FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply

Constitutional provisions

Date of original text: 28 November 1980 (2019)

Natural resources: Los derechos de los particulares sobre las aguas, reconocidos o constituidos en conformidad a la ley, otorgarán a sus titulares la propiedad sobre ellos. El Estado tiene el dominio absoluto, exclusivo, inalienable e imprescriptible de todas las minas, comprendiéndose en éstas las covaderas, las arenas metalíferas, los salares, los depósitos de carbón e hidrocarburos y las demás sustancias fósiles, con excepción de las arcillas superficiales, no obstante la propiedad de las personas naturales o jurídicas sobre los terrenos en cuyas entrañas estuvieren situadas. Los predios superficiales estarán sujetos a las obligaciones y limitaciones que la ley señale para facilitar la exploración, la explotación y el beneficio de dichas minas (art. 19, párrafo 25).

Agriculture

Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of original text: 30 December 1988 (2014)

Governance

The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of original text: 04 September 1975 (1999)

Infrastructure

Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of original text: 30 December 1988 (2014)

Water and Environment

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards

Groundwater

Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system