106. Seagrave, C., 1988.
107. Sedgwick., S.D., 1982.
108. Sedgwick., S.D., 1985.
109. Sedgwick, S.D., 1988.
110. Shang, Y.C., 1981.
111. Shelef, G. and C.J. Soeder (eds), 1980.
112. Shell. E.W.. 1983.
113. Shepherd, C.J. and H. Bromage (eds), 1989.
114. Sindermann, C.J. and D.V. Lightner (eds), 1988.
115. Smith, I.R., E.B. Torres and E.O. Tan (eds), 1985.
116. Sorgeloos, P., P. Lavens, P. Léger, W. Tackaert and D. Versichele, 1986.
117. Sorgeloos, P., D.A. Bentson, W. Decler and E. Jaspers (eds), 1987.
118. Steffens, W. (ed.), 1979.
119. Stevenson, J.P., 1987.
120. Stickney, R.&. (ed.). 1986.
121. Stirling, H.P. (ed.), 1986.
122. Swift, D.R., 1985.
123. Tave, D., 1986.
124. Tesch, F.W., 1977.
125. Thorpe. J.E. (ed.), 1980.
126. Tiews, K., 1981.
127. Tiews, K. (ed.), 1987.
128. Trewavas, E., 1983.
129. Tucker. C.S. (ed.), 1985.
130. Turnbull, D.A., 1989.
131. Tytler, P. and P. Calow (eds), 1985.
132. Usui, A., 1974.
133. Vinatea, J.E.. 1982.
134. Viveen, W.J.A.R., C.J.J. Richter, P.G.W.J. van Oordt, J.A.L. Janssen and E.A. Huisman, 1985.
135. Walne, P.P., 1979.
136. Weatherley, A.H. and H.S. Gill, 1987.
137. Wheaton, F.W., 1977.
138. Wildsmith, B.H., 1982.
139. Wilkins, N.P. and E.M. Gosling (eds), 1983.
140. Wohlfarth, G.W. and G.I. Hulata, 1983.
141. Woynarovich, E. and L. Horvath, 1980.
142. Wilbur, K.M. (editor in chief).
143. Bliss, D.E. (editor in chief).
144. Hoar, W.S. and D.J. Rendall (editors in chief).
Aquatic weed control
Fishing News Books, Farnham (UK), 154 p
£. Stg. 12.00
biological control - plant control - seaweeds
The book is a practical guide to assist aquatic managers to select appropriate weed control measures, and apply the techniques efficiently. It is divided into three sections. Section 1 describes a range of techniques currently available for controlling aquatic weeds, with particular emphasis on chemical weed control, and biological weed control using grass carp. Section 2 is devoted almost entirely to plant identification. Plants included in the keys have been restricted to species which most commonly cause problems. Section 3 is a series of appendices, which provide practical information and useful industrial-related addresses.
The salmon handbook, the life and cultivation of fishes of the salmon family
Deutsch (André), London (UK), 247 p
£. Stg. 12.95
Atlantic salmon - biology, salmonids - charr - culture, salmonids - feeding -Pacific salmons - pathology - sea ranching - trout
The book describes biology and culture of salmonid genera, Salmo, Oncorhynchus, Salvelinus, and Hucho. The first three chapters provide basic information on the biology of cultured species, and Chapter 4 describes adaptation of these fish to their environment. Domestication of races and selection of species are examined in the next two chapters, followed by physical and chemical parameters of waters used in fish farming. How to plan and manage a fish farm are explained subsequently, including fish feeding, pathology and disease control, salmon ranching, and the economics of salmon culture. The book includes a bibliography and index. It is addressed to fish farmers, but is also relevant for those responsible for preserving stocks of wild salmon, such as river keepers, water authorities, biologists, and fishermen.
Trout farming handbook. 4th edition
Fishing News Books, Farnham (UK), 160 p
£. Stg. 12.50
culture, trout - feeding - marketing - pathology - processing -production, fry - trout
The fourth edition of the book first published in 1973 has been updated to include recent advances in the industry. The book has two introductory chapters, on the life history of rainbow trout, and rearing practices (ponds, tanks, cages) used in its culture. Hatching and fry production are described in detail in the following chapter. The recognition and treatment of most common diseases are examined in Chapter 4, and prevention and hygiene in Chapter 5. Food and feeding follow. Genetics are considered in Chapter 7, where inbreeding, sex reversal, gamete cryopreservation, and selection are examined. Different topics related to trout and its culture are considered, such as special forms of trout farming in saltwater or freshwater cages, production of fish for angling, pollution from trout farms, and aspects of design and construction of a trout farm together with a description of equipment required. The last two chapters deal with processing (packing, freezing, and smoking) and economics (marketing, profitability, and insurance). The book is a review on trout farming for the trainee fish farmer and producer.
Salmon farming handbook
Fishing News Books, Farnham (UK), 207 p
£. Stg. 15.50
cage culture - culture, Atlantic salmon - culture. Pacific salmons - feeding - Onchorynchus - pathology - sea ranching
The first three chapters of the book provide basic information on fish biology, including anatomy and physiology, and basic ecology. Two specific chapters present Pacific salmons, with classification of species, and Atlantic salmon. For each Pacific species a description of important morphological characteristics, ecology, and use in fish farming is provided. For Atlantic salmon a more detailed description is given, especially on its life cycle in the wild, and migration. The next chapters describe cultural practices, including salmon farming in the sea, from water requirements to site selection. Chapter 11 describes salmon feeding and nutrition, presenting commercial fish feeds available on the market, with their nutritional value, from dry pellets to moist feeds and carotenoid pigmentation. Chapter 12 covers disease control and hygiene, with information on viruses and bacteria, fungal diseases, and diseases caused by algae and dinoflagellates. It includes prophylaxis treatment, from disinfection to immunization of fish. Chapter 13 describes salmon production in cages, including stocking large smolts and harvesting within the year without grading. Salmon ranching is discussed in the next chapter. The last chapter reviews economics of salmon farming. The book has many illustrations of equipment used in the various practices of salmon farming.
