Aagesne, D. 1998. Indigenous resource rights and conservation of the monkey-puzzle tree (Araucaria araucana, Araucauriaceae): a case study from southern Chile. Econ. Bot., 52(2): 146.
Ankarfjard, R. & Kegl, M. 1998. Tapping oleoresin from Dipterocarpus alatus (Dipterocarpaceae) in a Lao village. Econ. Bot., 52(1): 7.
Arnold, M. 1998. Managing forests as common property. FAO Forestry Paper No. 136. Rome, FAO.
Assies, W. 1997. Going nuts for the rainforest. Non-timber forest products, forest conservation and sustainability in Amazonia. Thela Latin America Series, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Thela Publishers.
Bachmann, P., Koehl, M. & Paivinen, R. 1998. Assessment of biodiversity for improved forest planning. Proceedings of the Conference, 7-11 October 1996. Monte Verita, Switzerland. European Forest Institute Proceedings No. l8. Forestry Sciences, Vol. 51. 421 pp.
Balodi, B. & Rao, R.R. 1998. Some wild edible medicinal plants used by the Adivasis of Garhwal and Kumaon Himalaya. Annals of Forestry, 6(1): 18-30.
Banskota, K. & Sharma, B. 1998. Mountain tourism for local community development in Nepal: a case study of Upper Mustang (MEI 98/1). International Centre for Mountain Development, Kathmandu. 84 pp. ISSN 1024-7564. Price: US$15. For orders and further enquiries, please write to: Distribution Officer, DITS/ICIMOD, PO Box 3226, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Banskota, K. & Sharma, B. 1998. Mountain tourism for local community development in Nepal: a case study of Phewa Lakeside, Pokhara (MEI 98/2). International Centre for Mountain Development, Kathmandu. 58 pp. ISSN 1024-7564. Price: US$15. For orders and further enquiries, please write to: Distribution Officer, DITS/ICIMOD, PO Box 3226, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Banskota, K. & Sharma, B. 1998. Mountain tourism for local community development in Nepal: a case study of Syaphrubesi, Langtang (MEI 98/3). International Centre for Mountain Development, Kathmandu. 52 pp. ISSN 1024-7564. Price: US$15. For orders and further enquiries, please write to: Distribution Officer, DITS/ICIMOD, PO Box 3226, Kathmandu, Nepal.


FAO Forestry Paper No. 136

This study brings together available information about the role of common property as a system of governance and its current relevance to forest management and use. It reviews the historical record of common property systems that have disappeared or survived, and it examines the experience of selected contemporary collective management programmes in different countries. The paper identifies the main factors that appear at present to determine success or failure.

