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C.ר

ȫǹƽǹԴ


ĿScombroideiָͨǽǹһ֣ǹ㣨ʱΪǹ㡱㡢ȵȡ

ǹǿ(Thunnini)˴󲿷Ҫüֵ֣ΪҪнǹ֣ΪǶȫ򾭼Ҫ壬óУƹͷƬ֮ãձΪ ƬζȣҲʼЧ£ʵϣǹĽʽṹƺרΪƹͷƵġǹǿ4(Thunnus Euthynnus Katsuwonus Auxis)ܹ13

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ThunnusУнǹгǹ(T. alalunga) ׳ǹ㣨ֳơ۽ǹ㡱T. obesusǹ(T. thynnus ) ǹ㣨T. maccoyiiͻǹ (T. albacares) (Katsuwonus pelamis) Ϊ֡ЩǴ࣬ڳλƶֲһȺ6ϵķֲԼҪͼC1.1C1.2C1.3C1.4C1.5ĵͼʾ۵ķʴŵƬǹ㣬Dz̺õÿۼۿɸߴ200Ԫ׳ǹƬгҲüǮǹƳɵƬҲܵ˿۸Ҫͺܶ࣬ÿ2Ԫһ㡣ƹͷУǹɫ׶ۼߣǻǹ㡣۸͵䣬ÿԶ1Ԫ

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ͼC1.3

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ƹͷõ۸ϵͣǵشɴ˵õͻǹˡʽǹ(T. tonggol) ǽǹһҪƹͷ֣ڹóռ൱ķݶͷƬ֮⣬ǹʽӡ

ǹֶdzڴ½ܵˮУкǹ(T. atlanticus)n(E. lineatus)n (E. affinis)Сn (E. alletteratus) Բ(A. rochei )䣨 A. thazardȡ

(Istiophoridae) ǹ(Makaira spp.) (Istiophorus spp.) (Tetrapturus spp.)ֻһ֣Xiphias gladius ⣬еͽĵֲΪеڸзֲ

IJ̣Ҫҵĸ񣬻DZεߵijЩҲص㲶̶ƽǹֻϸ(Allothunnus fallai)(Gasterochisma melampus)(Acanthocybium solandri)ߺ(Cybiosarda Orcynopsis Sarda)ޡޡ(Scomberomorus step.)ȡǵIJDZڷչйرĿǰҪذСֹҵεҵϸ͸ϴƼֲΪձǹ㴬ĸ񡣱ᵽִΪͬǵȺԽ200Ľϡ

ڽǹУҪȺ㡢㡢ǹ㡢Բ䡢䣩1982Ϲ󷨹Լ롰ǿࡱʵǣһЩdzֲnҲСnnߴص㡣

ҵ

ǹ㼰ֵIJ̱鼰󣬲̷ʽҪΧ͵ȣͼC1.1 C1.2 C1.3 C1.4 C1.5Χ͵ڲ̿ˮ֣ԼСĻǹ㡢ǹ㡢ϣǹȣרڲ̽ˮ ıǹ㡢Ͻǹ㡢۽ǹ㡢ǹ㡢㡢ȣȻеҵԲ̽ΪĿ꣬ͽIJ̶ǸΧ͵͵ҪƹͷIJǹ⣬Ƭг ۣʳҪձʹõ߻ҷǹȡȻĻļװ(FADS) Χֵ̺ڸ洬ͲõļڱC1.1.

ǹҵرԶ̹ĽǹҵԺǿ磬2080ڣ෨Χ洬ӴתӡˮҵʹӡIJһЩ洬һڷص

ҵ̵Ľǹ㴬֮ԵһǣΧ洬󲶺ֹ̫ͣƽ󶫲ҵһЩ洬ڴӶ̫ƽת̫ƽ󡣺й̨ʡ̫ƽˮҲ൱ģΧӡ

C1.1. ֻȫڹϵĽǹҵԲҵ

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ȥϰ

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ͼC1.6 ǹ

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򣬴۽ǹǵ֣ͼC1.7۽ǹǹơͬǣ۽ǹˮ֣һ󲿷ʱڴġϻϲ㡱µˮͬʱ̴۽ǹҪǵΪ˲ˮӰи֬ձƬг70ڣѸԭǸĽߣڱǰöˮ

