FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine andbrackish-water species of Pakistan.

FAO Species Identification Sheets for Fishery Purposes

Field Guide To
The Commercial Marine and Brackish
Water Species of Pakistan


prepared by
Gabriella Bianchi
Consultant
Marine Resources Service Fishery Resources and Environment
Division Fisheries
Department, FAO


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome, 1985

Table of Contents


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by email to copyright@fao.org

© FAO 1984

Summary

This field guide includes the marine and brackish-water species of bony fishes, sharks, batoid fishes, lobsters, shrimps, crabs and cephalopods believed to be of interest to fisheries in Pakistan. Each major resources group is introduced by a general section on technical terms, followed by an annotated and illustrated list of the more important species which includes FAO names, local names commonly used (Sindhi, Baluchi and English), maximum size, habitat, fishing gear and interest to fisheries. A composite index of scientific and vernacular family and species names is also provided.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Field Guide to the Commercial Marine and Brackish-Water Species of Pakistanpdf

INTRODUCTIONpdf

BONY FISHESpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS
Families
Megalopidae - Tarpons
Albulidae - Bonefishes
Elopidae - Tenpounders
Clupeidae - Sardinellas, sardines, herrings, shads, pellonas
Engraulidae - Anchovies, thryssas
Chirocentridae - Wolf-herrings
Muraenidae - Morays
Muraenesocidae - Pike congers
Congridae - Congers
Ariidae - Sea catfishes
Plotosidae - Eel catfishes
Chanidae - Milkfishes
Synodontidae - Lizardfishes
Harpadontidae - Bombay ducks
Bregmacerotidae - Codlets
Exocoetidae - Flyingfishes
Hemiramphidae - Halfbeaks
Belonidae - Needlefishes
Holocentridae - Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes
Fistulariidae - Cornetfishes
Scorpaenidae - Scorpionfishes, stingfishes, etc
Triglidae - Gurnards
Platycephalidae - Flatheads
Centropomidae - Barramundis
Serranidae - Groupers, seabasses, rockcods, etc
Teraponidae - Terapon perches, terapons
Sillaginidae - Sillagos
Lactariidae - False trevallies
Rachycentridae - Cobias
Echeneididae - Sharksuckers
Carangidae - Jacks, trevallies, scads, runners, etc
Coryphaenidae - Dolphinfishes
Menidae - Moonfishes
Leiognathidae - Ponyfishes, toothponies
Gerreidae - Silver-biddies
Lutjanidae - Jobfishes, snappers
Nemipteridae - Threadfin breams, monocle breams
Lobotidae - Tripletails
Haemulidae (Pomadasyidae) - Sweetlips, rubberlips, hotlips, grunters, piggies
Lethrinidae - Emperors, pig-face breams, large-eye breams
Sparidae - Seabreams, soldierbreams
Sciaenidae - Croakers, drums, etc
Mullidae - Goatfishes
Ephippidae - Spadefishes
Drepanidae - Sicklefishes
Platacidae - Batfishes
Scatophagidae - Scats
Pomacanthidae - Angelfishes
Pomacentridae - Damselfishes
Mugilidae - Mullets
Sphyraenidae - Barracudas
Polynemidae - Threadfins
Labridae - Wrasses
Scaridae - Parrotfishes
Siganidae - Spinefoots, rabbitfishes
Scombridae - Albacores, bonitos, kawakawas, mackerels, etc
Trichiuridae - Hairtails
Istiophoridae - Sailfishes, marlins
Xiphiidae - Swordfishes
Stromateidae - Silver pomfrets
Nomeidae - Driftfishes
Ariommidae - Ariommas
Psettodidae - Spiny turbots
Bothidae - Lefteye flounders
Soleidae - Soles
Cynoglossidae - Tonguesoles
Balistidae - Triggerfishes
Monacanthidae - Leatherjackets
Tetraodontidae - Pufferfishes
Triacanthidae - Tripodfishes

SHARKSpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS
Families
Alopiidae - Thresher sharks
Carcharhinidae - Requiem sharks
Ginglymostomatidae - Nurse sharks
Hemigaleidae - Snaggletooth sharks
Hemiscylliidae - Carpetsharks
Lamnidae - Makos
Odontaspididae - Tigersharks
Rhiniodontidae - Whalesharks
Scyliorhinidae - Catsharks
Sphyrnidae - Hammerheads
Stegostomatidae - Zebra sharks
Triakidae - Topes

BATOID FISHESpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS
Families
Dasyatidae - Stingrays, whiprays
Gymnuridae - Butterfly rays
Mobulidae - Devilrays, mantas
Myliobatidae - Eaglerays
Narcinidae - Electric rays
Narkidae - Numbrays
Pristidae - Sawfishes
Rajidae - Skates
Rhinobatidae - Guitarfishes
Rhinopteridae - Cownose rays
Rhynchobatidae - Wedgefishes
Torpedinidae - Electric rays

LOBSTERSpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS
Families
Palinuridae - Spiny lobsters
Scyllaridae - Locust lobsters

SHRIMPS AND PRAWNSpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS
Families
Penaeidae - Penaeid shrimps, penaeid prawns
Solenoceridae - Mud shrimps

TRUE CRABSpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS
Families
Portunidae - Coral crabs, swimming crabs
Calappidae - Box crabs

CEPHALOPODSpdf

TECHNICAL TERMS
Families
Loliginidae - Squids
Octopodidae - Octopuses
Sepiidae - Cuttlefishes

INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC AND VERNACULAR NAMES pdf

COLOUR PLATESpdf