Mountain forests

 

Covering over 9 million square kilometres of the earth’s surface, mountain forests represent a remarkable 23 percent of the earth’s forest cover.

Healthy mountain forests are crucial to the ecological health of the world. They protect watersheds that supply freshwater to more than half of humankind. They also harbour wildlife, provide food and fodder for mountain peoples and are important sources of timber and non-wood products. Moreover, they protect the earth and contribute to shielding the atmosphere from CO2 emissions.

Protecting these forests and making sure they are carefully managed is an important step towards sustainable mountain development. In the last decades, tropical mountain forests have been disappearing at an astounding rate. Deforestation is generally driven by population growth, the expansion of intensive agriculture, uncertain land tenure, inequitable land distribution and the absence of strong and stable institutions.

Crucially, mountain forests perform a protective function against natural hazards, so that when forest cover is lost and the land is left unprotected, runoff and soil erosion increase, provoking landslides, avalanches and floods, to the detriment of villages, transport systems, human infrastructure and of the food security of vulnerable populations.

Putting power back into the hands of mountain people is one important step towards alleviating their poverty and, in turn, protecting mountain forests. Measures that could accomplish these aims include providing incentives for biodiversity and agro-biodiversity conservation as well as the inclusion sustainable forest management plans into national policies.  

 

World Forum on Urban Forests

World Forum on Urban Forests

event

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the City of Mantova, the Politecnico di Milano and the Italian Society of Silviculture and Forest Ecology are organizing the first World Forum on Urban Forests, under the theme “Changing the nature of cities: the role of urban forestry...

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Workshop on mountain transboundary cooperation

Workshop on mountain transboundary cooperation

news

Mountain transboundary cooperation was the topic of a one-day expert workshop organized by the Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy (DG REGIO) of the European Commission in Brussels, Belgium, on 9 November 2018.

The seminar was attended by approximately 120 participants from EU Institutions, interregional programmes, international organizations and representatives of...

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World Mountain Forum 2018 Kyrgyzstan

World Mountain Forum 2018 Kyrgyzstan

peak to peak

Issue 120 – Month 10 – Year 2018

The November 2018 issue of Peak to Peak starts with the fourth in the series of World Mountain Forums (WMF) which was held in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. in October. The newsletter continues with stories from members about Bridging the gap on mountain resilience Cultural heritage at the European...

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Caucasus Mountain Forum 2018

Caucasus Mountain Forum 2018

event

The second Caucasus Mountain Forum, organized by the Scientific Network for the Caucasus Region under the theme “The Caucasus Research Agenda – a Key to Sustainable Regional Development”, will be held from 30 October to 2 November 2018 in Ankara, Turkey. The 2018 Caucasus Mountain Forum theme encompasses the subject...

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Forum Carpaticum 2018

Forum Carpaticum 2018

event

The Forum Carpaticum is an open meeting of the Science for the Carpathians (S4C) initiative that occurs every two years. The fifth Forum Carpaticum will cover a wide range of topics related to sustainability in the Carpathians, including land cover and land-use change, renewable energy, climate change vulnerability assessment and...

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New mountain research and development issue

New mountain research and development issue

news

The newest issue of Mountain Research and Development,Vol 38, No 3 is now available online. 

Papers in this issue cover a broad range of topics including the foresight process as a means of conservation in a national reserve in Peru, local perception of a dam construction project in the...

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