Food safety and quality
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OECD Unique Identifier details

SYN-BTØ11-1xSYN-IR162-4xSYN-IR6Ø4-5xMON-ØØØ21-9
Commodity: Corn / Maize
Traits: Coleoptera resistance,Glufosinate tolerance,Glyphosate tolerance,Lepidoptera resistance
Argentina
Name of product applicant: Syngenta Agro S.A.
Summary of application:
The stacked event Bt11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21 of maize confers resistant to certain lepidopteran and coleopteran insects, tolerance to herbicides which active principle is glyphosate and glufosinate ammonium. The single events were stacked by conventional crossing (sexual). The stacked event has two genes, mcry3A and pmi, from MIR604 event, two genes, vip3Aa20 and pmi, from MIR162 event, two genes, cry1Ab and pat, from Bt11 event and mepsps gene from GA21 event. The transgenes are inherited independently, since they presents mendelian segregation. Moreover, the applicant proved the gene stability and the effective levels of the expressed proteins. The protein mCry3A confer resistance to coleopteran insects (principal species of the genus Diabrotica) and the proteins Cry1Ab and Vip3Aa20 confers resistance to lepidopteran insects (some affected species are Spodoptera frugiperda, Helicoverpa zea and Diatraea saccharalis). The protein mEPSPS has similar structure and is functionally identical to the endogenous EPSPS enzyme of the plants, but with a reduced affinity to glyphosate. The enzyme phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase (PAT) eliminates herbicidal activity of glufosinate (phosphinothricin) by acetylation. The enzyme phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) acts as a selectable marker allowing the use of mannose as a carbon source. After comparison of 65 analytes measured in grain and forage, in the compositional analysis study, it's concluded that maize with the stacked event Bt11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21 is equivalent to the commercial maize and parental lines. The allergenicity and toxicity assessment of proteins of new expression were carried out previously in the singles events. A 49 day study, carried out in 540 broiler chicken, demonstrate that no adverse dietary effects on chickens that consumed the stacked maize grain in the diets. Taking into account the assessment of genetic stability, molecular characterization, products and levels of expression, compositional analyses and morphoagronomic studies, no metabolic interaction is expected that might impact on the food safety when single events are stacked in a conventional way. The Bt11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21 event is substantial and nutritionally equivalent to its non transgenic counterpart.
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Date of authorization: 07/02/2012
Scope of authorization: Food and feed
Links to the information on the same product in other databases maintained by relevant international organizations, as appropriate. (We recommend providing links to only those databases to which your country has officially contributed.):
Summary of the safety assessment (food safety):
Please see decision document weblinks
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Where detection method protocols and appropriate reference material (non-viable, or in certain circumstances, viable) suitable for low-level situation may be obtained:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment: Principles for the Assessment of Food and Feed derived from GMO in Argentina - Resolution Nº 412
Decision document of food/feed safety assessment of event Bt11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21
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Authorization expiration date (a blank field means there is no expiration date)
E-mail:
amaggi@senasa.gob.ar
Organization/agency name (Full name):
SENASA (National Service for Agrifood Health and Q
Contact person name:
Andres Ignacio Maggi
Website:
Physical full address:
Paseo Colón Avenue 367, 3° floor, City of Buenos Aires
Phone number:
54 11 5222 5986
Fax number:
Country introduction:

The food risk assessment process of transformation events, as the result of modern biotechnology, is carried out by the National Service for Agrifood Health and Quality (Senasa), regulatory agency depending on the Ministery of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries. The Agrifood Quality Directorate of Senasa, is the area responsible for carrying out this task. It has an specific scientific team and the advise of a Technical Advisory Committee composed of experts from different scientific disciplines representing different sectors involved in the production, industrialization, consumption, research and development of genetically modified organisms.

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Relevant documents
Stacked events:

Stacked events with all single events approved, are assessed as a new event, but with much less requirements, always on a case-by-case basis.

Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:

National Service for Agrifood Health and Quality (Senasa) (http://www.senasa.gob.ar)

Brazil
Name of product applicant: Syngenta do Brasil Ltda
Summary of application:

commercial release of Maize MIR604 (insect resistant maize) and Bt11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21 maize (insect resistant, tolerant to glyphosate and tolerant to glufosinate ammonium)

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Date of authorization: 04/09/2014
Scope of authorization: Food and feed
Links to the information on the same product in other databases maintained by relevant international organizations, as appropriate. (We recommend providing links to only those databases to which your country has officially contributed.):
Summary of the safety assessment (food safety):
It was found that the combined events in Bt11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21 maize maintained the integrity of the gene constructs inherited from the parents during the classical breeding process. The events were well characterized molecularly, there being no evidence of interaction between them when reunited by sexual route in the same plant. In addition, it was demonstrated that there was no interaction between the metabolic pathways in which the present proteins act and, mainly, that the expression of the proteins in this combined corn is not significantly different from the expression observed in the parental events that compose it. Thus, as well as their individual events, corn with the combination Bt11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21 does not have a significant impact on the environment. In addition, no botanical changes were observed that could confer adaptive advantages to maize with the combination Bt11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21.
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Where detection method protocols and appropriate reference material (non-viable, or in certain circumstances, viable) suitable for low-level situation may be obtained:
molecular traditional methods
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment: National Biosafety Commission
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Authorization expiration date (a blank field means there is no expiration date) Not Applicable
E-mail:
gutemberg.sousa@mctic.gov.br
Organization/agency name (Full name):
National Biosafety Technical Commission
Contact person name:
Maria Sueli Felipe Soares
Website:
Physical full address:
SPO Area 5 Qd 3 Bl B S 10.1 Brasilia DF
Phone number:
556134115516
Fax number:
556133177475
Country introduction:

Brazil had the first biosafety law approved in 1995. After the identification of the need to improve the biosafety system of Brazilian genetically modified organisms, a new law was published. The Law 11.105 / 05 establishes a technical committee dedicated to the analysis of the safety aspects of genetically modified organisms and a council of ministers that is dedicated to the analysis of the socioeconomic aspects of the commercial release of genetically modified organisms. In this context, Brazil already has several commercial products that involve genetically modified organisms (plants, human and veterinary vaccines, microorganisms for fuel production) and products derived from new genetic modification techniques.

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Relevant documents
Stacked events:

At the discretion of, and upon consultation with, CTNBio, a new analysis and issuance of technical opinion may be released on GMOs containing more than one event, combined through classic genetic improvement and which have been previously approved for commercial release by CTNBio

Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:

Dr. Edivaldo Domingues Velini (President of national Biosafety Commission)

Japan
Name of product applicant: Syngenta Seeds K.K.
Summary of application:

Bt11 x MIR162 x MIR 604 x GA21 has been genetically modified for resistant to Lepidoptera and Coleoptera, and tolerant to glufosinate and glyphosate herbicides (modified cry1Ab,
modified vip3A, modified cry3Aa2, pat, mEPSPS, Zea mays subsp. mays (L. ) Iltis).

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Date of authorization: 08/03/2010
Scope of authorization: Food
Links to the information on the same product in other databases maintained by relevant international organizations, as appropriate. (We recommend providing links to only those databases to which your country has officially contributed.): OECD BioTrack Product Database
Summary of the safety assessment (food safety):
Please see the link below (in Japanese).
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Where detection method protocols and appropriate reference material (non-viable, or in certain circumstances, viable) suitable for low-level situation may be obtained:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment: Food safety assessment performed by Food Safety Commission of Japan (in Japanese)
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Authorization expiration date (a blank field means there is no expiration date)
E-mail:
fscj-secretariat@cao.go.jp
Organization/agency name (Full name):
Food Safety Commission Secretariat,Cabinet Office,GOJ
Contact person name:
Mariko Murakami
Website:
Physical full address:
Akasaka 5-2-20 Minato Ward,Tokyo,Japan
Phone number:
81 3 6234 1122
Fax number:
81 3 3584 7392
Country introduction:
Safety assessments of GM foods are mandatory under the Food Sanitation Law in Japan. The Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare (MHLW) legally imposes safety assessments of GM foods so that those that have not undergone safety assessments would not be distributed in the country. MHLW receives application and requests the Food Safety COmmission of Japan (FSCJ) to evaluate the safety of GM foods in terms of human health. Safety assessments are carried out by FSCJ.
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Relevant documents
Stacked events:

With regard to stacked events, FSCJ conducts the safety assessment of GM food based on the “Policies Regarding the Safety Assessment of Stacked Varieties of Genetically Modified Plants”.

Even if single events that are stacked have already approved, some products will be considered as new products and some will not.

Please refer to Article 5 and 6 of the MHLW’s notice, which is available at the following URL, for the details.

http://www.mhlw.go.jp/file/06-Seisakujouhou-11130500-Shokuhinanzenbu/0000053519.pdf

Article 6 was modified in 2014, and the modified version is available at the following URL.

http://www.mhlw.go.jp/file/06-Seisakujouhou-11130500-Shokuhinanzenbu/0000049695.pdf

Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:

Food Safety Commission of Japan (http://www.fsc.go.jp/english/index.html), Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/policy/health-medical/food/index.html)

Mexico
Name of product applicant: Syngenta Agro, S.A. de C.V.
Summary of application:

Authorization by COFEPRIS: 78


Bt11 x MIR162 x MIR 604 x GA21 has been genetically modified for resistant to Lepidoptera and Coleoptera, and tolerant to glufosinate and glyphosate herbicides (modified cry1Ab,
modified vip3A, modified cry3Aa2, pat, mEPSPS, Zea mays subsp. mays (L. ) Iltis).

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Date of authorization: 04/08/2010
Scope of authorization: Food
Links to the information on the same product in other databases maintained by relevant international organizations, as appropriate. (We recommend providing links to only those databases to which your country has officially contributed.):
Summary of the safety assessment (food safety):
UI OECD: SYN-BTØ11-1xSYN-IR162-4xSYN-IR6Ø4-5xMON-ØØØ21-9 During the risk assessment of this GMO based on existing knowledge to date, no toxic or allergic effects neither substantial nutritional changes are observed. The event is as safe as its conventional counterpart. For more detail please find attached the risk assessment summary in this page.
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Where detection method protocols and appropriate reference material (non-viable, or in certain circumstances, viable) suitable for low-level situation may be obtained:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment:
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Authorization expiration date (a blank field means there is no expiration date)
E-mail:
sortiz@conacyt.mx
Organization/agency name (Full name):
CIBIOGEM
Contact person name:
Dra. Sol Ortiz García
Website:
Physical full address:
San Borja #938, Col. Del Valle • Del. Benito Juárez C.P. 03100, México, D.F.
Phone number:
+52 (55) 5575-6878
Fax number:
Country introduction:

México ha buscado garantizar la inocuidad de los productos biotecnológicos para el uso y consumo de su población. Desde 1984 el artículo 282 bis 1 de la Ley General de Salud, contempló que la Secretaría de Salud debería regular aquellos productos biotecnológicos, o sus derivados, destinados al uso o consumo humano. En un inicio, con fundamento en este artículo, la Secretaria de Salud evaluó la inocuidad alimentaria de productos biotecnológicos, para su comercialización con fines de uso o consumo humano. A partir de 2005, con la entrada en vigor de la Ley de Bioseguridad de Organismos Genéticamente Modificados (LBOGM), se realizó la adecuación de la regulación para dar lugar a la Autorización que es el acto administrativo mediante el cual la Secretaría de Salud, a través de la Comisión Federal para la Protección contra Riesgos Sanitarios (COFEPRIS), autoriza Organismos Genéticamente Modificados (OGMs), a efecto de que se pueda realizar su comercialización, así como su utilización con finalidades de Salud Pública o de Biorremediación.

Las facultades que corresponden a la Secretaría de Salud se estipulan en el artículo 16 de la LBOGM y lo relativo a la Autorizaciones se describe en los artículos 91 al 98 de dicha Ley. Quienes pretendan obtener una Autorización para Comercialización e Importación de OGMs deben presentar ante COFEPRIS, una solicitud por escrito acompañada de la información a que se refiere los artículos 23 al 32 del Reglamento de la Ley de Bioseguridad de OGMs.

http://www.conacyt.gob.mx/cibiogem/images/cibiogem/normatividad/vigente/LBOGM.pdf

http://www.conacyt.gob.mx/cibiogem/images/cibiogem/normatividad/vigente/Reg_LBOGM.pdf

 

Courtesy translation

Mexico has sought to guarantee the safety of biotechnological products the use and consumption of its population. Since 1984, article 282 bis 1 from the General Law of Health, considered that the Secretary of Health should regulate those biotechnological products, or their derivatives, intended for food and feed use. Initially, the Secretary of Health evaluated the food safety of biotechnological products, based on this article, for commercialization with purposes of food, feed and processing. Subsequently in 2005, with the entry into force of the Law on Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms (LBOGM), the regulation was adapted to give rise to the Authorization, which is the administrative act through which the Secretary of Health, by means of the Federal Commission for the Protection Against Sanitary Risks (COFEPRIS), authorizes Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), to their commercialization, as well as their use for purposes of public health or bioremediation.

The faculties that correspond to the Secretary of Health are stipulated in Article 16 of the LBOGM and what is related to the Authorizations is described in Articles 91 to 98 of this Law. Those who seek to obtain an Authorization for GMOs merchandising and importation, must present to COFEPRIS, a written request accompanied by the information referred into articles 23 to 32 of the Regulation of the Law on Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms.

http://www.conacyt.gob.mx/cibiogem/images/cibiogem/normatividad/vigente/LBOGM.pdf

http://www.conacyt.gob.mx/cibiogem/images/cibiogem/normatividad/vigente/Reg_LBOGM.pdf

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Relevant documents
Stacked events:
Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:

Secretaría de Salud / Phone: +52 55 5080 5200 /Email: ralatorre@cofepris.gob.mx%20

Philippines
Name of product applicant: Syngenta Philippines
Summary of application:
Corn Bt11 x MIR162 x MIR604 x GA21 is a stacked hybrid developed by crossing Event Bt11, Event MIR162, Event MIR604 and Event GA21 using conventional breeding techniques.
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Date of authorization: 10/12/2010
Scope of authorization: Food and feed
Links to the information on the same product in other databases maintained by relevant international organizations, as appropriate. (We recommend providing links to only those databases to which your country has officially contributed.):
Summary of the safety assessment (food safety):
Syngenta Philippines had filed an application with attached technical dossiers to the Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) for a biosafety notification for direct use as food, feed and for processing under Administrative Order (AO) No. 8 Part 5 for stacked trait product corn: Bt11 x MIR162 x MIR 604 x GA21 which has been genetically modified for insect resistance and herbicide tolerance. A safety assessment of combined trait product corn: Bt11 x MIR162 x MIR 604 x GA21 was conducted as per Department of Agriculture Administrative Order No. 8 Series of 2002 and Memorandum Circulars Nos. 6 and 8, Series of 2004. The focus of risk assessment is the gene interactions between/among the transgenes.
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Where detection method protocols and appropriate reference material (non-viable, or in certain circumstances, viable) suitable for low-level situation may be obtained:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment:
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Authorization expiration date (a blank field means there is no expiration date)
E-mail:
bpibiotechsecretariat@yahoo.com
Organization/agency name (Full name):
Bureau of Plant Industry
Contact person name:
Ma. Lorelie U. Agbagala
Website:
Physical full address:
San Andres St., Malate, Manila
Phone number:
632 404 0409 loc 202
Fax number:
Country introduction:

In 1987, scientists from the University of the Philippines Los Banos (UPLB) and the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), the Quarantine Officer of the Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI), and the Director for Crops of the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD), recognizing the potential harm of the introduction of exotic species and genetic engineering, formed a committee and formulated the biosafety protocols and guidelines for genetic engineering and related research activities for UPLB and IRRI researchers. The committee went on to draft a Philippine biosafety policy, which was submitted to the Office of the President. On October 15, 1990, recognizing the potential for modern biotechnology both in improving the lives of the people and in creating hazards if not handled properly, President Corazon C. Aquino issued Executive Order 430 creating the National Committee on Biosafety of the Philippines (NCBP) that will formulate, review and amend national policy on biosafety and formulate guidelines on the conduct of activities on genetic engineering. The NCBP is comprised of representative of the Departments of Agriculture (DA); Environment and Natural Resources (DENR); Health (DOH); and Science and Technology (DOST), 4 scientists in biology, environmental science, social science and physical science; and 2 respected members of the community. On July 16, 2001, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo issued the Policy Statement on Modern Biotechnology, reiterating the government policy on promoting the safe and responsible use of modern biotechnology. On April 3, 2002, Department of Agriculture Administrative Order No. 8, Series of 2002 was issued implementing the guidelines for importation and release into the environment of Plants and Plant Products Derived from the Use of Modern Biotechnology. On March 17, 2006, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo issued Executive Order No.514 Establishing the National Biosafety Framework, prescribing guidelines for its implementation, reorganizing the National Committee on Biosafety of the Philippines, and for other purposes. On December 8, 2015, the Philippine Supreme Court declared DA AO8 null and void and any application for contained use, field testing, propagation and commercialization, and importation of GMOs was temporarily enjoined. In response to the nullification of DA AO8, the Technical Working Group composed of representatives from the Departments of Agriculture (DA), Science and Technology (DOST), Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), Health (DOH), and Interior and Local Government (DILG) drafted the Joint Department Circular No. 1, Series of 2016 (JDC No.1, S2016) titled 'Rules and Regulations for the Research and Development, Handling and Use, Transboundary Movement, Release into the Environment, and Management of Genetically-Modified Plant and Plant Products Derived from the Use of Modern Biotechnology'. There were series of meeting and five public consultations conducted before the JDC No.1, S2016 was approved and signed by the Secretaries of the abovementioned agencies on March 7, 2016 and took effect on April 15, 2016. Under this Circular, more government agencies were involved such as the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) to regulate applications for contained use and confined test of regulated articles; Department of Agriculture (DA) to evaluate applications for field trial, commercial propagation and transboundary movement of regulated articles; Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) to evaluate environmental risks and impacts of regulated articles; Department of Health (DOH) to evaluate of environmental health impacts of regulated articles; and Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) to supervise public consultation during field trial.

 

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Relevant documents
Stacked events:

Gene stacking in plants can be conferred either through genetic engineering or conventional breeding A full risk assessment as to food and feed or for processing shall be conducted to plant products carrying stacked genes conferred through genetic engineering or conventional breeding, where the individual traits have no prior approval for direct use as food and feed or processing from the Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) A desktop or documentary risk assessment on the possible or expected interactions between the genes shall be conducted for stacked gene products with multiple traits conferred through conventional breeding and individual events granted prior approval by the Bureau of Plant Industry.

 

Plant Products Carrying Stacked Genes Conferred Through (a) Genetic Engineering or b) Conventional Breeding, with Individual Traits That Have No Prior Approval:

A full risk assessnent as to  food and feed or processing shall be conducted,consistent with Part V of AO No. 8,"Approval Process For the Importation of Regulated Articles for Direct Use as Food and Feed or For Processing for plant products with multiple traits conferred through:

(a) genetic engineering, or

(b) conventional breeding, where the individual traits have no prior approval from the Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) for direct use as food and feed or processing.

