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3.14 VIET NAM

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

Last updated: December 2006

Plant Protection Organization Chart

Plant protection profiles
from
Asia-Pacific countries

Important Contact Addresses

Responsible Ministry

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)
Mr Le Van Minh, Director General

International Cooperation Department
2 Ngoc Ha Street – Ba Dinh
Hanoi, Viet Nam
Tel: (+84) 4 8437520 / 7582005
Fax: (+84) 4 7330752
E-mail: icd.mard@fpt.vn
Website: http://210.245.60.189/en/

National Plant Protection Organization

Plant Protection Department
Mr Dam Quoc Tru, Deputy Director General

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
149, Ho Dac Di Street
Dong Da District
Hanoi, Viet Nam
Tel: (+84) 4 8518198
Fax: (+84) 4 8574719 / 5330043
E-mail: trudq@fpt.vn
Website: http://www.ppd.gov.vn

Address for nominations

Plant Protection Department
Mr Dam Quoc Tru, Deputy Director General

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
149, Ho Dac Di Street
Dong Da District
Hanoi, Viet Nam
Tel: (+84) 4 8518198
Fax: (+84) 4 8574719 / 5330043
E-mail: trudq@fpt.vn
Website: http://www.ppd.gov.vn

Operational Offices:

Plant Protection

Plant Protection Department (PPD)
Mr Khuong Quang Viet, Head of Plant Protection Division

149, Ho Dac Di Street, Dong Da District
Hanoi, Viet Nam
Tel: (+84) 4 8518197
Fax: (+84) 4 5330043
E-mail: bvtv@fpt.vn
Website: http://www.ppd.gov.vn

Plant Quarantine

Plant Protection Department
Dr Hoang Trung, Head of Plant Quarantine Division

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)
149, Ho Dac Di Street, Dong Da District
Hanoi, Viet Nam
Tel: (+84) 4 5331033 / 8518192
Fax: (+84) 4 5330043
E-mail: pqd@fpt.vn
Website: http://www.ppd.gov.vn

Surveillance, Pest Outbreaks and Invasive Species Management

Plant Protection Department
Mr Khuong Quang Viet, Head of Plant Protection Division

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)
149, Ho Dac Di Street, Dong Da District
Hanoi, Viet Name
Tel: (+84) 4 8518198
Fax: (+84) 4 8574719 / 5330043
E-mail: trudq@fpt.vn
Website: http://www.ppd.gov.vn

Pesticide Registration

Plant Protection Department
Mr Dao Trong Anh, Head of Pesticide Division

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)
149, Ho Dac Di Street, Dong Da District
Hanoi, Viet Name
Tel: (+84) 4 5331562 / 8518194, Fax: (+84) 4 5330043
E-mail: p.qlt@fpt.vn
Website: http://www.ppd.gov.vn

Official International Contact Points

National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) Contact Point (for IPPC/APPPC)

Plant Protection Department
Mr Dam Quoc Tru, Deputy Director General

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)
149, Ho Dac Di Street
Dong Da District, Hanoi, Viet Nam
Tel: (+84) 4 8518198
Fax: (+84) 4 8574719 / 5330043
E-mail: trudq@fpt.vn
Website: http://www.ppd.gov.vn

WTO-SPS Contact Point

International Cooperation Department
Mrs Hoang Thi Dung, Deputy Director General

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)
2 Ngoc Ha Street – Ba Dinh, Hanoi, Viet Nam
Tel: (+84) 4 8437450 / 8226318
Fax: (+84) 4 7330752
E-mail: icd.mard@fpt.vn
Website: http://210.245.60.189/en/

Rotterdam Convention (PIC) DNA Pesticides (P)

Plant Protection Department
Mr Bui Si Doanh, Deputy Director General

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)
149, Ho Dac Di Street
Dong Da District
Hanoi, Viet Nam
Tel: (+84) 4 8518198
Fax: (+84) 4 8574719 / 5330043
E-mail: trudq@fpt.vn
Website: http://www.ppd.gov.vn

Stockholm Convention (POP) National Focal Point (P)