Aquaculture economics: basic concepts and methods of analysis
Westview Press, Boulder, CO (USA), 153 p
Croom Helm, London (UK), 155 p
£. Stg. 10.95
economic analysis - economics - fish farms
The book provides basic principles of Starting and operating a small aquaculture business, and of farming and economics in general. The book is divided into four sections. An introductory approach to aquaculture economics is described in Section 1, where the importance of aquaculture, classification of aquaculture systems, and factors affecting economics of aquaculture at farm level are examined. Section 2 reviews the importance of research on economics of aquaculture, and introduces methods of fish farm record-keeping and socio-economic surveys. Economic analysis for investment decisions are dealt with in Section 3, including an evaluation of market potential, and planning and estimating feasibility of an aquaculture project. The last section describes policies for aquaculture development, analysing different strategies and methods of promoting development. The book has a comprehensive bibliography for further information.
Algae biomass, production and use
Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press, Amsterdam (Netherlands), 852 p
biological production - microalgae - wastewater treatment
The basis of the book is a collection of papers presented at the Symposium on Production and Use of Micro-algae Biomass, held at Acre (Israel), in 1978. Most papers were revised and updated to April 1980, and important papers were added. The book only deals with microalgae, and seaweeds are not included. The volume covers all the scientific and technological advances of the last two decades. It contains 60 papers divided into the following sections, namely algal systems, from pilot to field scale application (3 papers), algal biomass production systems (9), combined algae production and wastewater treatment systems (8), biomass production of marine algae (4), physiological and environmental factors affecting algal systems (10), and pond operations, harvesting, and processing of algae (26). The book is a summary of current research, and is addressed to scientists involved in the study of mass-cultivation of microalgae.
Fish farming research
Auburn University, Alabama Agricultural Experimental Station, Auburn, AL (USA), 108 p
aquaculture - data analysis - experimental design - research
The book assimilates and presents available information on the application of scientific methodology to fish farming research. The emphasis is on research in production in earthen ponds, and identifying and solving farmers' problems. The book begins with a discussion on social aspects of research, such as administration, staff motivation, and accountability, which determine effectiveness of research applications. Planning research follows, with identification of specific research needs and factors to be considered in designing experiments. Problems encountered in fish production experiments are described, with suggestions on dealing with data. The book ends with a section on evaluating experiments, with data analysis, and comments on reporting results. A list of references is provided. The handbook is for researchers and students.
Intensive fish farming
Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (UK), 416 p
£. Stg. 35.00
culture systems - intensive culture - Israel - Japan - site Selection - USA
The book is a global survey of intensive fish farming by several contributors. Different aspects of intensive fish farming are reviewed, from environmental requirements of fish, different husbandry systems used, problems of reproduction and propagation, nutrition and growth, and fish health and disease control. Successful examples of intensification are considered in separate chapters on the marine farming industry of Japan, freshwater farming industries of the USA, and polyculture in Israel. The concluding chapter highlights current world trends of commercial development and future prospects. The emphasis of the book is on technical and economic factors which determine success in intensive fish culture.
Disease diagnosis and control In North American Marine aquaculture. 2nd edition
Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science 17, Elsevier, Amsterdam (Netherlands), 431 p
disease control - marine aquaculture - pathology - USA
The book is an updated and revised edition of the one first published in 1977. Many disease specialists contributed in their areas of expertise. Cultured species are limited to those currently receiving significant attention in North America. The book is divided in 8 chapters. After two Introductory chapters, four deal respectively with crustacean, molluscan, fish, and marine turtle diseases. Each chapter is subdivided in sections, each describing the diseases of a particular species or group of species. For each disease a file is provided, indicating species affected, gross signs, cause, methods of diagnosis, life history, biology, epizootiology, effect on host, treatment and prevention, and known geographic distribution. Chapters 7, 8, and 9 deal with chemotherapy, vaccines and disease resistance, and disease problems created by introduced species, respectively. The book has photographs of macroscopic and microscopic material, and taxonomic and subject indexes. Key references are provided at the beginning of each chapter. A basic list of general disease references is attached as Appendix I, and a list of chemotherapeutants for marine aquaculture as Appendix II.
Philippines tilapia economics
ICLARM Conference Proceedings 12, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila (Philippines), 261 p
US$ 11.00 (surface mail)
US$ 21.00 (airmail)
culture, tilapias - economics - marketing - Philippines - tilapias
The book presents the proceedings of a Workshop on Tilapia Economics, held at Los Baños (Philippines), in 1983. The workshop was divided into 5 sessions, reported as five sections in the book. An overview of tilapia farming in the Philippines is presented in Section 1, with an analysis of practices, problems, and prospects of the industry. Economic analyses of different culture practices are considered in the following three sections, namely hatcheries (3 papers), cage culture systems (4 papers), and land based systems (5 papers). For each culture strategy case studies are analysed, both from private and public fish farms, considering costs and benefits, capital investment, management practices, credit practices, and transformation of traditional agriculture practices into highly productive tilapia culture. Conclusions and recommendations, future trends, problems, data collection, methodologies, and extension services for transfer of fish culture technology are also examined. Section 5 deals with tilapia marketing, reporting case studies from four localities, and a comment on tilapia marketing in the context of structural demand for protein. The book ends with reports of the working groups, which present a summary of the economic, technical, and institutional issues related to constraints for expansion of the tilapia industry, technology transfer, roles of private and public sectors, including development and management policies, suggestions for research, and the final discussion and recommendations of the workshop.
Manual for the culture and use of brine shrimp Artemia in aquaculture
State University of Ghent, Artemia Reference Centre, Ghent (Belgium), 319 p
Artemia salina - bioencapsulation - biology, brine shrimp - brine shrimp - culture, brine shrimp - feeding - fry - live food
The book provides practical guidelines for the use of Artemia in aquaculture. It is divided into eight chapters. The first gives an overall description on the biology and ecology of the species, with systematic background, life history, and natural distribution. The others include cyst morphology and metabolism (from morphological description to ecological needs and hatching criteria), harvesting, processing, and storage of cysts (with descriptions of techniques used), production of nauplii for use as a food source (with examination of different techniques, devices, and equipment used, and evaluation of the quality of cysts), use of metanauplii, pre-adults, and/or adults as food sources, production of Artemia in intensive culture systems, and production of Artemia in nature. The manual has figures, photographs, tables, and appendices.
