STUDIES AND REVIEWS
GENERAL FISHERIES COMMISSION FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN
FISH TRADE AMONG MEDITERRANEAN COUNTRIES: INTRAREGIONAL TRADE AND IMPORT–EXPORT WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
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Malvarosa, L.; De Young, C.;
The aim of this paper is to analyse the trade in fish and fishery products in the Mediterranean basin. Trade plays a key role in the economy of a country. With reference to the fisheries sector, it appears that the influence of market forces on the management of fisheries (and vice versa) is increasing.
After an overview of recent trends in fishery production (capture fishery and aquaculture), the study focuses on the exchange of fishery products, based on data from United Nations (UN)-Comtrade and FAO (for international trade) and Eurostat data (for European Union [EU] trade). The analysis considers both the quantitative and qualitative aspects of trade. The core of the study comprises an analysis of the fish trade between the two sides of the Mediterranean basin, the EU and the non-EU countries. At the European level, the trade in fish products between the northern and the southern Mediterranean is of particular importance when considering recent trends in production and consumption, as well as the legal framework covering both the production and trade sides of the fishery sector. To cope with growing domestic demand (as a result of high and growing standards of living, leading to increased consumption of fish products) and a decrease in fish production (caused by a number of restrictions set by the Common Fisheries Policy [CFP] on catch and effort), EU imports of fish products from the rest of the world are on a constant rise. In these circumstances, neighbouring Mediterranean countries can play a key role, especially in the light of recent liberalization processes, for example, the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (or Barcelona Process) and the Stabilization and Association Process in the western Balkans.
The cross-sectoral analysis of fishery production and trade provides a number of conclusions and lessons for the future of fishery management. It is recommended that policy-makers take into account the demand and trade in fish products with regard to the sustainability of marine resources and vice versa.
© FAO 2010
TABLE OF CONTENTSPreparation of this document (Download 78 kb)
1. REGIONAL TRADE AGREEMENTS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON FISH TRADE LIBERALIZATION WITHIN THE WTO FRAMEWORK (Download 242 kb)
1.1 The Euro-Mediterranean partnership
1.2 The Stabilization and Association Process in the Western Balkans
1.3 Recent developments in agreements concerning Mediterranean countries
1.4 The tariff scheme governing the exchange of fish products between Mediterranean countries and the EU
2. OVERVIEW OF MEDITERRANEAN FISHERY PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION
3. TRADE FLOWS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN BASIN
3.1 Fish trade of Mediterranean countries as part of world trade
3.2 Intra-Mediterranean fish trade
3.3 Fish trade between Mediterranean countries and the EU
REFERENCES (Download 700 kb, 651 kb, 819 kb, 647 kb & 754 kb)