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3.12 SRI LANKA

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

Last updated: January 2007

Plant Protection Organization Chart

Plant protection profiles
from
Asia-Pacific countries

Important Contact Addresses

Ministry/Department of Agriculture

Seed Certification & Plant Protection Centre
Dr K.K.S. Fernando, Director

Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agricultural Development
P.O. Box 74, Gannoruwa, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 81 2388044
Fax: (+94) 81 2388077
E-mail: scppc@sltnet.lk
Website: www.agridept.gov.lk

Plant Protection

Plant Protection Service
Mr K. Piyasena, Deputy Director

Seed Certification & Plant Protection Centre
Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agricultural Development
Gannoruwa, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 81 2388316
Fax: (+94) 81 2388316
E-mail: ppsdoa@sltnet.lk
Website: www.agridept.gov.lk

Plant Quarantine

National Plant Quarantine Service
Mr R.S.Y. de Silva, OIC

Seed Certification & Plant Protection Centre
Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agricultural Development
Canada Friendship Road, Katunayake, Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 11 2253709
Fax: (+94) 11 2253709
Website: www.agridept.gov.lk

Surveillance, Pest Outbreaks and Invasive Species Management

Pesticide Registration

Office of the Registrar of Pesticides
Dr G.K. Manuweera, Registrar of Pesticides

Department of Agriculture
P.O. Box 49
Peradeniya 20400, Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 81 2388134
E-mail: pest@slt.lk

Official International Contact Points

National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) Contact Point (for IPPC/APPPC) unofficial

Seed Certification and Plant Protection Centre
Ms Kumudo K.S. Fernando, Director

Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Land and Irrigation
P.O. Box 74, Gannoruwa
Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 81 2384226/2388088
Fax: (+94) 81 2388077
E-mails: scppc@sltnet.lk; nimik@sltnet.lk
Website: http://www.agridept.gov.lk(en)

WTO-SPS Contact Point

Food Control Administration Unit
Mr S. Nagiah

Ministry of Health, Nutrition and Welfare
385, Baddegama Wimalawansa Mawatha
Colombo 10, Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 11 2672073
Fax: (+94) 11 2672073
E-mails: foodadmin@sltnet.lk; nagiah.s@health.gov.lk
Website: www.health.gov.lk

Rotterdam Convention (PIC) DNA Pesticides

Registrar of Pesticides

Pesticides Registration Office
Getambe
P.O. Box 49
Peradeniya 20400, Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 81 2388135
Fax: (+94) 81 2388135
E-mail: pest@slt.lk

Stockholm Convention (POP) National Focal Point

Basel Convention Competent Authority (CA) and Focal Point
Central Environmental Authority
Chairman

No. 104 Denzil Kobbekaduwa Mawatha, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 11 2872348
Fax: (+94) 11 2872347
E-mails: kgdband@cea.lk or manelj@cea.lk or chaircea@cea.lk

Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources
Secretary

No. 104 Denzil Kobbekaduwa Mawatha
Battaramulla, Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 11 2877290 or 2887453
Fax: (+94) 11 2877292 or 2861196
E-mails: pops@sltnet.lk or scefe@sltnet.lk or envpolmg@sltnet.lk

Selected Country Statistics:

Agricultural Population

8.6 million

Agricultural Land

1.9 million ha

GDP $18 514 million

Agric. GDP: 18%

GNI per capita: $930

Under nourishment: 22%

GDP = Gross Domestic Product; GNI = Gross National Income; Hunger = Population below minimum energy requirement

II. PLANT QUARANTINE

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

1999 Plant Protection Act No. 35
New regulations under preparation
Web source for further information: www.agridept.gov.lk

Policies (regarding plant quarantine)

Yes

No

Don’t know

Does phytosanitary legislation cover both domestic and import/export quarantine?

x

   

Is plant quarantine a separate organization from animal quarantine?

x

   

Does phytosanitary legislation cover non-cultivated plants (wild flora)

x

   

Does phytosanitary legislation cover living modified organisms?

