Construction And Maintenance Of Artisanal Fishing Harbours And Village Landings

FAO TRAINING SERIES - 25

Construction and maintenance of artisanal fishing harbours and village landings


Text: J.A. Sciortino

Illustrations: J.A. Sciortino, A. Barcali, M. Carlesi


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome 1995

Table of Contents


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by email to copyright@fao.org

© FAO 1995

EDITORIAL NOTE

Construction and maintenance of artisanal fishing harbours and village landings; This manual is the latest in the training series of the Fishing Technology Service of FAO. It was conceived as a result of the increasing demand in many developing countries for safer, better and cleaner facilities for fishing vessels, particularly the smaller craft used by small-scale and artisanal fishermen and women.
During the preparation of the manual, FAO undertook the elaboration of an International Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing that would include, inter alia, certain principles and guidelines concerning harbours and landing places for fishing vessels. Specific reference is made to the need for the competent authorities to adopt standards and follow guidelines for the design, construction and maintenance of harbours and landing places for fishing vessels in order to ensure:

This manual will be used as reference material for the Annex to the Guidelines for Responsible Fishing Operations.

PREFACE
Many fishing harbours started off as artisanal fishing boat shelters. When building an artisanal boat shelter, Proper use of the existing natural features (such as sheltered areas, open beaches or river mouths) will make it easier and cheaper to upgrade the shelter to a proper fishing harbour when needed.
This booklet has been written for small fishing communities to help them understand how to make the best use of their resources in building a good and serviceable shelter, without forgetting that one day the shelter may be upgraded to a fishing harbour.
To apply of some of the suggestions in this booklet, a basic knowledge of mathematics isrequired and the reader may have to obtain help from the local school-teacher or extension worker. In Chapter 9 you will find the drawing conventions, dimensions and weights used in this booklet.
The equipment required to carry out the work described in this booklet falls into two categories:

  • Expensive equipment that should be borrowed or leased from a central Government store or contractor with an operator.
  • Relatively cheap equipment that can be bought by the community and used by locally appointed people.

The booklet may also be useful for schools where fishing is taught and for training village harbour-masters.

FAO would very much like to know what readers think of this booklet, the language, style and pictures. Readers' comments, criticism and opinions will help us to make future books better. So please write to the Fishing Technology Service, Fishery Industries Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.


CONTENTS


Editorial note

Preface

1. FINDING AN IDEAL SITE

Open beach
Sand bays
Reefs
Riverbanks
Rivermouths

2. MAKING A SITE SURVEY

Why is a site survey necessary?
What does the site survey consist of?
What kind of instruments are required for a survey?
Getting started

3. BUILDING A GOOD FISHING SHELTER OR LANDING

Breakwaters
Quays and jetties
Slipways

4. WHICH CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS TO USE

Hints on good site practice
What constitutes a good concrete mix?
Timber

5. USEFUL CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT

6. FITTINGS, SERVICES AND NAVIGATION AIDS

Fittings and services
Navigation aids

7. MAINTAINING THE SHELTER

Dredging
Pollution abatement

8. CORROSION AND HOW TO AVOID IT

Corrosion process
Anticorrosion solutions

9. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

Linear measurements
Volumes
Areas
Weights
Conventions
Drawing scales

ANNEX 1. BASIC SAFETY EQUIPMENT

ANNEX 2. HANDLING CONCRETE

Curing

ANNEX 3. TIPS ON CLEANER HARBOURS

REFERENCES

BACK COVER


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