Viet Nam Environment Protection Agency (VEPA)
Dr Tran Hong Ha, Director General

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
67 Nguyen Du
Hanoi, Viet Nam
Tel: (+84) 4 9423899
Fax: (+84) 4 8223189
E-mail: pops.vn@nea.gov.vn

Basel Convention Competent Authority (CA) and Focal Point

Viet Nam Environment Protection Agency (VEPA)
Dr Tran Hong Ha, Director General

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE)
67 Nguyen Du Street, Hanoi, Viet Nam
Tel: (+84) 4 8224420
Fax: (+84) 4 8223189
E-mails: baselvn@nea.gov.vn or nmcuong@nea.gov.vn

Montreal Protocol Focal Point

Viet Nam National Ozone Unit
Mr Luong Duc Khoa

Project Coordinator
Tel: (+84) 4 9743195
Fax: (+84) 4 9743200
E-mail: ozoneoffice@fpt.vn
Website: http://www.noccop.org.vn/

Selected Country Statistics

Agricultural Population

63.15 million

Agricultural Land

9.0 million ha

GDP $45.2 billion

Agric. GDP: 21.8%

GNI per capita: $620

Undernourishment: 17%

Main crops grown:

GDP = Gross Domestic Product; GNI = Gross National Income; Hunger = Population below minimum energy requirement

II. PLANT QUARANTINE

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

2001 Ordinance on the Plant Protection and Quarantine, Order No. 11/2001/L of August 8, 2001
2002 Regulation on Plant Protection, the Regulation on Plant Quarantine and the Regulation on Management of Plant Protection chemical, Decree No. 58/2002/ND-CP of June 3, 2002
2004 Decision 16/2004/BNN-BVTV of July 20, 2004 of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development providing Procedures for Plant Quarantine Inspection and Recording of Regulated Articles.
2005 List of Regulated Articles of the S.R.Vietnam, Decision No. 73/2005/QD-BNN of November 14, 2005 (MARD).
2005  List of Plant Quarantine Pests of the S.R.Vietnam, Decision No. 72/2005/QD-BNN of November 14, 2005 (MARD).

Web sources for further information: https://www.ppd.gov.vn; https://www.ippc.int

Policies (regarding plant quarantine)

Yes

No

Does phytosanitary legislation cover domestic quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover import quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover export quarantine?

x

 

Does phytosanitary legislation cover living modified organisms?

  x

Is plant quarantine a separate organization from animal quarantine?

x

 

Other policy initiatives (under review/progress)

   

Web source for further information:

   
 

Organization of Plant
Quarantine Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
 (Ministry/Department/Unit)

Pest Risk Analysis

MARD/PPD

National standards development

MARD/PPD

International notifications

MARD

Import:

 
Import permits MARD/PPD

Import inspections

MARD/PPD

Emergency action

MARD/PPD

Export:

 

Phytosanitary certificates

MARD/PPD

Treatment of commodities

Fumigation companies under PPD’s authorization.

 

Infrastructure

Year: 2005

Number of plant quarantine officers authorized to inspect/certify

413

Total qualified personnel for plant pest risk analysis

14

Quarantine offices

 

 

entry points (sea/air/land/mail = total)

67

 

post-entry plant quarantine containment facilities

2

  other offices

12

Quarantine service diagnosis laboratories

12

In-country recognized pest diagnostics capabilities
(incl. universities, etc.)

 

Number of laboratories for insect/mite (arthropod) samples

15

Number of laboratories for bacteria samples

10

Number of laboratories for virus samples

2

Number of laboratories for fungus samples

15

Number of laboratories for mycoplasma samples

12

Number of laboratories for nematode samples

15

Number of laboratories for plant/weed samples

13

Number of laboratories for other pests (snail, slug, rodents, etc.)

