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3.7 LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

Last updated: December 2006

Plant Protection Organization Chart

Plant protection profiles
from
Asia-Pacific countries

Important Contact Addresses

Responsible Ministry/Ministries

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Mr Sitaheng Rasphone, Minister

P.O. Box 811
Vientiane 0100, Lao PDR
Tel: (+856) 21 412340
Fax: (+856) 21 412344

Responsible Department

Department of Agriculture
Mr Viravanh Phannourath, Director General

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Lanexang Avenue,
Patuxay Square;
P.O. Box 811
Vientiane, Lao PDR
Tel: (+856) 21 412350
Fax: (+856) 21 412349
E-mail: doag@laotel.com

Address for nominations

Operational Offices:

Plant Protection

Plant Protection Centre
Mr Vilaysouk Khennavong, Director of Centre

Department of Agriculture, MAF
Thadeua Rd., Km 13
Vientiane, Lao PDR
Fax: (+856) 21 812164

Plant Quarantine

Department of Agriculture
Mr Phaydy Phiaxaysarakham, Director of Division

Division of Agricultural Regulatory
Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Lanexang Avenue,
Patuxay Square
P.O. Box. 811
Vientiane, Lao PDR
Tel: (+856) 21 412350
Fax: (+856) 21412349
E-mails: doag@laotel.com
phaydy8@yahoo.com

Surveillance, Pest Outbreaks and Invasive Species Management

(1) Plant Protection Centre
Mr Vilaysouk Khennavong, Director of Centre

Department of Agriculture, MAF
Thadeua Rd., Km 13
Vientiane, Lao PDR
Fax: (+856) 21 812164

(2) Department of Agriculture
Mr Phaydy Phiaxaysarakham, Director of Division

Division of Agricultural Regulatory
Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Lanexang Avenue, Patuxay Square
P.O. Box. 811
Vientiane, Lao PDR
Tel: (+856) 21 412350
Fax: (+856) 21 412349
E-mail: doag@laotel.com
phaydy8@yahoo.com

Pesticide Registration

Department of Agriculture
Mr Khamphoui Louanglath, Deputy Director of Division

Division of Agricultural Regulatory
Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Lanexang Avenue, Patuxay Square
P.O. Box. 811
Vientiane, Lao PDR
Tel: (+856) 21 412350
Fax: (+856) 21 412349
E-mail: doag@laotel.com
phoui1@hotmail.com

Official International Contact Points

National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) Contact Point (for IPPC/APPPC)

Department of Agriculture
Mr Phaydy Phiaxaysarakham, Director of Division
Division of Agricultural Regulatory, Department of Agriculture
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Lanexang Avenue, Patuxay Square
P.O. Box 811
Vientiane, Lao PDR
Tel: (+856) 21 412 350
Fax: (+856) 21 412 349
E-mail: doag@laotel.com

WTO-SPS Contact Point

Rotterdam Convention (PIC) DNA Pesticides

Department of Agriculture
Mr Khamphoui Louanglath, Deputy Director of Division
Division of Agricultural Regulatory
Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Lanexang Avenue, Patuxay Square
P.O. Box 811, Vientiane, Lao PDR
Tel: (+856) 21 412350
Fax: (+856) 21 412349
E-mails: doag@laotel.com
phoui1@hotmail.com

Stockholm Convention (POP) National Focal Point

Environment Research Institute (ERI)
Mrs Monemany Nhoybouakong, Acting Director General
Vientiane, Lao PDR
Tel: (+856) 21 213 470
Fax: (+856) 21 213 472
E-mail: mone_many@yahoo.com

Basel Convention Competent Authority (CA)

Montreal Protocol Focal Point

Selected Country Statistics

Agricultural Population 

4.5 million

Agricultural Land 

1.0 million ha

GDP $2 321 million 

Agric. GDP: 45.4%

GNI per capita: $500 

Undernourishment: 22%

Main crops grown: rice, maize, coarse grain, tube, vegetables, tea, coffee, tropical fruit trees.