 

x

 

Other policy initiatives: (under review/progress)

Web source for further information:

 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

 Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Pest Risk Analysis

MOA, SCPPC, NPQS

National Standards development

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, NPQS

International notifications

MOA, DOA, SCPPC

Import:

 

Import permits/inspections

MOA/DOA/SCPPC MOA/DOA/SCPPC/NPQS/Entry points

Emergency action

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, Entry points (Seaport, Airport)

Export:

 

Phytosanitary certificates

MOA/DOA/SCPPC/Plant Quarantine

Treatment of commodities

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, NPQS, PQU (Seaport, Airport), Private

   
 

Infrastructure

2006

Total number of plant quarantine officers legally authorized to
inspect & certify

82

Total qualified personnel for plant pest risk analysis

2

Number of quarantine offices/stations

5

Number of post-entry plant quarantine containment facilities

2

Number of quarantine service diagnosis laboratories

2

Number of entry points (sea/air/land/mail = total)

2

   

In-country recognized pest diagnostics capabilities
(incl. universities, etc.)

 

Number of laboratories for insect samples

~10

Number of laboratories for pathogen samples

~10

Number of laboratories for plant/weed samples

~4

 

Pest-Free Areas

 Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Overall management

MOA, DOA, SCPPC

– surveillance

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS

– management

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS

– certification

MOA, DOA, SCPPC

List of target pest species and crops

Number of sites in [year]

Synchytrium endobioticum (in ornamental plants)

Not available

Rhadopholus similes (in foliage plants)

Not available

Globoderapallida pallida, Globodera rostochiensis

Not available

Bemisia tabasi, Thrips palmi, Liriomyza sativai

Not available

Key Situation Indicators

International Trade

   

Main Import Plant Commodities

Main countries of origin

No. of phytosanitary inspections

Plants and planting materials

Thailand, Netherlands, India, France

Not available

Plant products

India

Not available

Animal feed and fresh fruits

India, Pakistan, USA, Italy, China, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand, Iran, Israel, France, South Africa, USA

Not available

Main Export Plant Commodities

Main destination countries

 
Vegetables

Middle East, Europe

600/month

Ornamental plants

Middle East, Europe, Japan

500/month

Tea, coir products

Middle East, Europe

75/month

 

Cooperation Projects

 

Title (Purpose/Target)

Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

Pest surveillance and compilation of data

Local funds

SL Rs. 2 million

2006 August to
2006 December

IPVM FAO

SL Rs.1 274 732

2002-2006

Title of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

Development of scientific information for quality seed production

SL Rs.
0.5 million

2007

     

Key Operation Indicators

Institutional Functions

Year: 2006

Number of import permits issued/inspections

1 751

Number of emergency phytosanitary treatments taken on imports

 

Number of quarantine pests intercepted

 

Number notifications of non-compliance

05

Number of phytosanitary certificates issued

 

 

Number of electronic certificates issued: Yes       No
Number of conventional certificates issued: Yes No      

0

 48 116

 

Lists of Regulated Pests

Year of last update

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

Number of regulated quarantine pests

1994

132

   

Number of regulated non-quarantine pests

1994

81

   

Number of regulated import commodities

 

41

 

Pest Risk Assessments

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

No. of PRA completed and documented (according to ISPM)

1

10

1

Web source for further information:

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

Legislation, policies and infrastructure have been improved in recent years.

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

Administrative, operational, training, etc. could be considered as main constraints.

