Food safety and quality
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OECD Unique Identifier details

SYN-BTØ11-1xSYN-IR162-4xSYN-IR6Ø4-5xMON-ØØØ21-9
Commodity: Corn / Maize
Traits: Coleoptera resistance,Glufosinate tolerance,Glyphosate tolerance,Lepidoptera resistance
Argentina
Name of product applicant: Syngenta Agro S.A.
Summary of application:
The stacked event Bt11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21 of maize confers resistant to certain lepidopteran and coleopteran insects, tolerance to herbicides which active principle is glyphosate and glufosinate ammonium. The single events were stacked by conventional crossing (sexual). The stacked event has two genes, mcry3A and pmi, from MIR604 event, two genes, vip3Aa20 and pmi, from MIR162 event, two genes, cry1Ab and pat, from Bt11 event and mepsps gene from GA21 event. The transgenes are inherited independently, since they presents mendelian segregation. Moreover, the applicant proved the gene stability and the effective levels of the expressed proteins. The protein mCry3A confer resistance to coleopteran insects (principal species of the genus Diabrotica) and the proteins Cry1Ab and Vip3Aa20 confers resistance to lepidopteran insects (some affected species are Spodoptera frugiperda, Helicoverpa zea and Diatraea saccharalis). The protein mEPSPS has similar structure and is functionally identical to the endogenous EPSPS enzyme of the plants, but with a reduced affinity to glyphosate. The enzyme phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase (PAT) eliminates herbicidal activity of glufosinate (phosphinothricin) by acetylation. The enzyme phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) acts as a selectable marker allowing the use of mannose as a carbon source. After comparison of 65 analytes measured in grain and forage, in the compositional analysis study, it's concluded that maize with the stacked event Bt11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21 is equivalent to the commercial maize and parental lines. The allergenicity and toxicity assessment of proteins of new expression were carried out previously in the singles events. A 49 day study, carried out in 540 broiler chicken, demonstrate that no adverse dietary effects on chickens that consumed the stacked maize grain in the diets. Taking into account the assessment of genetic stability, molecular characterization, products and levels of expression, compositional analyses and morphoagronomic studies, no metabolic interaction is expected that might impact on the food safety when single events are stacked in a conventional way. The Bt11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21 event is substantial and nutritionally equivalent to its non transgenic counterpart.
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Date of authorization: 07/02/2012
Scope of authorization: Food and feed
Links to the information on the same product in other databases maintained by relevant international organizations, as appropriate. (We recommend providing links to only those databases to which your country has officially contributed.):
Summary of the safety assessment:
Please see decision document weblinks
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Where detection method protocols and appropriate reference material (non-viable, or in certain circumstances, viable) suitable for low-level situation may be obtained:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment: Principles for the Assessment of Food and Feed derived from GMO in Argentina - Resolution Nº 412
Decision document of food/feed safety assessment of event Bt11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21
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Authorization expiration date:
E-mail:
mjunco@senasa.gov.ar
Organization/agency name (Full name):
SENASA (National Service for Agrifood Health and Quality)
Contact person name:
Mariano Junco
Website:
Physical full address:
Paseo Colón Avenue 367, 3° floor, City of Buenos Aires
Phone number:
54 11 4121 5276
Fax number:
54 11 4121 5258
Country introduction:
The food risk assessment process of transformation events, as the result of modern biotechnology, is carried out by the National Service for Agrifood Health and Quality (Senasa), regulatory agency depending on the Ministery of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries. The Agrifood Quality Directorate of Senasa, is the area responsible for carrying out this task. It has an specific scientific team and the advise of a Technical Advisory Committee composed of experts from different scientific disciplines representing different sectors involved in the production, industrialization, consumption, research and development of genetically modified organisms.
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Stacked events:
Argentina hasn't a specific authorization mechanism for food/feed safety assessment for stacked events. In principle, stacked events are assessed like another single event on a case-by-case basis.
Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:
National Service for Agrifood Health and Quality (Senasa) (http://www.senasa.gov.ar)
Philippines
Name of product applicant: Syngenta Philippines
Summary of application:
Corn Bt11 x MIR162 x MIR604 x GA21 is a stacked hybrid developed by crossing Event Bt11, Event MIR162, Event MIR604 and Event GA21 using conventional breeding techniques.
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Date of authorization: 10/12/2010
Scope of authorization: Food and feed
Links to the information on the same product in other databases maintained by relevant international organizations, as appropriate. (We recommend providing links to only those databases to which your country has officially contributed.):
Summary of the safety assessment:
Syngenta Philippines had filed an application with attached technical dossiers to the Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) for a biosafety notification for direct use as food, feed and for processing under Administrative Order (AO) No. 8 Part 5 for stacked trait product corn: Bt11 x MIR162 x MIR 604 x GA21 which has been genetically modified for insect resistance and herbicide tolerance. A safety assessment of combined trait product corn: Bt11 x MIR162 x MIR 604 x GA21 was conducted as per Department of Agriculture Administrative Order No. 8 Series of 2002 and Memorandum Circulars Nos. 6 and 8, Series of 2004. The focus of risk assessment is the gene interactions between/among the transgenes.