GDP = Gross Domestic Product; GNI = Gross National Income; Hunger = Population below minimum energy requirement

 

II. PLANT QUARANTINE

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

Prime Minister Decree on Plant Quarantine No. 66/PM, dated 21 March 1993
Ministerial Agreement on Plant Quarantine Regulation No. 0369/MAF, dated 2 July 1993
Ministerial Notice on Role and Function and Standard for entry/exit Plant Quarantine Station
No. 0754/MAF.DoA.06, dated 14 July 2006.
(in preparation) Law on Plant Protection and Quarantine

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding plant quarantine)

Yes

No

Does phytosanitary legislation cover domestic quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover import quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover export quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover living modified organisms?

 

x

Is plant quarantine a separate organization from animal quarantine?

x

 

Other policy initiatives (under review/progress)

 

Web source for further information: –

 
 

Organization of Plant
Quarantine Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Pest Risk Analysis

 

National standards development

 

International notifications

 

Import:

 

Import permits

MAF/DOA/PPC/Agric. Regulatory Division

Import inspections

 

Emergency action

 

Export:

 

Phytosanitary certificates

MAF/DOA/PPC/Agric. Regulatory Division

Treatment of commodities

 
 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of plant quarantine officers authorized to inspect/certify

27

Total qualified personnel for plant pest risk analysis

 

Number of quarantine offices

 

 

entry points (sea/air/land/mail = total)

9

 

post-entry plant quarantine containment facilities  
  other offices  

Number of quarantine service diagnosis laboratories

 

In-country recognized pest diagnostics capabilities (incl. universities, etc.)

 

Number of laboratories for insect/mite (arthropod) samples

 

Number of laboratories for bacteria samples

 

Number of laboratories for virus samples

 

Number of laboratories for fungus samples

 

Number of laboratories for mycoplasma samples

 

Number of laboratories for nematode samples

 

Number of laboratories for plant/weed samples

 

Number of laboratories for other pests (snail, slug, rodents, etc.)

 
 

Pest-Free Areas
According to ISPM 10

Responsible Organizational Unit (Ministry/Department/Unit)

Overall management

 

 

surveillance  

 

management  

 

certification  

List of target pest species and crops ISPM 4

 

Number of sites in [year]

     
     

List of target pest species and crops ISPM 10

 

Number of sites in [year]

     
     

Key Situation Indicators

International Trade

 

Year:

Main Import Plant Commodities

Main countries/areas of origin

Quantity (tons)

Seed and planting material

Viet Nam, China, Thailand, India, UK, Australia

 
     
     

Main Export Plant Commodities

Main destination countries

 

Vegetables, coffee, tea, rice, maize, soybean, mungbean

EU, America, Japan, China, Viet Nam, Thailand

 
     
     
 

Cooperation Projects

     

Title (Purpose/Target)

Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

Phytosanitary Capacity Development in CLMV countries

NZAID Unknown

2000-2001

SPS Capacity Building Programme

AusAID Unknown

2005-present

ASEAN Plant Health Capacity Project

AusAID Unknowm

2005-present

Title of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Key Operation Indicators

Institutional Functions

Year: 2005

Number of import permits issued

 

Number of import inspections carried out

 

Number of emergency phytosanitary treatments taken on imports

 

Number notifications of non-compliance

 

Number of conventional phytosanitary certificates issued

2001

Number of electronic phytosanitary certificates issued

 
 

Number of quarantine pests intercepted

Year:

Top three commodities

Top three pest/commodity

# of interceptions

     
   
   
     
   
   
     
   
   
 

Lists of Regulated Pests

Year of last update

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

Number of quarantine pests

       

Number of regulated non-quarantine pests

       

Number of regulated import articles

     

Web source for further information: –

 

Pest Risk Analysis

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

No. of PRA completed and documented (according to ISPM)

     

Web source for further information: –

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

One in-country training on plant quarantine inspection (16 staffs have been trained basic level)

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

Lack of personel, no infrastructure, no operational budget, not enough training

 