Bawa, K.S. & Seidler, R. 1998. Natural forest management and conservation of biodiversity in tropical forests. Conservation Biology, 12: 46-55.
Bekure, Z., Donlan, M., Gordon, Y. & Thomson, J. 1997. Local to global: the international market for shea butter. Report to the UN Development Fund for Women, New York.
Bhatnagar, P. 1998. Price trends of some medicinal plants. S.F.R.I. Bulletin, No. 33. Jabalpur, India, State Forest Research Institute.
Bye, R. & Timmermann, B. 1997. International Cooperative Biodiversity Group's Program in Mexico. Medicinal Plant Conservation, 4: 5-6.
Caniago, I. & Siebert, S.F. 1998. Medicinal plant ecology, knowledge and conservation in Kalimantan, Indonesia. Econ. Bot., 52(3): 229.
CATIE & CIFOR. 1997. Manejo del bosque natural latifoliado en el Trópico Americano: bibliografía. Serie Bibliografíca y Documentación. Bibliografía no 26. Turrialba, Costa Rica. 544 pp.
Chandrasekharan, D. 1998. NTFPs, institutions, and income generation in Nepal: lessons for community forestry (MNR 98/1). International Centre for Mountain Development, Kathmandu. 52 pp. ISSN 1024-7556. Price: US$15. For orders and further enquiries, please write to: Distribution Officer, DITS/ICIMOD, PO Box 3226, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Coghlan, A. 1997. Muck into medicine. New Sci., 156(2102): 8.
Coomes, O.T. & Barham, B.L. 1997. Rain forest extraction and conservation in Amazonia. Geo. J., 163(2): 180-188.
Cunningham, M., Cunningham, A.B. & Schippmann, U. 1997. Trade in Prunus africana and the implementation of CITES. Bonn-Bad Godesberg. 52 pp. ISBN 3-89624-608-9. Order from: BfN - Schriftenvertrieb im Landwirtschaftsverlag GmbH, D-48084 Münster, Germany. Fax: (+49 25) 01801801.
Cunningham, A.B. & Höft, R., eds. 1997. The African Ethnobotany Network. Le Réseau Africain d'Ethnobotanie. Harare, Association for the Taxonomic Study of the Flora of Tropical Africa/ People & Plants Initiative/UNESCO/ University of Zimbabwe, Institute of Environmental Studies/WWF.
de Beer, J.H. & McDermott, M.J. 1996. The economic value of non-timber forest products in Southeast Asia. Second revised edition. Amsterdam, Netherlands Committee for IUCN.
Dupriez, H. & de Leener, P. 1998. Trees and multistorey agriculture in Africa: a textbook for agroforestry. 280 pp. ISBN 92-9081-1781. Sales contact: Terres et Vie, 13 rue Laurent Delvaux, 1400 Nivelles, Belgium. Fax: (+32 67) 217 149; e-mail:
Egli, S. & Ayer, F. 1997. Est-il possible d'améliorer la production de champignons comestibles en forêt? L'exemple de la réserve mycologique de la Chanéaz en Suisse. Rev. For. Franç., 49 (Numéro spécial): 235-243.
El Abid, A., ed. 1997. Annales de la recherche forestière au Maroc. Rabat, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Equipement et de l'Environnement/Centre National de la Recherche Forestière.


W. Killmann, W.C. Wong & Khozirah bt. Shaari. 1996.
Kuala Lumpur, FRIM Research Pamphlet 103 (revised and updated edition). 255 pp.

This very comprehensive bibliography is an updated, revised version of the 1988 edition. The 1 480 entries listed and annotated can be tracked through author, product and palm species registries. An important feature is the considerable number of grey and otherwise inaccessible publications.
The bibliography can be ordered through: The Library, Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM), 52109 Kepong, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Fax: (+60 3) 6367753;

Flannery, M. 1998. The medicine and medicinal plants of C.S. Rafinesque. Econ. Bot., 52(1): 27-43.
Ford Foundation. 1998. Forestry for sustainable rural development. A review of Ford Foundation-supported community forestry programs in Asia. New York.
Ganeshaiah, K.N., Shhanker, R.U. & Bawa, K.S. 1998. Extraction of non-timber forest products in the forests of Biligiri Rangan Hills, India. 5. Influence of dispersal mode on species response to anthropogenic pressures. Econ. Bot., 52(3): 316.
Gaski, A., ed. 1998. While supplies last: the sale of tiger and other endangered species medicines in North America, 1996-1997. Washington, DC, TRAFFIC North America.
Goldsmith, F.B. 1998. Tropical rainforest: a wider perspective. Conservation Biology Series No. 10. London, Chapman and Hall. 424 pp.
Grami, B. 1998. Gas of Khunsar, the manna of Persia. Econ. Bot., 52(2): 183.
Gurib-Fakim, A., Gueho, J. & Sewraj-Bissoondoyal, M. 1997. The medicinal plants of Mauritius - Part 1. International J. Pharmacognosy, 35(4): 237-254.
Hall, I.R., Lyon, A.J.E. & Sinclair, L. 1998. Ectomycorrhizal fungi with edible fruiting bodies. 2. Boletus edulis. Econ. Bot., 52(1): 44.
Hall, I.R. & Zambonelli, A. 1998. Ectomycorrhizal fungi with edible fruiting bodies. 3. Tuber magnatum, Tuberaceae. Econ. Bot., 52(2): 192.
Haugen, C. & Durst, P. 1997. Directory of selected tropical forestry journals and newsletters. 2nd ed. Bangkok, FAO.
Hegde, S.N. et al. 1997. Micropropagation and farming of Cymbidium orchids as supplemental crop in Jhum/water lands of Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Forest News, 15(1&2): 15-28.
Herzog, F. & Gotsch, N. 1998. Assessing the sustainability of smallholder tree crop production in the tropics: a methodological outline. J. Sustainable Agriculture, 11(4): 13-37.
Hoover, C. 1998. The US role in the international live reptile trade: Amazon tree boas to Zululand dwarf chameleons. Washington, DC, TRAFFIC North America.