5
 

Pest-Free Areas
According to ISPM 10

Responsible Organizational Unit
 (Ministry/Department/Unit)

Overall management

MARD/PPD
  – surveillance MARD/PPD
  – management MARD/PPD
 

– certification

MARD/PPD

List of target pest species and crops ISPM 4

Number of sites in [year]

   

List of target pest species and crops ISPM 10

Number of sites in [year]

   

Key Situation Indicators

International Trade

 

Year: 2005

Main Import Plant Commodities

Main countries/areas of origin

Quantity (tons)

Malt

French, Australia, Denmark, Belgium, England, Germany

158 614

Wheat

USA, Australia, China, Russia, India

719 117

Maize

USA, China, Japan, India

55 000

Main Export Plant Commodities

Main destination countries

 
Coffee

USA, Belgium, England, Germany, French, Italy, Poland, Japan, Korea, Spain

974 759

Rice

Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia Nigeria, Algeri, Congo...

4 059 738

Pepper

India, Pakistan, EU...

111 913

 

Cooperation Projects

     

Title (Purpose/Target)

Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

Phytosanitary Capacity Building Project for the Mekong Region

NZAID  

2002-2005

Improvement of Plant Quarantine treatment against Fruit Fly on fresh fruits

JICA  

2005-2007

Intergrating effective phosphine fumigation practices into grain storage system in China, Viet Nam and Australia

ACIAR  

2001-2004

Title of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

National Programme for surveying and detecting early quarantine pests

$10 000 per year

2005

National pests survey programme for plants products in Viet Nam

and plant $100 000

2005-2007

Key Operation Indicators

Institutional Functions

Year: 2005

Number of import permits issued

400

Number of import inspections carried out

1 259

Number of emergency phytosanitary treatments taken on imports

1 259

Number notifications of non-compliance

 

Number of conventional phytosanitary certificates issued

100 643

Number of electronic phytosanitary certificates issued

 
 

Number of quarantine pests intercepted

Year:

Top three commodities

Top three pest/commodity

# of interceptions

     
   
   
     
   
   
     
   
   
 

Lists of Regulated Pests

Year of last
update

  Insects   Pathogens   Plants

Number of quarantine pests

2005 25 21 11

Number of regulated non-quarantine pests

       

Number of regulated import articles

       

Web source for further information:

 

Pest Risk Analysis

Insects

Pathogens

Plants

No. of PRA completed and documented (according to ISPM)

   

5

Web source for further information: https://www.ppd.gov.vn

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

  • There were several legal documents, phytosanitary standards/procedures reviewed and established in accordance with International Regulations.

  • Maintaining cooperation with other countries in managing pests, training, exchanging information, supporting technical equipment, etc.

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

  • Human resources shortage, including lack of leading and experienced experts in applying
    international phytosanitary standards, carrying out PRA, qualified staff for inspecting, testing and verify the equivalence of phytosanitary measures, etc.

  • Database to serve phytosanitary operations is not adequate

  • Legal document system is inadequate and inconsistent

  • Infrastructure and equipment is still poor.

 

Implementation of ISPM

Relevance

Implementation

Planned/Actual
Year of full implementation

International Measures

low medium high none partial most full

ISPM 01 

Principles of plant quarantine as related to international trade   x       x   2001

ISPM 02 

Guidelines for pest risk analysis     x   x     2001

ISPM 03 

Code of conduct for the import and release of exotic biological control agents       x x       2008

ISPM 04 

Requirements for the establishment of pest free areas     x     x     2006

ISPM 05 

Glossary of phytosanitary terms       x   x     2007

ISPM 06 

Guidelines for surveillance       x       2007

ISPM 07 

Export certification system       x   x     2007

ISPM 08 

Determination of pest status in an area       x       2006

ISPM 09 

Guidelines for pest eradication programmes       x x       2008

ISPM 10 

Requirements for the establishment of pest free places of production and pest free production sites       x   x     2007

ISPM 11 

Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests       x   x     2007

ISPM 12 

Guidelines for phytosanitary certificates     x     x     2007

ISPM 13 

Guidelines for the notification of noncompliance and emergency action     x   x       2008

ISPM 14 

The use of integrated measures in a systems approach for pest risk management       x   x     2009

