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1.1. Geography & climate

Grenada island (344 km2), the most southerly of the caribbean windward islands, is about 241 km southwest of Barbados and 145 km northwest of Trinidad. The State of Grenada also includes the 2 Carriacou and Petit Martinique islands (respectively 35 km2 and 2 km2).

The center of the island is a verdant rain forest and the southern coast has many white and sandy beaches. Grenada is a volcanic island. It is traversed by a mountain ridge that forms a spine down the length of the island (highest peak : 840 m). 3 lakes have formed in the craters of extinct volcanoes along that ridge. The littoral coast of the island can be described as follows :

The climate is tropical. A mild dry season lasts from January to May with night temperatures dropping to 16–18°C. The rest of the year is wet with mean temperature about 30–32°C. Rainfalls vary from 1500 mm/year in the coastal areas to about 4000–6000 mm/year in the mountain. The eastern part of the island (leeward area) is the most rainy and thus includes the biggest rivers. With a smaller surface and lower mountains, Carriacou has an average rainfall of 1300 mm only.

The temperature of the marine waters is almost constant throughout the year between 28 and 30°C. Salinity ranges between 35 and 37. The island is under the influence of the general north-east to south-west current.

1.2. Population

The estimated population in 1985 was 94000 with an annual growth rate of 0.9 % (1977–1982). Most of Grenada's population is of african descent and about 30 % of the population are concentrated around the capital St-Georges. The rest are distributed all over the island, mainly on small farms. From 1960 to 1976, the population grew only 0.5 % annually due to a high emigration. Furthermore political factors in the recent past have resulted in increased emigration and a stable population. About 50 % of the population are under the age of 25.

1.3. Economy

Grenada's economy is based on agriculture with tourism becoming progressively an important source of foreign currency. The main crops are fresh fruits, vegetables, cocao, bananas and nutmeg (Grenada is the second world producer of nutmeg after Indonesia). The industry (light industry only) remains a marginal sector and accounts for 4 % only in the Gross National Product.

In 1984, the G.N.P. increased by about 0.4 %. However, so far, the foreign grants and loans play a non-negligible role in the Grenada's economy. In conclusion, Grenada's economy is improving but is still very weak with a heavy debt and an unemployment about 20–25 % (in 1985).

1.4. Development policy

The private sector investment (domestic and foreign) is now seen as the main engine of economic development. The new Government has already decided to divest itself of selected state entreprises and to reformulate tax and investment laws to give new incentives to potential investors.


2.1. Characteristics of the fishing fleet

In 1986, 1255 fishermen are registred for 590 boats (size ranging from 10 to 26 feet). It is important to notice that almost all the boats fish on the continental shelf (3100 km2).

2.2. Fishing methods

Various fishing methods are utilized such as seine nets (mainly beach seines on the west coast from February to September), long line and trolling (from December-January to May-June), handline, fish-traps and gillnets all year round and scuba diving.

2.3. Catches and consumption

The official catches by type of fishing from 1980 are summarized in the following table (source : Artisanal Fisheries Project, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries).

YearTotal catchesDemersal catchesSeine catchesLarge pelagics
19801 7001261311 153   
19811 6061302451 232   
19821 060182450430
19831 680250865565
19841 480203869410

(in tons)

The major species in the catches by type of fishing are usually :

Per capita fish consumption was 41,2 kg/year in 1980 (26 kg in 1975).

2.4. Marketing of fish and infrastructures

The development of fisheries is locally hampered by the lack of suitable infrastructures such as :

Most of fish is directly marketed at the landing site, without processing.

Fish purchased by vendors is often transported without refrigeration to individual buyers and markets. In Carriacou and Petit Martinique, foreign ice-carrying vessels usually anchor in the area and purchase high value fish (grouper, snapper, etc) directly to the fishermen. The product is then sold in other islands such as french Martinique that pay a better price for the product.

2.5. Conclusion on the fisheries sector

Fishing in Grenada is a traditional activity that gives low profit except for those who, punctually, can export high value products such as lobsters, snappers, groupers, etc.

However, it is clear there is room for a large expansion of that sector in Grenada (for both the domestic and the export markets) provided :


3.1. In Grenada

The aquaculture sector in Grenada can be considered as non-existent. As a matter of fact :

However, 2 local projects have drawn the attention of the consultants, they are :

  1. One small freshwater prawn project in Grand-bras (close to Grenville on the east coast) organized and managed by Mr SOOKRAN (Teacher in the Teacher's college, St-Georges). Few thousands juveniles of Macrobrachium rosenbergii were imported from Guadeloupe and stocked in a 400 m2 grow-out pond (earth made) with gravity water supply from the river. Considering :

    The consultants consider the results are promising (about 200–300 kg of market size animals have been harvested) and confirm that freshwater prawn culture has high potentialities in Grenada.

  2. One king crab culture project (Mithrax spinosissimus) financed and managed by a private investor (Mrs Bartels) in Carriacou. That project, too, looks very promising. It is described in details in the section III, 2.5 of the present report.

In conclusion, aquaculture development has not yet started in Grenada. However, that development is now under course in many neighbouring countries of the caribbean region.

3.2. In the region

The present status of aquaculture can be described as follows :


4.1. Positive or favourable factors

4.1.1. Technical factors

4.1.2. Socio-economic factors

4.2. Negative or limiting factors

4.2.1. Technical factors

4.2.2. Socio-economic factors

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