Nepal: Constitution of Nepal (2015) -
The Constitution of Nepal, entered into force on 20 September 2015, enshrines the Right to Food as a fundamental right for citizens of Nepal. FAO has supported the dialogue on food security, right to food and other related matters in Nepal for years. These contributions have been instrumental in order to facilitate consensus and the explicit recognition of the right to food, and other related provisions in articles 36 and 42:
- Article 36 (1) ensures right to food for every citizen,
- Article 36 (2) ensures that every citizen have right to be protected against food scarcity that may cause threat to life,
- Article 36 (3) ensures that every citizen have right to food sovereignty as provided by law,
- Article 42 - right to social justice - includes the provision of food
Palau: Palau National Marine Sanctuary Act (RPPL No. 9-49 of 2015) -
By establishing the Palau National Marine Sanctuary, the world’s sixth-largest area to be fully protected from fishing or drilling, Palau leads the world in highest percentage of its exclusive economic zone (80%) set aside for full protection. In accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and recent treaties and agreements signed by Palau as part of region-wide enforcement efforts (including the FAO Port State Measures Agreement and the International Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter, and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing), the Act aims at improved monitoring of the passage of foreign fishing vessels.
France: Law No. 2016-138 of 11 February 2016 to fight against food waste -
The Law sets out a hierarchy of measures to fight against food waste through waste prevention, use of the unsold products by donation or processing, food recovery for animal feed, agricultural compost and energy recovery by methanisation. It bans supermarkets from throwing away or destroying unsold food, forcing them instead to donate it to charities and food banks.