FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
Date of original text: 27 August 1942 (2009)

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 07 November 1949

Natural resources: El Estado ejerce la soberanía completa y exclusiva en el espacio aéreo de su territorio, en sus aguas territoriales en una distancia de doce millas a partir de la línea de baja mar a lo largo de sus costas, en su plataforma continental y en su zócalo insular de acuerdo con los principios del Derecho Internacional. Ejerce además, una jurisdicción especial sobre los mares adyacentes en su territorio en una extensión de doscientas millas a partir de la misma línea, a fin de proteger, conservar y explotar con exclusividad todos los recursos y riquezas naturales existentes en las aguas, el suelo y el subsuelo de esas zonas, de conformidad con aquellos principios (art. 6). Entre los deberes y atribuciones que corresponden conjuntamente al Presidente y al respectivo Ministro de Gobierno se contempla la suscripción de contratos administrativos, a reserva de someterlos a la aprobación de la Asamblea Legislativa cuando tengan por objeto la explotación de servicios públicos, recursos o riquezas naturales del Estado (art. 140).

Agriculture

Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of text: 18 September 1953

Governance

The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of text: 18 September 1953

Infrastructure

Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of text: 18 September 1953

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use

Water and Environment

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards

Groundwater

Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers