Mountain forests

 

Covering over 9 million square kilometres of the earth’s surface, mountain forests represent a remarkable 23 percent of the earth’s forest cover.

Healthy mountain forests are crucial to the ecological health of the world. They protect watersheds that supply freshwater to more than half of humankind. They also harbour wildlife, provide food and fodder for mountain peoples and are important sources of timber and non-wood products. Moreover, they protect the earth and contribute to shielding the atmosphere from CO2 emissions.

Protecting these forests and making sure they are carefully managed is an important step towards sustainable mountain development. In the last decades, tropical mountain forests have been disappearing at an astounding rate. Deforestation is generally driven by population growth, the expansion of intensive agriculture, uncertain land tenure, inequitable land distribution and the absence of strong and stable institutions.

Crucially, mountain forests perform a protective function against natural hazards, so that when forest cover is lost and the land is left unprotected, runoff and soil erosion increase, provoking landslides, avalanches and floods, to the detriment of villages, transport systems, human infrastructure and of the food security of vulnerable populations.

Putting power back into the hands of mountain people is one important step towards alleviating their poverty and, in turn, protecting mountain forests. Measures that could accomplish these aims include providing incentives for biodiversity and agro-biodiversity conservation as well as the inclusion sustainable forest management plans into national policies.  

 

World Forum on Urban Forests

World Forum on Urban Forests

event

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the City of Mantova, the Politecnico di Milano and the Italian Society of Silviculture and Forest Ecology are organizing the first World Forum on Urban Forests, under the theme “Changing the nature of cities: the role of urban forestry...

Read more »
IUFRO 2018 “Adaptive Management for Forested Landscapes in transformation”

IUFRO 2018 “Adaptive Management for Forested Landscapes in transformation”

event

The 2018 International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) conference on “Adaptive Management for Forested Landscapes in transformation” will highlight the changes in the era of the Anthropocene have on our planet. Transformation of forest use that is occurring in response to the pressures of globalization, population growth, resource scarcity...

Read more »
Cool forests at risk! The critical role of boreal and mountain ecosystems for people, bioeconomy and climate

Cool forests at risk! The critical role of boreal and mountain ecosystems for people, bioeconomy and climate

event

The International Boreal Forest Research Association is pleased to announce, in collaboration with International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) and International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO), the 2018 "Cool Forests at Risk! The critical role of boreal and mountain ecosystems for people, bioeconomy and climate"...

Read more »
Landscape Restoration in Africa: Prospects and Opportunities

Landscape Restoration in Africa: Prospects and Opportunities

event

With an estimated 2.8 million hectares of forests lost each year, deforestation and land degradation remain significant challenges in Africa. Bringing together diverse public and private sector voices, alongside Indigenous Peoples, scientists and youth, the 2018 Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) Africa Conference will foster political and community support to implement...

Read more »
Visualizing mountain environment conservation

Visualizing mountain environment conservation

news

As the custodian agency of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Target 15.4, the Mountain Partnership Secretariat (MPS) at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) developed the official indicator, the Mountain Green Cover Index, for monitoring progress towards the achievement of this target. Baseline data developed for the...

Read more »
International Day of Forests

International Day of Forests

event

The International Day of Forests (21 March) celebrates and raises awareness about the importance of all types of forests. On each International Day of Forests, countries are encouraged to undertake local, national and international efforts to organize activities involving forests and trees, such as tree planting campaigns. The theme for...

Read more »
« Previous 1 2 3 4 5 ... 19
Home > mountain-partnership > Our work > Forests