surveillance  
  – management  

 

– management  

List of target pest species and crops ISPM 4

Number of sites in [year]

     
     
     

List of target pest species and crops ISPM 10

Number of sites in [year]

     
     
       

Key Situation Indicators

International Trade

 

Year:

Main Import Plant Commodities

Main countries/areas of origin

Quantity (tons)

Rice China/Thailand  
Maize China/Thailand  
Wheat China/Thailand  

Main Export Plant Commodities

Main destination countries

 
Bean

China

 
     
     
 

Cooperation Projects

     

Title (Purpose/Target)

Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Title of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     

Key Operation Indicators

Institutional Functions

Year:

Number of import permits issued

 

Number of import inspections carried out

 

Number of emergency phytosanitary treatments taken on imports

 

Number notifications of non-compliance

 

Number of conventional phytosanitary certificates issued

 

Number of electronic phytosanitary certificates issued

 
 

Number of quarantine pests intercepted

Year:

Top three commodities

Top three pest/commodity

# of interceptions

   
   
   
     
   
   
     
   
   
 

Lists of Regulated Pests

Year of last
update

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

Number of quarantine pests

1998

79

63

32

Number of regulated non-quarantine pests

       

Number of regulated import articles

     

Web source for further information: –

 

Pest Risk Analysis

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

No. of PRA completed and documented (according to ISPM)

0

0

0

Web source for further information: –

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 
 

Implementation of ISPM

Relevance

Implementation

Planned/Actual
Year of full
implementation

International Measures

low medium high none partial most full

ISPM 01 Principles of plant quarantine as related to international trade

               

ISPM 02 Guidelines for pest risk analysis

               

ISPM 03 Code of conduct for the import and release of exotic biological control agents

               

ISPM 04 Requirements for the establishment of pest free areas

               

ISPM 05 Glossary of phytosanitary terms

               

ISPM 06 Guidelines for surveillance

               

ISPM 07 Export certification system

               

ISPM 08 Determination of pest status in an area

               

ISPM 09 Guidelines for pest eradication programmes

               

ISPM 10 Requirements for the establishment of pest free places of production and pest free production sites

               

ISPM 11 Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests

               

ISPM 12 Guidelines for phytosanitary certificates

               

ISPM 13 Guidelines for the notification of

noncompliance and emergency action

               

ISPM 14 The use of integrated measures in a systems approach for pest risk management

               

ISPM 15 Guidelines for regulating wood packaging material in international trade

               

ISPM 16 Regulated non-quarantine pests: concept and application

               

ISPM 17 Pest reporting

               

ISPM 18 Guidelines for the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary measure

               

ISPM 19 Guidelines on lists of regulated pests

               

ISPM 20 Guidelines for a phytosanitary import regulatory system

               

ISPM 21 Pest risk analysis for regulated non-quarantine pests

               

ISPM 22 Requirements for the establishment of areas of low pest prevalence

               

ISPM 23 Guidelines for inspection

               

ISPM 24 Guidelines for the determination and

recognition of equivalence of phytosanitary measures

               

ISPM 25 Consignments in transit

               

ISPM 26 Establishment of pest free areas for fruit flies (Tephritidae)

               

ISPM 27 Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests

               

Comments/Constraints

III. SURVEILLANCE, PEST OUTBREAKS AND INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Surveillance, Pest Reporting and Emergency Actions

Regulations of Crop Protection, February 21, 2005
Minor for Crop Protection, August 16, 2005

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding invasive/migratory species management)

Yes

No

National strategy to control serious field pest outbreaks?

x

 

National strategy to control migratory or periodically occurring pests?

x

 

National strategy to eradicate serious newly invaded exotic pests?

x

 

Other policies: (e.g. subsidies, etc.)

Web source for further information:

 

Organization of Outbreak
Management Functions

Responsible Organization Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Field/Storage Pest Outbreaks

(e.g.BPH, bolloworm, etc)

Response strategy/plans

MOA/CPPC
Surveillance

Cooperation farm, county, Province and CPPC

Control

Cooperation farm

Migratory Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. locusts, birds, armyworm)

Response strategy/plans

MOA/CPPC
Surveillance

Cooperation farm, county, Province and CPPC

Control

Cooperation farm

New Exotic Pest Eradication

(e.g. coconut beetle)

Response strategy/plans

MOA/CPPC
Surveillance

CPQS/National Quality Inspection Service

Control/eradication

National Quality Inspection Service

   

Reporting to bilateral or international organizations

CPPC
 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of designated staff for surveillance of field pests of national importance

300

Number of designated staff for surveillance of migratory and periodically occurring pests