Artemia: research and its application
Universa Press, Wetteren (Belgium), 3 volumes, 353, 541, and 535 p
B.F. 2 000 (volume 1)
B.F. 2 900 (volume 2)
B.F. 2 900 (volume 3)
B.F. 5 865 (all three volumes)
Artemia salina - biology, brine shrimp - brine shrimp - culture, brine shrimp - genetics - live food - research - toxicology
The book presents the proceedings of the Second International Symposium on the Brine Shrimp, Artemia, held at Antwerp (Belgium). The proceedings have been divided into 3 major sessions, one for each volume. Session 1 includes morphology (developmental studies), genetics (cytogenetic and evolutionary approach), strain characterization (biogeography, techniques), and toxicology (ecotoxicology and radiobiology). Each is introduced by a review, followed by experience papers. Session 2 groups physiology, biochemistry, and molecular biology. Metabolism and development, enzymes related to nucleotide and nucleic acid metabolism, genome structure and expression, are also analysed. Session 3 includes ecology, culture, and use in aquaculture. A review on ecological studies is included, followed by comments on uncontrolled Artemia introductions, and ecological characterization of Artemia populations around the world. Reproductive aspects are examined in experimental, extensive, and intensive cultures. The present knowledge of the nutritional value of Artemia for use in aquaculture is reviewed, with particular emphasis on enrichment techniques with fatty acids. The book is for researchers and for culturists who use Artemia as a live food organism for production.
VEB Deutscher Landwirtschafterverlag, Berlin (GDR), 376 p
textbook aquaculture, general
biological production - culture, common carp - culture, cyprinids -culture, eel - culture, trout - freshwater aquaculture - Germany -inland fisheries
This book is a review of freshwater fish culture in the German Democratic Republic. It is directed at trainees of vocational and specialist schools, and for students working in fish production in the GDR. It has been prepared by 12 contributors, and consists of 14 chapters, with an introduction and index. It begins with a brief description of the importance and problems of inland fisheries, and the basic limnological aspects of fish production. Different chapters then describe production of important species, such as carp in earth ponds, intensive production of carp in warmwater systems and cages, intensive trout and eel production, and farming of herbivorous cyprinids. Each has a species description followed by a review of its culture within GDR (and occasionally elsewhere), and includes environmental conditions, rearing facilities, production technology, and nutritional requirements. The book includes information on the breeding and rearing of other economically important fish, such as salmon, coregonids, pike, zander, catfish, and sturgeon. There is a chapter on fish genetics, with features of fish breeding, and one on fish diseases, describing diagnosis, prophylaxis, and therapy. There is a chapter on mechanization and automation in fish culture, with descriptions on aeration, feeding, harvesting, grading, and weighing and counting fish. Fisheries management practices in water bodies, together with natural productivity and fishing gear used in inland fisheries, are described in the next chapters, and processing of freshwater fish for the market is examined in the last.
Trout farming manual. 2nd edition
Fishing News Books, Farnham (UK), 239 p
£. Stg. 16.00
1983 - Allevamento della trota
Edagricole, Bologna (Italy), 230 p
Lit. 22 000
brown trout - cage culture - culture, trout - pathology - rainbow trout - Salmo gairdneri - Salmo trutta - site selection
This is the second edition of a text first published in 1980, and reports recent technical advances in trout farming. It is addressed to nonscientists, and most scientific terms are either explained or listed in the glossary. After one chapter presenting water requirements for trout farming. Chapters 2, 3 and 4 provide descriptions on site development and assessment, and the design of hatcheries, and grow-out farms. Each indicates types of facilities and locations, together with brief descriptions of equipment installation, and maintenance. Chapters 5 and 6 consider hatchery practices and spawning. Chapter 7 reviews marine culture of rainbow trout including cage culture. The biology of trout, including classification, anatomy and physiology, and life cycle, is described in Chapter 8. Chapter 9 provides a general account of common parasites and diseases of rainbow trout, and Chapter 10 has elementary information on natural defences against infections for the control and prevention of diseases. The last three chapters deal respectively with general considerations on transport, marketing, and legislation. Nutritional requirements and equipment are given in general terms, and in an annex. There are no references but a bibliography of further readings. A second annex summarizes information on water acidity, and the importance of pH.
Culture of nonsalmonid freshwater fishes
CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida (USA), 201 p
culture, carps - culture, channel catfish - culture, perch - culture, pike-culture, pike perch - culture, tilapias - freshwater aquaculture
The book contains reviews of applied biology for several coolwater and warmwater fishes which are of economic importance, either as commercial food fish or sports fish, excluding Salmonidae. It represents a concise source of information on the culture of channel catfish, carp, buffalo fish, tilapia, centrarchids, northern pike, muskellunge, yellow perch, walleye, striped bass, and striped bass hybrids. There are ten chapters. A brief introduction considers the philosophy of commercial aquaculture, describing different culture systems, biology, and economics. The next eight chapters are either species or multi-species oriented, and are organized similarly with discussion on the significance of culture, types of culture systems, water quality, stocking and production, nutrition, reproduction and genetics, pathology, and marketing. The last chapter provides an overview of the culture of various cyprinids as live baitfish for sports fishing.
Chemical and biological methods of water analysis for aquaculturists
University of Stirling, Institute of Aquaculture, Stirling (UK), 130 p
£. Stg. 12.50
water analysis - water quality
The manual describes analytical methods for principal parameters of water quality management useful to aquaculturists. It includes details of basic chemistry and biology relevant to aquaculture systems, and analytical methods for determination of the following water quality parameters: oxygen, carbon dioxide, sulphide, pH, conductivity, alkalinity, hardness, salinity, nutrients, some heavy metals, suspended matter, BOD, COD, primary productivity, zooplankton, and benthos. Each method is presented in the same way, namely, the principle, sampling, pretreatment, storage, apparatus, reagents, standardization procedures, interferences, sensitivity, precision, references, and modifications for seawater analysis. Both salt and freshwater methods are included. Particular emphasis is given to analytical problems in tropical waters. The emphasis is simplicity, avoiding problems of electric power supply and excessive sophistication. Some dependable electrical equipment is included.
Aquaculture training manual
Fishing News Books, Farnham (UK), 135 p
£. Stg. 9.00
textbook aquaculture, general
The manual provides basic background information for technical training in aquaculture. The book is divided in two sections. Section 1 provides basic information on anatomy and physiology of aquatic animals, with emphasis on relationships between external environment and physiology which lead to optimum environmental conditions for different species. The twelve chapters describe systematics, general anatomy of farmed animals, growth, nutrition, methodology, farm and feeding systems, supply of seed, pathology, harvesting, and construction of earthern ponds. Section 2 describes operational procedures of farming systems for principal species of fish, crustaceans, and molluscs, currently farmed in different parts of the world. Basic information is given on systematics, egg production, hatcheries, fry production, grow-out ponds, feeds, and some particular topics of relevance for some species. The book is illustrated with simple explanatory figures.