ISPM 15 

Guidelines for regulating wood packaging material in international trade     x     x     2008

ISPM 16 

Regulated non-quarantine pests: concept and application     x   x       2009

ISPM 17 

Pest reporting     x   x       2008

ISPM 18 

Guidelines for the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary measure     x   x       2010

ISPM 19 

Guidelines on lists of regulated pests       x x       2009

ISPM 20 

Guidelines for a phytosanitary import regulatory system     x x       2008

ISPM 21 

Pest risk analysis for regulated non-quarantine pests     x x       2010

ISPM 22 

Requirements for the establishment of areas of low pest prevalence   x   x       2010

ISPM 23 

Guidelines for inspection   x   x       2008

ISPM 24 

Guidelines for the determination and recognition of equivalence of phytosanitary measures   x     x     2009

ISPM 25 

Consignments in transit   x   x       2010

ISPM 26 

Establishment of pest free areas for fruit flies (Tephritidae)   x   x       2010

ISPM 27 

Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests     x x       2008

Comments/Constraints

Up to now, there are 27 ISPMs were published by IPPC and several specifications are also developed accordingly. These are key documents for member countries implements their standard harmonization. The implementation of ISPM in many countries are facing difficulties. Particularly, developing countries like Viet Nam. In general, requirements and regulation of ISPMs is normally higher than national standards. After comparative assessment between ISPMs and phytosanitary legal documents the main gaps indicated that the awareness of stake holders in respect to ISPMs is limited and there is not yet legal framework for some ISPMs so that the implementation of ISPMs could not apply at present condition of Viet Nam. Furthermore, human resources, technical capacity and technical information are big gaps in question, particularly exiting capacity of PPD do not meet yet adequately requirements of these standards such as ISPM No. 4, 10, 11 and others.

III. SURVEILLANCE, PEST OUTBREAKS AND INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Surveillance, Pest Reporting and Emergency Actions

2001 Ordinance on the Plant Protection and Quarantine, Order No. 11/2001/L of August 8, 2001
2002 Regulation on Plant Protection under Decree No. 58/2002/ND-CP of June 3, 2002
2005 Decision No. 82/2005/QD-BNN of November 10, 2005 (MARD) Pest surveying Procedure for crops.

 Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding invasive/migratory species management)

Yes 

No

National strategy to control serious field pest outbreaks?

x  

National strategy to control migratory or periodically occurring pests?

x  

National strategy to eradicate serious newly invaded exotic pests?

x  

Other policies: (e.g. subsidies, etc.)

Web source for further information: https://www.ppd.gov.vn

 

Organization of Outbreak Management Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
 (Ministry/Department/Unit)

Field/Storage Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. BPH, bollworm, etc.)

Response strategy/plans

MARD/PPD
Surveillance MARD/PPD
Control MARD/PPD

Migratory Pest Outbreaks

(e.g. locusts, birds, armyworm)

Response strategy/plans

MARD/PPD
Surveillance MARD/PPD
Control MARD/PPD

New Exotic Pest Eradication

(e.g. coconut beetle)

Response strategy/plans

MARD/PPD
Surveillance

MARD/PPD/Plant Protection Sub-Departments

Control/eradication

MARD/PPD/Plant Protection Sub-Departments

   

Reporting to bilateral or international organizations

MARD/PPD
 

Infrastructure

Year: 2005

Number of designated staff for surveillance of field pests of national importance

1 200

Number of designated staff for surveillance of migratory and periodically occurring pests

800

Number of designated staff for surveillance of invasive species

100

Number of designated staff for control of field pests of national importance

2 000

Number of designated staff for control of migratory and periodically occurring pests

2 500

Number of designated staff for eradication of invasive species

100

Key Situation and Operation Indicators

(Outbreaks and invasions in the past 2 years)

New exotic species found established in country

Insects

Pathogens

Weeds

Total number for year: [most recent]

     

Total number for year: 2004-2005

3

   

Total number on record

     
 

Eradication or internal quarantine actions taken against economically important species

Name of species

Mexican Bean Weevil Zabrotes subfasciatus

   

