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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Vegetation description

Mangrove forests are mainly found on Union and Mustique islands. They include four distinct species: Rhizophora mangle, Avicennia germinans, Laguncularia racemosa and Conocarpus erectus. The small area of mangrove on Union Island contains all four species.

Forestry Division. 1994. National Forestry Inventory Report, Annex 1 of the National Forest Resource Conservation Plan. San Vincent, Government of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Labour.

National level mangrove area estimates








Spalding, M.D., Blasco, F. and Field, C.D., eds. 1997. World Mangrove Atlas. The International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, Okinawa, Japan. 178 pp.


Analysis of the map series ECNAMP. Scale of maps between
1:50 000 and 1:300 000.



Bacon, P. R. 1991. The Status of Mangrove Conservation in the Caricom Islands of the Eastern Caribbean. Report to the Commission of the European Communities as part of the Tropical Forestry Action Plan for the Caribbean Region. University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica. 211 pp.


Ground survey

Trends in mangrove area extent over time

The estimates for 1980, 1990 and 2000 have been calculated applying the FRA 2000 (FAO, 2001) annual forest cover change rate for 1990-2000 (-1.4 percent) to the most recent, reliable figure.

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