Genetics for fish hatchery Managers
AVI, Westport, CT (USA), 299 p
crossbreeding - genetics - hybridization - inbreeding - selective breeding
The book describes genetic principles of animal breeding. The first section includes a review of basic genetics, with examples from general fisheries biology, genetics of qualitative phenotypes, which describe the inheritance of single autosomal genes, interactions between different genes, and difference between autosomal and sex-linked genes. The second section describes genetics of quantitative phenotypes, providing background information on genetics used by fish farmers, with a series of numerical examples, and explains different components of the phenotype, and genetic and environmental influences. The book has a ten page glossary of terms used in fish genetics, 26 pages of references, and a short appendix on how to calculate some values used in genetics.
The eel. Biology and management of Anguillid eels
Chapman and Hall, London (UK), 434 p
£. Stg. 18.00
1973 - Der aal
Paul Parey, Hamburg & Berlin (FRG)
biology, eels - culture, eels - fishing methods - Japan - pathology -processing
The book is the first English edition of the original text written in German in 1973, revised and updated. The book is subdivided into two major sections, one on biology of eels, the other on various aspects of their exploitation in fisheries and culture. The opening chapter provides a detailed review on body structure and physiology. A description of eel species and their development and distribution are described in Chapter 2, followed by post-larval ecology and behaviour, including biological investigations and commercial exploitation of eel migrations. Eel fisheries are covered in Chapters 4 and 5, including fishing yields with data to 1973, and fishing methods by netting, trapping, and line fishing. An account of culture and live storage includes important Japanese work to 1974, with information on yields, rearing techniques, feeding, profit, and expenditure. Diseases, parasites, and injuries are examined in Chapter 7. The final chapter on trade and processing describes the importance of eels in human nutrition. The book includes a reference list, now dated, of over 1 000 titles, and many tables of data.
Academic Press, London (UK), 441 p
£. Stg. 32.40
artificial propagation - Atlantic salmon - culture, Atlantic salmon-culture, Pacific salmons - Onchorynchus spp. - Pacific salmons
The book is the work of 20 contributors and describes the state of art of salmon ranching in various regions of the world where it is practised. Both Atlantic (Salmo salar) and Pacific (Onchorhynchus spp.) salmons are included, mostly through geographical case studies. Smolt rearing, introductions, experimental releases, delayed releases, are considered. For the various species, rearing and exploitation methods, objectives, and control measures from region to region are described. The introduction traces the development of salmon culture toward ranching, and a summary deals with the current situation and prospects. Legal aspects of salmon ranching in the Pacific are discussed in Chapter 19. The book describes the problems of salmon ranching, providing a base for further research and development, in particular the question of ownership, and the effect of ranching on wild stocks. Failures and successes are reported and analysed. The book provides an extensive bibliography, and an index.
Aquaculture in heated effluents and recirculation systems
Heeneman Verlagsgesellschaft, Berlin (FRG), 2 volumes, 1 179 p
recirculating systems - warmwater aquaculture
The book is the proceedings of the Symposium on Aquaculture in Heated Effluents and Recirculation Systems, held in Stavanger (Norway), in 1980. The book is divided into 5 sections, each one including reviews and experience papers. The sections deal with water quality and water supply in 3 review papers (R) and 15 experience papers (E); engineering and technological aspects of equipment and facilities (4R and 15E); socio-economical aspects (2E); biological aspects of aquaculture practices (5R and 21E); and cultural systems, their management and economics (8R and 23 E). Most contributions are in English, but there are some in French. Each section has a summary of discussions and recommendations.
Selection, hybridization and genetic engineering in aquaculture
Heenemann Verlagsgesellschaft, Berlin (FRG), 2 volumes, 922 p
breeding programmes - genetic engineering - genetics - hybridization -selective breeding
The book reports the proceedings of a World Symposium on Genetics in Aquaculture, held in Bordeaux (France), in 1986. It is divided into five main sections on genetic bases of species improvement in aquaculture, selective breeding and intraspecific hybridization, interspecific hybridization, genetic manipulations, and case studies of breeding programmes. Each section is introduced by several review papers followed by experience papers. Summary reports of the discussions and recommendations are included in each section. In total the book comprises 28 review and 55 experience papers, which cover current research in fish, mollusc, and crustacean genetics. The review papers include coldwater fish, warmwater fish, crustaceans, and molluscs of interest to aquaculture. The last section includes only review papers of important breeding and selection programmes in aquaculture world-wide. Most papers are in English, with some exceptions in French. The book is addressed to research scientists and fish geneticists.
Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danikilia
British Museum (Natural History), London (UK), 583 p
£. Stg. 50.00
Africa - biology, tilapias - Danikilia sp. - ethology, tilapias - Oreochromis spp. - Sarotherodon spp. - taxonomy - tilapias
The book is primarily on the taxonomy of tilapias, and describes the members of three genera, namely Sarotherodon (9 species), Oreochromis (21 species), and Danikilia (1 species), the latter recently subdivided by the author from the genus Tilapia, according to breeding behaviour and morphology. The introduction places the three in the context of tilapias and Cichlidae, and provides tables of identification of Sarotherodon and Oreochromis species, and a key. The chapters are divided according to genera, giving for each genus the list of species, and for each species a detailed morphological description. There are tables and lists of subspecies, distribution (original distribution, transfers by man, hybridization), and ecology (feeding, tolerance to water parameters, such as temperature and salinity, growth, and breeding). There are 42 pages of bibliography. The book classifies the cultured species and provides information on the ecology and ethology of tilapias useful for cultural practices.
Channel catfish culture
Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science 15, Elsevier, Amsterdam (Netherlands), 657 p
biology, channel catfish - channel catfish - culture, channel catfish -genetics - Ictalurus punctatus - processing - rearing facilities -reproduction - USA
The book is a comprehensive treatise of current information available on catfish culture, written by 15 contributors. The material deals primarily with culture as practised in the southeastern United States, but the principles apply elsewhere. The book is divided into 13 chapters. It begins with an overview of commercial catfish culture, with a description of the different species cultured, and some considerations of the present and future status of catfish culture. Chapters 2 and 3 describe different strategies in catfish culture, in ponds and in high density culture systems. The construction of a catfish farm is examined next, with useful information on designs, water requirements, and pond construction. Water quality parameters are analysed in Chapter 5, relevant to the biological requirements of catfish. Reproductive biology is considered in Chapter 6, followed by a chapter on genetics and breeding, where different experimental techniques, the qualitative and quantitative traits on which artificial selection acts, are presented. Chapter 8 provides a review of nutrition and feeding, ranging from nutritional requirements to feed formulation and feeding practices. Pathology i8 considered in the two following chapters, with a description of major infectious and noninfectious diseases. Harvesting, grading, and transporting are presented in Chapter 11, and processing in Chapter 12. The last chapter deals with economics of the catfish industry, with considerations for both production and marketing. Each chapter has an updated bibliography.
