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Aarts, H.F.M. (1996). Efficient Nutrient Management in Dairy Farming on Sandy Soils. Report "De Marke" no 18, AB-DLO Report 67, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Alexandratos, N. (ed.) (1995). World Agriculture: Towards 2010. FAO and John Wiley & Sons, Rome and Chichester.

Armour, C., Duff, D. and Elmore, W. (1994). The Effects of Livestock Grazing on Western Riparian and Streams Eco-systems. Am. Fisheries Soc. 19 (9): 9-12.

Audru, J. (1995). Elevages sur parcours en zones tropicales humides and sub-humides d'Afrique. CIRAD-EMVT, Montpellier.

Baldwin, R.L., Donovan, K.C. and Becket, J.L. (1992). California Animal Nutrition Conference, May 1992, University of California, Davis, CA.

Barnes, D., Forster, C.F. and Hrudey, S.E. (1984). Surveys in Industrial Wastewater Treatment: Food and Allied Industries. Pittman Publishing Limited, London, U.K.

Bauer, S., Steinbach, J., Willeke-Wetstein, C., Abresch, J.-P. and Schmidt, A. (1995). Review and Development of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Tools for Livestock Production Systems. FAO/GTZ Consultancy Report, University of Giessen, Germany.

Behnke, R.H., Scoones, I. and Kerven, C. (1993). Range Ecology in Disequilibrium. Overseas Development Institute/International Institute for Environment and Development Commonwealth Secretariat, London, U.K.

Behnke, R.H. and Kerven, C. (1994). Redesigning for Risk: Tracking and Buffering Environmental Variability in Africa's Rangelands. Natural Resource Perspectives, Number 1. ODI, London, U.K.

Blackburn, H.D. (1995). Comparison of Performance of Boer and Spanish Goats in two U.S. Locations. Journal of Animal Science 73:302-09.

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Bojo, J. (1996). The Economics of Wildlife: Case Studies from Ghana, Kenya, Namibia and Zimbabwe. AFTES Working Paper No. 19. World Bank, Washington D.C.

Bonny, S. (1993).Is Agriculture using more and more Energy? A French case study. Agricultural Systems, 43, 51-66.

Bos, J.F.F.P. and de Wit, J. (1996). Environmental Impact Assessment of Landless Monogastric Livestock Production Systems. In: Livestock and the Environment: Finding a Balance. FAO/World Bank/USAID. Rome.

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Bouwman, A.F. (1995). Compilation of a Global Inventory of Nitrous Oxide. PhD Thesis, Wageningen International University. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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De Wit J., Westra, P.T.. and Nell, A.J. (1996). Environmental Assessment of Landless Ruminant Production Systems. Working Document Livestock and the Environment: Finding a Balance. FAO/World Bank/USAID. Rome.

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Commission of the European Communities
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
World Bank

and the governments of:


International Development Agency


Ministère de la Cooperation


BMZ, German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development via GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit)


Directorate General of International Cooperation

United Kingdom:

Overseas Development Administration

United States:

Environmental Protection Agency and the Agency for International Development

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