W. Killmann & D. Fink. 1996. Eschborn, Germany, Protrade/GTZ. 204 pp.

The book builds on the considerable experience of the authors in coconut palm stem processing, as well as on earlier publications in this field by FAO, GTZ/German Appropriate Technology Exchange (GATE), Groupe de Recherches et d'Échanges Technologiques (GRÉT - France) and the Forest Products Research Laboratory (FPRL) in Los Baños, the Philippines.
One-half of the 200 pages are dedicated to properties, harvesting, transport and primary processing of coconut palm stems, the remainder address issues of secondary processing, economics and marketing. The book is well illustrated with drawings and photos, and gives plenty of practical hints and recommendations.
In spite of its size and volume, the publication can be considered a comprehensive handbook of coconut palm stem utilization and can serve as a useful source of information for the processing of other palm stems.

Coconut palm stem processing can
be ordered through Protrade/GTZ,
PO Box 5180, Eschborn, Germany.
Fax: (+49 61) 96797414;

ICIMOD & Centre for Rural Technology. 1998. Manual of rural technology with implications for mountain tourism. International Centre for Mountain Development, Kathmandu. 152 pp. ISBN 92 9115 7740. Price: US$20. For orders and further enquiries, please write to: Distribution Officer, DITS/ICIMOD, PO Box 3226, Kathmandu, Nepal.
ILA. 1997. Medicinal Plants Sourcebook - India. Switzerland, International Library Association. 598 pp.
Jianchu, X. 1997. Taxus at risk in Yunnan, Southwest China. Medicinal Plant Conservation. 4: 10.
Johnson, R. 1998. Multiple products, community forestry and contract design: the case of timber harvesting and resin tapping in Honduras. J. Forest Economics, 4(2): 127-146.
Johnston, M. 1998. Tree population studies in low-diversity forests, Guyana. II. Assessments on the distribution and abundance of non-timber forest products. Biodiversity and Conservation, 7: 73-86.
Kamakhina, G. 1998. A national strategy to save the biological and landscape diversity of Turkmenistan. Russian Conservation News, 14: 12-14.
Kapseu, C. & Kayem, G.J. 1998. Proceedings of the second international workshop of African pear improvement and other new sources of vegetable oils. Cameroon, Presses Universitaires de Yaoundé.
Kasparek, M. 1997. African Network on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (ANIUMAP) founded at Abuja, Nigeria. Medicinal Plant Conservation, 4: 18.
Killmann, W. & Fink, D. 1996. Coconut palm stem processing. Eschborn, Germany, Protrade/GTZ. 204 pp.
Killmann, W., Wong, W.C. & Khozirah bt. Shaari. 1996. Utilization of palm stems and leaves. An annotated bibliography. FRIM Research Pamphlet 103 (revised and updated edition). Kuala Lumpur. 255 pp.
Lange, D. 1997. Trade in plant material for medicinal and other purposes - a German case study. TRAFFIC Bull., 17(1): 20-32.
Lange, D. 1998. Europe's medicinal and aromatic plants: their use, trade and conservation. Cambridge, UK, TRAFFIC International.
Langner, L., ed. 1998. Non-wood goods and services of the forest. Report of ECE/FAO team of specialists. Geneva Timber and Forest Study Papers No. 15. UN-ECE and FAO, New York and Geneva.
Leakey, R.R.B. & Simons, A.J. 1998. The domestication and commercialization of indigenous trees in agroforestry for the alleviation of poverty. Agroforestry Systems, 38: 165-176.
Liegel, L., Pilz, D. & Love, T. 1998. The MAB mushroom study: background and concerns. Ambio Spec. Rep., No. 9.
Liegel, L., Pilz, D., Love, T. & Jones, E. 1998. Integrating biological, socioeconomic, and managerial methods. Ambio Spec. Rep., No. 9.
Lindberg, K. & Hawkins, D.E., eds. 1993. Ecotourism. A guide for planners and managers. Vol. 1. North Bennington, Vermont, USA, Ecotourism Society.
Lindberg, K., Wood, M.E. & Engeldrum, D., eds. 1998. Ecotourism. A guide for planners and managers. Vol. 2. North Bennington, Vermont, USA, Ecotourism Society.
Love, T., Jones, E. & Liegel, L. 1998. Valuing the temperate rainforest: wild mushrooming on the Olympic Peninsula Biosphere Reserve. Ambio Spec. Rep., No. 9.
Lund, H.G. 1998. A comparison of multipurpose resource inventories (MRIs) throughout the world. Working paper No. 14. Joensuu, Finland, European Forest Institute. ISBN 952-9844-47-6. 46 pp. For copies, contact: European Forestry Institute, Torikatu 34, FIN-80100 Joensuu, Finland. Tel.: (+358 13) 252020; fax: (+358 13) 124393; e-mail:; on-line order form at
Lund, G., Pajari, B. & Korhonen, M., eds.1998. Sustainable development of non-wood goods and benefits from boreal and cold temperate forests. Proceedings of the international workshop, Joensuu, Finland, 18-22 January 1998. ISBN 952-9844-46-8.

