Arid zone forestry: A guide for field technicians



Table of contents


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

M-33

ISBN 92-5-102809-5

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwis e, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Publications Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

FAO 1989


Contents


Foreword

Preface

Chapter I. The arid environments

1. Meaning of aridity
2. Causes of aridity
3. Arid zone climate
4. Rainfall
5. Temperature
6. Atmospheric humidity
7. Wind
8. Arid zone soils and importance of soil properties
9. Arid zone vegetation
10. Classification of vegetation
11. Highlights of section

Chapter II. Function and place of trees and shrubs in arid zones

1. Introduction
2. Function of trees and shrubs
3. Place of trees and shrubs in rural landscapes
4. Combined production systems
5. Highlights of section

Chapter III. Techniques of nursery operations in arid zones

1. Introduction
2. Choice of site for the nursery
3. Design of the nursery
4. Collection, handling, storage and pre-treatment of seeds
5. Seedling production
6. Highlights of section

Chapter IV. Establishment and management techniques of forest plantations

1. Introduction
2. Site reconnaissance
3. Selection of the planting site
4. Species selection
5. Preparation of the planting site
6. Time of planting
7. Planting of containerized stock
8. Spacing of plantings
9. Maintenance of the plantation
10. Harvesting operations
11. Highlights of section

Chapter V. Special forest plantations

1. Introduction
2. Windbreaks and shelterbelts
3. Sand dune stabilization
4. Canal-side plantation
5. River-bank plantations
6. Amenity plantations

Chapter VI. Rehabilitation of saline environment

1. Introduction
2. Aims of saline environment rehabilitation programmes
3. Salt-tolerant shrub resources
4. Plant selection
5. Establishment
6. Highlights of section

Chapter VII. Irrigated forest plantations

1. Introduction
2. Irrigation with permanent water supply
3. Irrigation with an intermittent water supply: Rainwater harvesting
4. Irrigation with waste water

Chapter VIII. Non-wood forest products

1. Introduction
2. Foliage and fruits
3. Tannins
4. Gums
5. Resins
6. Oils and extracts
7. Fibres
8. Medicinal plants

Chapter IX. Involvement of local people

1. Introduction
2. Constraints and conditions for people's involvement
3. Highlights of section

Chapter X. Species for arid zone forestry

1. Introduction
2. List of tree and shrub species

Bibliography

FAO technical papers