Keyguide to information sources in aquaculture
Mansell Publishers, London (UK), 137 p
£. Stg. 30.00
aquaculture - directory
This book describes current resources of aquaculture information. After a brief survey of the reasons for great diversity of aquaculture information, and problems encountered in its retrieval, the principal contents of the book are listed in a bibliography. This includes (a) encyclopedias, (b) dictionaries, glossaries, lists of acronyms, thesauri, (c) directories, (d) textbooks, (e) bibliographies, (f) primary and review journals, (g) abstract journals and secondary sources, (h) handbooks and manuals, (i) library organizations, cataloguing, and administration, (m) bibliographic computer databases, (n) aquaculture databases, (o) newsletters, (p) annuals and yearbooks, and (q) conference and workshop proceedings. The final section provides a directory of international, regional, and national organizations, complete with addresses, contact numbers, and resources. The book ends with a complete index.
Fish energetics: new perspectives
Croom Helm, Beckenham (UK), 349 p
£. Stg. 27.50
feeding - metabolism - nutrient requirements
The book is a review of research in fish energetics, and related topics, since the 1970s. It is based on a meeting of the Fisheries Society of the British Isles in 1982, with all articles updated. It has 12 chapters, written by 17 contributors with backgrounds in basic and applied fish research, and grouped in four sections. Section 1 deals with evolutionary aspects of energy budgets, examining energy allocation and its bearing on fitness and metabolic scope in fish. Food and feeding are considered in Section 2, which has chapters on theory of optimal foraging, energetics of feeding and digestion, a critique of methods used in studying food intake and digestion, a detailed review of protein requirements, and an account of hormonal control of metabolism and feeding. Section 3, on production, concentrates on somatic growth and reproduction. The last section (4) deals with energy budgets, by relating food intake to consequent growth in fish. Laboratory methods of direct and indirect calorimetry are discussed, together with field studies of energy budgets, and energetics in fish farming. This describes the value of bioenergetic studies in guiding the practices of intensive fish culture. The book is addressed to educators, and undergraduate and post-graduate students.
Fishing News Books, Farnham (UK), 186 p
£. Stg. 11.50
culture, eels - economics - feeding - Japan - pathology - pond management
The book is a detailed account of methods and techniques of eel culture, with special emphasis on the Japanese experience. There are many brief chapters. After an introductory chapter. Chapter 2 presents a global review of eels, providing basic information on their morphology, ecology, and ethology. Chapters 7, 8, 9 examine farm design, from site selection, water requirements, and farm construction. Management practices are included in several chapters, from the description of the various culture methods to feeding, diseases, and parasites. Chapter 16 projects future developments of eel culture in the main producer regions. The status and organization of the e»l industry, and more generally of aquaculture in Japan, are reviewed raspectively in Chapters 6 and 20. The book ends with several small chapters providing information on aspects of eel culture, a check list of requirements for starting an eel farm, questions for the investor, and a list of suppliers of feeds and equipment in Japan, useful books, and magazines. The book is illustrated with over 100 plates and drawings of the many practices and facilities used in eel culture.
Acuicultura continental. Peces, artemias y dafnias, camarones y langostinos
Libreria Studium, Lima (Peru), 229 p
textbook aquaculture, general
aquaculture - culture, brine shrimp - culture, crayfish - culture, crustaceans culture, prawns - feeding - Latin America
The book, written for aquaculture students, describes methods of culture of coldwater and tropical fish, artemia and daphnia as first food organisms for fish and higher crustaceans, the farming of marine and freshwater prawns, all with special emphasis on Latin America. The book is divided into 7 sections. Section 1 is an introduction to concepts of fish culture, and differences between intensive and extensive strategies. Section 2 illustrates preparation of ponds before culture, in particular aquatic weed control, pond design, and construction. Section 3 examines tropical fish culture, and provides a description of tropical species reared with major emphasis on carp and its different rearing methods. Coldwater fish culture is described in Section 4, with emphasis on salmonids and atherinids. The artificial propagation of fish is analysed in the following section, with a brief description of hormonal cycles in male and female fish, and hypophysation techniques. Section 6 is dedicated to the culture of live food for larval development, particularly the use of daphnia and artemia. The culture of prawns and shrimps is analysed in the last section, for Macrobrachium spp. and Penaeus spp. The book ends with a reference list, divided according to sections. No index is provided.
Practical manual for the culture of the African catfish (Clarias gariepinus)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Cooperation, The Hague (Netherlands), 94 p
(also in French)
Africa - African catfish - Clarias gariepinus - culture, African catfish - hatchery - pathology
This book is a practical handbook for fish farmers raising African catfish, Clarias gariepinus. After a brief description of the biology of African catfish, it describes steps to set up a fish culture operation, including site selection, pond construction, hatchery and nursery design, and water distribution. Hatchery technologies are described, including selection of spawners, collection of pituitaries, injection of females, collection of milt and stripping of females, incubation of eggs, and larval culture. Nursery techniques are described up to the harvesting of juveniles, and two other chapters concern grow-out and pathology. Eight appendices cover in more detail water quality control and fertilization of ponds, rearing fry in the hatchery, and the composition and manufacture of suitable diets for fry and adult fish. There are no references to scientific publications. The manual is illustrated with line drawings.
Culture of bivalve molluscs: 50 years experience at Conwy. 2nd edition
Fishing News Books, Farnham (UK), 189 p
£. Stg. 9.00
1980 - Cultivo de molluscos bivalvos - 50 años de experiencia en Conwy
Acribia, Zaragoza (Spain), 206 p
culture, mussels - culture, oysters - culture, shellfish - hatchery -Ostrea edulis - spat - UK
The book describes experiences of oyster culture in Wales (UK), in particular the biology of the European flat oyster important to propagation of larvae through spat and juvenile stages. The book is based on a series of lectures by the author. It first describes research and development which led to basic techniques for the culture of bivalve molluscs, and records the work on various types of oysters, mussels, and other molluscs. The book then concentrates mainly on flat oysters, with one chapter only devoted to other species of bivalves. The first chapter describes the basic biology of oysters, describing structure, physiology, and reproduction. The following chapters examine the rearing of oyster larvae in tanks, together with descriptions of rearing facilities, hatchery rearing of oyster larvae, observations on the larvae of Ostrea edulis, spat collection, and management. The book has many tables, figures, and plates. Relevant articles are listed at the end of each chapter in place of a bibliography.