New publication

FAO Non-Wood Forest Products Series
No. 12

Conifers are abundant in the boreal and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, but are also important components of many tropical and subtropical forest ecosystems. Many conifer species provide a wide range of non-wood products. With the exception of essential oils, which can be obtained from several parts of the tree, the products described in this volume are organized according to the part of the tree from which they are obtained (e.g. the whole tree, foliage, bark and roots, resin, seeds and cones). The information is presented to assist in identifying opportunities for management and production of non-wood conifer products. The publication will be of interest to foresters and rural development workers in both developed and developing countries.

A printed copy of the (priced) publication may be ordered from:
Sales and Marketing Group, Information Division, FAO,
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.
Fax: (+39) 06 57053360;

Mander, M. 1998. Marketing of indigenous medicinal plants in South Africa. A case study in KwaZulu-Natal. Rome, FAO.
Marshall, N.T. 1998. Searching for a cure: conservation of medicinal wildlife resources in East and southern Africa. 112 pp. and Annex. Cambridge, UK, TRAFFIC International. For information, contact: TRAFFIC East/Southern Africa, c/o Dept of National Parks and Wildlife, PO Box 30131, Lilongwe, Malawi. Fax: (+265 74) 36 48; e-mail:
Martin, E.B. 1997. Wildlife products for sale in Myanmar. TRAFFIC Bull., 17(1): 33-44.
Matapí, C. & Matapí, U. 1997. Historia de los Upichia. Estudios en la Amazonia Colombiana XV. Bogotá, Colombia, Tropenbos-Colombia. ISBN 958-9365-07-8.
McLain, R., Jones, E. & Liegel, L. 1998. The MAB mushroom study as a teaching case example of interdisciplinary and sustainable forestry research. Ambio Spec. Rep., No. 9.
Melisch, R., Fomenko, P. & Hejada, B. 1997. The status of Panax ginseng in the Russian Far East and adjacent areas: a matter of conservation action. Medicinal Plant Conservation, 4: 11-13.
Messerschmidt, D.A. & Hammet, A.L. 1998. Local knowledge of alternative forest resources: its relevance for resource management and economic development. J. Sustainable Forestry, 7(1/2): 21-55.
Miller, D.J. & Sienna, R.C. 1998. Rangeland and pastoral development in the Hindu Kush Himalayas. Kathmandu, International Centre for Mountain Development. 268 pp. ISBN 92 9115 1580. Price: US$20. For orders and further enquiries, contact: Distribution Officer, DITS/ICIMOD, PO Box 3226, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Mugabe, J. & Clark, N., eds. 1998. Managing biodiversity - national systems of conservation and innovation in Africa. Nairobi, African Centre for Technology Study.
Myint, A.K. & Hofer, T. 1998. Forestry and key Asian watersheds. Kathmandu, International Centre for Mountain Development. 70pp. ISBN 92 9115 7600 Price: US$20. For orders and further enquiries, contact: Distribution Officer, DITS/ICIMOD, PO Box 3226, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Nair, M.N.B., Sahri, M.H. & Ashaari, Z., eds. 1998. Sustainable management of non-wood forest products. Proceedings of an international workshop held at University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia, 14-17 October 1997.