Implementation of ISPM

Relevance

Implementation

Planned/Actual
Year of full implementation

International Measures

low

medium

high

none

partial

most

full

ISPM 01 

Principles of plant quarantine as related to international trade

x

   

x

       

ISPM 02 

Guidelines for pest risk analysis

x

   

x

       

ISPM 03 

Code of conduct for the import and release of exotic biological control agents  

x

   

x

     

ISPM 04 

Requirements for the establishment of pest free areas

x

   

x

       

ISPM 05 

Glossary of phytosanitary terms  

x

   

x

     

ISPM 06 

Guidelines for surveillance

x

   

x

       

ISPM 07 

Export certification system    

x

   

x

   

ISPM 08 

Determination of pest status in an area

x

   

x

       

ISPM 09 

Guidelines for pest eradication programmes

x

   

x

       

ISPM 10 

Requirements for the establishment of pest free places of production and pest free production sites

x

   

x

       

ISPM 11 

Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests  

x

 

x

       

ISPM 12 

Guidelines for phytosanitary certificates    

x

x

       

ISPM 13 

Guidelines for the notification of
noncompliance and emergency action

x

   

x

       

ISPM 14 

The use of integrated measures in a systems approach for pest risk management

x

   

x

       

ISPM 15 

Guidelines for regulating wood packaging material in international trade    

x

     

x

 

ISPM 16 

Regulated non-quarantine pests: concept and application

x

   

x

       

ISPM 17 

Pest reporting

x

   

x

       

ISPM 18 

Guidelines for the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary measure

x

   

x

       

ISPM 19 

Guidelines on lists of regulated pests

x

   

x

       

ISPM 20 

Guidelines for a phytosanitary import regulatory system

x

   

x

       

ISPM 21 

Pest risk analysis for regulated non-quarantine pests

x

   

x

       

ISPM 22 

Requirements for the establishment of areas of low pest prevalence

x

   

x

       

ISPM 23 

Guidelines for inspection

x

   

x

       

ISPM 24 

Guidelines for the determination and
recognition of equivalence of phytosanitary measures

x

   

x

       

ISPM 25 

Consignments in transit

x

   

x

       

ISPM 26 

Establishment of pest free areas for fruit flies (Tephritidae)

x

   

x

       

ISPM 27 

Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests

x

   

x

       

Comments/Constraints

III. SURVEILLANCE, PEST OUTBREAKS AND INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Surveillance, Pest Reporting and Emergency Actions

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding invasive/migratory species management)

Yes

No

National strategy to control serious field pest outbreaks?

 

x

National strategy to control migratory or periodically occurring pests?

 

x

National strategy to eradicate serious newly invaded exotic pests?

 

x

Other policies: (e.g. subsidies, etc.)

Web source for further information:

 

Organization of Outbreak
Management Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Field/Storage Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. BPH, bollworm, etc.)

Response strategy/plans

MAF/DOA/PPC
Surveillance MAF/DOA/PPC
Control MAF/DOA/PPC

Migratory Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. locusts, birds, armyworm)

Response strategy/plans

 
Surveillance  
Control  

New Exotic Pest Eradication

(e.g. coconut beetle)

Response strategy/plans

MAF/DOA/PPC
Surveillance MAF/DOA/PPC

Control/eradication

MAF/DOA/PPC
   

Reporting to bilateral or international organizations

MAF/DOA
 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of designated staff for surveillance of field pests of national importance

0

Number of designated staff for surveillance of migratory and periodically occurring pests

0

Number of designated staff for surveillance of invasive species

0

Number of designated staff for control of field pests of national importance

 

Number of designated staff for control of migratory and periodically occurring pests

 

Number of designated staff for eradication of invasive species

 

Key Situation and Operation Indicators
(Outbreaks and invasions in the past 2 years)

New exotic species found established in country

Insects

Pathogens

Weeds

Total number for year:

     

Total number for year:

     

Total number on record

     
 

Eradication or internal quarantine actions taken against economically important species

