Cattle and Small Ruminant Production Systems in sub-Saharan Africa - A Systematic Review


M.J. Otte and P. Chilonda
Livestock Information Sector Analysis and Policy Branch,
FAO Agriculture Department

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2002




Table of Contents



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Table of Contents


List of acronyms

Acknowledgements

Executive summary

1. Introduction

Background and objectives
Land and livestock resources

2. Classification of ruminant production systems in sub-Saharan Africa

Classification principles
Ruminant production systems

3. Traditional ruminant production systems

Pastoral and agropastoral systems
Mixed systems in the semi-arid, subhumid and humid zones
Highland mixed systems

4. Non-traditional production systems

Ranching systems
Smallholder dairy systems

5. Production parameters of ruminants in traditional systems

Cattle
Sheep
Goats

6. Production parameters of ruminants in non-traditional systems

Beef systems
Dairy systems

7. Quantitative livestock production modelling

Role and application to sub-Saharan Africa
Estimated meat and milk offtake from cattle
Estimated use of cattle draught power
Estimated meat offtake from small ruminants

8. Summary and conclusions

References

Appendices

Appendix 1. Trends in per capita production of ruminant livestock products in sub-Saharan Africa, 1989 to 1999
Appendix 2. Land, total population, percentage of population in rural areas and population growth in sub-Saharan Africa, 2000
Appendix 3. Livestock population (‘000) in sub-Saharan Africa, 1999
Appendix 4. Cattle population in 1994 in sub-Saharan Africa, estimated using a geographical information system
Appendix 5. Meat and milk production (tonnes) in sub-Saharan Africa, 1999
Appendix 6. Cattle production parameters of pastoral systems in sub-Saharan Africa
Appendix 7. Cattle production parameters of mixed systems in sub-Saharan Africa
Appendix 8. Sheep production parameters of pastoral systems in sub-Saharan Africa
Appendix 9. Sheep production parameters of mixed systems in sub-Saharan Africa
Appendix 10. Goat production parameters of pastoral systems in sub-Saharan Africa
Appendix 11. Goat production parameters of mixed systems in sub-Saharan Africa
Appendix 12. Production parameters of ranching systems in sub-Saharan Africa
Appendix 13 Production parameters of large-scale dairy systems in sub-Saharan Africa
Appendix 14. Production parameters of smallholder dairy systems in the highlands of sub-Saharan Africa
Appendix 15. Cattle production parameters in traditional systems, as used in LDPS2 modelling
Appendix 16. Sheep production parameters in traditional systems, as used in LDPS2 modelling
Appendix 17. Goat production parameters in traditional systems, as used in LDPS2 modelling
Appendix 18. Smallholder dairy production parameters, as used in LDPS2 modelling

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