Plant Products Carrying Stacked Genes Conferred through Conventional Breeding:

For plant products with multiple traits conferred through conventional breeding,with all individual events granted prior approval and included in the Approval Registry, a notlfication shall be submitted by the technology developer to the BPI, which shall conduct an evaluation in accordance with the relevant criteria in Annex I of this Memorandum Circular. The list of data contained in Annex I will not preclude the inclusion of other issues and concerns that will be raised by the BPI and the Scientific and Technical Review Panel (STRP) during the course of the desktop review.

Notificatlon Requirement for Plant Products Carrying Stacked Genes

All technology developers shall submit a notification to the Bureau of Plant Industry of their developed plant products carrying stacked genes and shall be required to comply with the relevant approval process listed above.

The Bureau of Plant Industry shall issue a certiflcate as to the approval of the stacked gene product and shall likewise include the transformation event in the official approval registry of plant products for food and feed or processing.

Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:

Bureau of Plant Industry 692 San Andres St, Malate, Manila 1004

Republic of Korea
Name of product applicant: Syngenta Korea
Summary of application:

Glufosinate herbicide tolerance , Glyphosate herbicide tolerance  , Coleopteran insect resistance  , Lepidopteran insect resistance

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Date of authorization: 30/12/2010
Scope of authorization: Food and feed
Links to the information on the same product in other databases maintained by relevant international organizations, as appropriate. (We recommend providing links to only those databases to which your country has officially contributed.):
Summary of the safety assessment (food safety):
Please see the link below(in Korean).
Upload:
Where detection method protocols and appropriate reference material (non-viable, or in certain circumstances, viable) suitable for low-level situation may be obtained:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment:
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Authorization expiration date (a blank field means there is no expiration date)
E-mail:
mytrue85@korea.kr
Organization/agency name (Full name):
Ministry of Food and Drug Safety
Contact person name:
Website:
Physical full address:
Osong Health Technology Administration Complex, 187, Osongsaengmyeong 2-ro, Osong-eup, Cheongwon-gun, Chungcheonbuk-do, 363-700, Korea
Phone number:
82-43-719-2360
Fax number:
Country introduction:
Useful links
Relevant documents
Stacked events:
Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:
South Africa
Name of product applicant: Syngenta
Summary of application:

The GM maize BT11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21 is produced through conventional breeding.  The maize expresses Cry1Ab, Vip3Aa20, mCry3A, Pmi, pat and mepsp proteins which control certain lepidopteran and coleopteran pests and confer tolerance to herbicide products containing glufosinae and glyphosate.

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Date of authorization: 26/09/2011
Scope of authorization: Food and feed
Links to the information on the same product in other databases maintained by relevant international organizations, as appropriate. (We recommend providing links to only those databases to which your country has officially contributed.): Biosafety Clearing House (BCH)
Summary of the safety assessment (food safety):
The GM maize BT11xMIR162xMIR604xGA21 has been assessed in terms of the Genetically Modified Organisms Act, 1997 by the Advisory Committee, a scientific panel and the Executive Council an intergovernmental decision making body. The assessment considered amongst others the following: The source of the gene, nature of host organism, protein expression, toxicology and allergenicity issues
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Where detection method protocols and appropriate reference material (non-viable, or in certain circumstances, viable) suitable for low-level situation may be obtained:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment:
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Authorization expiration date (a blank field means there is no expiration date)
E-mail:
NompumeleloM@daff.gov.za
Organization/agency name (Full name):
Department of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries
Contact person name:
Nompumelelo Mkhonza
Website:
Physical full address:
30 Hamilton street, Harvest House building, Arcadia, Pretoria, 0001
Phone number:
+2712 319 6382
Fax number:
+2712 319 6298
Country introduction:
Useful links
Relevant documents
Stacked events:

South Africa does not have a specific review/authorization mechanism for stacked events. Stacked events just like single events are subjected to a safety assessment as per the GMO Act.

Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:

Department of Agriculture,Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) http://www.daff.gov.za