Name of species

Brontispa longissima

   

Year of first discovery

2002

   
Passway      

Location of first discovery

     

Area affected [ha]

     

Area treated [ha]

     
Control method      
Expenditures      
       
 

Pest outbreak actions

Outbreak 1

Outbreak 2

Outbreak 3

Name of species

Coffee berry borer

   

Year of outbreak

     

Area affected [ha]

25 000    

Estimated damage $

     

Area treated by government [ha]

     

Expenditures by government [$]

     
Control method parasitoids    

More information

     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

Lack of personnel, no infrastructure, no operational budget, not enough training

IV. PEST MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Pest Management
(in preparation) Regulation on Organic Farming Standard
Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding pest management)

Yes

No

Do you have policies encouraging organic or low-pesticide use production

x

 

Is IPM specifically mentioned in laws or policy documents?

x

 

Do you have official Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) or any other relevant food safety (ecofood, etc.) standards for pest management?

x

 

Is pest management extension separate from general extension?

x

 

Other policies: (subsidies, production inputs, etc.)

Web source for further information:

 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Policy development

 

Pest management research

 

Control recommendations

MAF/DOA/PPC

Pest management extension

MAF/DOA/PPC
IPM training  
GAP training  
 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of technical officers for pest management

 

Number of central, regional, provincial or state offices

 

Number of district and village level field offices

 

Number of field/extension agents for pest management advice

 

Number of field/extension agents trained in IPM-FFS facilitation

106

Number of government biocontrol production/distribution facilities

1

Number of government biopesticide production/distribution facilities

1

Number of general extension staff involved in pest management

 

Number of designated plant protection technical officers for extension

 

Key Situation and Operation Indicators

Pest Management

Yes

No

Does the country have a National IPM Programme?
If yes, give Name and Address of IPM Programme:
PPC

x

 

Does the country have specific IPM extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:
Vegetables

x

 

Does the country have specific IPM research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

 

x

Does the country have specific GAP extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

   

Does the country have specific GAP research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

   
 

Market shares (estimated value, volume or area under control)

Year:

Size of chemical pest control market

 

Size of biopesticides market

 

Size of biological control agents market

 
 

Major pest control requiring crops
(requiring most pesticide applications)

1st

2nd

3rd

Affected crop

     

Name(s) of pest(s)

     

Estimated crop loss

     

Affected area

     

Number of pesticide applications or amount of pesticide used

     

Government action taken

     
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor

Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     
 

Pest Management Extension

Year: 2006

Number of farmers trained in IPM during the year

 

Number of IPM-FFS conducted during the year

203

Number of farmers trained in GAP standards during the year

 

Area under IPM/low pesticide management [ha]

 

Area under organic/pesticide-free management [ha]

 

Crops in which IPM or other ecology friendly programmes are successfully implemented:
Head Cabbage

Crops grown organic/pesticide-free: Rice

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

Lack of personnel, no infrastructure, no operational budget, not enough training

V. PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

2000 Regulation on Management and Usage of Pesticides for Agricultural Production. Issue by Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, No. 0886, Date: March 10, 2000

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding pesticide management)

Yes

No

Do you have national pesticide reduction targets? If yes, what is the target: ____________

 

x

Have you ratified the Rotterdam (PIC) Convention?

 

x

Have you ratified the Stockholm (POP) Convention?

x

   

Have your ratified the Basel Convention? (hazardous wastes)

 

x

Have your ratified the Montreal Protocol? (MeBr phasing-out)

   

Have you reported the observance of the Code of Conduct to FAO according to Art. 12 of the Code?

   

Have you adopted Good Laboratory Practices (GLP)?

 

x

Pesticide Registration

   

Do you require pesticides to conform to relevant FAO or WHO specifications?

   

Do you allow the “me-too” registration and sale of generic pesticides?

   

Do you require data on product equivalence for generic registration?

   

Do you conduct country-specific risk assessments for…

   

occupational risks?

   

consumer risks?

   

environmental risks?