The biology of fish growth
Academic Press, London (UK), 443 p
£. Stg. 40.00
biology, fish - feeding - growth - growth hormones - metabolism
The book provides a detailed review of the present knowledge on fish growth. The first part of the book is devoted sequentially to nutrition, metabolism, protein and lipid dynamics, growth of tissues (in vivo), and the role of endocrine organs. The rest of the book explores the consequences of plastic somatic growth in natural and managed populations, and how growth biology is applied to fish culture. The role of nutrition (Chapter 2), and the effects of hormones (Chapter 6) on fish growth are examined. Practical and theoretical aspects of fish metabolic budgets are described in Chapters 3-5. The value of analyzing the somatic growth of fishes in terms of efficiency of food utilization (Chapter 3), and of assimilated substances among body tissues (Chapters 4-5) are considered. A revision of the ecological aspects of growth is provided in Chapters 7-11. Fundamentals of somatic growth to identify differences between year classes and fecundity at both intraspecific and interspecific levels are proposed, with methods for determining age and growth in fish (Chapter 7). The implications of growth studies for fish culture and fisheries management are discussed in Chapters 12 and 13. This book is addressed to fish biologists, and to fish culturists.
Wiley Interscience, New York (USA), 708 p
1982 - Acuacultura: diseño y construcción de sistemas
Ediciones Mundi-Prensa, Madrid (Spain), 704 p
culture systems - engineering - water quality
The book concentrates on technical engineering aspects of aquaculture, fisheries, and other aquatic systems. Its major focus is on technical problems associated with production of food and fibre from aquatic resources. The book is divided into two parts. Part 1 concentrates on the interaction of the environment with aquatic organisms. It defines physical and biological parameters of interest to culturists and fisheries biologists, and discusses their influence and importance from the perspective of an engineer. Part 2 emphasizes the engineering considerations of farming. Current knowledge is summarized for modified production systems, water sources, water flow and leveling instruments, pumps, rearing facilities, filtration, disinfection, and aeration. Several chapters provide handbook data summarizing physical, biological, and design data for practising aquaculture engineers, biologists, hatchery managers, fish culturists, and others. Each chapter ends with a bibliography, and the book has an index.
Aquaculture: the legal framework
Emond-Montgomery, Toronto (Canada), 313 p
Can. $ 45.00
aquaculture regulations - Canada - legislation
The book predominantly describes the legal framework regulating the conduct of aquaculture in Canada. It is addressed mainly to lawyers, but it is also relevant to laymen. Although focused on Canadian aquaculture law, the volume provides information on non Canadian aquaculture legislation. It deals with the legal questions facing aquaculturists, such as property rights for cultured organisms, rights to subaquatic lands and water columns, and introductions of exotic species (and diseases). The book proposes comparative practical and policy considerations for the benefit of legislators, and underlines the contrast between legal underpinnings of agriculture, mining, and ranching on one hand, and fishing, aquaculture, and hunting on the other. An appendix contains in detail aquaculture statutes relevant to Nova Scotia (Canada), which is a useful model for any legislator or lawyer faced with the task of drafting an aquaculture law.
Genetics in aquaculture
Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science 12, Elsevier, Amsterdam (Netherlands), 426 p
reprinted from Aquaculture, volume 33, Elsevier, Amsterdam (Netherlands), 426 p
genetics - hybridization - inbreeding
The book is the proceedings of the First International Symposium on Genetics in Aquaculture, held at Galway (Ireland), in 1982. The book retains the organization of the symposium which was composed of seven separate sessions, namely population genetics and genetic markers, inheritance and quantitative genetics, domestication and response to controlled environments, inbreeding, hybrids and hybridization, chromosomal genetics and ploidy, sex reversal and monosex culture. Each section is introduced by a major review paper of the state of the art of the subject area, and prepares the reader for experience papers which follow. These present contemporary research results and deal with a variety of species, including both finfish and shellfish. All contributions have substantial bibliographies. The book also includes summaries of special workshops on fish, crustaceans, and molluscs respectively, and a synthesis of the discussions of the workshops. Although the book is currently out of print it may be republished, and it is available in the journal Aquaculture.
Applied genetics of tilapias. 2nd edition
ICLARM Studies and Reviews 6, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila (Philippines), 26 p
US$ 3.00 (surface mail)
US$ 5.28 (airmail)
biology, tilapias - breeding programmes - genetics - hybridization - tilapias
The book is a concise review of the applied genetics of tilapias. There is a brief introduction on the importance of tilapias in warmwater fish culture, and the present geographical distribution of tilapias. This is followed by a description of the variation between the biology of the different tilapia species used in fish culture, including ecological and behavioural factors particularly important to their culture, namely temperature and salinity tolerance, feeding habits, growth capacity, colouration, and fecundity. The following sections describe various aspects of genetics as practised on tilapias, such as interspecific hybridization, sex determination, intraspecific variability and selection programmes, genetic methods of population control, and the use of electrophoretic markers in species identification. The review ends with considerations of the needs and future trends of research in tilapia genetics. The book has an updated and complete bibliography.
The artificial propagation of warmwater finfishes - a manual for extension
FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 201, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome (Italy), 183 p
(also in French and Spanish)
artificial propagation - carps - hatchery - hypophysation - induced breeding - warmwater aquaculture
The manual concentrates on warmwater fish species important in aquaculture, and is addressed to extension workers and aquaculture training institutions. It is profusely illustrated. It outlines the basic biological aspects of reproduction in fish, and presents various techniques used for the collection of fertilized eggs, the artificial fertilization of eggs, and the subsequent rearing of larvae and fry. It describes hatchery and nursery facilities, including equipment and tools, required to set up a medium size fish seed production and distribution centre. Methods of transporting fish eggs, larvae, fry, and fingerlings are also discussed, together with the collection and preservation of fish pituitary glands, and the dosage of pituitary extracts used for inducing successful spawning in various warmwater fishes. Finally, it describes artificial propagation techniques for some commercially important warmwater fishes. The manual has several appendices, such as a list of hatchery equipment and chemicals used in artificial propagation. Finally there is a table on the comparison between the reproductive biology of selected cultured fishes.