Ndjebet-Ntamag, C. 1997. Spatial distribution of non-timber forest products collection. A case study of South Cameroon. Wageningen Agricultural University, the Netherlands. (unpublished M.Sc. thesis)
Ndoye, O., Pérez, M.R. & Eyebe, A. 1998. Le marché des produits forestiers non-ligneux dans la zone de forêt humide du Cameroun. ODI Rural Development Forestry Network Paper No. 22c. London, ODI.
Nef, R. 1997. Socio-economic impacts of forest exploitation on the livelihoods of local people in southern Cameroon: timber versus non-timber forest products. Wageningen Agricultural University, the Netherlands. (unpublished M.Sc. thesis)
Nerd, A., Irjimovich, V. & Mizrahi, Y. 1998. Phenology, breeding system and fruit development of Argan (Argania spinosa, Sapotaceae) cultivated in Israel. Econ. Bot., 52(2): 161.
O'Brien, E.M. & Peters, C. 1998. Wild fruit trees and shrubs of South Africa: geographic distribution of species richness. Econ. Bot., 52(3): 267.
Ojasti, J. 1996. Wildlife utilization in Latin America. Current situation and prospects for sustainable management. FAO Conservation Guide No. 25. Rome, FAO.
Olsen, C.S. 1998. The trade in medicinal and aromatic plants from central Nepal to northern India. Econ. Bot., 52(3): 279.
Phillips, O.L. & Meilleur, B.A. 1998. Usefulness and economic potential of the rare plants of the United States: a statistical survey. Econ. Bot., 52(1): 57-67.
Pilz, D., Molina, R. & Liegel, L. 1998. Biological productivity of chanterelle mushrooms in and near the Olympic Peninsula Biosphere Reserve. Ambio Spec. Rep., No. 9.
Pilz, D., Brodie, F.D., Alexander, S. & Molina, R. 1998. Relative value of chanterelles and timber as commercial forest products. Ambio Spec. Rep., No. 9.
Poffenberger, M. 1998. Communities and forest management in Canada and the United States. A regional profile of the Working Group on Community Involvement in Forest Management. Gland, Switzerland, IUCN.
Rao, A.N. & Ramanatha, R., eds. 1998. Rattan: taxonomy, ecology, silviculture, conservation, genetic improvement and biotechnology. Proceedings of training courses-cum-workshops, Sarawak, Sabah, Malaysia, 14-26 April 1996. IPGRI/INBAR.
Rasoanaivo, P. 1997. Ravensara aromatica: a threatened, aromatic species of Madagascar. Medicinal Plant Conservation, 4: 9.
RECOFTC. 1998. Ecotourism for forest conservation and development: proceedings of a RECOFTC/FAO seminar. Thailand, RECOFTC.
Richardson, J.A. 1998. Wildlife utilization and biodiversity conservation in Namibia: conflicting or complementary objectives? Biodiversity and Conservation, 7: 549-559.
Robbins, C. 1997. Panax quinquefolius popularity prompts probe. Medicinal Plant Conservation, 4: 13-15.
Robbins, C. 1998. American ginseng: the root of North America's medicinal herb trade. Washington, DC, TRAFFIC North America. 94 pp.
Robbins, C. 1998. Examination of the US pitcher-plant trade - with a focus on the white-topped pitcher-plant. TRAFFIC Bull., 17(2): 79-86.
Ros-Tonen, M.A.F., van Andel, T., Assies, W., van Dijk, J.F.W., Duivenvoorden, J.F., van der Hammen, M.C., de Jong, W., Reinders, M., Rodríguez Fernández, C.A. & van Valkenburg, J.L.C.H. 1998. Methods for non-timber forest products research. The Tropenbos experience. Tropenbos Documents 14. Wageningen, the Netherlands, Tropenbos Foundation.
