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Vegetation description

Mangroves are found in four different sites. Among these, the most important is Fox's Bay, which includes a permanent brackish pool. The mangrove species commonly found are Rhizophora mangle, Avicennia germinans, Laguncularia racemosa and Conocarpus erectus. This ecosystem is not significantly developed due to the morphology of the coast of the island. The steeply shelving shores that characterise Montserrat, do not provide favourable conditions for the growth of mangroves.

Bacon P.R. 1993. Mangroves in the Lesser Antilles, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago. Lacerda, L.D. 1993. Conservation and sustainable utilization of mangrove forests in Latin America and Africa regions. Vol. 2 Part I- Latin America. p. 155 210. Mangrove Ecosystems technical reports ITTO/ISME Project PD114/90 (F). Okinawa, Japan. 272 pp.
Spalding, M.D., Blasco, F. & Field, C.D
., eds. 1997 World Mangrove Atlas. The International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, Okinawa, Japan. 178 pp.

National level mangrove area estimates








Spalding, M.D., Blasco, F. and Field, C.D., eds. 1997. World Mangrove Atlas. The International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, Okinawa, Japan. 178 pp.


Map analysis based on wide range of maps, scale between 1:50 000 and
1:300 000.



Bacon, P. R. 1991. The Status of Mangrove Conservation in the Caricom Islands of the Eastern Caribbean. Report to the Commission of the European Communities as part of the Tropical Forestry Action Plan for the Caribbean Region. University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica. 211 pp.


Ground survey.

The extent cited is "less than 5 ha"



Snedaker, S.C. 1991. Personal communication.


Cited in: Fisher, P and Spalding, M.D. 1993. Protected areas with mangrove habitat. Draft Report World Conservation Centre, Cambridge, UK. 60 pp.

Trends in mangrove area extent over time

No major changes appear to have occurred in this country over the last twenty years.

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