Previous Page Table of Contents

Appendix 1

Date of visit:21.10.1976
Location:In Punakha district, at 28 km from Punakha. Mule track from Punakha to Jongchu (16 km) then 12 km on foot, a journey of 2.5 hours, not usable during rains.
Altitude:1 823 m
Area:60 ha
Depth:Maximum 20.7 m
Environment:Situated inside thick forest. Steep banks on three sides and gradual slope on one side. The colour of water (after rains) was brownish green. Thick aquatic submerged weeds and plants near the marginal side of the lake.
Physico-Chemical Examination:Examinations conducted on 21.10.76 were as follows:

 Main stream water entering lakeLake water
Surfaceat 5m depthat 15 m depth
Air temp. (°C)28192925--
Water temp. (°C)1815   17.5181715
pH   7.6     7.2    6.8   6.4
D.O. (ppm)7 9 62
Co2 (Mgl)1 2 --
Total alkalinity (mg/l)2 1 --
nitrate (mg/l)
nitrite     "
Phosphate Ortho (mg/l)   1.22     

The temperature, pH and D.O. at depth were taken with a bottom sampler and chemical examination was done with a Hach chemical kit.

Appendix 2


No. 2S-1/75/2496Dechenche Taba, Thimbu P.O.
 Dated 26th Sept. 1975.


Licence fee for fishing with rod or line is revised as under with immediate effect:

(a)For one dayN 15/-
For one monthN 50/-
For six monthsN 100/-
For one yearN 150/-
(b)For Forèigners
For one day$ 2.00
For one month$ 6.50
For six months$ 13.50
For one year$ 20.00

Note: Citizens of India, Bangladesh, Nepal may pay in rupees or ngultrums.

Under clause 7 of the existing fishing rules add the following:

Per day maximum catch shall not exceed five fish. If the permit holder intends to catch more than five fish he should pay N 2/- per fish or $ 0.25 per fish.

 (S. Doley)
Director of Forests


  1. Licence No.                                                                                                                                                 Date                                                

  2. Name of the licence holder                                                                                                                                                                                

  3. Address                                                                                                                                                                                                             

  4. Status                                                                                                                                                                                                                

  5. Name of river or portion thereof for which permit is granted                                                                                                                            

  6. Valid from                                                                                                                                                                                                          

  7. Fee                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

  8. Rates of licence fees:

    (a) for one day- N 5/-(c) for six months- N 100/-
    (b) for one month- N 50/-(d) for one year- N 150/-

    Range Officer

                                                                                                   Division                                                                                                      Range


  1. These rules shall be called the Bhutan Fishing Rules and it shall come into force with effect from 1st January 1974. It shall extend to the whole of Bhutan.

  2. Catching of fish in any stream, river, pond or lakes in Bhutan is strictly prohibited without possession of a valid Fishing Licence.

  3. Fishing Licence shall be issued by the Forest Department, Conservators of Forests, Divisional Forest Officers of the area or any other authority duly empowered for this purpose by the Royal Government of Bhutan. The Fishing Licence shall be issued on a prescribed Form on payment of the prescribed fees.

  4. Fishing shall be prohibited during the following periods and Licence holders shall not engage themselves in the catching of fish during the prohibitory periods.

    1. During the months of October, November and December every year for fishing trout.

    2. Fishing on 8th, 15th and 30th of each Bhutanese month is prohibited.

  5. Fishing by the following means is strictly prohibited.

    1. Fishing by poisoning or dynamiting rivers, streams, ponds or lakes.

    2. Erection of weirs, dams for diverting rivers/streams to trap the fish.

    3. Fishing by firearms, closed nets, large nets, puglep, Phen-Phen or splashing or laving of waters.

  6. The licence holder shall not catch fish which are less than eight inch in length.

  7. Fishing within one mile of a Gompa, Temple, Dzong or Lama School and within twenty yards of the main road is strictly prohibited.