Runk-Velasquez, J. 1998. Productivity and sustainability of a vegetable ivory palm (Phytelophas equatorialis, Arecaceae) under three management regimes in northwestern Ecuador. Econ. Bot., 52(2): 168.
Sanchez Saenz, M. 1997. Catálogo preliminar comentado de la flora del Medio Caquetá. Estudios en la Amazonia Colombiana XII. Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia, Tropenbos Colombia. ISBN 958-95378-7-1.
Schlosser, W.E. & Blatner, K.A. 1997. Special forest products: an east-side perspective. Portland, Oregon, USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 27 pp.
Schröder, J.-M. 1998. Non-timber forest products and their potential for preserving tropical humid forests. Plant Research and Development, 47/48: 108-117. Tübingen, Germany, Institute for Scientific Cooperation.
Sequeira, V. & Bezkorowajnyj, P.G. 1998. Improved management of Butea monosperma for lac production in India. Forest Ecology and Manage., 102(2/3): 225-234.
Shackelton, S.E., Dzerefos, C.M. & Mathabela, F.R. 1998. Use and trading of wild edible herbs in the Central Lowveld savanna region, South Africa. Econ. Bot., 52(3): 251.
Shah, N. 1997. Faulty export policy of herbs and crude drugs in India. Medicinal Plant Conservation, 4: 4-5.
Shamsher S., Narwal, P.T. & Bisla, S.S. 1997. Neem in sustainable agriculture. Jodhpur, India. ISBN 81-7233-167-3.
Shankar, U. & Khan, M.L. 1997. Biodiversity: harvest to conserve. Arunachal Forest News, 15(1&2): 40-46.
Shankar, U., Murali, K.S. & Bawa, K.S. 1998. Extraction of non-timber forest products in the forests of Biligiri Rangan Hills, India. 4. Impact on floristic diversity and population structure in a thorn scrub forest. Econ. Bot., 52(3): 302.
Shankar, U. Hedge, R. & Bawa, K.S. 1998. Extraction of non-timber forest products in the forests of Biligiri Rangan Hills, India. 6. Fuelwood pressure and management options. Econ. Bot., 52(3): 320.
Shanley, P., Hoehn, I. & Silva, A. 1996. Receitas sem palavras: plantas medicinais da Amazônia. Brazil, Belém.
Shanley, P., Cymerys, M. & Galvao, J. 1998. Frutiferas da mata na vida amazônica. Brazil, Belém.
Shepherd, G. et al., eds. 1998. The EU tropical forestry sourcebook. London, ODI/Brussels, EC.
Shiva, M.P. 1998. Inventory of forest resources for sustainable management and biodiversity conservation. With lists of multipurpose tree species yielding both timber and non-timber forest products (NTFPs) and shrub and herb species of NTFP importance. New Delhi. ISBN 81-7387-091-8. 704 pp.
Simons, H.W., ed. 1998. Achievements of Dutch research in tropical rain forests. Tropenbos Documents 15. Wageningen, the Netherlands, Tropenbos Foundation.
Skonhoft, A. 1998. Resource utilization, property rights and welfare: wildlife and the local people. Ecological Economics, 26(1): 67.
Skorupa, L.A. & Assis, M. 1998. Collecting and conserving ipecac (Psychotria ipecacuanha, Rubiaceae) germplasm in Brazil. Econ. Bot., 52(2): 209.
Teik, N.L. & Idris, M.A.M. 1997. Trade in medicinal and aromatic plants in Malaysia (1986-1996). FRIM Reports, 71.
Tuxill, J. & Nabhan, G.P. 1998. Plants and protected areas. A guide to in situ management. Cheltenham, UK, WWF International/UNESCO/Royal Botanic Gardens Kew.