ͼC1.7 ǹ

ȥ30䣬ijǹIJ20ֵˮƽ²ͼC1.7̫ƽIJҲʮȥ10УСǹ̫ƽϺͶĹ㷨ġֲֹͣҵԺ̫ƽϳǹܲ½ˡ

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1994꣬гϵҪǹ֣Լ62%ɴͳĽǹ㲶̵̹ģձ625 944֣й̨ʡ353 754֣253 408֣245 096֣241 884֣193 543֡ͳ̹⣬ӡǡɱī硢ί϶ɡȺ˹ױǡʡͻ˹̹Ĵǡйӡȡ쳼áĦޡë˹1994Ľǹ㲶൱Ĺףϵ˳ǰ1994IJеģʵϣ1994ɱIJѾӡǵIJҲͬ޼ⷴӳһձƣǹķǴͳ̹Ƿչйңķչٶȱȴͳ̹졣Ľǹ㲶̹κһIJ5 000֡

ӡ̫ƽڶǹҵĽǹ㲶ڷչǵذСҵҪ̵Сͽǹ㡢㡢ǹ㡣һҵŵķչӡעĿġ

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Դ״

ڽǹԴڱXVIIоЩʱ뿼ǵԴʱкЩȷءҪгϳ۵ĽǹֵݱҪɿö࣬ΪѶЩֽйоʹЩ֣ǵѧȻ˽ò磬ǹ㱾ǽǹ˽һˣоȴǵʵϱԤϵijöࡣ˵⡣ɽǹ㣨һΣ״̬֣ΪICCATǹίԱᣩõһרŵͳƳ㣬ȥٷʵʵ

ܵ˵гϼЩǹֳַߣֲ㣬ӦǿԣΪĿкǿǵĴлϵͳЧʼߣѭϵͳԸҪŷӶ֤ߵѧЧʡǹȺʹǶֻҪõԱֺܸߵIJ

ǣƬгĽǹֵIJǿȺܴеDz̹ȣԴѾݽߡ´ġٵǹܵỴ̄ʵмٲԺҲҪóʱָܻڣڴ۽ǹ㲶̹ȵҲ˹עҲƬгҪĽǹ֣ǹ̡״ܲʣҲصֱ⡣

Ľǹ֣㡢ǹȣԲ̻мǿijЩкܴչռ䡣ӡĽҲDZĽǹ״ܲȷһ֪ԣǿЩֵIJǵĹע

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IOTCڿʼԺҲƶӡռӹԴڼ潫ӹϹũ֯ӡ-̫ƽǹ㿪ƻIPTPְֵʱڣIPTPѾѶǵ̫ƽ漰ǹռӹԴоת˶ҵģSEAFDEC

̫ƽίԱ(SPC)Ƶļְܣְ𲻰ҵ̫ƽһǹ㱣ҵĻȴǹίԱᣨIATTC̫ƽ̳ҵֲ淶Զǹ㲶̹DWFNĹԱֻ̫ƽ󵺹DWFNų⡣һ̫ƽ̫ƽǹҵ塣ǣǹķֲܳӰķΧǶǣһ̫ƽ֯ҲΪ롣

ǵǹԴķֲϷǹ⣬ȫһԣ𰴴Ľǹ֯һǡġǣǹ㹤ҵ̴ԼҪнǹ緶Χڽס֮ǹо͹ԸƵġԣڽǹҵͬһЩһбҪȫķΧڽϢͿչЭЭһҪʵǣ1995ƶˡʵʩ19821210Ϲ󷨻ڿȺ͸߶Ⱥı͹Э顱ЭǩϹٳɵģũ֯һϹĸȫΧڸҵרļЭĴɣṩѯ