Year of first discovery

2005    
Passway

Commercial Bean

   

Location of first discovery

Markets    

Area affected [ha]

Small    

Area treated [ha]

Small    

Control method

Fumigation    
Expenditures      
       
 

Pest outbreak actions

Outbreak 1

Outbreak 2

Outbreak 3

Name of species

Brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens

   

Year of outbreak

2005    

Area affected [ha]

209.039 ha    

Estimated damage $

     

Area treated by government [ha]

33 494    

Expenditures by government [$]

Insecticide    

Control method

     

More information

     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

  • Applying Geographical Information System (GIS) for pests surveillance and warning.
  • There are several farmers and officers trained by IPM Programme.

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

  • Fund for surveillance is limited
  • Knowledge of farmers is need to improve
  • Lack of technical equipments

IV. PEST MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules for Pest Management

2001 Ordinance on the Plant Protection and Quarantine, Order No. 11/2001/L of August 8, 2001
2002 Regulation on Plant Protection, the Regulation on Plant Quarantine and the Regulation on Management of Plant Protection Drugs, Decree No. 58/2002/ND-CP of June 3, 2002

Web source for further information: https://www.ppd.gov.vn; https://www.ippc.int

Policies (regarding pest management)

Yes

No

Do you have policies encouraging organic or low-pesticide use production

x

 

Is IPM specifically mentioned in laws or policy documents?

x

 

Do you have official Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) or any other relevant food safety (ecofood, etc.) standards for pest management?

x

 

Is pest management extension separate from general extension?

x

 

Other policies: (subsidies, production inputs, etc.)

 

Web source for further information: https://www.ppd.gov.vn

 
 

Organization of Plant Protection Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
 (Ministry/Department/Unit)

Policy development

MARD/PPD

Pest management research

MARD/PPD + National Institute of Plant Protection (NIPP), Viet Nam Academy of Agriculture Sciences, Southern Fruit Research Institute (SOFRI)

Control recommendations

MARD/PPD + Institutes, Academy

Pest management extension

MARD/PPD
IPM training MARD/PPD
GAP training MARD/PPD
 

Infrastructure

Year: 2006

Number of technical officers for pest management

500

Number of central, regional, provincial or state offices

4 regions + 64 provinces

Number of district and village level field offices

1 000

Number of field/extension agents for pest management advice

64

Number of field/extension agents trained in IPM-FFS facilitation

90

Number of government biocontrol production/distribution facilities

2

Number of government biopesticide production/distribution facilities

2

Number of general extension staff involved in pest management

128

Number of designated plant protection technical officers for extension

128

Key Situation and Operation Indicators

Pest Management

Yes

No

Does the country have a National IPM Programme? If yes, give Name and Address of IPM Programme: Natl. IPM Coordinator, PPD, Tel: 84 4 533 0778; Fax: E-mail: ipmppd@fpt.vn

x

 

Does the country have specific IPM extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?: Rice, cotton, vegetable, green tea, citrus, maize, sweet potato

x

 

Does the country have specific IPM research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?: Rice, cotton, vegetable

x

 

Does the country have specific GAP extension programmes?
If yes, in which crops?: Dragon fruit

x

 

Does the country have specific GAP research programmes?
If yes, in which crops?: vegetable

x

 
 

Market shares (estimated value, volume or area under control)

Year:

Size of chemical pest control market

 

Size of biopesticides market

 

Size of biological control agents market

 
 

Major pest control requiring crops (requiring most pesticide applications)

1st

2nd

3rd

Affected crop

Rice

   

Name(s) of pest(s)

Brown
planthopper
Nilaparvata lugens

   

Estimated crop loss

     

Affected area

     

Number of pesticide applications or amount of pesticide used

     

Government action taken

Yes

   
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

IPM on rice IPM on Vegetable IPM on cotton IPM on tea

Denmark FAO FAO/EU CIDSE (Norway)

 

2000-2006
1996-2007
1996-2004
1996 to now

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     
 

Pest Management Extension

Year: 2005

Number of farmers trained in IPM during the year

94 700

Number of IPM-FFS conducted during the year

176 (vegetable)
 