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Where detection method protocols and appropriate reference material (non-viable, or in certain circumstances, viable) suitable for low-level situation may be obtained:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment:
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Authorization expiration date:
E-mail:
bpibiotechsecretariat@yahoo.com
Organization/agency name (Full name):
Bureau of Plant Industry
Contact person name:
Thelma L. Soriano
Website:
Physical full address:
San Andres St., Malate, Manila
Phone number:
632 521 1080
Fax number:
632 521 1080
Country introduction:
The Philippines is the first ASEAN country to establish a modern regulatory system for modern biotechnology. The country's biosafety regulatory system follows strict scientific standards and has become a model for member-countries of the ASEAN seeking to become producers of agricultural biotechnology crops. Concerns on biosafety in the Philippines started as early as 1987 when scientists from the University of the Philippines Los Banos (UPLB) and International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), the Quarantine Officer of the Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) and the Director for Crops of the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) recognized the potential for harm of the introduction of exotic species and genetic engineering. The joint committee formed the biosafety protocols and guidelines for genetic engineering and related research activities for UPLB and IRRI researchers. This proposal was eventually adapted into a Philippine Biosafety policy by virtue of Executive Order No 430, Series of 1990, issued by then President Corazon C. Aquino on October 15, 1990, which created the National Committee on Biosafety of the Philippines (NCBP). The NCBP formulates, reviews and amends national policy on biosafety and formulates guidelines on the conduct of activities on genetic engineering. The NCBP comprised of representative from the Department of Agriculture (DA); Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR); Health (DOH); and Department of Science and Technology (DOST), 4 scientists in biology, environmental science, social science and physical science and 2 respected members of the community. The Philippines’ Law, Executive Order No.514 (EO514), Series of 2006 entitled “Establishing the National Biosafety Framework (NBF), Prescribing Guidelines for its Implementation, Strengthening the National Committee on Biosafety of the Philippines, and for Other Purposes was also issued. This order sets the establishment of the departmental biosafety committees in the DA, DENR, DOH and DOST. The mandates jurisdiction and other powers of all departments and agencies in relation to biosafety and biotechnology is guided by the NBF in coordination with the NCBP and each other in exercising its power. The Department of Agriculture (DA) issued Administrative Order No 8, Series of 2002, (DA AO8, 2002), which is part of EO 514, for the implementation of guidelines for the importation and release into the environment of plants and plant products derived from the use of modern biotechnology. The DA authorizes the Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) as the lead agency responsible for the regulation of agricultural crops developed through modern biotechnology. The BPI has adopted a protocol for risk assessment of GM crops for food and feed or for processing based on the Codex Alimentarius Commission’s Guideline for the Conduct of Food Safety assessment of Foods Derived from Recombinant-DNA plants and a protocol for environmental risk assessment in accordance with the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and with the recommendation of the Panel of Experts of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). DA AO8, 2002 ensures that only genetically food crops that have been well studied and found safe by parallel independent assessments by a team of Filipino scientists and technical personnel from the concerned regulatory agencies of the Department are allowed into our food supply and into our environment. The DA AO 8, 2002 has a step by step introduction of GM plant into the environment. The research and development phase would require testing the genetically modified (GM) crop under controlled conditions subject to regulation by the government agencies. The first stage of evaluation for GM crops is testing under contained facilities such as laboratories, greenhouses and screenhouses. After satisfactory completion of testing under contained facilities, confined environmental release or field trial is done. Confined field trial (CFT) is the first controlled introduction of the GM crop into the environment. The approval for field trial shall be based on the satisfactory completion of safety testing under contained conditions. Unconfined environmental release or commercialization of the product would follow after the safe conduct of the CFT. Approval for propagation shall only be allowed after field trials and risk assessment show no significant risk to human and animal health and the environment.
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Stacked events:
Gene stacking in plants can be conferred either through genetic engineering or conventional breeding A full risk assessment as to food and feed or for processing shall be conducted to plant products carrying stacked genes conferred through genetic engineering or conventional breeding, where the individual traits have no prior approval for direct use as food and feed or processing from the Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) A desktop or documentary risk assessment on the possible or expected interactions between the genes shall be conducted for stacked gene products with multiple traits conferred through conventional breeding and individual events granted prior approval by the Bureau of Plant Industry.
Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:
Bureau of Plant Industry 692 San Andres St, Malate, Manila 1004