1995ϹЭ龭׼ԺΪ1982Ϲ󷨻IJ䣬Ϊǹ㱣ҵµķݡ1995꣬FAOˡҵΪ׼򡱵ƶ׼Ȼ߱ԼϾΪҵйصĻṩ˹淶Э顱͡׼򡱶ԽǹıҵоȵȷµҪܶԽǹҵĸŲشӰ죨ģ

ĿǰǹԴݽǽǹ㱣ٵҪ⡣ⷽǵѾپԽǹ֯ڲ磬ڹҰϵΣó׹Լ(CITES)ķΧڼоһ˵ǹ㲶̴ӣֱ޷ǵʵʵŬ߲Ϳܲص⡣ˣھϵСгıͶۼۣҲijЩ໹ĿԣԽĿǰΪֹϱ˹Ȳ̵ķ

ǹܲȡڲ̼ŬΪͬIJ̷׼ȺDzһġijЩ£ͨ׼ȺСδ㣬ܹȡӳڲЧ磬ijǹ㡢ǹԼȺָϷͱǹ㼴ˡСƵĹ£ICCATΧھ͵кǹĴСĹ涨泣⡣СĴʩ֮ȻʸߵȺЧģھЧġ

Ϊҵ⣬бҪԸҵż-ûϵпѧоⷽŹͬŬFAOһձġлĿ̫ƽǹҵ໥úоƻ1995ɸĿˡ̫ƽǹҵ໥õڶFAOרѯ顱

ڶ̫ƽԻǹΪĿΧҵʱ̵࣬һע⡣ͨѧоƺͼʹżȻʴ󽵵͡ͷӹչ̫ƽҵͬһ̵Ľǹ㡣бҪ̫ƽĺ࣬ĻǹҲ٣Ϊǹ㳣ͬϵһġĽʹǹ㲶ҵά״̬

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Ҫнǹӵ㣬2000ǰЩ400֣Ҳ87.5ֻ27%ѧĹ۵㿴⣬390άֿɳչǵͻǹܻ˴ԼҪ450ҴΧ洬ӲĹ۵㿴ҪߣĿǰÿ겶4 5005 000֣Ļ100ҡʹǵƹͷýǹĿǰǼ۵ƣô洬DzܵġһԤ⣬Ԥδ350DZȽʵġ

Э׼ͨйʵʩӰδһأ

(a) 19821210Ϲ󷨻ڿȺ͸߶Ⱥı͹Э飻 (b) ҵΪ׼

⽫ܸı䴫ͳڹϿɲƲ̵ľЭ顱͡׼򡱵ǡʩУҲٶȣڶڻήĿǰʵʵIJӳԶϿʹԴõõıɸعǹ㲶ҵܻҲ־á

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㣺һڰDZҵ


2060ǾѾ֪ҲȫΧ֧һЩҪIJҵ֣ͬƼһռȫСв㺣ܲ75%ҡ͵ĵ峤78ף׼峤ôСĵ26ˡȻȫзֲȴȴIJߡר²̵ҵӡ1977꣬ǰһ̴֧ӿʼӡϴ־˵ʳõĵ㣬㣨Diaphus coeruleus Gymnoscopelus nicholski 1992꣬ǰ͹ﵽ51 680֣˺ֹͣ˲̻ˣϼԴίԱ(CCAMLR)Ȼ涨ڵ㳣ֲ(TAC)Ϊ200 000֡һ֧ϷˮĹҵΧ㴬80ڵ㺬̫߲ӹֹͣ˲ҵ

2070ĩ80о߿ڱչвҵ̵Ŀԡҵҵǿеģرڰ巢չ׵IJ̡ǻźܸߵڴ˺ܳһʱ䣬1996ڰ忪ʼЩвҵ̡

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ʱշֲ

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ѧɷ

˶ԵвĻѧɷһЩоǷ֣ӪĽǶĵʺߣ֬һ£ձƫ̼ͣˮﺬһɲߡмоⶨԵ֬ɣָ֬СƲҪ֬Ҫʹϸ

ĿԴ

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2070ĩ80һЩŲоԱʡͻ˹̹ԼǶذвIJʡOеȺҪdz㣬ԱȽ֪̽ʡȺСӰȺСʷͬѲʱ֮䣬Ѳ֮䱨IJʲܴ󣬼ʹСΧڣ簢ģҲˡ