40 (cotton)

Number of farmers trained in GAP standards during the year

 

Area under IPM/low pesticide management [ha]

>29 provinces (DANIDA)

Area under organic/pesticide-free management [ha]

 

Crops in which IPM or other ecology friendly programmes are successfully implemented:
Rice, cotton, vegetable

Crops grown organic/pesticide-free:

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

• 

IPM Training: 2 620 Trainers (Training of Trainer); 5 918 farmers trainer (training of farmer trainer); 31 185 FFS; 944 119 trained farmers (FFS).
  Farmer analysis skills and critical thinking improved.
  Farmer have become more independent in decision-making.
 

Positive impact on human health and environment. Farmer trainers play important role in developing district and commune agricultural development plans.

   –  IPM field studies have had significant impact on provincial decision-maker in determining policy regarding recommendations on pesticide management, seed rates and nitrogen application.

• 

  Impact of IPM: insecticide (-60%); all pesticide (30%); Seed rate (-16%); Nitrogen (-15%); Yield (+8%); input cost (-8%); income (16%).
Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

• 

It is difficult to control pests in the field.

• 

There is no method for controlling effectively BPH and stunt disease in practical conditions of Viet Nam.

V. PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT

Last updated: December 2006

List of Key Legislation/Regulations/Rules

2002 Regulation on Management of Pesticide, issued together with the Government’s Decree No. 58/2002/ND-CP of June 3, 2002
2002  Regulations on Procedures for Registration, Production, Formulating, Re-Packaging, Export, Import, Trading, Storage, Transport, Usage, Disposal, Labeling, Seminars and Advertisement of Pesticides, issued December 18, 2002 together with Decision No. 145/ 2002/QD-BNN issuance.
2003 Regulations on Control of Pesticide Quality and Residue and Field Trial of Pesticides for Registration in Viet Nam; Issued in conjunction with Decision No. 50/2003/QD-BNN dated March 25, 2003 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.
2002 Regulation on the Issue Professional Certificate for Production, Formulation, Re-Packaging and Business of Pesticide, issued in conjunction with Decision No. 91/2002/QD-BNN on October 11, 2002 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.
2005 List of Pesticide allowed to use, restriction and prohibition of usage in Viet Nam, issued with Decission No. 22/2005/QD-BNN of April 22, 2005 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

 Web source for further information: –

Policies (regarding pesticide management)

Yes

No

Do you have national pesticide reduction targets?
If yes, what is the target: ____________

 

x

Have you ratified the Rotterdam (PIC) Convention?

 

x

Have you ratified the Stockholm (POP) Convention?

x  

Have your ratified the Basel Convention? (hazardous wastes)

x  

Have your ratified the Montreal Protocol? (MeBr phasing-out)

   

Have you reported the observance of the Code of Conduct to FAO according to
Art. 12 of the Code?

 

x

Have you adopted Good Laboratory Practices (GLP)?

x  

Pesticide Registration

   

Do you require pesticides to conform to relevant FAO or WHO specifications?

x  

Do you allow the “me-too” registration and sale of generic pesticides?

x  

Do you require data on product equivalence for generic registration?

x  

Do you conduct country-specific risk assessments for…

   

occupational risks?

 

x

consumer risks?

 

x

environmental risks?

 

x

Have you adopted the Global Harmonized System (GHS) for pesticides hazards evaluation and labelling?

x  

Do you accept evaluation results from other countries?

 

x

Do you accept field studies conducted in other countries?

 

x

Do you require environmental fate studies?

x  

Incentives/Disincentives

   

Do you have a special tax on pesticides to cover externality costs?

 

x

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost pesticides?