  8. The Licence holder shall carry his Fishing Licence with him at the time of fishing. Persons not holding a valid Fishing Licence shall not assist the Licence holder in fishing. The Licence holder shall produce his Fishing Licence on demand by any Police Officer or an Officer of the Forest Department of the Royal Government of Bhutan.

  9. Refusal to show his Fishing Licence on demand by a Police Officer or a Forest Officer, the individual engaged in fishing shall be punishable with a fine, which may extend up to Rs 50. The person so fined shall give his name, address and also the address of the issuing authority of his Fishing Licence, to enable the Government Officers to check whether the person so fined possesses a valid Fishing Licence. In case it is found on checking that the person so fined did not possess a Fishing Licence, he shall be liable to a fine which may extend up to Rs 500 or with imprisonment which may extend up to one month or with both.

  10. Persons engaged in fishing without obtaining a valid Fishing Licence shall be liable to a fine, which may extend up to Rs 500 or with imprisonment which may extend up to one month or with both.

  11. The Licence holder shall not transfer or endorse his Fishing Licence in favour of any other person for fishing.

  12. The Licence holder shall not sell, barter or loan his catch of fish in any place in Bhutan or outside.

  13. The offences under this Act shall be cognizable and bailable and Police Officers/ Forest Officers are authorised to arrest any person who is found committing a breach of any of the provisions of these Rules.

  14. Whoever commits an offence under any of the above provisions shall be liable to a fine, which may extend up to Rs 500 or with imprisonment which may extend up to one month or with both.

  15. In case of fishing by poisoning or dynamiting, the fine shall extend up to Rs 1 000 or imprisonment for two months or both.

  16. Breach of any of the provisions of this Act shall render the Licence holder liable to cancellation of his Fishing Licence in addition to the penalties provided under this act.

    This has the approval of His Majesty the King.

