Trade in agricultural products and requisites - nutrition
The enactments listed below have been adapted from Food and Agricultural Legislation, a publication prepared by the Legal Office of FAO. The list contains selected titles, some with annotations, of recent legislative and regulatory provisions relevant to food quality and hygiene and, in particular, food standards, food additives and food contaminants. Requests for copies of the texts or further information should be addressed to the government concerned, as the Legal Office does not supply such information.
Seeds, feedstuffs, fertilizers, pesticides and veterinary products
Food laws, including food additives regulations, food standards, food hygiene, etc.
Conservation and stockpiling of foodstuffs and agricultural raw materials
Order prescribing the rules for animal feed additives, - 23 March 1988. - Boletín Oficial del Estado No. 92, 16 April 1988, p. 11623-11643. The Order incorporates the related European Economic Community directives into Spanish legislation (Council Directive 70/254/EEC and those amending it up to Commission Directive 87/552/EEC).
The Order also prescribes the conditions for the marketing, use, importation and exportation of additives as well as the inclusion of new additives among those authorized.
Annex: list of additives.
Resolution No. 1414 stipulating the provisions for the production and marketing of animal feed and waiving Resolutions No. 1152 of 1981 and No. 1238 of 1982. - 25 April 1989. - Diario Oficial No. 38.859,15 June 1989, p. 8.
The Resolution establishes the conditions relative to the production, importation, distribution, quality control and sale of animal feed.
Persons engaged in the above activities must previously register with the Colombian Institute of Agriculture and Livestock and may only market products approved by the Institute.
Crown Decree 759/1988 including agricultural and food commodities produced without the use of chemical compounds within the generic and specific denomination of origin code, as established by Act 25/1979 of 2 December. - 15 July 1988. -Boletín Oficial del Estado No. 174, 21 July 1988, p. 22515.
The generic and specific denomination of origin code is extended to agricultural and food commodities which are produced, processed and preserved without the use of chemical compounds and which satisfy the technical and hygiene regulations in force and the specific rules established for each product in particular, in conformity with the criteria prescribed by law.
Grand-Ducal Regulation relative to jams, jellies, marmalades and chestnut purée. -16 October 1989. - Mémorial A No, 79, 18 December 1989, p. 1429-1434.
The Regulation defines "premium jam", "jam", "premium jelly", "jelly", "marmalade" and "chestnut purée" and the authorized raw materials needed for their production (fruit, pulp, purée, etc.). The text lists the permitted additives and raw material processing procedures. It also stipulates the soluble dry matter content of the marketed products and the labelling specifications.
The Regulation does not apply to products to be exported outside the EEC.
Supreme Decree No. 073-88-AG instituting in the public agricultural sector the "National Programme for the Handling, Storage and Conservation of Food Commodities". - 8 July 1988, - El Peruano, Normas Legales No, 2859,9 July 1988, p. 66549.
Resolution modifying the Act on Joint Ventures of 1 July 1979. - 4 April 1990, - Unofficial translation. The Resolution stipulates the terms for the establishment of joint ventures and the protection and guarantee measures granted by the State.
With regard to the establishment of joint ventures, the corresponding agreements should be submitted to the competent national authorities for approval; the foreign investment should not be less than 25 percent; the investment may take various forms (cash, kind, transfer of know-how, etc.); and the duration of the joint venture shall be specified in the establishing agreement.
With regard to the protection and guarantee measures, the State undertakes not to nationalize the joint ventures (however, should such action be warranted by circumstances, expropriation may occur with corresponding compensation). The text also provides for the distribution of profits, the availability of certain tax advantages, the remittance abroad of company profits (and of staff salaries in the case of foreign nationals).
The Law defines the basic internal structure of the joint venture.
The last two articles contain provisions for breach of contract and dispute arbitration.