RAP PUBLICATION 2007/18
APFIC REGIONAL CONSULTATIVE WORKSHOP
MANAGING FISHING CAPACITY AND ILLEGAL, UNREPORTED AND UNREGULATED FISHING IN ASIA
Phuket, Thailand, 13–15 June 2007
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© FAO 2007
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The Senior Fishery Officer
This workshop was held to meet the recommendation of the 29th Session of the Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission (APFIC) to assist member countries improve the management of their fishing capacity in the region, including combating illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. The overall aim of the workshop was to raise awareness of and promote actions towards achieving one of the most fundamental tenets of fishing – ensuring that fishing efforts are commensurate with the productive capacity of the fishery resource and their sustainable utilization (FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries).
At the global level, the call for States to reduce fishing capacity and combat IUU fishing is very loud and clear. Many reports have argued that existing global capacity is far greater than what is necessary to sustainably harvest the world’s fishery resources. This has been manifested through FAO members drafting and agreeing on an International Plan of Actions for the Management of Fishing Capacity and to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing.
With a few exceptions, however, the responses at the national level have been much weaker, especially in Asian countries. One major dilemma is that if we limit access to fisheries resources we run the risk of cutting off an important source of livelihoods for poor communities, while if we keep the commons open, the resources will sooner or later be fished down (also impacting very negatively on poor communities in the longer term). Most fisheries in the region, therefore, are still open access in nature implying that capacity is not being managed and IUU fishing is still rampant, with most countries stating that they do not have the resources or capacity to do anything about it.
Through this workshop it is hoped that a collective commitment and initiative to assist countries improve their management of fishing capacity and IUU fishing can be made, and that the agreed "call for action" be implemented.
Assistant Director-General and
Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific
Scientific evidence on the status of resources
What the fishers are saying
Socio-economic indicators of overcapacity
Costs/benefits of capacity management
Social implications of capacity reduction: Small-scale fisheries perspective
Partner Programs on capacity reduction and IUU fishing
Global setting – IPOAs and the benefits/costs of managing capacity and IUU fishing
Capacity management: actual tools – what works and what doesn’t
Combating IUU fishing – what works and what doesn’t
Progress in managing fishing capacity and IUU fishing – implementation of the FAO Code of Conduct in APFIC countries
ANNEX I Agenda
ANNEX IIA Welcome Remarks
ANNEX IIB Opening Statement of APFIC Chair
ANNEX IIC Opening statement of APFIC Secretary
ANNEX III List of participants
ANNEX IV Management tool box
ANNEX V Regional Plan of Action
ANNEX VIA Priority actions and implementation strategies – Management Fishing Capacity
ANNEX VIB Priority actions and implementation strategies – IUU Fishing
ANNEX VIC Priority actions and implementation strategies – Information Needs