Tengye Lyonpo

Appendix 3

Name of districtVillage or area visitedArea of the land available
SituationSource of waterAltitude (Approx.)
Probable fishes that can be culturedRemarks
Cold Water Zone       
1. Ha DzongHate10Near road side3–4 Springs and streams2 988TroutGood clayey soil
Yangto4On the bank of Ha chu river near Yangto villageHa river water2 835-do-River bed at higher level but sufficient water from Ha chu can be diverted for trout culture
Ha Dzong proper8Near present hatchery farmSpring, as well as river water from Ha chu2 774Rainbow and brown troutA fish seed-cum-demonstration farm for trout culture proposed
Chelukha8Near helipadHa river2 744Trout-
Kana10Between Chape and Kana-do-2 744-do--
2. BumthangByakar40At Byakar proper beside the Chamkhar chu river up to a distance of 1-1.5 kmChamkhar chu2 744Trout and AsiaA trout hatchery-cum-production farm to utilize 5–6 ha of land is proposed
3. TongsaRukubi2On the bank of Ninke chu in piecesRiver and spring water3 048Trout-
Temperate Zone       
4. ParoParo village6Near Paro helipad and on the side of Paro chuParo chu2 362Trout and Asia. Beside this, Common carp and silver carp can also be attemptedBulldozer also available for construction of small ponds
Between Paro village and Dukey Dzong6In pieces at number of places, a small neglected pond at Dukey Dzong also existsSpring and streams and also Paro chu river2 362- 2 438-do--
Paro4Small pieces, Museum and Hydel stationRiver water from do chu and other streamsSame as above-do-Small ponds ranging from 0.15–0.2 ha can be created
Paro village near paddy fields3Between Paro chu and hillock on the right side of Paro chuRiver water and a few streams and springs2 362-do-Good for common carp and silver carp fish culture during off-season or paddycum-fish culture can be attempted
Shabasha15On the left bank of Paro chuParo river2 316Trout and/or common carp-
5. ThimbuFrom Thimbu town up to Namseling5In pieces on the right and left banks of Thimbu Chu riverThimbu Chu river2 195-do-Pieces of lands which can receive water from Thimbuchu river. An experimental small pond of 0.09 ha was already for common carp
Thimbu0.6Near Changlingmethang on the right bank of Thimbu Chu riverThimbu Chu river2 316Trout and/or common carpAlready a pond of 0.6 ha is under construction for recreation purpose but can be utilized for fish culture
Around Thimbu town4–5In different areas including land at Wangchutaba having good clayey soilStream water2 195-2 316Common carpAn experimental pond of 0.2 ha at Wangchutaba near hatchery is proposed for construction for culture of common carp
Dudana1.25On left bank of Thimbu Chu river and at the confluence of river Chari chu meeting Thimbu chu, 3 km from BeganaThimbu Chu, above the Confluence with Chari chu2 560Trout hatcheryThere is a good piece of land in two pieces where a good trout hatchery can be constructed. Besides this the place can be converted into a good picnic spot for the public of Thimbu
6. PunakhaNear Senagysa Between Senagysa and Shashi10–12On the right bank of Mo chuNo chu river water1 250-1 280Common carp, silver carp and Asia. An attempt for Mahaseer culture can also be madeA big area of land is available though the soil is sandy clayey but adequate water from river can be diverted for creating number of ponds for fish culture
Shashi2Near Shashi villageOn the right bank of Mo chu1 280-1 372Common carpLarge number of paddy fields which during off-season can be utilized for fish culture
7. WangdiphodrangNear Lobesa village12Near Chimilakhang2 streams and canal water1 250Common carp, silver carpA farm is proposed. Besides this 1 500 ha of irrigated paddy fields exist. Attempt at paddy-cum-fish culture can be made. Besides this, some pieces of fallow lands can also be utilized for construction of pond fish culture. Cage culture can also be attempted in this area
8. ShemgongBuli village4Near DzongSprings and small streams1 829Common carp and silver carpA big swampy area lying near the village, which after deepening, can be converted into a big lake of 4–5 ha. Villagers are also interested in fish culture. Near Buli: people from Tali, Joker and Bardochino villages are also interested in construction of small ponds
Subtropical Zone       
9. SureySurey village2–4In small pieces close to the springs and streams all around the villagesSpring and streams water1 219Common carp, silver carpSmall ponds ranging from 0.15 ha and larger can be constructed near the streams. Cage culture and running water fish culture can also be conducted
10. TashigangBuna village10–12Small pieces of 0.5–1.0 ha area on both the sides of Gamri riverGamri river water914Major carp, common carp and catli and MahaseerA small piece of 0.6 ha has been selected for construction of a demonstration pond near Buna village
11. Samdrup JongkharIn the town2Near the bank of river and close to rest houseRiver water231-do-Though land is not very good but sufficient water is available. Besides pond culture and running water and cage culture fisheries can be taken up in Samdrup Jongkhar village also
12. Manas SanctuaryManas0.6Near the rest houseWater can be brought from river231-do-Seasonal fishery pond can be created, both for fish culture and demonstration purposes
13. GaylegphugRehabilitation Colony0.5In the colony area where depressions exist and newly constructed canal water is availableCanal water195Major carpsPond culture, cage culture and running water can also be attempted
Khalikhola8Khalikhola old river bed2 springs195-do-A small demonstration farm is proposed at this place
Between Gaylegphug and Sarbhang1–2Near the springs and streams, particularly Bhur sideSprings and streams273-do-Small depression having good clayey soil can be utilized for constructing small ponds ranging from 0.1 ha Cage and running water fish culture can also be attempted
14. SarbhangNear Market2Private lands near the stream and near the river. One small piece of land in Sarbhang new townshipRiver and streams326-do-Already one farmer is doing fish culture in a depression pond which is seasonal.  He has also cultured common carp and major carp.
15. Damphu and LabseboteDamphu2–3All around DamphuStreams and springs1 615Common carpAll around Damphu and Labsebote village the soil is completely clayey, and many of the depressions and small field area can be utilized for fish culture with little changes
16. PhuntsholingBack side of

