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PART IV - FORESTRY IN REGIONAL ECONOMIC GROUPS

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

MEMBERS

Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, the Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, the Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

DESCRIPTION OF THE FOREST SECTOR

The ECOWAS countries together contain only 2 percent of the world's forests. While only 12 percent of the combined land area is in forest, an additional 23 percent is in "other wooded land", which contributes to the production of various forest products, grazing and desertification control. "Trees outside the forest", e.g. in agroforestry systems, are also an important resource. Over 90 percent of the wood produced in ECOWAS countries is used as fuelwood and charcoal. Within ECOWAS, the most important producers of industrial wood products are Nigeria, Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana. ECOWAS accounts for only a minor share of world imports and exports of wood products.

 

Forest resources

Land area (thousand ha)

605 537

Total forest area, 1995 (thousand ha)

75 126

Percent of land in forest (%)

12.4

Forest area per caput (ha)

0.3

Annual change in forest area, 1990-1995 (thousand ha)

- 693

Percent annual change, 1990-1995 (%)

- 0.9

 

Production of wood-based products (1996)

Product

Quantity

% of world total

Fuelwood and charcoal

191 711a

10

Industrial roundwood

17 360a

1

Sawnwood

4 310a

1

Wood panels

500a

n.s.

Pulp for paper

7b

n.s.

Paper and paperboard

57b

n.s.

 

International forest products trade - quantity and value (1996)

Product

 

Export value

 

Import value

 

Export quantity

thousand US$

% of world total

Import quantity

thousand US$

% of world total

Fuelwood and charcoal

107a

3 701

1

n.s.a

14

n.s.

Industrial roundwood

594a

95 076

1

32a

3 902

n.s.

Sawnwood

771a

372 252

1

44a

7 806

n.s.

Wood panels

147a

82 357

n.s.

42a

14 045

n.s.

Pulp for paper

n.s.b

254

n.s.

8b

4 361

n.s.

Paper and paperboard

n.s.b

179

n.s.

143b

98 746

n.s.

a Thousand m3.
b Thousand tonnes.

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