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ҵܲӰ

Ŀǰûκһо˵ҵҵвȺDZӰ죬Ҳо۹̬йŬ̬ЧӦǣԸӶδ֪ķʽϵһģȱܵŬˮƽʹDZӰøΪӡڰD1ֻеһ֣ԣĸܶȵD1ijΪĿҵ̲вֱ̫Ӱ졣Ѳ̷Χذͻ˹̹Ƕ壬ͻıһͼΪЩв㺣ĶձˡͬD2ҹN1N2̣Ჶ಻òࡣ

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ڳ㣬Դ͹ߣÿýһΡԲѭ뼾ϵһôÿһԴ֮ҪСģһԭDz̬ϵͳDZӰĿǰδ˽⡣ȻڱȽһµĿǵں̬ϵͳѭҪãмо˵ͬ߼ʳԲε໥áھදѾ۲쵽ϲõIJʳʧͬǷijһ֮ԡ

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һЩ̫ԭ1972ĶŵڵʱԱ̫ƽûɺܴӰ죬ԣһЩʱűֳ1976ĶŵӰҪöࡣӦأǾͿ˱̫ƽȺ2070ڵ80ڵļͼC3.C

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Anonymous. 1996. Stock Assessment Example Documents: summaries of other species in the eastern Bering Sea. NOAA-NMFS Alaska Fisheries Science Center. REFM Stock Assessment Home Page (www.wrc.noaa.gov/-jianelli/home.html)
Bakun A. 1989. Recruitment in fishery resources and its relation to environment: Accessible pathways to greater insight pp. 2534. In Memorias del Simposio Internacional de los Recursos Vivos y las Pesqueras en el Pacfico Sudeste. Vi?a del Mar 913 Mayo 1988. Rev. Pacfico Sur (Nmero Especial). Comisin Permanente del Pacfico Sur (CPPS).

Csirke J. 1995. Fluctuations in abundance of small and midsize pelagics. Sci. Mar. 59: 481492. In C.

Bas J.J. Castro and J.M. Lorenzo (eds.) Int. Symp. on Middle-Sized Pelagic Fish. (see also erratum: Sci. Mar. 60: p. 431)

Kawasaki T. 1983. Why do some pelagic fishes have wide fluctuations in their numbers? - biological basis of fluctuation from the viewpoint of evolutionary ecology. p. 10651080. In G.D. Sharp and J. Csirke (eds.) Reports of the Expert Consultation to Examine Changes in Abundance and Species Composition of Neritic Fish Resources. FAO Fish. Rep. 291 (2 3): 1224 p.

Kawasaki T. and M. Omori. 1988. Fluctuations in the three major sardine stocks in the Pacific and the global trend in mean temperature p. 273290. In T. Wyatt and M.G. Larra?eta (eds.) Int. Symp. on Long Term Changes in Marine Fish Populations Vigo Spain.

Sharp G.D. and J. Csirke (eds.) Reports of the Expert Consultation to Examine Changes in Abundance and Species Composition of Neritic Fish Resources. FAO Fish. Rep. 291 (2 3): 1224 p.

Lluch-Belda D. R.J.M. Crawford T. Kawasaki A.D. MacCall R.H. Parrish R.A. Schwartzlose and P.E. Smith 1989. World-wide fluctuations of sardine and anchovy stocks: the regime problem. S. Afr. J. mar. Sci. 8: 195205.

Lluch-Belda D. R.A. Schwartzlose R. Serra R.H. Parrish T. Kawasaki D. Hedgecock and R.J.M. Crawford. 1992. Sardine and anchovy regime fluctuations of abundance in four regions of the world oceans: a workshop report. Fish Oceanogr. 1: 339347.

Wespestad V. 1996. Trends in North Pacific pollock and cod fisheries (presentation to the NORFISH Symposium). NOAA-NMFS Alaska Fisheries Science Center. REFM Stock Assessment Home Page (www.wrc.noaa.gov/-jianelli/home.html).


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