New Cinema hall

and near the

cemented pond

0.2The land in

between the

river and the

cemented pond

River water234-do-There is a small area which

can be utilized for construc-

tion of small pond
17. SamchiChangmari1A private land of a farmerStream610All major carps and common carpOne private farmer has already taken common carp and created a small pond for culturing the fish
18. DaiphamAbout 1 km from Daipham1
(+ 2 ha of Gulandi lake)
-Stream and lake610-do-Lake can be utilized properly

Appendix 4

  Private pond in ThimbuKanglung Agriculture Farm pondPrivate pond in SarbhangRemarks
1.Altitude2 392 m2 042 m326 m 
2.Area of the pond0.0091 ha0.014 ha0.166 ha 
3.Average depth1 m1 m2 mMaximum depth for pond in Sarbhang.
4.Source of waterStream
(water taken when needed)
(water taken when needed)
 The pond in Sarbhang is rainfed from April onwards; water can be taken from a nonperennial stream.
5.Date of constructionMay 1976Old pondOld depressionPond remains dry for 2–3 months.
6.Date of stocking1/7/7614/8/7621/6/76 
7.Average weight of fish stocked8 g12 g8 g 
8.No. of Common carp fingerlings stocked12091120 + 1 000 major carp (800 catla and 200 rohu)In Sarbhang major carp fingerlings were purchased by the farmer from neighbouring West Bengal, India
9.Feed given to fishIn the first month, mixed feed (30% fish meal, 40% maize and balance kitchen refuse and cow dung).NilNilIn Sarbhang the farmer added cow dung from time to time. The pond receives washing from the rice field.
Approximately 8–10% of body weight was prescribed but after one month fish were fed on kitchen refuse, cow and hog dung.
10.Date of last sampling8/10/7628/11/7627/11/76 
11.Increment in weight40–100 g (51 g average)50–105 g (70 g average)C. carp) 250–320 g Catla)
Rohu 40 g
12.Net gain in weight(5 100–960) = 4 140 g11 
13.Estimated production450 kg/ha in three months22 

1 Total fish taken out and weighed
2 Fish still in the pond.

Additional remarks

A pilot experiment on a modest scale was undertaken to study the suitability of common carp at different altitudes. Experiments were made at four places; two in Thimbu, one in Kanglung Agriculture Farm pond and one at Sarbhang.

An experiment in a pond constructed at the Wangchutaba Farm near the trout hatchery had to be abandoned after three monthes as the fish were eaten by otters. This was discovered when two otters were killed at night. In Thinbu (2 392 m) it has been possible to get a production of 450 kg/ha during a three month growing period. The survival was 80 percent. In the other experiments, because of management problems, complete fishing could not be done. However, trial netting showed good fish growth at Kanglung and Sarbhang and, on the presumption of 80 percent survival and the average weight stated above, it could be possible to get a production of 500 kg/ha at Kanglung in three and one half months and about 900 kg/ha at Sarbhang in a period of five months and that also without providing any feed.

Table 1

MonthsSarbhang 1 
for 1975
Altitude 365 m
Wangdi Phodrang 1 
for 1975 
Altitude 1 374 m
Thimbu 1
for 1974
Altitude 2 392 m
Bumthang 2
for 1975
Altitude 2 800 m

1 Collected from Wireless Department
2 Supplied by Swiss Project Personnel

Table 2

Annual Rainfall
1. Phuntsholing23424.1333.5245.74164.59439.93880.36873.501 009.90811.28165.6014.997.114 470.65
2. Sarbhang32622.1026.6725.40128.02509.27696.72969.52862.08789.18206.2525.652.034 262.89
3. Samchi 161019.81150.1157.15235.61498.86655.59669.04553.74-54.6115.49-2 910.01
4. Gaylegphug19577.22-5.3342.9392.20169.93383.471 097.53278.388.38-8.382 163.75
5. Paro2 36213.204.0640.0329.7243.6970.86143.51134.87103.6349.288.892.03643.77
6. Tongsa2 17211.4326.7260.2257.01156.64186.10255.93256.97147.4659.886.9114.001 239.27
7. Mongar-1 52010.419.6523.119.6585.09152.15180.85104.1071.1447.003.051.27697.47
8. Tashigong9915.7510.6734.0450.1975.95135.64142.24127.5186.8750.801.780.25731.69
9. Wangdi Phodrang1 3745.593.819.6516.7646.24117.35145.80113.2897.0456.132.797.87622.31
10. Thimbu 22 3921.9210.5512.1022.4048.00102.47149.35152.80120.8070.10nil0.45690.94