 

Implementation of ISPM

Relevance

Implementation

Planned/Actual
Year of full implementation

International Measures

low medium

high

none partial

most

full

ISPM 01

Principles of plant quarantine as related to international trade                

ISPM 02

Guidelines for pest risk analysis    

x

   

x

   

ISPM 03

Code of conduct for the import and release of exotic biological control agents                

ISPM 04

Requirements for the establishment of pest free areas                

ISPM 05

Glossary of phytosanitary terms                

ISPM 06

Guidelines for surveillance    

x

   

x

   

ISPM 07

Export certification system    

x

     

x

 

ISPM 08

Determination of pest status in an area                

ISPM 09

Guidelines for pest eradication programmes                

ISPM 10

Requirements for the establishment of pest free places of production and pest free production sites                

ISPM 11

Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests    

x

 

 

x

 

 

ISPM 12

Guidelines for phytosanitary certificates    

x

       

x

 

ISPM 13

Guidelines for the notification of
noncompliance and emergency action
               

ISPM 14

The use of integrated measures in a systems approach for pest risk management                

ISPM 15

Guidelines for regulating wood packaging material in international trade    

x

   

x

   

ISPM 16

Regulated non-quarantine pests: concept and application                

ISPM 17

Pest reporting                

ISPM 18

Guidelines for the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary measure                

ISPM 19

Guidelines on lists of regulated pests                

ISPM 20

Guidelines for a phytosanitary import regulatory system                

ISPM 21

Pest risk analysis for regulated non-quarantine pests    

x

   

x

   

ISPM 22

Requirements for the establishment of areas of low pest prevalence                

ISPM 23

Guidelines for inspection    

x

   

x

   

ISPM 24

Guidelines for the determination and
recognition of equivalence of phytosanitary measures
               

ISPM 25

Consignments in transit                

ISPM 26

Establishment of pest free areas for fruit flies (Tephritidae)                

ISPM 27

Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests                

Comments/Constraints

III. PEST OUTBREAKS AND INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

Policies (regarding invasive/migratory species management)

Yes

No

Don’t know

National strategy to control serious field pest outbreaks?

x

   

National strategy to control migratory or periodically occurring pests?

 

x

 

National strategy to eradicate serious newly invaded exotic pests?

x

   

Other policies:

List of legislation/regulations/rules for surveillance, pest reporting and emergency actions:

Web source for further information:

 

Organization of  Plant
Protection Function
s

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Field Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. BPH, bollworm, etc.)

Response strategy/plans

MOA/DOA/SCPPC/PPS

Surveillance

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS, DD (District)

Control

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS, DD (District)

Migratory Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. locusts, birds, armyworm)

Response strategy/plans

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS, MOE, CEA

Surveillance MOE
Control

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS, DD (District)

New Exotic Pest Eradication

(e.g. coconut beetle)

Response strategy/plans

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS, MOE, CEA, MOP

Surveillance

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS, CRI

Control/eradication

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS, CRI

     

Reporting to international organizations

 
     
 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of designated staff for surveillance and control of field pests of national importance

 

Number of designated staff for surveillance and control of migratory and periodically occurring pests

 

Number of designated staff for surveillance and eradication of invasive species

 

Key Situation and Operation Indicators
(Outbreaks and invasions in the past 2 years)

New exotic species found established in country

Insects

Pathogens

Weeds

Total number for year:

     

Total number for year:

     

Total number on record

 

Eradication or internal quarantine actions taken against economically important species

Name of species

     

Year of first discovery

     
Passway      

Location of first discovery

     

Area affected [ha]

     

Area treated [ha]

     

Control method

     
Expenditures      
       
 

Pest outbreak actions

Outbreak 1

Outbreak 2

Outbreak 3

Name of species

     

Year of outbreak

     

Area affected [ha]

     

Estimated damage $

     

Area treated [ha]

     

Control method

     
Expenditures      

Add more if necessary

     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

Lack of trained staff and infrastructure.

IV. PEST MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

Policies (regarding pest management)

Yes

No

Don’t know

Do you have policies encouraging organic or low-pesticide use

x

   

Is IPM specifically mentioned in laws or policy documents?

x

   

Do you have official Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) or any other relevant food safety (ecofood, etc.) standards for pest management?

x

   

Is pest management extension separate from general extension?

 

x

 

Other policies:

 

List of legislation/regulations/rules for pest management: 1999 Plant Protection Act No. 35

Web source for further information: www.agridept.gov.lk

 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
(Ministry/Department/Unit)

Policy development

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS, ROP

Pest management research

HORDI, RRI

Control recommendations

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS, ROP, HORDI, RRI

Pest management extension

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS, D/Extension, DD/Extension (District)

IPM training

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS

GAP training

MOA, DOA, SCPPC, PPS, ROP

 

Infrastructure

2006

Number of officers for pest management

15

Number of regional offices

2

Number of field/provincial/state

 

Number of field/extension agents for pest management advice

4 000

Number of field/extension agents trained in IPM-FFS facilitation

250

Number of government biocontrol facilities

3

Number of government biopesticide production facilities

   

Key Situation and Operation Indicators

Pest Management

Yes

No

Don’t know

Does the country have a National IPM Programme?
If yes, give Name and Address of IPM Programme:
PPS

x    

Does the country have special IPM extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?: Rice, vegetables

x    

Does the country have special IPM research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?: Leafy vegetables

x    
 

Market shares (estimated value, volume or area under control)

Year:

Size of chemical pest control market

 

Size of biopesticides market

 

Size of biological control agents market

Not available

 

Major pest control requiring crops (requiring most pesticide applications

1st

2nd

 

3rd

 

Affected crop

Chilli Potato Bitter gourd

Name(s) of pest(s)

Leaf curl, Pod borer, Blight, Anthracnose

Blight, Aphids, Cutworm, Leaf miner

Fruit fly, Curling of leaves, Mites, Leaf miner

Estimated crop loss

     

Affected area

     

Number of pesticide applications or amount of pesticide used

 13

16.2

12.4

Government action taken

     
       
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

REAP-Vegetable IPM

FAO

SL Rs.1 000 000

1984-2003

       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     
 

Pest Management Extension

2006

Number of farmers trained in IPM during the year

4 000

Number of IPM-FFS conducted during the year

200

Number of farmers trained in GAP standards during the year

30

Area under IPM/low pesticide management [ha]

Not available

Crops in which successful IPM Programmes are implemented:
paddy, cabbage, tomato

Area under organic/pesticide-free management [ha]

 

Crops grown organic/pesticide-free: Tea, Fruits, most of vegetables

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

Training in IPM has been increased
Number of crops adopting IPM has been increased.

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

Lack of trained staff and technical knowledge.

V. PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

1989 Control of Pesticides Act. No. 33
1994 Control of Pesticides (Amendment) Act No. 06.

Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding pesticide management)

Yes

No

Don’t know

Do you have national pesticide reduction targets?
If yes, what is the target: ____________

 

x

 

Have you ratified the Rotterdam (PIC) Convention?

x    

Have you ratified the Stockholm (POP) Convention?

x    

Have your ratified the Basel Convention? (hazardous wastes)

x    

Have you reported the observance of the Code of Conduct to FAO according to Art. 12 of the Code?

 

x

 

Have you adopted Good Laboratory Practices (GLP)?

 

x

 
       

Pesticide Registration

     

Do you require pesticides to conform to relevant FAO or WHO specifications?

x    

Do you allow the “me-too” registration and sale of generic pesticides?

 

x

 

Do you require data on product equivalence for generic registration?

x    

Do you conduct country-specific risk assessments for…

     

occupational risks?

 

x

 

consumer risks?

 

x

 

environmental risks?

 

x

 

Have you adopted the Global Harmonized System (GHS) for pesticides hazards evaluation and labeling?

 

x

 

Do you accept evaluation results from other countries?

x    

Do you accept field studies conducted in other countries?

x    

Do you require environmental fate studies?

x    
       

Incentives/Disincentives

     

Do you have a special tax on pesticides to cover externality costs?

