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3.10 PAKISTAN

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

Last updated: December 2006

Plant Protection Organization Chart

Plant protection profiles from Asia-Pacific countries

Important Contact Addresses

Responsible Ministry/Ministries

Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock
Mr Muhammad Ismail Qureshi
Secretary, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock

Block – B, Pakistan Secretariat
Islamabad, Pakistan
Tel: (+92 51) 9210351
Fax: (+92 51) 9210616
Website: www.pakistan.gov.pk

Address for nominations

Office, Department of Plant Protection
Mr Allah Rakha Asi, Adviser and Director General

Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock
Jinnah Avenue, Malir Halt
Karachi 75100, Pakistan
Tel: (+92 21) 9248612-15
Fax: (+92 21) 9248673
E-mail: dg1@plantprotection.gov.pk
Website: www.plantprotection.gov.pk

Operational Offices:

Plant Protection

Plant Quarantine

Pesticide Registration

Office, Department of Plant Protection
Mr Allah Rakha Asi, Adviser and Director General

Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock
Jinnah Avenue, Malir Halt
Karachi 75100, Pakistan
Tel: (+92 21) 9248612-15
Fax: (+92 21) 9248673
E-mail: dg1@plantprotection.gov.pk
Website: www.plantprotection.gov.pk

Surveillance, Pest Outbreaks and Invasive Species Management

  1. Department of Plant Protection
  2. Agriculture Departments of Provinces

Other Useful Contact Addresses

Department of Agriculture Punjab

Office, Department of Agriculture
Mr Fiaz Bashir, Secretary Agriculture

Punjab Secretariat
Davis Road
Lahore, Pakistan
Tel: (+92 42) 9210499
Fax: (+92 42) 9211796

Department of Agriculture Sindh

Office, Department of Agriculture
Mr Muhkum Din Qadri, Secretary Agriculture

Sindh Secretariat
Toghlaqe House
Karachi, Pakistan
Tel: (+92 21) 9211468
Fax: (+92 21) 9211469

International Contact Points

National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) Contact Point (for IPPC/APPPC)

Department of Plant Protection
Mr Tasneem Ahmad, Deputy Director (Q)

Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock
Jinnah Avenue, Malir Halt
Karachi 75100, Pakistan
Tel: (+92 21) 9248669 / 9248612-15
Fax: (+92 21) 9248673
E-mail: quarantine@plantprotection.gov.pk
Website: http://www.plantprotection.gov.pk

WTO-SPS Contact Point

Department of Plant Protection
Mr Allah Rakha Asi, Adviser and Director General

Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock
Jinnah Avenue, Malir Halt
Karachi 75100, Pakistan
Tel: (+92 21) 9248612 / 9248607
Fax: (+92 21) 9248673
E-mail/Internet: dg1@plantprotection.gov.pk

Rotterdam Convention (PIC) DNA Pesticides (P)

Department of Plant Protection
Mr Allah Rakha Asi, Adviser and Director General

Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock
Jinnah Avenue, Malir Halt
Karachi 75100, Pakistan
Tel: (+92 21) 9248607
Fax: (+92 21) 9248673
E-mail: dg1@plantprotection.gov.pk

Stockholm Convention (POP) National Focal Point

Ministry of Environment
Joint Secretary and Director General (Environment)

Islamabad, Pakistan
Tel: (+92 51) 9202574
Fax: (+92 51) 9202211

Basel Convention Competent Authority (CA) and Focal Point

Ministry of Environment
Joint Secretary and Director General (Environment)

Islamabad, Pakistan
Tel: (+92 51) 9202574
Fax: (+92 51) 9202211
E-mail:ahameed1951@hotmail.com

Montreal Protocol Focal Point

 

Selected Country Statistics

Agricultural Population

67.5 million

Agricultural Land

22.1 million ha

GDP $130 000 million

Agric. GDP: 22%

GNI per capita: $847

Undernourishment: 23%

Main crops grown:

GDP = Gross Domestic Product; GNI = Gross National Income; Hunger = Population below minimum energy requirement

II. PLANT QUARANTINE

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

1976 Pakistan Plant Quarantine Act

1967 Pakistan Plant Quarantine Rules

2005 Biosafety Rules and Biosafety Guidelines

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding plant quarantine)