1 Collected and compiled by Hydel Department
2 Information collected from Wireless Department.

Table 3

Name of the Main RiverSampling siteAltitude
DateTemperature °CpHElectric
TorsaPhuntsholing23428. 3.7628.017.57.3--
Wong Chu or Raidak System        
i. Ha ChuHa Dzong2 77415. 9.76-18.07.2-7.8
ii. Ha ChuHa Dzong2 77430. 9.7625.014.06.829-
iii. Duje DzongDuje Dzong2 59116.9.7625.015.0---
iv. Thimbu ChuThimbu2 99318.9.7625.011.0---
v. Thimbu ChuThimbu2 99329.9.7619.011.08.6110-
vi. Wangchutaba Farm StreamThimbu2 37728.10.7616.510.07.6--
vii. Paro ChuParo2 36216.9.7625.014.0---
viii. Paro ChuParo2 3624.10.7623.512.78.0959.5
Sankosh System        
i. Mo ChuBetween Punakha and Younsakha1 37214.4.7628.515.0---
ii. Chuggem ChuBetween Wangdi and Tongsa1 3726.10.7623.018.08.419.510
iii. Chanchi RiverNear Lapsibote1 28028.4.7627.521.08.5--
iv. Sankosh RiverPunakha/Wangdi1 28023.10.7624.514.5-658
v. BotokhaAbove Punakha1 24412.4.7627.516.57.7--
vi. Mo ChuAt Punakha1 24414.4.7628.515.0---
vii. Sankosh RiverNear Teental48829.4.7627.018.58.7--
viii. Sankosh River near KalikolaAt foothills near Kalikhola19825.4.7632.026.0---
Manas System        
i. Chamkhar ChuByker2 95728.6.7617.010.07.027-
Chamkhar ChuByker2 9577.10.7617.010.07.9349.5
ii. Kaligkhola RiverPerithong and Bhumthang2 95728.6.7617.010.09.246-
Kaligkhola RiverPerithong and Bhumthang2 9578.10.7619.58.57.8267.8
iii. Tongsa RiverTongsa1 82927.6.76--7.03011
Tongsa RiverTongsa1 8297.10.7617.010.07.743.5-
iv. ManasTashigong7629.8.7629.010.07.5101-
v. Gamri ChuManas Tributary at Tashigong76223.11.7627.013.07.8--
vi. Mangdi ChuNear Mangdi Chu Bridge6101.6.7621.517.07.748.5-
Mangdi ChuNear Mangdi Chu Bridge61028.6.76-17.68.227-
vii. Manas SanctuaryManas Sanctuary2154.5.7627.017.07.4110-
Mutange NadiSamdrupjongkhar22911.8.7625.017.07.268-
Chamerchi RiverSamchi55819.6.7630.021.57.8--
Samchi RiverSamchi55820.6.7630.027.07.6--
Sarbhang KholaSarbhang32627.4.7637.026.08.7--
Gaylegphug RiverGaylegphug19530.3.7627.016.2---