 

x

Do you subsidize or provide low-cost biopesticides?

x  
       
 

Organization of Plant
Protection Functions

Responsible Organizational Unit
 (Ministry/Department/Unit)

Legislation MARD/PPD
Registration MARD/PPD

Licensing of shops

MARD/State PPD

Licensing of field applicators

MARD/PPD

Enforcement/inspections

MARD/PPD/Inspection Division

Testing of pesticide efficacy

MARD/PPD/Pesticides Div/Pesticides Control Center North

Development of pesticide use recommendations

MARD/PPD

Safe use training/extension

MARD/PPD

Food residue monitoring

MARD/PPD

Environmental monitoring

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment

Health monitoring

Ministry of Health

Other Stakeholders:

 

Pesticide Industry Association

 

Civil Society Organizations
(NGO, etc.)

Vietnam Plant Protection Association (VPPA)

 

Infrastructure

Year: 2005

Number of registration officers

6

Number of enforcement officers

2

Number of department quality control laboratories

2

Number of quality control laboratory personnel

24

Number of department residue analysis laboratories

2

Number of residue laboratory personnel

24

Key Situation Indicators

Pesticide Trade:

Tons

$ ’000 Value

Imports 35 000 231 875
Manufacture    
Export    

Domestic Use/Sales

   

Pesticide Use Profile: 2005

Tons
(a.i./formulation to be specified)

$ ’000 Value

Agriculture 35 000  
 

Chem. Insecticides

33%  
 

Chem. Fungicides

32%  
 

Chem. Herbicides

29%  
  Chem. Others:
e.g. molluscicide, acaricide
1%  
  Other
e.g. Avamectrin, Bt, Neem
   

Other purposes

328  
TOTAL 35 328 >231 875

Post Registration Monitoring

Testing, Quality Control and Effects in the Field

Yes

No

Do you have significant problems with low-quality pesticides in the market?

x

 

Do you have significant problems with pesticide resistance?

x

 

Do you have a list of pesticides under close observation for problems

 

x

Source for more information: –

   
 

Health and Environmental Information

Yes

No

Do you maintain data on pesticide poisoning cases?

 

x

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in food?

x

 

Do you have a system to monitor pesticide residues in the environment?

x

 

Do you have significant problems of environmental contamination from pesticides?

x

 

Do you have data on pesticides effects on wildlife and ecosystems?

 

x

Source for more information: –

   
 

Pesticide Disposal

Yes

No

Do you have system to collect and safely dispose of used containers and small quantities of left-over pesticides?

x

 

Do you have an inventory of outdated and obsolete pesticides in the country?
(e.g. banned and no longer traded, but still in storage)

x

 

Do you have illegal trade in pesticides?
if yes: what is the estimated amount: _______________

 

x

Source for more information: –

   

Key Operation Indicators

Registration/Regulation/Monitoring

Year:  

a.i.*

Trade Name

Number of registered pesticide products

590

1 743

Number of registered biopesticides (Avamectrin, Bt, Neem, etc.)

 

60

Number of restricted-use pesticides/formulations

17

29

Number of banned pesticides

29

 
   

Number of licensed outlets

updating

Number of licensed field applicators (professional and/or farmers)

updating

Number of licensing violations reported during year

>2 000

   

Number of quality control analyses conducted during year

2 000

   

Number of food samples analyzed for pesticide residues during year

updating

Number of samples exceeding MRL

updating

   

Number of environmental samples analyzed for pesticide residues

updating

* active ingredient

Pesticides Restricted in Recent Years

Year

Name of active ingredient or hazardous formulation

   
   
 

Pesticides Banned in Recent Years

Year

Name of active ingredient

2005-2006

updating
     
 

Cooperation Projects

     
Purpose/Target Donor Amount

Years (start-end)

       
       

Purpose/Target of government follow-up programmes

Amount

Years (start-end)

     
     

Progress and Constraints

Main Progress in Recent Years (legislation, policies, infrastructure, investments, training, etc.)

  • Legal document of pesticide management is more and more comprehensive

  • Number of biopesticides increased
  • New equipments

Main Constraints (personnel, infrastructure, administrative, operational, training, etc.)

  • Lack of equipments for pesticide residue and quality analysis

  • Lack of human resource for this area
  • Pesticide resistance
  • Pesticide residue level on agricultural products is big issue

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