粮农组织主页 > 气候变化
Nature’s invisible connections and contributions to us'

Nature’s invisible connections and contributions to us

How biodiversity secures our future of food and much more




Connecting agriculture to climate action'

Connecting agriculture to climate action

UN Climate Conference (SB48) Bonn


气候变化威胁着我们实现全球粮食安全、消除贫困以及实现可持续发展的能力。 来自人类活动和牲畜的温室气体(GHG)排放是造成气候变化的重要因素,其在地球大气层中捕获热量,继而引发全球变暖。 气候变化对农业生产力有直接和间接的影响,包括改变降雨模式、干旱、洪水以及病虫害的地理分布。 海洋吸收的大量二氧化碳会引起海洋酸化,这将影响我们海洋的健康和依赖于它的人们的生计和营养。作为2030年议程和可持续发展目标的一个组成部分,粮农组织正在支持各国通过大量基于研究的实用计划与项目来缓解和适应气候变化所造成的影响。


In order to safeguard and support the world’s agri-cultural heritage systems, FAO started an initiative for the identification and the dynamic conservation of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage systems (GIAHS) in 2002. These traditional agricultural systems represent models of sustainable agricultural production. 4 GIAHS sites were featured in FAO’s Climate-Smart Agriculture sourcebookRice-fish agriculture systems in ChinaSustainable practices of nomadic pastoralists in Iran,Peruvian Andes and Kuttanad below-sea-level farming system. Find out more via FAO's GIAHS website.

Smallholder farmers in West and Central Africa are among the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. For them, small-scale irrigation and other forms of agricultural water management are critical in building resilience to increased climate variability. The project aims to generate and share up-to-date information on the vulnerability and adaptability to climate change of small-scale irrigation schemes in the main agro-ecological systems in the regions of Central and West Africa. More...

Agroecology is based on applying ecological concepts and principles to optimize interactions between plants, animals, humans and the environment while taking into consideration the social aspects that need to be addressed for a sustainable and fair food system. By building synergies, agroecology can support food production and food security and nutrition while restoring the ecosystem services and biodiversity that are essential for sustainable agriculture. Agroecology can play an important role in building resilience and adapting to climate change. [...]


FAO strategy on climate change




在2015年12月举行的气候变化框架公约气候大会(COP21上,巴黎公约帮助预期“国家自主贡献(INDC)”成为了各协商的基础。 在2016年的第二十二届缔约方会议上,这些预期贡献成为了国家自主贡献(NDCs—— 实现“巴黎协定”的路线图。 截至2016年7月29日,189个国家向气候变化框架公约递交了农业各生产部门扮演了重要角色的161个INDCs和22个NDCs。