Yes

No

Does phytosanitary legislation cover domestic quarantine?

x

  

Does phytosanitary legislation cover import quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover export quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover living modified organisms?

  x

Is plant quarantine a separate organization from animal quarantine?

x

 

Other policy initiatives (under review/progress)
Revision and updating of Pakistan Plant Quarantine Act and Rules

   

Web source for further information: www.plantprotection.gov.pk

   
 

Organization of Plant
Quarantine Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Pest Risk Analysis

MINFAL/PPD/PLANT QUARANTINE

National standards development

MINFAL/PPD/PLANT QUARANTINE

International notifications

MINFAL/PPD/PLANT QUARANTINE

Import:

 
Import permits

MINFAL/PPD/PLANT QUARANTINE

Import inspections

MINFAL/PPD/PLANT QUARANTINE

Emergency action

MINFAL/PPD/PLANT QUARANTINE

Export:

 

Phytosanitary certificates

MINFAL/PPD/PLANT QUARANTINE

Treatment of commodities

MINFAL/PPD/PLANT QUARANTINE

 

Infrastructure

Year: 2005-2006

Number of plant quarantine officers authorized to inspect/certify

22

Total qualified personnel for plant pest risk analysis

2

No. of quarantine offices

 
 

Entry points (sea/air/land/mail = total)

13

 

post-entry plant quarantine containment facilities

10

  Other offices  

No. of quarantine service diagnosis laboratories

4

In-country recognized specialist capacity to analyze samples
(incl. universities, etc.)

 

No. of laboratories for insect/mite (arthropod) samples

9*

No. of laboratories for bacteria samples

02

 

of laboratories for virus samples

01

 

of laboratories for fungus samples

9*

 

of laboratories for mycoplasma samples

01

 

of laboratories for nematode samples

03

No. of laboratories for plant/weed samples

9*

 

of laboratories for other pests (snail, slug, rodents, etc.)

01

* four Agriculture Universities and five (one NARC) agriculture research institutes and PPD
 

Pest-Free Areas
According to ISPM 10

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Overall management

– surveillance

– management

– certification

List of target pest species and crops ISPM 4

Number of sites in [year]

Fruitfly (Mango, citrus, guava, melon etc.)

Bollworm (Cotton)

Powdry Mildew (Mango, citrus, melon etc.)

Weeds (Rice, wheat and cotton)

List of target pest species and crops ISPM 10

Number of sites in [year]

         

Key Situation Indicators

International Trade

 

Year: 2005-2006

Main Import Plant Commodities

Main countries/areas of origin

Quantity (tons)

Lint Cotton

Central Independent States (CIS), USA, Egypt etc.

 

29 252

Pulses

Australia, Malaysia, China, India, Iran, USA and Canada etc.

Medicinal Herbs

Indonesia, Sri Lanka, China, Thailand and India

Vegetables Seeds

Europe, Egypt, etc.

Main Export Plant Commodities

Main destination countries

 
Rice

United Arab Emirates, African countries, Iran, China, Bahrain, Oman, Kuwait

 

Fresh and dry Fruits

Middle East, European Countries and Russia

69 379

Fresh Vegetables

Middle East and European Countries

 

Medicinal Herbs

Indonesia, Sri Lanka

 
 

Cooperation Projects

     

Title (Purpose/Target)

Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

None      

Title of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

None    

Key Operation Indicators

Institutional Functions

Year: 2005-2006

No. of import permits issued

13 862

Number of import inspections carried out

1

No. of emergency phytosanitary treatments taken on imports

 

No. notifications of non-compliance

 

No. of conventional phytosanitary certificates issued

69 379

No. of electronic phytosanitary certificates issued

0

 

Number of quarantine pests intercepted

Year:

Top three commodities

Top three pest/commodity

# of interceptions

     
   
   
     
   
   
     
   
   
 

Lists of Regulated Pests

Year of last update

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

Number of quarantine pests

1994*

59

68

Number of regulated non-quarantine pests

1994*

14

57

3

Number of regulated import articles

   

15**

 

Web source for further information:

       
* All the pests included in the A-1 List of the Asia and Pacific region are quarantine pests of Pakistan. Lists A-1 & A-2 of the Asia Pacific Plant Protection Agreement. Compiled as per the recommendation of the working group for A-1 & A-2 Pests in the 18th Session of APPPC. Pp. 181
** Pakistan Plant Quarantine Rules elaborates details of these plants
 

Pest Risk Analysis

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

No. of PRA completed and documented (according to ISPM)

     

Note: A total of 08 PRA of different crops including Apple, citrus, grapes, mango, onion, potato, rice and wheat are completed for different insects and pathogens but they are being made in conformity ISPM

Web source for further information:

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

Pakistan Plant Quarantine Rules are under revision. Central Plant Quarantine Laboratory and three regional labs are being completed. Equipment is being installed and recruitment of personnel is under process. A total of 08 PRA of different crops including Apple, citrus, grapes, mango, onion, potato, rice and wheat are completed for different insects and pathogens but they are being made in conformity ISPM.

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, raining, etc.)

Lack of trained personnel is the major constraints for PRA preparation. Training of personnel is required in collection of information and preparation of different PRA’s according to ISPM.

 

Implementation of ISPM

Relevance

Implementation

Planned/Actual
Year of full
implementation

International Measures

Low medium high none partial most Full

ISPM 01

Principles of plant quarantine as related to international trade    

x

    x    

ISPM 02

Guidelines for pest risk analysis   x       x    

ISPM 03

Code of conduct for the import and release of exotic biological control agents   x       x    

ISPM 04

Requirements for the establishment of pest free areas x       x      

ISPM 05

Glossary of phytosanitary terms     x     x    

ISPM 06

Guidelines for surveillance   x       x    

ISPM 07

Export certification system     x     x    

ISPM 08

Determination of pest status in an area   x     x      

ISPM 09

Guidelines for pest eradication programmes x       x      

ISPM 10

Requirements for the establishment of pest free places of production and pest free production sites   x     x      

ISPM 11

Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests     x     x    

ISPM 12

Guidelines for phytosanitary certificates     x     x    

ISPM 13

Guidelines for the notification of noncompliance and emergency action   x     x      

ISPM 14

The use of integrated measures in a systems approach for pest risk management   x     x      

ISPM 15

Guidelines for regulating wood packaging material in international trade   x     x      

ISPM 16

Regulated non-quarantine pests: concept and application   x     x      

ISPM 17

Pest reporting   x     x      

ISPM 18

Guidelines for the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary measure x     x        

ISPM 19

Guidelines on lists of regulated pests   x     x      

ISPM 20

Guidelines for a phytosanitary import regulatory system     x     x    

ISPM 21

Pest risk analysis for regulated non-quarantine pests   x     x      

ISPM 22

Requirements for the establishment of areas of low pest prevalence   x     x      

ISPM 23

Guidelines for inspection   x       x    

ISPM 24

Guidelines for the determination and recognition of equivalence of phytosanitary measures   x     x      

ISPM 25

Consignments in transit   x     x      

ISPM 26

Establishment of pest free areas for fruit flies (Tephritidae)   x       x    

ISPM 27

Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests   x     x      

Comments/Constraints

Many areas are identified for full implementation of all ISPM, however, lack of resources/personnel few areas are not fully implemented.

III. SURVEILLANCE, PEST OUTBREAKS AND INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT

Last update: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for surveillance, pest reporting and emergency actions

Pest reporting is made on weekly and fortnightly basis during the crop season and farmers are advised for rational use of pesticides for controlling of pests.

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding invasive/migratory species management)

Yes

No

National strategy to control serious field pest outbreaks?

x

 
  National strategy to control migratory or periodically occurring pests?   x  

National strategy to eradicate serious newly invaded exotic pests?

  x

Other policies: (e.g. subsidies, etc.)
Pest
outbreaks are managed by Provincial Agriculture Departments.
However, Federal Government extends advice for controlling these outbreaks.

   

Web source for further information:

   
 

Organization of Outbreak
Management Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Field/Storage Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. BPH, bollworm, etc.)

Response strategy/plans

Provincial Agriculture Departments

Surveillance

Provincial Agriculture Departments

Control

Provincial Agriculture Departments

Migratory Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. Locusts, birds, armyworm)

Response strategy/plans

MINFAL/PPD
Surveillance

MINFAL/PPD/Locust

Control

MINFAL/PPD/Locust

New Exotic Pest Eradication

(e.g. Coconut beetle)

Response strategy/plans

MINFAL/PPD/ Provincial Agriculture Departments

Surveillance

MINFAL/PPD/ Provincial Agriculture Departments

Control/eradication

MINFAL/PPD/ Provincial Agriculture Departments

Reporting to bilateral or international organizations

MINFAL/PPD
 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of permanent personnel for surveillance of field pests of national importance

~900

Number of permanent personnel for surveillance of migratory and periodically occurring pests

43

Number of permanent personnel for surveillance of invasive species

Number of designated staff for control of field pests of national importance

1 500

Number of designated staff for control of migratory and periodically occurring pests

43

Number of designated staff for eradication of invasive species

Key Situation and Operation Indicators

(Outbreaks and invasions in the past 3 years)

Newly detected invasive species

Insects

Pathogens

Weeds

Total number for year:

Total number for year:

Total number for year:

 

Give details on eradication or internal quarantine actions against economically important species

Name of species

     

Year of first discovery

     
Passway      

Location of first discovery

     

Area affected [ha]

     

Area treated [ha]

     

Control method

     
Expenditures      
       
 

Pest Outbreak Actions

Outbreak 1

Outbreak 2

Outbreak 3

Name of species

     

Year of outbreak

     

Area affected [ha]

     

Estimated damage $

     

Area treated by government [ha]

     

Expenditures by government [$]

     

Control method

     

More information

     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

Survey of fruit fly in different provinces is being undertaken to identify the pests and its distribution. Plant Quarantine Rules are being updated to accommodate surveillance and eradication of different economic pests. Plant Quarantine Lab are strengthen with new equipment. Three projects for establishment of post-entry quarantine, disinfestations of mango fruit fly through vapour heat treatment and recruitment of qualified staff for these projects. It will enhance the capability of the department in surveillance, preparation of PRA and eradication of target pests.

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

There is shortage of qualified trained personnel for surveillance and PRA preparation.

IV. PEST MANAGEMENT

Last update: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Pest Management

1997 Punjab Agriculture Pest Ordinance

Web source for further information: www.agripunjab.gov.pk

Policies (regarding pest management)

Yes

No

Do you have policies encouraging organic or low-pesticide use production

x

 

Is IPM specifically mentioned in laws or policy documents?

x

 

Do you have official Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) or any other relevant food safety (ecofood, etc.) standards for pest management?

   

Is pest management extension separate from general extension?

x

 

Other policies: (subsidies, production inputs, etc.)
encouragement of biopesticide and banning of extremely hazardous pesticides.

Web source for further information: –
 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Policy development

MINFAL

Pest management research

NARC + Prov. Agriculture Departments

Control recommendations

MINFAL/PPD + Prov. Agriculture Departments

Pest management extension

Prov. Agriculture Departments/Extension Dept.

IPM training

NARC + Prov. Agriculture Departments

GAP training

Prov. Agriculture Departments

 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of technical officers for pest management

~150

No. of central, regional, provincial or state offices

5

No. of district and village level field offices

150

No. of field/extension agents for pest management advice

~1 500

No. of field/extension agents trained in IPM-FFS facilitation

627

No. of government biocontrol production/distribution facilities

Number of government biopesticide production/distribution facilities

8

Number of general extension staff involved in pest management

3 500

Number of designated plant protection technical officers for extension

1 500

Key Situation and Operation Indicators

Pest Management

Yes

No

Does the country have a National IPM Programme?
If yes, give Name and Address of IPM Programme:
Dr Iftikhar Ahmad, Dep. Dir. NARC, Park Road, Islamabad

x

 

Does the country have specific IPM extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?: Cotton

x

 

Does the country have specific IPM research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

x

 

Does the country have specific GAP extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

   

Does the country have specific GAP research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?:

   
 

Market shares (estimated value, volume or area under control; or percent )

Year: 2005

Size of chemical pest control market

$173 Million

Size of biopesticides market

$30 Million

Size of biological control agents market

 
 

Major pest control requiring crops (requiring most pesticide applications)

1st

2nd

3rd

Affected crop

Cotton Rice Sugarcane

Name(s) of pest(s)

Helicoverpa armigera
Earias insulana
Earias vittella
Pectinophora
gossypiella

Scirpophaga
incertulas
Scirpophaga
nivella

Scirpophaga spp.
Pyrilla
spp.

Estimated crop loss

5-10% 2-3% 2-3%

Affected area

3 million ha

2.5 million ha

1.07 million ha

Number of pesticide applications

6 (200-1 000 ml/

2 (10 kg/ 1 (10 kg/

or amount of pesticide used

application) application) application)

Government action taken

Continuous weekly pests survey reports, guidance to farmers

   

about weather and pests/diseases, availability of pesticide to the farmers and advised for rational use of pesticides.

 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

FAO-EU IPM Programme for Cotton in Asia

EU US$0.66 m

2000-2004

Cotton IPM Programme

ADB US$0.40 m

2000-2004

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

  Amount

Years (start-end)

National IPM Project

GOP US$3.30 m

2004-2009

Community IPM Project for Cotton, Punjab

GOP US$3.35 m

2004-2008

Pest Management Plan, SOFWM, Sindh

WB US$0.55 m

2004-2008

FFS/Farm Services Centres, NWFP

GOP US$0.65 m

2004-2009

 

Pest Management Extension

Year:

Number of farmers trained in IPM during the year

1224

Number of IPM-FFS conducted during the year

 

Number of farmers trained in GAP standards during the year

 

Area under IPM/low pesticide management [ha]

 

Crops in which successful IPM technologies are implemented:

Cotton

Area under organic/pesticide-free management [ha]

 

Crops grown organic/pesticide-free:

 

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

Federal Government with the coordination of provincial agriculture departments has devised different strategies for pest management of cotton, wheat and rice crop. IPM project is being implemented in cotton in Punjab and Sindh Provinces. A record production of 14.6 million bales of cotton was obtained during 2004-05.

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

Cotton leaf curl virus and mealy bug are becoming main constraints in production of cotton which is spreading on all the varieties throughout cotton growing areas.

V. PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

1971 & 73

Pesticide Ordinance and Rules.

1992   

Amendment in Pesticide Ordinance; relaxation in pesticide import:

  1. Introduction of generics

  2. Import of Pesticide registered in the country of origin.

1997   

Amendment in the Pesticide Ordinance to strengthen the punishment provision for pesticide adulteration. 2006 Review of Pesticide Ordinance & Act and Rules for adoption.

Web source for further information: www.plantprotection.gov.pk

Policies (regarding pesticide management)

Yes

No

Do you have national pesticide reduction targets?
If yes, what is the target: ____________

 

x

Have you ratified the Rotterdam (PIC) Convention?

x

 

Have you ratified the Stockholm (POP) Convention?

 

x

Have your ratified the Basel Convention? (hazardous wastes)

 

x

Have your ratified the Montreal Protocol? (MeBr phasing-out)

   

Have you reported the observance of the Code of Conduct to FAO according to Art. 12 of the Code?

x

 

Have you adopted Good Laboratory Practices (GLP)?

   
     

Pesticide Registration

   

Do you require pesticides to conform to relevant FAO or WHO specifications?

x

 

Do you allow the “me-too” registration and sale of generic pesticides?

x

 

Do you require data on product equivalence for generic registration?

x

 

Do you conduct country-specific risk assessments for…

   
 

occupational risks?

   
 

consumer risks?

   
 

environmental risks?

   

Have you adopted the Global Harmonized System (GHS) for pesticides hazards evaluation and labelling?

x

 

Do you accept evaluation results from other countries?

x

 

Do you accept field studies conducted in other countries?

x

 

Do you require environmental fate studies?

x

 
     

Incentives/Disincentives

   

Do you have a special tax on pesticides to cover externality costs?

 

x

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost pesticides?

 

x

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost biopesticides?