300

Number of designated staff for surveillance of invasive species

300

Number of designated staff for control of field pests of national importance

500

Number of designated staff for control of migratory and periodically occurring pests

500

Number of designated staff for eradication of invasive species

500

Key Situation and Operation Indicators

(Outbreaks and invasions in the past 2 years)

New exotic species found established in country

Insects

Pathogens

Weeds

Total number for year:

 

3

 

Total number for year:

5

 

2

Total number on record

5

3

2

 

Eradication or internal quarantine actions taken against economically important species

Name of species

Dryocosmus Kuriphilus

Trialeurodes vaporariorum

Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus

Year of first discovery

1964

1970

1982

Passway

Europe

Europe

Japan

Location of first discovery

     

Area affected [ha]

     

Area treated [ha]

     
Control method Pesticide

Pesticide

Pesticide

Expenditures      
       
 

Pest outbreak actions

Outbreak 1

Outbreak 2

Outbreak 3

Name of species

Rice water weevil

Armyworm  

Year of outbreak

2004 2004  

Area affected [ha]

207 741 107 444  

Estimated damage $

10-13% 5-6%  

Area treated by government [ha]

143 805 87 194  

Expenditures by government [$]

     

Control method

Deltamethrin

Deltamethrin, Bt

 

More information

     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

IV. PEST MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Pest Management

Regulations of Crop Protection, February 21, 2005
Minor for Crop Protection, August 16, 2005

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding pest management)

Yes

No

Do you have policies encouraging organic or low-pesticide use production

x

 

Is IPM specifically mentioned in laws or policy documents?

 

x

Do you have official Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) or any other relevant food safety (ecofood, etc.) standards for pest management?

x

 

Is pest management extension separate from general extension?

x

 

Other policies: (subsidies, production inputs, etc.)

 

Web source for further information:

 
 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Policy development

MOA

Pest management research

Academic of Agriculture Science (AAS)/CPPC

Control recommendations

CPPC/MOA

Pest management extension

CPPC/AAS

IPM training IPM

CPPC

GAP training GAP

 
 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of technical officers for pest management

500

Number of central, regional, provincial or state offices

10

Number of district and village level field offices

200

Number of field/extension agents for pest management advice

2000

Number of field/extension agents trained in IPM-FFS facilitation

150

Number of government biocontrol production/distribution facilities

200

Number of government biopesticide production/distribution facilities

180

Number of general extension staff involved in pest management

2000

Number of designated plant protection technical officers for extension

2000

Key Situation and Operation Indicators

Pest Management

Yes

No

Does the country have a National IPM Programme?
If yes, give Name and Address of IPM Programme:

 

x

Does the country have specific IPM extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

   

Does the country have specific IPM research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

Rice, Maize Vegetables

 

Does the country have specific GAP extension programmes?
GAP If yes, in which crops?:

All crops

 

Does the country have specific GAP research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

All crops

 
 

Market shares (estimated value, volume or area under control)

Year:

Size of chemical pest control market

 

Size of biopesticides market

14-16 million ha

Size of biological control agents market

 
 

Major pest control requiring crops
(requiring most pesticide applications)

1st

2nd

3rd

Affected crop

rice maize vegetables

Name(s) of pest(s)

     

Estimated crop loss

     

Affected area

     

Number of pesticide applications or amount of pesticide used

     

Government action taken

     
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     
 

Pest Management Extension

Year:

Number of farmers trained in IPM during the year

 

Number of IPM-FFS conducted during the year

 

Number of farmers trained in GAP standards during the year

 

Area under IPM/low pesticide management [ha]

 

Area under organic/pesticide-free management [ha]

 

Crops in which IPM or other ecology friendly programmes are successfully implemented:

Crops grown organic/pesticide-free:

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

V. PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

1986: Law of the DPRK on the Protection of Environment.
1992: Administration Council Directive No. 78 (May 12, 1992): Regulations on Pesticide Control.

Others: 1. Law of the DPRK on the Pesticide Management
2. Pesticide Management Regulation of the DPRK
3. Detailed Regulations for Enforcement of the Pesticide Management Regulation
4. Law of the DPRK on Agriculture
5. Law of the DPRK on the Public Health
6. Law of the DPRK on the Quality Control
7. Law of the DPRK on River
8. Law of the DPRK on Pomiculture
9. Law of the DPRK on Fish Breeding
10. Law of the DPRK on the Conservation of Biodiversity.

  Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding pesticide management)

Yes

No

Do you have national pesticide reduction targets?
If yes, what is the target: ___________

   

Have you ratified the Rotterdam (PIC) Convention?

x

 

Have you ratified the Stockholm (POP) Convention?

x

 

Have your ratified the Basel Convention? (hazardous wastes)

 

x

Have your ratified the Montreal Protocol? (MeBr phasing-out)

x

 

Have you reported the observance of the Code of Conduct to FAO according to Art. 12 of the Code?

   

Have you adopted Good Laboratory Practices (GLP)?

   

Pesticide Registration

   

Do you require pesticides to conform to relevant FAO or WHO specifications?

   

Do you allow the “me-too” registration and sale of generic pesticides?

   

Do you require data on product equivalence for generic registration?

   

Do you conduct country-specific risk assessments for…

   

 

occupational risks?    

 

consumer risks?    

 

environmental risks?    

Have you adopted the Global Harmonized System (GHS) for pesticides hazards evaluation and labelling?

   

Do you accept evaluation results from other countries?

   

Do you accept field studies conducted in other countries?

   

Do you require environmental fate studies?

   

Incentives/Disincentives

   

Do you have a special tax on pesticides to cover externality costs?

   

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost pesticides?

   

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost biopesticides?

   
         

Other policies:

   

Web source for further information:

   
 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Legislation Cabinet/MOA
Registration MOA

Licensing of shops

 

Licensing of field applicators

 

Enforcement/inspections

MOA/CPPC

Testing of pesticide efficacy

AAS/CPPC

Development of pesticide use recommendations

CPPC/MOA

Safe use training/extension

AAS/MOA/CPPC

Food residue monitoring

 

Environmental monitoring

 

Health monitoring

Ministry of Health

Other Stakeholders:

 

Pesticide Industry Association

 

Civil Society Organizations (NGO, etc.)

 
 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of registration officers

 

Number of enforcement officers

 

Number of department quality control laboratories

 

Number of quality control laboratory personnel

 

Number of department residue analysis laboratories

 

Number of residue laboratory personnel

 

Key Situation Indicators

Pesticide Trade:

Tons

$ ’000 Value

Imports    
Manufacture    
Export    

Domestic Use/Sales

   

Pesticide Use Profile:

Tons
(a.i./formulation to be specified)

 $ ’000 Value
Agriculture    

 

Chem. Insecticides    

 

Chem. Fungicides    

 

Chem. Herbicides    
  Chem. Others:
e.g. molluscicide, acaricide
   
  Other
e.g. Avamectrin, Bt, Neem
   
Other purposes    
TOTAL    

Post Registration Monitoring

Testing, Quality Control and Effects in the Field

Yes

No

Do you have significant problems with low-quality pesticides in the market?

x

 

Do you have significant problems with pesticide resistance?

x

 

Do you have a list of pesticides under close observation for problems

x

 

Source for more information: –

 
 

Health and Environmental Information

Yes

No

Do you maintain data on pesticide poisoning cases?

x

 

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in food?

x

 

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in the environment?

x

 

Do you have significant problems of environmental contamination from pesticides?

x

 

Do you have data on pesticides effects on wildlife and ecosystems?

x

 

Source for more information: –

 
 

Pesticide Disposal

Yes

No

Do you have system to collect and safely dispose of used containers and small quantities of left-over pesticides?

x

 

Do you have an inventory of outdated and obsolete pesticides in the country?
(e.g. banned and no longer traded, but still in storage)

x

 

Do you have illegal trade in pesticides?
if yes: what is the estimated amount: ______________

 

x

Source for more information: –

   

Key Operation Indicators

 Registration/Regulation/Monitoring

Year:

a.i.*

Trade Name

Number of registered pesticide products

   

Number of registered biopesticides (Avamectrin, Bt, Neem, etc.)

   

Number of restricted-use pesticides/formulations

   

Number of banned pesticides

   
     

Number of licensed outlets

 

Number of licensed field applicators (professional and/or farmers)

 
     

Number of licensing violations reported during year

 
     

Number of quality control analyses conducted during year

 
     

Number of food samples analyzed for pesticide residues during year

 

Number of samples exceeding MRL

 
     

Number of environmental samples analyzed for pesticide residues

* active ingredient    
 

Pesticides Restricted in Recent Years

Year

Name of active ingredient or hazardous formulation

 
   
 

Pesticides Banned in Recent Years

Year

   

Name of active ingredient

     
     
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       
       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     
 
Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investment, training, etc,)
 
Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, adminstrative, operational, training, etc.)
 

VI. ADDITIONAL ISSUES OF INTEREST

Last updated: December 2006

Genetically Modified Crops

Name of GMO Crop

Area under Cultivation [ha]

   
   
   
   

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