   

Have you adopted the Global Harmonized System (GHS) for pesticides hazards evaluation and labelling?

x

 

Do you accept evaluation results from other countries?

   

Do you accept field studies conducted in other countries?

   

Do you require environmental fate studies?

   

Incentives/Disincentives

   

Do you have a special tax on pesticides to cover externality costs?

   

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost pesticides?

   

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost biopesticides?

   
         
 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Legislation  
Registration MAF/DOA/PPC

Licensing of shops

MAF/DOA/PPC

Licensing of field applicators

 

Enforcement/inspections

MAF/DOA/PPC

Testing of pesticide efficacy

MAF/DOA/PPC

Development of pesticide use recommendations

 

Safe use training/extension

MAF/DOA/PPC

Food residue monitoring

 

Environmental monitoring

MAF/DOA/PPC

Health monitoring

MAF/DOA/PPC
 

Other Stakeholders:

 

Pesticide Industry Association

 

Civil Society Organizations
(NGO, etc.)

 
 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of registration officers

 

Number of enforcement officers

 

Number of department quality control laboratories

 

Number of quality control laboratory personnel

 

Number of department residue analysis laboratories

 

Number of residue laboratory personnel

 

Key Situation Indicators

Pesticide Trade:

Tons

$ ’000 Value

Imports

<10

 
Manufacture

0

 
Export

0

 

Domestic Use/Sales

   

Pesticide Use Profile:

Tons
(a.i./formulation to be specified)

$ ’000 Value

Agriculture

<10

 

 

Chem. Insecticides    

 

Chem. Fungicides    

 

Chem. Herbicides    
  Chem. Others:
e.g. molluscicide, acaricide
   
  Other
e.g. Avamectrin, Bt, Neem
   

Other purposes

   
TOTAL    

Post Registration Monitoring

Testing, Quality Control and Effects in the Field

Yes

No

Do you have significant problems with low-quality pesticides in the market?

   

Do you have significant problems with pesticide resistance?

 

x

Do you have a list of pesticides under close observation for problems

   

Source for more information: –

   
 

Health and Environmental Information

Yes

No

Do you maintain data on pesticide poisoning cases?

 

x

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in food?

 

x

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in the environment?

 

x

Do you have significant problems of environmental contamination from pesticides?

 

x

Do you have data on pesticides effects on wildlife and ecosystems?

   

Source for more information: –

 

Pesticide Disposal

Yes

No

Do you have system to collect and safely dispose of used containers and small
quantities of left-over pesticides?

 

x

Do you have an inventory of outdated and obsolete pesticides in the country?
(e.g. banned and no longer traded, but still in storage)

x

 

Do you have illegal trade in pesticides?
if yes: what is the estimated amount: ______________

 

x

Source for more information: –

Key Operation Indicators

Registration/Regulation/Monitoring

Year:

a.i.*

Trade Name

Number of registered pesticide products

46

100

Number of registered biopesticides (Avamectrin, Bt, Neem, etc.)

   

Number of restricted-use pesticides/formulations

   

Number of banned pesticides

26

 
     

Number of licensed outlets

   

Number of licensed field applicators (professional and/or farmers)

   
     

Number of licensing violations reported during year

   
     

Number of quality control analyses conducted during year

   
     

Number of food samples analyzed for pesticide residues during year

   

Number of samples exceeding MRL

   
     

Number of environmental samples analyzed for pesticide residues

   

* active ingredient

 

Pesticides Restricted in Recent Years

Year

Name of active ingredient or hazardous formulation

   
   
 

Pesticides Banned in Recent Years

Year

 

Name of active ingredient

     
     
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

One awareness workshop on IPM and Near-Market Pesticide Use with respect to food safety and quality (16-17 November 2006)

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

Lack of personel, no infrastructure, no operational budget, not enough training

VI. ADDITIONAL ISSUES OF INTEREST

Last updated: December 2006

Genetically Modified Crops

Name of GMO Crop

Area under Cultivation [ha]

   
   
   
   

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