 

x

       

Other policies:

Web source for further information:

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Legislation MINFAL
Registration MINFAL/PPD

Licensing of shops

Agriculture Departments/Provincial

Licensing of field applicators

Enforcement/inspections

Federal/Provinces/District Government

Testing of pesticide efficacy

Agriculture Departments/Provincial

Development of pesticide use recommendations

Federal/Provinces/District Government

Safe use training/extension

Public/Private sector

Food residue monitoring

 

Environmental monitoring

Federal/Provincial

Health monitoring

Federal/Provincial

Other Stakeholders:

 

Pesticide Industry Association

Private sector

Civil Society Organizations
(NGO, etc.)

 
 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of registration officers

3

Number of enforcement officers

621

Number of department quality control laboratories

8

Number of quality control laboratory personnel

~50

Number of department residue analysis laboratories

1

Number of residue laboratory personnel

7

   

Key Situation Indicators

Pesticide Trade: 2005

Tons

$ ’000 Value

Imports 104 433 173 000
Manufacture    
Export 0 0

Domestic Use/Sales

80 000 132 525

Pesticide Use Profile: 2005

Tons
(a.i./formulation to be specified)

$ ’000 Value

Agriculture 80 000 132 525
 

Chem. Insecticides

94%  
 

Chem. Fungicides

2%  
 

Chem. Herbicides

5%  
  Chem. Others:
e.g. molluscicide, acaricide
0%  
  Other
e.g. Avamectrin, Bt, Neem
   

Other purposes

   
TOTAL 80 000 132 525

Post Registration Monitoring

Testing, Quality Control and Effects in the Field

Yes

No

Do you have significant problems with low-quality pesticides in the market?

 

x

Do you have significant problems with pesticide resistance?

 

x

Do you have a list of pesticides under close observation for problems

   

Source for more information: –

 

Health and Environmental Information

Yes

No

Do you maintain data on pesticide poisoning cases?

 

x

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in food?

 

x

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in the environment?

 

x

Do you have significant problems of environmental contamination from pesticides?

   

Do you have data on pesticides effects on wildlife and ecosystems?

 

x

Source for more information: –

 

Pesticide Disposal

Yes

No

Do you have system to collect and safely dispose of used containers and small quantities of left-over pesticides?

x

 

Do you have an inventory of outdated and obsolete pesticides in the country? (e.g. banned and no longer traded, but still in storage)

x

 

Do you have illegal trade in pesticides?
if yes: what is the estimated amount: _______________

 

x

Source for more information: –

   

Key Operation Indicators

Registration/Regulation/Monitoring

Year: 2005

a.i.*

Trade Name

No of registered pesticide products

220

 

No. of registered biopesticides (Avamectrin, Bt, Neem, etc.)

10

 

No of restricted-use pesticides/formulations

1

 

No. of banned pesticides

25

 
   

No. of licensed outlets

~ 2 600

No. of licensed field applicators (professional and/or farmers)

 
     

No of licensing violations reported during year

232

   

No. of quality control analyses conducted during year

5 485

   

No. of food samples analyzed for pesticide residues during year

 

No. of samples exceeding MRL

 
     

No. of environmental samples analyzed for pesticide residues

 
* active ingredient
 

Pesticides Restricted in Recent Years

Year

Name of active ingredient or hazardous formulation

   
   
 

Pesticides Banned in Recent Years

Year

Name of active ingredient

2005

Monocrotophos and Methamidophos
     
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

Agriculture Pesticides Ordinance is revised and ready to place before the Parliament for its approval. Agriculture Pesticides Rules have been amended and two new rules are added viz. pre-shipment inspection of pesticides in the country of origin and waiving of condition of sample analysis in registration of generic pesticide from the source/manufacturer already registered with the department. A new pesticide lab is established in Balochistan province for quality check of agriculture pesticides.

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

Manufacturing of pesticides in the country is still in infancy and country has to be dependent on import from China and other countries. This has resulted in shortage of pesticides during epidemic situation. Application of pesticides at appropriate stage of crop in proper dosage on vulnerable stage of pest is also needed to be guided to the farmers. Training of farmers and extension workers is required for proper application of pesticides.

VI. ADDITIONAL ISSUES OF INTEREST

Last updated: December 2006

Genetically Modified Crops

 

Name of GMO Crop

Area under Cultivation [ha]

   
   
   

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