Fish trade among Mediterranean countries: intraregional trade and import–export with the European Union

STUDIES AND REVIEWS

No. 86

GENERAL FISHERIES COMMISSION FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN

FISH TRADE AMONG MEDITERRANEAN COUNTRIES: INTRAREGIONAL TRADE AND IMPORT–EXPORT WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION

by

Loretta Malvarosa and Cassandra De Young


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2010



Download ZIP version - 3.3 Mb

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

The views expressed in this information product are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of FAO.

ISBN 978-92-5-106530-6
ISSN 1020-9549

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to:
Chief
Communication Division
FAO
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy
or by e-mail to: copyright@fao.org

Malvarosa, L.; De Young, C.;
Fish trade among Mediterranean countries: intraregional trade and import–export with the European Union.
Studies and Reviews. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean. No. 86. Rome, FAO. 2010. 93p.

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper is to analyse the trade in fish and fishery products in the Mediterranean basin. Trade plays a key role in the economy of a country. With reference to the fisheries sector, it appears that the influence of market forces on the management of fisheries (and vice versa) is increasing.

After an overview of recent trends in fishery production (capture fishery and aquaculture), the study focuses on the exchange of fishery products, based on data from United Nations (UN)-Comtrade and FAO (for international trade) and Eurostat data (for European Union [EU] trade). The analysis considers both the quantitative and qualitative aspects of trade. The core of the study comprises an analysis of the fish trade between the two sides of the Mediterranean basin, the EU and the non-EU countries. At the European level, the trade in fish products between the northern and the southern Mediterranean is of particular importance when considering recent trends in production and consumption, as well as the legal framework covering both the production and trade sides of the fishery sector. To cope with growing domestic demand (as a result of high and growing standards of living, leading to increased consumption of fish products) and a decrease in fish production (caused by a number of restrictions set by the Common Fisheries Policy [CFP] on catch and effort), EU imports of fish products from the rest of the world are on a constant rise. In these circumstances, neighbouring Mediterranean countries can play a key role, especially in the light of recent liberalization processes, for example, the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (or Barcelona Process) and the Stabilization and Association Process in the western Balkans.

The cross-sectoral analysis of fishery production and trade provides a number of conclusions and lessons for the future of fishery management. It is recommended that policy-makers take into account the demand and trade in fish products with regard to the sustainability of marine resources and vice versa.


© FAO 2010


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preparation of this document (Download pdf 78 kb)
Acknowledgements
Abstract
Abbreviations and acronyms

INTRODUCTION

1. REGIONAL TRADE AGREEMENTS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON FISH TRADE LIBERALIZATION WITHIN THE WTO FRAMEWORK (Download pdf 242 kb)

1.1 The Euro-Mediterranean partnership
1.2 The Stabilization and Association Process in the Western Balkans
1.3 Recent developments in agreements concerning Mediterranean countries
1.4 The tariff scheme governing the exchange of fish products between Mediterranean countries and the EU

2. OVERVIEW OF MEDITERRANEAN FISHERY PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION

3. TRADE FLOWS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN BASIN

3.1 Fish trade of Mediterranean countries as part of world trade
3.2 Intra-Mediterranean fish trade
3.3 Fish trade between Mediterranean countries and the EU

4. CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES  (Download pdf 700 kb, pdf 651 kb, pdf 819 kb, pdf 647 kb & pdf 754 kb)