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News and notes - Nouvelles et notes - Notas y actualidades

ILCA communication instruction series

The International Livestock Centre for Africa has produced an instruction series on effective scientific communication as part of its endeavour to package the content of ILCA training courses in the self-learning format of slide/tape modules with booklets discussing the principles of scientific communication. The modules are primarily aimed at participants in ILCA's group training programmes but they are expected to be equally useful to other researchers, educators and trainers concerned with making the best use of visuals in their presentations.

Every scientist must give oral presentations to various audiences at one time or another in order to communicate scientific findings or facts. Although visuals are commonly used to support these talks and presentations quite often they do not have the desired impact. There may be a variety of reasons for a presentation being ineffective but the disappointment will be much less if a little attention is given to the principles of preparing talks and using visuals.

Module 1 explains the general role of visuals in communication and gives practical advice on how to design effective visuals for scientific meetings, conferences, seminars, etc. Presentation techniques are also briefly discussed in this module.

Module 2 deals with the art of "organizing the message" for speaking at scientific meetings. Effective public speaking is difficult for many people and a challenge for all. However, it becomes easier if certain basic principles of organization and presentation are understood and employed. This module identifies some basic rules to help in the selection and organization of the content of a scientific presentation and should prove useful to anyone called upon to present research results.

Module 3, "Speaking at scientific meetings: oral presentation techniques", supplements information given in Module 2. Effective oral communication at scientific meetings is a balance between the message and skill in presentation. This module describes techniques for effective presentation and provides the do's and don'ts for effective verbal and non-verbal communication.

Module 4 provides some important guidelines on how to write a research paper for a primary journal. As most journals receive many more papers than they can publish, a paper may stand a better chance of publication if it has been carefully prepared. This module describes the art and science of writing scientific papers including identification of the basic features of a research paper, steps in its planning and procedures for developing a title, authorship and abstract.

One of the reasons scientists lack enthusiasm for presenting their results is their lack of training in communication skills. ILCA has developed these four slide/tape modules to address this problem. Copies of this series can be obtained from ILCA at the following prices: booklets (4) at US$ 6 each; slide/tape sets (4) at US$ 80 each; plus mailing and packing charges of US$ 35.

For further information, please contact the Director of Training and Information, ILCA, PO Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Postgraduate training programme at the Free University of Berlin, Institute of Tropical Veterinary Medicine

Since 1989 this training programme has been financed as a pilot project by the Ministry of Education and Science, Government of Germany, however, this period is ending in December 1994. As from 1995 the university will only be able to continue these courses by imposing tuition fees.

The target group for this programme is veterinarians from developing countries who should have at least three years of professional experience and should already be in mid-career positions.

The 1995 programme offers a master's degree in Epidemiology and Preventive Veterinary Medicine over 16 months from April 1995 to June 1996 and three short-term courses in Epidemiology and Statistics: introduction to computers and orientation to statistics (3 weeks); introduction to epidemiology and applied statistics (4 weeks); and quantitative epidemiology and advanced medical statistics for epidemiologists (4 weeks).

Applicants are advised to consult their employer or head of institution for support. They should then apply to the appropriate government ministry for funding, as in many countries only the ministry can apply for funding on the applicant's behalf.

International organizations that may be approached for funding of a postgraduate training course are the European Union, the World Bank and FAO. Applicants are advised to apply to the local offices of these organizations in their home country and to seek assistance from the German Embassy.

Applicants with project or international organization sponsorship should apply directly to the Free University not later than 31 December 1994.

For further information and application forms please write to the Coordinator, Postgraduate Studies in Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Augustastr. 37, D-12203 Berlin, Germany. Tel: 0049-30-834 84 13/834 86 18; Fax: 0049-30-834 19 08.

Call for articles

World Animal Review welcomes articles from authors who wish to share their knowledge of and experience in those fields of endeavour covered by the Review: animal production, nutrition and health and the processing of animal products and by-products from large and small animals. Contributions from those in developing countries, whether locally or internationally employed, as well as from entrepreneurs and the self-employed, are particularly welcome. Undoubtedly there are many valuable ventures that unfortunately go unreported, the results of which could have helped others. Please send articles to the Editor, World Animal Review, Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme de Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy. They will be given careful consideration. Information for contributors is given on page 107 of this issue.