Table 4

Name of the species of fish (local name if any)Name of the riverDate of collectionPlace of collection (Altitude in m)Water temperature (°C)No. of specimen caughtSize range (cm)Observations on breeding
1. Salmo trutta fario
(Brown trout)
Ha chu18.3.76Near Helipad (2 774)  -2918–50 
Paro chu2.2.76Paro (2 362)  -  215–30 
Thimbu ChuMany daysThimbu (2 316)5–18Large number of fishes caught during the year12–45Large number of fingerlings are available in Ha chu and Thimbu Chu. 1 030 fingerlings caught from Thimbu chu. Natural breeding phenomenon was also observed on 18.11.76 in Thimbu. Trout is established in river Thimbu and probably in Paro and Ha chu
Sankosh9.2.76Punakha (1 240)  -  253 
Chamkhar chu7.10.76Byakar (2 774)10  228 & 42 
Sankosh river10.4.76Wangdiphodrang (1 219)15.5  152 
Sankosh river11.4.76Punakha (1 240)15  450–53 
2. Schizothorax Progastus
Asia (local trout)
Ha chu30.9.76Ha Dzong (2 774)14  2  - 
Thimbu Chu21.4.76Thimbu (2 316)  -Fry  -Fry and fingerlings and adults available throughout the river systems and at all altitudes in the country
Sankosh18.9.76Between Punakha and Wangdiphodrang (1 220)  -  810–15 
Kuru chu (tributary of Manas)28.2.76Lingmethang (1 000)  -  1 big22 
11 small  5–7
Manas river4.3.76Manas Sanctuary (215)  -  414–16Fingerlings were available in large numbers
Manas river4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)1721  4–6 
Mangdi chu1.5.76Mangdi chu bridge (610)17  420–43 
Sankosh25.4.76Kalikhola (213)26  210–12 
Sankosh29.4.76Teental (488)18.5187.5–23 
Gaudi river (tributary of Manas)8.8.76Buna (853)191120–26 
3. Acrossocheilus hexagonolepis
Mangdi chu1.5.76Mangdi chu bridge (610)17  417–19 
Manas4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  611–15 
Gaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  219–21Fingerlings collected from different rivers
Phepsu27.4.76Phepsu (335)25  316–17 
Sarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  3  8–12 
Kuru chu28.2.76Lingmethang (1 000)  -  122 
Chanchi river (tributary of Sankosh28.4.76Labdibote (1 280)21  715–17 
Phuntsholing27.3.76Phuntshcling (234)  -21  6–9 
Sarbhang Khola7.8.76Sarbhang (326)  -  127**Male with milt indicating that breeding takes place in August/September
4. Tor putitora
Sankosh25.4.76Khalikhola (213)26  125Fingerlings available
Sarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  210 
Manas river4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  314–19 
5. Tor tor
(Mahaseer or Jamtura in Nepali)
Gaylegphug29.3.76Gaylegphug (195)  -  420–23Fingerlings available
Gaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  222–24 
Phepsu27.4.76Phepsu (335)23  123 
Manas river4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  212 
Sarbhang Khola21.6.76Sarbhang (326)  -  412–14 
6. Barilius shaoraSankosh25.4.76Khalikhola (213)26  2  4–6Fingerlings only
7. Puntius titiusSankosh29.4.76At Toental (610)18.5  2  - 
Sarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  110 
8. Barbus spp.Gaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  2  - 
9. Puntius sophoreGaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  2  7 
10. Puntius tictoGaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  2  6–3 
Sarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  1  6 
11. Puntius macropogonGaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  117 
12. Barilius barnaManas river4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  211–15Large numbers of fry and fingerlings and adults collected
Phepsu27.4.76Phepsu (335)25  211 
Sankosh25.4.76Khalikhola (213)2610  4 
Gaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  3  9–11 
Sarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  1  9 