 

x

 

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost pesticides?

 

x

 

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost biopesticides?

 

x

 
             

Other policies:

     

Web source for further information: agridept.gov.lk

     
 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

 Responsible Organizational Unit (Ministry/Department/Unit)
Legislation

MOA/DOA/SCPPC/ROP

Registration

MOA/DOA/SCPPC/ROP

Licensing of shops

MOA/DOA/SCPPC/ROP

Licensing of field professional applicators

MOA/DOA/SCPPC/ROP

Enforcement/inspections

MOA/DOA/SCPPC/ROP

Testing of pesticide efficacy

MOA/DOA/SCPPC/ROP and Research Institutes

Development of pesticide use recommendations

MOA/DOA/SCPPC/ROP

Safe use training/extension

MOA/DOA

Food residue monitoring

MOA/DOA, MOH

Environmental monitoring

MOA/DOA, MOE, CEA

Health monitoring

MOA/DOA, MOH

Other Stakeholders:

 

Pesticide Industry Association

Crop Life Sri Lanka

Civil Society Organizations (NGO, etc.)

VIKALPANI Federation; Centre for Environmental Justice

 

Infrastructure

Year:

Number of registration officers

28 (total)

Number of enforcement officers

380

Number of department quality control laboratories

01

Number of quality control laboratory personnel

02

Number of department residue analysis laboratories

01

Number of residue laboratory personnel

02

Key Situation Indicators

Pesticide Trade: 2003

Tons

$ ’000 Value

Imports (Agro-pesticides)

5 004.16 16 855.46

Manufacture (Agro-pesticides)

417.07 2 739.59
Export    

Sales(Agro-pesticides)

6 613.5 49 000

Pesticide Use Profile:

Tons

$ ’000 Value

Agriculture    

– 

Chemical pesticides Insecticides 35.16% Not available
  Fungicides 12.76% Not available
  Herbicides 51.96% Not available

– 

Other (Bio-pesticides) Not available Not available
Veterinary Not available Not available

Public Health

Not available Not available
Household Not available Not available
Other Not available Not available
TOTAL 6 513.5 Not available
 

Testing, Quality Control and Effects in the Field

Yes

No

Don’t know

Do you have significant problems with low-quality pesticides in the market?

x

   

Do you have significant problems with pesticide resistance?

x

   
       
 

Health and Environmental Information

Yes

No

Don’t know

Do you maintain data on pesticide poisoning cases?

x

   

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in food?

x

   

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in the environment?

 

x

 

Do you have significant problems of environmental contamination from pesticides?

x

   

Do you have data on pesticides effects on wildlife and ecosystems?

 

x

 
 

Pesticide Disposal

Yes

No

Don’t know

Do you have services to collect and safely dispose of used containers and small quantities of left-over pesticides?

 

x

 

Do you have an inventory of outdated and obsolete pesticides in the country?

x

   

Do you have illegal trade in pesticides?
if yes: what is the estimated amount: _______________

 

x

 

Key Operation Indicators

Registration/Regulation/Monitoring

Year: 

a.i.* Trade Name

Number of registered pesticide products

269

1 383

Number of registered biopesticides (Abamectrin, BT)

2

3

Number of restricted-use pesticides

70

152

Number of banned pesticides

40

157

   

Number of licensed outlets

1 330

Number of licensed field applicators (Professionals or farmers)

28

   

Number of licensing violations reported during year

Not available

   

Number of quality control analyses conducted during year

356

   

Number of food samples analyzed for pesticide residues during year

180

Number of samples exceeding MRL

Not available

   

Number of environmental samples analyzed for pesticide residues

130

* active ingredient

 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programs

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

 

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

 

VI. ADDITIONAL ISSUES OF INTEREST

Last updated: December 2006

Genetically Modified Crops

 

Name of GMO Crop

Area under Cultivation [ha]

   
   
   
   

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