Academic Press, New York (USA)
biology, shellfish - culture, shellfish - development - ethology, shellfish evolution - metabolism - physiology - reproduction - taxonomy
Hochachka, P.W. (ed.), 1983
Vol.1. Metabolic biochemistry and molecular biomechanics. 510 p
Hochachka, P.W. (ed.), 1983
Vol.2. Environmental biochemistry and physiology. 362 p
Verdon, K.N.H., J.A.M. Van den Biggelaar and A.S. Tompa (eds), 1983.
Vol.3. Development. 352 p
Salenddin, A.S.M. and K.M. Wilbur (eds), 1983
Vol.4. Physiology. Part 1. 523 p
Vol.5. Physiology. Part 2. 500 p
Russel-Hunter, W.D. (ed.), 1983
Vol.6. Ecology. 695 p
Tompa, A.S., N.H. Verdonk and J.A.M. Ven den Biggelaar (eds), 1984
Vol.7. Reproduction. 488 p
Willows, D.A.O. (ed.), 1985
Vol.8. Neurobiology and behavior. Part 1. 415 p
Vol.9. Neurobiology and behavior. Part 2. 499 p
Trueman, E.R. and M.R. Clarke (eds), 1985
Vol.10. Evolution. 491 p
Vol.11. Form and function. 504 p
Clarke, M.R. (ed.), 1988
Vol.12. Paleontology and neurontology of Cephalopods. 355 p
A multi-volume treatise which includes all major fields of recent research on molluscs, namely biochemistry, physiology, neurobiology, reproduction and development, evolution, ecology, medical aspects, and structure. "The Mollusca" covers a range of disciplines, biology, paleontology, and medical science. The volumes are addressed to researchers of Mollusca and other phyla, teachers, qualified graduate students, and also the culturist.
Volumes 1-2 describe advances in traditional areas of biochemistry, molecular biomechanics, and environmental biochemistry. Each describes general principles, followed by principles of design which fit molecular, metabolic, and mechanical mechanisms to life style and the environment. The first chapter of Volume 1 introduces the phylum Mollusca and is a reference chapter for all of the treatise. It provides information about the general features of the major classes and their evolution, the anatomical organization of molluscs, and an abbreviated classification of the major taxonomic groups.
Volume 3 describes the embryonic development of spiralian molluscs and its use as a model for problems in developmental biology. All aspects of development are included, from gametogenesis to physiological ecology of larvae.
Within the disciplines of physiology and biochemistry, treated in the first volumes. Volumes 4 and 5 consider hormone action (endocrinology) and cellular defence mechanisms (immunobiology), together with reference to recent research and development.
Volume 6 surveys the current status of ecological studies on molluscs. It is divided into three sections, namely, distributional studies, physiological ecology and bioenergetics, and population genetics and dynamics.
Volume 7 describes features of reproduction for one species from the major molluscan groups, namely Prosobranchia, Basommatophora, Stylommatophora, Opistobranchia, Bivalvia, and Cephalopoda.
Volumes 8 and 9 review topics which illustrate progress in molluscan neurobiology, particularly with gasteropods.
Volume 10 deals with all molluscan classes except Cephalopoda (to be treated in Volume 12). It describes the evolution of molluscs, and emphasizes selected groups of particular interest, such as limpets, land snails, and the Anomalodesmata.
The biology of Crustacea
Academic Press, New York (USA)
biology, crustaceans - culture, crustaceans - development - ethology, shellfish - evolution - metabolism - physiology - reproduction taxonomy
Abele, L.G. (ed.), 1982
Vol.1. Systematics, the fossil record and biogeography. 336 p
Vol.2. Embryology, morphology and genetics. 432 p
Atwood, H.L. and D.C. Sandeman (eds), 1982
Vol.3. Neurobiology: structure and function. 512 p
Sandeman, D.C. and H.L. Atwood (eds), 1982
Vol.4. Neural integration and behavior. 352 p
Mantel, L.H. (ed.), 1983
Vol.5. Internal anatomy and physiological regulation. 471 p
Provenzano, Jr., A.J. (ed.), 1983
Vol.6. Pathobiology. 290 p
Vernberg, F.J. and W.B. Vernberg (eds), 1983
Vol.7. Behavior and ecology. 338 p
Vol.8. Environmental adaptations. 383 p
Bliss, D.E. and L.H. Mantel (eds), 1985
Vol.9. Integument, pigments and hormonal processes. 550 p
Provenzano, Jr., A.J. (ed.), 1985
Vol.10. Economic aspects: fisheries and culture. 331 p
The multi-volume treatise is addressed to research scientists of zoology, paleontology, ecology, physiology, endocrinology, morphology, pathology, and fisheries biology.
Volume 1 summarizes recent advances and discoveries in crustacean systematics and biogeography, and provides a complete list of the families of Crustacea. The current methods used by crustacean systematicists for summmarizing collections, preservation, staining techniques, and descriptive taxonomy are reviewed. Information on the origin of Crustacea, the relationships between the major arthropod groups, and distribution of Crustacea, are described.
Volume 2 describes development of a crustacean embryo, through larval development, sex determination, and growth. Morphological and genetic diversity of crustaceans are reviewed, together with fate maps in crustacean embryology and a synthesis of larval diversity. A key to the identification of crustacean larvae is included.
Volumes 3 and 4 review work on crustacean neurobiology since the 1960s. Volume 3 focuses on the organization of the nervous system, the structure of its components, and the physiological properties of neurons, muscles, and sense organs responsible for maintenance and behaviour. In Volume 4 the neural circuits responsible for behaviour are analysed.
Volume 5 describes internal anatomy and physiology of Crustacea, followed by a review of functions, in particular regulation of hemolymph, transfer of energy to tissues, and exchange and transportion of gases.
Volume 6 summarizes current knowledge and problems in biotic diseases, exclusive of environmentally-induced diseases. Disease-causing viruses, ricketsiae, bacteria, and fungi are described. Protozoans of importance in diseases, disease responses, life history of metazoans which live in or on crustacean hosts, and crustaceans as parasites are examined.
