RAP Publication: 1999/13


<Second Edition>

Michael Jensen

The designations and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its frontiers or boundaries.
The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the author alone and do not imply any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO.

First edition: November 1995
Second edition: February 1999
Reprinted: April 2001

ISBN: 974-89377-5-5

© FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

Printed by Craftsman Press Co., Ltd., Bangkok

For copies write to:
Regional Forest Resources Officer
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road
Bangkok 10200
Tel: (662) 281-7844, Fax: (662) 280-0445
E-mail: [email protected] or [email protected]

FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (RAP)
Bangkok, Thailand
February 1999

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This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR) software. FAO declines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.



Note for the second edition

1. How to use this field guide

Introduction to terminology

Bark, bole and branches

II. Species identification

Key to tree identification

Species descriptions

III. Appendices


Index of scientific and common names


This is the second edition of the Trees Commonly Cultivated in Southeast Asia - An Illustrated Field Guide authored by Mr. Michael Jensen and published in November 1995 by the FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. The primary aim of this field guide remains the same as the original version: to provide a popular identification tool for the many tree species that play important roles in the daily lives of millions of people all over Southeast Asia.

The first edition was welcomed by many people, for example, field practitioners who may not necessarily possess a strong botanical back-ground; foresters; agronomists; economists; sociologists; environmentalists; extension workers; students and others who are involved with rural development. In receiving their appreciation, several experts on tropical botany and forestry, such as Dr. Sumihiko Asakawa, a Japanese professor, and Mr. Kevin White, an Australian forester, kindly suggested correction of errors in the text and other ways to improve content.

Taking these suggestions, the author has revised the text and improved the format. Mr. Masakazu Kashio, Regional Forest Resources Officer, has further improved the quality of the second edition. He has supervised the printing of drawings. We acknowledge with thanks the suggestions of the above-mentioned experts and many others who have sent us their comments.

Now, we are pleased to release the second edition of this popular publication.

Prem Nath
Assistant Director-General
and Regional Representative
for Asia and the Pacific

Note for the Second Edition

There are many young people working in FAO as Associate Professional Officers (APOs). I have witnessed their dedication and commitment during their appointed periods, which are usually two to three years.

Mr. Michael Jensen, a Danish forest ecologist, was an APO under my supervision for two years during 1993–95. Shortly after he began his assignment, we discussed the scope of his work and in what kind of areas he wanted to put his capabilities and energy. The compilation of information on trees commonly cultivated in Southeast Asia was one of them.

He spent almost two years collecting an adequate amount of information, through an extensive search of references and field work, including taking more than 1,000 photographs. This field guide is the result of his dedication. In addition, he displayed his artistic talent as the user of this book will immediately recognize from the many drawings.

Even after copies of the first edition were exhausted, we still received many requests for this publication. Thus, this second edition was planned and released with careful refining of the first edition. Errors found in the first edition on botanical names and terminologies have been corrected. Distribution maps are displayed as large as possible. Fonts and line spaces are neatly designed for a comfortable reading. Some colour plates are better arranged.

Your comments are, however, most welcome to further improve this popular field guide.

Masakazu Kashio
Regional Forest Resources Officer