FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 404/2 - Use of Property Rights in Fisheries Management

Table of Contents

Edited by
Ross Shotton
Fishery Resources Officer
Marine Resources Service
Fishery Resources Division
FAO Fisheries Department

Proceedings of the FishRights99 Conference
Fremantle, Western Australia
11-19 November 1999
Workshop presentations

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Rome, 2000

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ISBN 92-5-104530-5

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Table of Contents



AN INTRODUCTION TO RIGHTS-BASED MANAGEMENT - Chairman: Mark Pendlebury, Clayton Utz, Perth

The Politics of Enclosures with Special Reference to the Icelandic ITQ System - H.H. Gissurarson
Introducing Property Rights into Fisheries Management: Governments cannot Cope with Implementation Alone - T. Craig
The Common Fisheries Policy of the European Union and Fishing Rights - C. Nordmann
The Global Environment Facility: A Partner in the Sustainable Management of Transboundary Fisheries - A. Merla

WHAT ARE PROPERTY RIGHTS? - Chairman: Peter Millington, Fisheries Western Australia, Perth

Are ITQs Property Rights? Definition, Discipline and Discourse - R. Connor
The Legal Nature of Australian Fishing Licences - Are they Property Rights? - B. McFarlane
Rights Based Systems: Sovereignty and Property - C. Jensen
Property Rights in Relation to Fishing Licences in Australia from a Legal Perspective - D. Fitzpatrick
Balancing Security and Flexibility in Granting a Right to Catch Fish - B. Wylynko and L. McIntosh
ITQs - New Zealand and United States: Allocation Formula and Legal Challenges - W.J. Nielander and M.S. Sullivan
Fishing Rights: a Multidimensional Perspective - N. Taylor-Moore
Rights-based Fisheries Management in New South Wales, Australia - A. Goulstone
The Closure of the Port Phillip Bay Scallop Fishery - S. McCormack and R. McLoughlin

EVOLUTION OF RIGHTS-BASED MANAGEMENT - Chairman: Lee Anderson, University of Delaware

Enhancing Fisheries Rights through Legislation - Australia's Experience - M. Tsamenyi and A. McIlgorm
Development and Implementation of Access Limitation Programmes in Marine Fisheries of the United States - G.H. Darcy and G.C. Matlock
Property Rights on the High Seas: Issues for High Seas Fisheries - A. Stokes
From Social Thought to Economic Reality: the First 25 Years of the Lake Winnipeg IQ Management Programme - G.S. Gislason
The Use of Individual Fishing Quotas in the United States' EEZ - A.C. Wertheimer and D. Swanson
Development of Property Rights-based Fisheries Management in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands: a Comparison - G. Valatin
Rights-based Fisheries Development in Australia: has it Stalled? - A. McIlgorm and M. Tsamenyi

CO-MANAGEMENT AND RIGHTS-BASED MANAGEMENT - Chairman: George Kailis, MG Kailis Pty Ltd, Perth

Co-Management and Rights-based Fisheries - M. Haward and M. Wilson
Community Management in Groundfish: a New Approach to Property Rights - F.G. Peacock and J. Hansen
The Creation of Property Rights along Lake Kariba through the Formation of a Fishermen’s Association - R. Gwazani

MULTIPLE COMMUNITIES AND RIGHTS-BASED MANAGEMENT - Chairman: Guy Leyland, Western Australian Fisheries Industry Council, Mt Hawthorn

Bringing the State Back in: the Choice of Regulatory System in South Africa’s New Fisheries Policy - B. Hersoug and P. Holm
Property Rights and Recreational Fishing: Never the Twain Shall Meet? - J. McMurran
Negotiating the Establishment and Management of Indigenous Coastal and Marine Resources - D. Campbell
Recognition of and Provision for Indigenous and Coastal Community Fishing Rights Using Property Rights Instruments - M. Hooper and T. Lynch
The Implementation of an Italian Network of Marine Protected Areas: Rights-Based Strategies for Coastal Fisheries Management - F. Andaloro and L. Tunesi
Estuaries in Western Australia - An Integrated Approach to Management - J. Borg
United States’ Fishery Cooperatives: Rationalizing Fisheries through Privately Negotiated Contracts - J. Leblanc

APPLYING RIGHTS-BASED MANAGEMENT - Chairman: Ross Shotton, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome

Determining the Impacts of Adopting Property Rights as a Fishery Management Tool in Regulated Open Access Fisheries - J.M. Ward and W. Keithly
The Commercial Geoduck (Panopea abrupta) Fishery in British Columbia, Canada - An Operational Perspective of a Limited Entry Fishery with Individual Quotas - S. Heizer
Abalone and the Implementation of a Share-based Property Right in New South Wales, Australia - D. Watkins
Canadian Scallop Fishery Management: A Case History and Comparison of Property Rights vs. Competitive Approaches - F. G. Peacock, J. Nelson, E. Kenchington and G. Stevens
The Orange Roughy Management Company Limited - A Positive Example of Fish Rights in Action - G. Clement
The Effects of Transferable Property Rights on the Fleet Capacity and Ownership of Harvesting Rights in the Dutch Demersal North Sea Fisheries - W. P. Davidse
Trends in Fishing Capacity and Aggregation of Fishing Rights in New Zealand under Individual Transferable Quota - R. Connor
Measurement of Concentration in Canada’s Scotia-Fundy Inshore Groundfish Fishery - D.S.K. Liew
Indicators of the Effectiveness of Quota Markets: the South East Trawl Fishery of Australia - R. Connor and D. Alden

APPLYING RIGHTS-BASED MANAGEMENT - Chairman: Rolf Willman, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome

Will Improving Access Rights Lead to Better Management - Quota Management in the Tasmanian Rock Lobster Fishery - W. Ford
Individual Transferable Catch Quota: Australian Experience in the Southern Bluefin Tuna Fishery - D.B. Campbell and T. Battaglene
Shark Bay Prawn Fishery - A Synoptic History and the Importance of “Property Rights” in its Ongoing Management - P.P. Rogers and J.P. Penn

APPLYING RIGHTS-BASED MANAGEMENT TO DEVELOPING FISHERIES - Chairman: Ulf Wijkström, Food and Agriculture Organizations, Rome

Efficient Access Right Regimes for Exploratory and Developmental Fisheries - A. Cox and A. Kemp
Developing New Fisheries in Western Australia - J. Borg and R. Sellers
Incorporation of a Fish Property Right: a Hypothetical Example - W. Zacharin and R. Edwards

APPLYING RIGHTS-BASED MANAGEMENT TO DEVELOPING FISHERIES - Chairman: Ross Shotton, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome

Challenges to the Co-Existence of Marine Farming and Capture Fisheries in New Zealand - K. Drummond, P. Kirk and L. Nelson
The Role of Property Rights in the Development of New Zealand’s Marine Farming Industry - M. Harte and R. Bess
The Nature of “Rights” in the Western Australian Pearling Industry - H.G. Brayford and G. Paust

GLOBALIZATION AND RIGHTS-BASED MANAGEMENT - Chairman: John Nicholls, Fisheries Western Australia, Perth

Property Rights as an Alternative to Subsidisation of Fishing and a Key to Eliminating International Seafood Trade Distortions - A. Macfarlane
A Proposal for Cost Recovery in the Alaska Individual Fishing Quota (IFQ) Fisheries - P.J. Smith and J.T. Sproul
South African Perspectives on Rights in Fishing and Implications for Resource Management - D.J. Bailey

RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS-BASED MANAGEMENT - Chairman: Alain Bonzon, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome

Making Fishing Rights Worthwhile - Sustainable Fisheries - K.Truelove
Evolution of Self-Governance within a Harvesting System Governed by Individual Transferable Quota - M. Arbuckle and K. Drummond
Stronger Rights, Higher Fees, Greater Say: Linkages for the Pacific Halibut Fishery in Canada - G.S. Gislason
Property Rights and their Role in Sustaining New Zealand Seafood Firms' Competitiveness - R. Bess

RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS-BASED MANAGEMENT - Chairman: John Nicholls, Fisheries Western Australia, Perth

Why Recover Costs? Cost Recovery and Property Rights in New Zealand - N. Wyatt
Fisher Obligations in Co-Managed Fisheries: the Case for Enforcement - J.P. McKinlay and P.J. Millington
Enforcement and Compliance of ITQs: New Zealand and the United States of America - W.J. Nielander and M.S. Sullivan

DENOMINATING RIGHTS - Chairman: Matt Gleeson, Australian Forestry and Fisheries Administration

A Mechanism to Address Surplus Growth within Quasi-Property Right Systems - C. Annand and F.G. Peacock
The Missing T: Path-Dependency within an Individual Vessel Quota System - The Case of Norwegian Cod Fisheries - B. Hersoug, P. Holm and S.A. Rånes
The Scalefish Fisheries of Northern Western Australia - The Use of Transferable Effort Allocations in the Management of Multi-Species Scalefish Fisheries - L. Cooper and L. Joll

LOOKING FORWARD: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES - Chairman: Rebecca Metzner, Fisheries Western Australia, Perth

The Fishing-Rights on Marine Resources in China - Z. Wu
The Implementation of Fishing-Rights Systems in Southeast Asia: a Case Study in Thailand - S. Anuchiracheeva