Volume 7 reviews dominant lines of research in ethology. In particular these include: intra and interspecific communication, patterns of movement and orientation of crustaceans in nature, cyclic nature and timing of biological functions, symbiotic relationships with other crustacean and noncrustacean hosts, interactions of larval stages with various biotic and abiotic factors, and assemblages into populations and communities.
Volume 8 deals with respiratory responses exhibited by crustaceans subjected to environmental factors, mechanisms by which they take up energy (food) from the environment under fluctuating conditions, osmoregulation, perpetuation of species and reproduction in diverse habitats, and specific adaptations of Crustacea to terrestrial and freshwater habitats.
Volume 9 focuses on major physiological processes in crustaceans, such as molting and regeneration, reproduction, sexual differentiation, the integument and how it provides protection and continuity throughout the intermolt cycle, integumentary and eye pigmentation and its control of activities in various physiological and environmental states, hormones and their control of growth, molting, various integumentary, pigmentary, and reproductive functions, and pigments.
Volume 10 reviews elements of crustacean biology associated primarily with production for human food, namely fisheries and culture. It describes groups which comprise commercially important shrimps and prawns, and typical fishing methods. It describes general biological characteristics of decapods relevant to aquaculture, and culture of main crustacean species. This includes a review of culture practices, and factors important in managing systems through water quality control.
Academic Press, New York (USA)
biology, fish - culture, fish - development - ethology, fish - evolution-metabolism - physiology - reproduction - taxonomy
Hoar, W.S. and D.J. Rendall (eds), 1969
Vol.1. Excretion, ion regulation and metabolism. 465 p
Vol.2. The endocrine system. 446 p
Vol.3. Reproduction and growth. Bioluminescence, pigments and poisons. 485 p
Vol.4. The nervous system, circulation and respiration. 523 p
Vol.5. Sensory systems and electric organs. 600 p
Vol.6. Environmental relations and behavior. 559 p
Vol.7. Locomotion. 576 p
Hoar, W.S., D.J. Rendall and J.R. Brett (eds), 1979
Vol.8. Bioenergetics and growth. 786 p
Hoar, W.S., D.J. Rendall and E.M. Donaldson (eds), 1983
Vol.9. Reproduction. Part A: Endocrine tissues and hormones. 483 p
Vol.9. Reproduction. Part B: Behavior and fertility control. 477 p
Hoar, W.S. and D.J. Rendall (eds), 1984
Vol.10. Gills. Part As Anatomy, gas transfer, and acid-basic regulation. 480 p
Vol.10. Gills. Part B: Ion and water transfer. 440 p
Hoar, W.S. and D.J. Rendall (eds), 1988
Vol.11. The physiology of the developing fish. Part A: Eggs and larvae. 546 p
Vol.11. The physiology of the developing fish. Part B: Viviparity and posthatching juveniles. 436 p
This multi-volume treatise reviews recent advances in selected areas of fish physiology, and includes Agnatha, Chondroichthyes, Actinopterygii, and Choanoichthyes. Adaptive processes are considered for the full range of aquatic habitats from tropical to polar zones. It includes primitive air breathing systems, physiology of most vertebrate organs and systems, and devices for protection and communication. It includes many fundamental principles in the field of comparative animal physiology. The treatise was planned around six volumes but it was continued and Volume 11 was published in 1988. The first six volumes cover many different topics in each volume, but from Volume 7 each deals with one specific topic. The series considers excretion, metabolism, the endocrine system, reproduction, development, luminescence, chromatophores and venoms, the circulatory and respiratory systems, the nervous system and the sense organs, several aspects of fish behaviour, and special adaptation to environmental change.
The series is addressed to research scientists in a broad range of biological fields, and fisheries biologists.
Volume 1 deals with osmotic and ionic regulation, the physiology of excretion, water and electrolyte balance excretion, and aspects of metabolism.
Volume 2 describes the endocrinology of fishes, with major emphasis on the pituitary gland. Physiology of reproduction is the subject of Volume 3, and the physiology of the pineal gland in Volume 4.
In Volume 3 the first four chapters are devoted to problems of reproduction, differentiation, and development; the last four are quite unrelated, dealing with tissue culture, physiological colour changes, venoms, poisons, and structures which produce light.
The first part of Volume 4 describes the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system and provides a background for subsequent chapters and those of Volume 5. The major part is devoted to a review of respiration, circulation, and properties of blood, and includes a chapter on the role of the swim bladder as a hydrostatic organ, and the effects of hydrostatic pressure on animal function.
Volume 5 is concerned with sensory systems and functions of the central nervous system, and summarizes the present state of sensory neurophysiology. Electric organs are also discussed, with their functional relationships between electroreception and electric discharge.
Volume 6 deals with the physiology and behavioural responses of fish to environmental stimuli.
Volume 7 reviews fish locomotion, and the different swimming modes adopted by various species.
Volume 8 describes the physiological and biochemical processes concerning the acquisition and utilization of food for energy and growth. The chapters begin with a review of recent advances in nutrition, with emphasis on energy and growth requirements from the diet, through acquisition of food, to metabolic utilization for maintenance and growth. The final chapter is on mathematical approaches to growth modeling.
Volume 9 is an updated and enlarged version on fish reproduction, which had previously been treated in three chapters in Volume 3. It deals with selected topics on reproductive physiology, especially endocrinology, behaviour, environmental interactions, and fecundity. It previews current research in fish reproduction, the brain and neurohormones, pituitary and gonadal histology, gonadotrophin receptors, behaviour, environmental control of spawning time, sex control, gamete preservation, and chromosome engineering.
Volume 10 reviews the structure and function of gills in fish, and presents methodologies used in studying gills. It updates and expands chapters published in earlier volumes on excretion and ionic regulation (Volume 1), and gas exchange and the regulation of breathing (Volume 4). It describes anatomy of gills and their associated muscles and vascular supply, innervation, pharmacology, transfer of respiratory gases, and acid-base regulation. It also reviews the chloride cell, metabolism, euryhalinity, gill permeability to water and nonelectrolytes, ion transport, transepithelial potentials, hormonal control of water movement, and perfusion methods for the study of gill physiology.
Volume 11 reviews aspects of development in fish. The first part considers early life stages, from eggs to larvae. Different patterns of development are described, such as metabolism, vitellogenesis, yolk absorption, and hatching. The second part considers maternal- embryonic relationship in viviparity, metamorphosis, factors controlling meristic variation, physiology of smolting salmon, ontogenesis of behaviour and sensory systems.