Khalikhola30.3.76Khalikhola (195)21  1  8.5 
Manas river4.5.76Manas Sanctuary 22517  3  9 
Phuntsholing28.3.76Phuntsholing (234)  -12  8–12 
Mangdi chu1.5.76Mangdi chu bridge (610)17  4  8–13 
13. Barilius vagraSankosh25.4.76Khalikhola (213)26  210 
Sankosh29.4.76Teental (610)18.5  115 
Sarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  210 
Manas4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  5  8–13Large numbers are available
14. Barilius bendelisisGaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  113 
Sarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  4  9–13 
15. Barilius bolaPhepsu27.4.76Phepsu (335)25  125 
16. Semiplotus semiplotus (Chepti)Phepsu27.4.76Phepsu (335)26  911–19Breeds in rivers, fingerling recovered from nursery at Phuntsoling
Sarbhang Khola21.6.76Sarbhang (326)20  4  6–8 
17. Labeo dyocheilusPhepsu27.4.76Phepsu (335)25  127 
Manas4.3.76Manas Sanctuary (215)  -  6  **3 male and 2 female from 32–40 cm each and fingerlings (19 cm)
Manas4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  2  **One female (43 cm) full of eggs and one mature male (37 cm). It seems it comes to breed in this area.
18. Labeo pangusiaSankosh29.4.76Teental (610)18.5  116 
19. Labeo deroManas4.5.76Manas (215)17  123 
20. Crossocheilus latiusGaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (105)21  116 
Sarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (335)26  210–15 
Manas4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  211–14Full of eggs
21. Nandus nandusGaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  410–13 
22. Garra annadaleiPhepsu27.4.76Phepsu (335)-  115 c. 
Gaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  116 
Sarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  410–12 
23. Botia darioGaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  112 
24. Mystus vittatusGaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  211 
25. Batasio batasioGaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  111 
26. Ompok pabdaGaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  213 
27. Bystus bleekeriGaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  311 
28. Rasbora daniconiusGaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  1  8 
29. Channa striatusGaylegphug2.5.76Gaylegphug (195)21  2  - 
30. Channa gachuaPhepsu27.4.76Phepsu (335)25  122 
31. Xenentoddon cancillaPhepsu27.4.76Phepsu (335)25  222 
32. Danio dangilaSarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  1  8 
Manas4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  1  8 
33. Danio aequipinnatusSarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  3  8.5–10 
Manas4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  1  7–9 
34. Mastecambelus armatusSarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  121 
Khalikhola30.3.76Kalikhola (195)16.2  114 
35. Schizothorax molesworthelManas4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  116 
36. Bagarius bagariusManas4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  116 
37. Nangra punctataManas4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  1  - 
38. Badis badisManas4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  4  3–6.5 
39. Brachdanio rerio (Zebra)Sarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  2  5 
40. Garra gotya
Sankosh25.4.76Khalikhola (213)26  3  4–5 
Phepsu27.4.76Phepsu (335)25  112 
Sarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  8  8–12 
Mangdi chu1.5.76Mangdi chu bridge (610)17  616–18 
41. Cirrhina lataSankosh      
42. Noemacheilus botiaSarbhang Khola27.4.76Sarbhang (326)26  1  9 
PrawnsManas4.5.76Manas Sanctuary (215)17  4  8–9 

