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32 By this, it is meant that the net economic benefits (i.e. taking into account financial, social and environmental costs and benefits) from that activity are greater than the net financial benefits alone.

33 A similar argument could also be made for incentives for improved management of forest plantations, if improved management would lead to net environmental or social benefits that do not result in net financial benefits.

34 Indeed, some would say that the provision of extension services is also a form of subsidy, although it can be argued that the dissemination of information about best practices can be of greater value than just being seen as a subsidy to the private-sector.

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