Concern over the fate of the Amazonian rainforest and its peoples has prompted a wave of internationally sponsored initiatives that promise to conserve the forest while benefiting indigenous peoples.
In this paper, the challenges posed by such endeavours are reviewed and a critical synthesis posed of prevailing notions of the rainforest, its peoples and the economic logic of forest product extraction and trade that underlie current conservation practices and applied research. The authors' critique points to three key issues that require much closer attention by both NGOs and scholars: the microeconomic and geographic factors shaping resource-use decisions of forest peasant households; the fluid and endogenous nature of social relations that arise around forest product extraction; and the role of life cycle factors and historical experience in shaping resource-use patterns of forest peasant households. Research on these issues promises to provide a firmer foundation for conservation and a clearer understanding of the prospects offered and problems posed by forest product extraction for economic development and rainforest conservation in Amazonia. (Source: Abstract of "Rain forest extraction and conservation in Amazonia", Geographical Journal, 163(2): 180-188.)

For more information, please contact
Mr Oliver T. Coomes, Associate Professor,
Dept. of Geography, McGill University, Montreal, Canada;
Mr Bradford L. Barham, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics,
University of Wisconsin-Madison,
Madison, WI, USA.

Vance, N. & Thomas, J., eds. 1997. Special forest products - biodiversity meets the marketplace. Sustainable Forestry Seminar Series, October - November 1995, Oregon State University, Oregon. Washington, DC, USDA.
van Valkenburg, J.L.C.H. 1997. Non-timber forest products of East Kalimantan. Potentials for sustainable forest use. Tropenbos Series 16. Wageningen, the Netherlands, Tropenbos Foundation.
van Wyk, B. 1997. Medicinal plants of South Africa. Arcadia, South Africa, Briza Publications. 304 pp.
Verheij, B. & Reinders, M. 1997. The status of the extraction and marketing of timber and non-timber forest products by Amerindians in the Guyanese context. BOS Nieuwsletter, 16(1)[35]: 15-22.
Villanueva, A.D. 1997. Bolivia: los bosques nativos y su manejo sostenible. Revista Forestal Centroamericana, 21 (Oct.-Dic. 1997): 25-30.
Vivekanandan, K., Rao, A.N. & Ramanatha, R., eds. 1998. Bamboo and rattan genetic resources in cerain Asian countries. FORTIP/IPGRI/INBAR.
Walter, S. 1998. The utilization of non-timber forest products in the rainforests of Madagascar: a case study. Plant Research and Development, 47/48: 121-144. Tübingen, Germany, Institute for Scientific Cooperation.
Wickens, G.E. 1998. Ecophysiology of economic plants in arid and semi-arid lands. Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany.
Wijesekera, R.O.B., Ratnatunga, C.M. & Dürbeck, K. 1997. The distillation of essential oils - manufacturing and plant conservation handbook. Protrade. For copies, contact: Protrade, PO Box 51 80, D-65726 Eschborn, Germany. Fax: (+49 61) 96 79 74 14; e-mail:
Wilkie, D., Curran, B., Tshombe, R. & Morelli, G. 1998. Modelling the sustainability of subsistence farming and hunting in the Ituri Forest in Zaire. Conservation Biology, 12(1): 137-147.


In May 1996, the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) organized this international workshop in Pokhara, Nepal. The proceedings have now been published.

For more information, please contact
Madhav Karki, SARO/IDRC,
17 Jor Bagh, New Delhi 110003, India.
Fax: (+91 11) 462 2707;
(See also under Special Features for more information on IDRC.)

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