FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No.497
Study and analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development
Mohammad R. Hasan
Aquaculture Management and Conservation Service
Fisheries and Aquaculture Management Division
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
Grahamastown, South Africa
Sena S. De Silva
Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific
Albert G.J. Tacon
Hawaii, United States of America
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT
Eight Asian and six African country reviews, a case study from Viet Nam, the three regional reviews and the global synthesis and the report of the workshop are included in this document. The report and recommendations of the workshop were circulated among the participants of the workshop and FAO FIMA technical officers for comment and the final report is incorporated in this technical paper.
The manuscripts in this technical paper were reviewed and technically edited by an editorial team led by Dr Mohammad R. Hasan. With a few exceptions, most of the reports included in the document were reviewed and edited in early 2007 before the FAO FishStat data for 2005 was released and hence data contained in most of the reports are for 2004. Updated aquaculture data for 2005 are available on FishStat (2007) (www.fao.org/fi/statist/FISOFT/FISHPLUS.asp). For consistency and conformity, scientific and English common names of fish species were used from FishBase (http:// www.fishbase.org/home.htm). Most of the photographs in the country reviews and in the regional syntheses were provided by the authors. Where this is not the case, due acknowledgements are made to the contributors.
Much gratitude is due to the review and case study authors, who faced an enormous task and showed equally enormous patience with the editors. We acknowledge Ms Helen Nakouzi, Ms Hasini Wijesuriya, Ms Elena Irde and Ms Marika Panzironi for their assistance in word processing, Ms Tina Farmer, Ms Francoise Schatto and Ms Chrissi Smith-Redfern for their assistance in quality control and FAO house style and Mr Josť Luis Castilla Civit for layout design. The publishing and distribution of the document were undertaken by FAO, Rome.
Finally, Mr Jiansan Jia, Service Chief and Dr Rohana P. Subasinghe, Senior Fishery Resources Officer (Aquaculture), FAO Aquaculture Management and Conservation Service are gratefully acknowledged for providing the means, technical advice and moral support to initiate the study and to complete the publication.
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|Hasan, M.R.; Hecht, T.; De Silva, S.S.; Tacon, A.G.J. (eds).
Study and analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development.
FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 497. Rome, FAO. 2007. 510p.
This compendium provides a comprehensive overview of feed and fertilizer use for sustainable aquaculture development in developing countries. It comprises of a series of review papers, including eight country reviews from Asia (Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam), six country reviews from Africa (Cameroon, Egypt, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria and Uganda), one case study report from Asia, three regional reviews (Asia, Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa), a global synthesis as well as the final report of the FAO Expert Workshop on "Use of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development", held in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, China, on 18-21 March 2006.
The country reviews provide an overview of the current status of aquaculture, a synthesis of the availability, accessibility and use of feed and fertilizer resources in relation to the diversity of farming systems and practices and an analysis of the nutritional, economic and social constraints of using these inputs. The regional reviews provide a synthesis of the country reviews by considering production trends and feed and fertilizer use from a wider geographic perspective and also analysed the projected expansion of the aquaculture sector in relation to the future availability of input commodities. The global synthesis provides a general overview and summarizes the future challenges facing the sector with respect to the use of feeds and fertilizers. The reviews as well as the case study reports provided the background information for the working group sessions of the workshop.
The working groups focused on the important role of farm-made aquafeeds in Asia and the need to develop and promote the use of farm-made feeds in sub-Saharan Africa, considered issues pertaining to the production and safe use of aquafeeds and deliberated on the constraints faced by industrial and small-scale aquafeed producers. Several key issues and constraints were identified, categorized and prioritized and appropriate actions were recommended. The workshop recommended that FAO undertake the following actions to assist regional organizations and member country governments to address the following identified issues and constraints on a regional and global perspective:
(300 Kb)COUNTRY REVIEWS AND CASE STUDY: ASIA
Global synthesis of feeds and nutrients for sustainable aquaculture development
Albert G.J. Tacon and Mohammad R. Hasan
Feeds and fertilizers: the key to long-term sustainability of Asian aquaculture
Sena S. De Silva and Mohammad R. Hasan
Feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development: a regional review for Latin America
Review of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in sub-Saharan Africa
(300 Kb)COUNTRY REVIEWS: AFRICA
Analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in Bangladesh
Benoy K. Barman and Manjurul Karim
Analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in China
M. Weimin and L. Mengqing
Analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in India
S. Ayyappan and S. Ahamad Ali
Development of the aquafeed industry in India
A. Victor Suresh
Analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in Indonesia
Analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in the Philippines
Neila S. Sumagaysay-Chavoso
Analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in Thailand
Analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in Viet Nam
Le Thanh Hung and Huynh Pham Viet Huy
Case study on the use of farm-made feeds and commercially formulated pellets for pangasiid catfish in the Mekong Delta, Viet Nam
Le Thanh Hung, Luu Thi Thanh Truc and Huynh Pham Viet Huy
(200 Kb)(200 Kb)
Analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in Cameroon
Analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in Egypt
Abdel-Fattah M. El-Sayed
Analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in Kenya
Analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in Malawi
S.K. Chimatiro and B.B. Chirwa
Analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in Nigeria
Olajide A. Ayinla
Analysis of feeds and fertilizers for sustainable aquaculture development in Uganda