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Agricultural Outlook 2015-2024

‌The Agricultural Outlook, 2015-2024, is a collaborative effort of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and FAO. It brings together the commodity, policy and country expertise of both organisations and input from collaborating member countries to provide an annual assessment of prospects for the coming decade of national, regional and global agricultural commodity markets.

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The contribution of tree crop products to smallholder households A case study of baobab, shea, and néré in Burkina Faso
This document examines the contribution of tree products derived from baobab (Adansonia digitata), shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) and néré (Parkia biglobosa) to smallholder livelihoods where these nontimber forest products form a significant part of the subsistence economies of smallholder households in the Sahelian region. The benefits are access to nutritious foodstuffs particularly during the soudure hunger season and are also commercialised.

Kenya's Tea Sector under Climate Change: An impact assessment and formulation of a climate-smart strategy
Changing weather patterns in Kenya are increasingly being experienced within agricultural systems, including by farmers. In Kenya, there is particular concern with regard to the effects of climate change on tea – an extremely important sector for the economy. Tea producers already are facing reduced and erratic rainfall, a higher rate of hail or frost and rising temperatures that heavily affect yields and productivity levels. Over 500 000 smallholder tea producers are facing increased uncertainty about their livelihoods in the future. The challenge of climate change is raising concern at the policy level over the long-term viability of the tea value chain.

Climate Change and Food Systems: Global assessments and implications for food security and trade
This book collects the findings of a group of scientists and economists who have taken stock of climate change impacts on food and agriculture at global and regional levels over the past two decades. 

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World statistical compendium for raw hides and skins, leather and leather footwear 1998-2014
The detailed statistical data on production, utilization and trade of hides and skins, leather and leather footwear are preceded by eleven summary tables highlighting the salient features and changes which have taken place in the hides and skins and leather sub-sector.

World tea production and trade: Current and future development
This document constitutes an overview of the current production and trade situation for tea, as well as medium term projections to 2023.

Implications of Maximum Residue Levels (MRLs) on tea trade
This document summarises current regulations and trade, and examines the MRL-trade interaction of China, a major tea exporting country. The document also addresses the welfare implications on consumers and producers.

Socio-economic implications of climate change for tea producing countries
Tea plays a significant role in rural development, poverty reduction and food security in developing countries and is one of the most important cash crops in the world. Climate change impacts greatly on tea growth and production as tea is mainly grown under rain-fed mono-cropping systems and weather conditions determine optimal growth. 

Contribution of tea production and exports to food security, rural development and smallholder welfare in selected producing countries
In the case of tea, production and exports generate foreign exchange and employment and provide a material base for national economic growth. In particular, they make significant contributions to food security by helping to cover food import bills.

Russia’s restrictions on imports of agricultural and food products: An initial assessment
On 7 August 2014 Russia announced a ban on food imports from Western countries which, in an earlier move, had imposed sanctions on Russian business interests in connection with the crisis in eastern Ukraine. 

Policy responses to high food prices in Latin America and the Caribbean: Country case studies
This publication presents evidence on the effectiveness of policies and programmes introduced in response to rising food prices in eight Latin American countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Nicaragua and Peru.

Countries in the Commonwealth of Independent States: Agricultural policy issues in the context of the World Trade Organization
This report examines the experience and main issues of twelve of these countries in the context of the rules and commitments in agriculture under the World Trade Organization (WTO). ENGLISH |  RUSSIAN

Import surges and the Special Safeguard Mechanism revisited
This Technical Note revisits the analysis presented in Technical Note No. 9, updating data used in the identification of Import Surges to 2013 to capture recent changes in the global market context of higher and more volatile food prices and significant increases in volumes of imports to food deficit developing countries

Smallholder participation in the tropical superfruits value chain: ensuring equitable share of the success to enhance their livelihood
The production and trade of tropical fruits generate income, improving the livelihoods and food security of producers, who are almost exclusively smallholders in developing countries.

El Paquete de Bali: repercusiones para el comercio y la seguridad alimentaria En este informe se explica de forma concisa el paquete de Bali y se hace especial referencia a aquellos elementos que tienen consecuencias directas para el comercio y las políticas afines encaminadas a mejorar la seguridad alimentaria.

Banana market review and banana statistics 2012-2013
This report is issued on an annual basis to Members and Observers of the Sub-Group on Bananas of the Intergovernmental Group on Bananas and Tropical Fruits. It brings together the information available to FAO, supplemented by data obtained from other sources, in particular with regard to preliminary estimates. 

The changing role of multinational companies in the global banana trade
On 10 March 2014, Chiquita, the largest banana trading company in the world, and Fyffes, one of the main suppliers to the European market, announced a merger, making the new company ChiquitaFyffes, an undisputed leader in the banana market.

Rebuilding West Africa’s Food Potential: Policies and private initiatives to promote smallholder-inclusive food value chains
This book contains a large number of in-depth case studies of food value chains, including traditional export commodities (cocoa, cotton), high value exports (mangoes, horticulture) and the most important staple food value chains in the region.

Food Security in Africa: Market and Trade Policy for Staple Foods in Eastern and Southern Africa
Drawing on insights from theoretical applications, empirically based approaches and case study experience, this book contributes to the improved design and use of trade and related policy interventions in staple food markets.

G-33 proposal: early agreement on elements of the draft Doha accord to address food security
Some developing countries have proposed that WTO rules should be changed to allow them more flexibility to purchase food at subsidized prices under public stockholding or domestic food aid programmes. This short information note, published jointly by ICTSD and the FAO, looks at how rules, policies and practices in this area can affect trade and food security, in the run-up to the global trade body’s ninth ministerial conference this December

Smallholder integration in changing food markets
A key message of this report is that without better understanding the determinants of smallholders’ participation in agricultural markets, and formulating appropriate measures to facilitate improved participation, initiatives seeking to promote the adoption of productivity enhancing technology by smallholder producers are likely to have limited success

Facilitating exports of agricultural products from developing countries