Future issues

The close association of World Animal Review with the Animal Production and Health Division of FAO ensures direct contact with technical officers who are experts in their fields They contribute by writing articles or by providing the Editor with specialized advice pertaining to their field, as well as through their close association with many field projects. As a result, the Review has access to the specialized FAO field staff, who also provide articles for this journal.

We will continue to draw on these valuable sources and, where possible, increase their participation in our efforts to provide readers with the best and most up-to-date material available. Naturally, we will also continue to call on leading experts around the world to provide articles, whether they be in centres of advanced technology or in the countryside in developing countries. We need to call upon the readers as well, hence the readers' letters column that will appear in future issues.

Readers' letters

Readers are invited to write to the Review about the articles in this or previous issues and to give their views and news on animal production and health and on animal products. Selected letters will be published in the readers' letters column in future issues. Correspondence should be addressed to the Editor, World Animal Review.

Review availability

We appreciate that issues of World Animal Review are not always easily available to readers who are dependent on libraries or to potential readers who have heard of the publication but do not have easy access to it. To assist, we would like to ask those who receive issues, either as subscribers or through national sources or FAO Representatives, to endeavour to make their copies available to a wider readership on a regular basis.

Where possible, we will try to help those who continue to have difficulties. We would like to reach those potential readers in many parts of the world who are far from central libraries or subregional institutions - those who deal directly in their everyday work with the problems of livestock in developing countries but who have no access to World Animal Review Anyone who is unsuccessful in obtaining copies of the Review may write directly to the Editor.

Demande d'articles

La Revue mondiale de zootechnie attend des articles d'auteurs souhaitant partager leurs connaissances et leur expérience dans les domaines couverts par la revue, à savoir: production animale, nutrition, santé et transformation des produits et sous-produits provenant de petits ou de gros animaux. Nous sommes particulièrement intéressés par des contributions de personnes vivant dans les pays en développement, qu'elles soient recrutées sur place ou internationalement, ainsi que de chefs d'entreprise et de travailleurs indépendants. Il arrive trop souvent que des initiatives intéressantes ne soient pas signalées, de sorte que leurs résultats sont perdus pour les autres. Prière d'envoyer vos articles au Rédacteur en chef Revue mondiale de zootechnie, Division de la production et de la santé animales, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome (Italie). Toutes les contributions seront examinées attentivement. Les principes à l'usage des auteurs d'articles se trouvent à la page 107 du présent numéro.

Futurs numéros

Les liens étroits que la Revue mondiale de zootechnie entretient avec la Division de la production et de la santé animales de la FAO nous permettent d'avoir des contacts directs avec des fonctionnaires techniques experts dans leurs domaines. Ceux-ci contribuent directement à la revue en écrivant des articles ou en donnant au rédacteur en chef des avis spécialisés dans leur domaine de compétence, ainsi que grâce à leur participation active à de nombreux projets de terrain. Cela nous permet d'avoir accès aux fonctionnaires de terrain de la FAO, qui nous envoient eux aussi des articles.

Nous souhaitons continuer à puiser à ces sources précieuses et à renforcer, le cas échéant, leur participation à notre revue afin de fournir à nos lecteurs les meilleures et plus récentes informations disponibles. Bien entendu, nous continuerons aussi à faire

Lettres de lecteurs

Nous invitons nos lecteurs à nous envoyer leurs observations sur les articles du présent numéro ou des numéros précédents et à nous communiquer leur point de vue ou les informations dont ils disposent sur la production et la santé animales et sur les produits animaux. Un certain nombre de lettres seront publiées dans la rubrique «Lettres de lecteurs» dans les prochains numéros. La correspondance doit être adressée au Rédacteur en chef, Revue mondiale de zootechnie.

