FAO Forestry Paper 157

Human-wildlife conflict in Africa

Causes, consequences and management strategies

F. Lamarque
International Foundation for the Conservation of Wildlife (Fondation IGF)
J. Anderson
International Conservation Service (ICS)
R. Fergusson
Crocodile Conservation and Consulting
M. Lagrange
African Wildlife Management and Conservation (AWMC)
Y. Osei-Owusu

Conservation International

L. Bakker
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)–The Netherlands

© Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 2009

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

ISBN 978-92-5-106372-9

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to: Chief, Electronic Publishing Policy and Support Branch, Communication Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy or by e-mail to: copyright@fao.org

© FAO 2009


(Download complete version - 1 MB)

Foreword (Download- 49 KB)
Acknowledgements (Download- 49 KB)
Acronyms (Download- 49 KB)

1. Introduction (Download- 84 KB)

A brief history of human-wildlife conflict
Human-wildlife conflict around the world

2. Human-wildlife conflict: the issues (Download- 339 KB)

Typology of human-wildlife conflict
Causes of human-wildlife conflict
Consequences for humans
Consequences for wildlife conservation

3. Human-wildlife conflict management (Download- 292 KB)

Human management
Production management
Crop or herd management
Non-lethal control
Lethal control
Environmental management

4. Decisional framework (Download- 95 KB)

Phase 1: investigation
Phase 2: problem analysis and decision-making
Phase 3: choice and implementation of management options
An adaptive process

5. Conclusion (Download- 66 KB)

Bibliography (Download- 96 KB)

ANNEX (Download- 73 KB)

Scientific names of animals mentioned in this book