Note: Most of the fishes, particularly murrels, catfishes and minor varieties, rise into the small streams from rivers in India and more particularly during onset of rains

Table 5

Market placeNumber of shopsVarieties of dried fish soldCurrent available prices
(N per kg)
Approx. quantity sold annually (t)Remarks
1. Phuntsholing8–10Marine, salted fish from Bombay and Calcutta: Bombay duck, ribbon fish, Herpsdon, etc.; sun-dried fish from Assam and Bengal, India, including catfishes, minor carps, minnows, etc.Marine fish - 3–6
Sun-dried - 6–8
40One wholesale store owned by a private Tibetan wholesaler
2. Thimbuabout 25Same as aboveMarine fish - 4–6 
Sun-dried - 6–10
60Fish is sold mostly in the shops owned by Tibetans and Bhutanese.
3. Punakha18–20Mostly marine driedMarine fish - 5–8
Sun-dried - 6–10
40Two shops mostly deal in wholesale supply of marine salted fish to interior areas.
4. Wangdi Phodrang6–8Mostly marine driedMarine fish - 6–8 
Sun-dried - 8–10
15Mostly marine dried fish. Sometimes locally smoked asla also available.
5. Tongsa17–18Mostly marine driedMarine fish - 6–810Mostly marine dried fish.
6. Shemgang4–5Marine driedMarine dried- 6–8  4-
7. Byakar10–12Same as aboveSame as above  6-
8. Mongar2–3Same as aboveSame as above  2-
9. Tashigong8–10Marine dried and Sun-dried from AssamMarine fish - 5–8
Sun-dried - 8–10
25There are 2–3 whole - salers who supply fish to interior
10. Deothang - 2    ) Shops Marine dried and sun-dried from AssamMarine fish - 5–8
Sun-dried - 6–10
Narphong       - 2–3)
Wamrong       - 2–3)
Khaling          - 2–3)
Kanglung       - 4    )
11. Samdrup Jongkhar5–6Same as aboveMarine fish - 4–6
Sun-dried - 6–8
  8Sold in open market mostly on weekdays.
12. Outside neighbouring village Dharanga (Mela Bazar) close to Samdrup Jongkhar6Marine fish from Bombay and sundried fish of 6–8 varieties brought from Assam, particularly from Nalbari area.Marine fish - 3–6 Sun-dried - 5–10 Marine fish waste (powder) is sold at a rate of N 0.50/kg and is purchased by poultry keepers150  Though the village is situated outside Bhutan, the fish is supplied to all the interior areas of eastern Bhutan by six Assamese wholesalers in Dharanga (Mela Bazar). One of these shopkeepers has been found to have a stock of more than 7–8 t of marine fish and 1.5–2 t of sun-dried fish.
13. Gaylegphug4(in open market)Mostly marine dried and sun-dried from AssamMarine dried - 6–8 Sun-dried - 8–1240There is one wholesale shop and 2–3 fish sellers who sell the fish daily in open market and more on weekly market days.
14. Sarbhang2Same as aboveSun-dried - 8–12  2-
15. Paro15–20Mostly marine driedMarine dried - 5–812-
16. Ha5Same as aboveMarine dried - 6–8  9-
In addition to the above dried fish, both marine salted and sun-dried fish from Assam and Bengal rivers are also available in foothills villages of Bhutan and interior areas, account of which has not been included in this table.

Table 6

Market placeSpecies of fish commonly availableCaught in Bhutan/or
imported from India
Approx. quantity of
fresh fish received per year (t)
Current average
prices N per kg
1. PhuntsholingMajor carp: catli, rohu, mrigal and mahaseer. Other fishes: singhi, magur, murrels, hilsa, chetal and other minor varieties, minnows, etc.There is a small market in Phuntsholing and fish is sold on weekdays but most of the fish for Phuntsholing is purchased from shops in Jaigaon (West Bengal, India), which is close to Phuntsholing with the fish shops only about 30 m away. 15Major carps )14–18 
catfish        )
Small sized )10–12
Major carp   )
Murrels       )  9–10
singhi          ) (live)
Minor carps    )  8–10
minnows       )
Hilsa and   ) 12–14
chetal       )
Prawns 14–18
2. ThimbuSame as aboveBrought mostly from Siliguri, West Bengal, India.20Rohu and catli  15–18 Sold in amarket fish shop on week-days.
Small sized carps 10–12
Chetal, mrigal and hilsa 12Also sold occasionally in shops no and hotels.
Big size 10–12Fish comes from India in baskets with ice. Sometimes small substandard fish are sold.
Small size  8
3. GaylegphugRohu, chepti, carps of small sizes, catli murrels, minor carp, minnows, small catfish caught from adjoining rivers and streams in India.Brought from adjoining villages of India8Most of the fishes   8–12 
Prawns  14–18
4. Semdrup JongkharMajor carps: rohu and catli, mostly of medium and small sizes Catfish: wallago bagarius, mystus, murrels and live fish like singhi.Brought from adjoining villages in Assam, India12Major carps and catfishes  8–12Good quality of live fish is sold
Murrels and singhi (live)   6–10
Minor carps, minnows   6–8
Prawns  14–16
5. Important foothill towns like Samchi and Diapham.Most of the above varietiesBrought from the adjoining rivers and streams10      8–12 
TOTAL 65  



Previous Page Top of Page