Disponibilité de la revue

Nous sommes conscients que les numéros de la Revue mondiale de zootechnie ne sont pas toujours facilement disponibles pour nos lecteurs qui dépendent de bibliothèques ou pour des lecteurs potentiels qui ont entendu parler de la publication mais n'y ont pas facilement accès. Pour les aider, nous demandons à ceux qui reçoivent la revue soit en tant qu'abonné, soit par le biais de sources nationales ou de représentants de la FAO, de faire leur possible pour mettre les exemplaires qu'ils reçoivent à la disposition d'un plus grand nombre de lecteurs de manière régulière.

Chaque fois que possible, nous essaierons d'aider ceux qui continuent à éprouver des difficultés. Nous souhaitons toucher tous les lecteurs potentiels de nombreuses régions du monde qui sont éloignés de bibliothèques centrales ou d'institutions sous-régionales et qui affrontent directement dans leur travail quotidien les problèmes de l'élevage dans les pays en développement, sans avoir accès à la Revue mondiale de zootechnie. Si, malgré tout, vous ne réussissez pas à obtenir des numéros de la revue, vous pouvez écrire directement au rédacteur en chef.

Solicitud de artículos

La Redacción de la Revista mundial de zootecnia recibe con beneplácito artículos de autores que deseen compartir sus conocimientos y experiencia en sectores de actividad de los que se ocupa la Revista producción, nutrición y sanidad animales, y elaboración de productos y subproductos derivados de animales grandes y pequeños. Se apreciarán las aportaciones de autores de países en desarrollo, tanto personal local como internacional, así como de empresarios y trabajadores autónomos. Los artículos se han de enviar al Redactor en jefe, Revista mundial de zootecnia, Dirección de Producción y Sanidad Animal, FAO, Viale dalle Terme di Caracalla, 00100, Roma, Italia. Se los examinará cuidadosamente. En la página 107 de este número aparece información para los colaboradores.

Números futuros

La estrecha asociación de la Revista mundial de zootecnia con la Dirección de Producción y Sanidad Animal de la FAO asegura un contacto directo con oficiales técnicos expertos en sus especialidades. Estos contribuyen directamente con artículos o con un asesoramiento especializado sobre sus materias al redactor, así como con su colaboración en numerosos proyectos de campo. Por consiguiente. la Redacción tiene acceso al personal de campo especializado de la FAO, que también envía artículos a la revista.

Continuaremos aprovechando estos valiosos recursos, y proporcionaremos a los lectores el mejor y más actualizado material disponible. También seguiremos solicitando a expertos destacados de todo el mundo que nos envíen artículos, tanto si están en centros de tecnología avanzada como si trabajan sobre el terreno en países en desarrollo. Necesitamos basarnos asimismo en los propios recursos de los lectores, por lo que en los números futuros aparecerá una columna de «Cartas de los lectores».

Cartas de los lectores

Se invita a los lectores a que nos escriban en relación con los artículos de este número o de otros anteriores, y que nos envíen sus opiniones y noticias sobre la producción y la sanidad animales y sobre los productos pecuarios. En futuros números, dicha correspondencia se publicará en la columna de «Cartas de los lectores». Las cartas se deberán enviar al Redactor en jefe, Revista mundial de zootecnia

Disponibilidad de la Revista

Somos conscientes de que los números de la Revista mundial de zootecnia no siempre están fácilmente al alcance de lectores que dependen de las bibliotecas, o de posibles lectores que han oído hablar de la publicación, pero que no tienen fácil acceso a ella. Rogamos a quienes reciben la revista, ya sea como suscriptores o bien por medio de fuentes nacionales o de los Representantes de la FAO, faciliten sus ejemplares a otras personas a fin de ampliar el número de lectores.

Deseamos poder llegar a los lectores potenciales de muchas partes del mundo que están alejados de las bibliotecas centrales o las instituciones subregionales, y que por otra parte se ocupan directamente en su trabajo de los problemas del ganado en los países en desarrollo, pero que no tienen acceso a la Revista mundial de zootecnia Todos los que no consigan obtener ejemplares de la Revista pueden dirigirse por escrito directamente al Redactor en jefe.

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