FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
No legislation available

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 26 September 1992

Right to water: No provisions regarding the right to water.

Natural resources: Part IV of Chapter 21 provides for protection of natural resources. Parliament shall provide for the establishment of a Minerals Commission, a Forestry Commission, Fisheries Commission and such other Commissions as Parliament may determine, which shall be responsible for management of the utilization of the natural resources concerned. Grant of a right or concession by or on behalf of any person including the Government of Ghana, to any other person for the exploitation of any mineral, water or other natural resource of Ghana shall be subject to ratification by Parliament, but Parliament may, upon the recommendation of any of the natural resources commissions authorise any other agency of government to grant rights for such exploitation.


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of original text: 11 August 1953 (2021)

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of original text: 22 October 1965 (1969)


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of original text: 30 December 1996 (2021)


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of original text: 30 December 1996 (2021)
Date of original text: 26 September 2021 (2021)

Water and Environment

Date of text: 26 September 2021

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of original text: 04 November 1892 (1970)
Date of original text: 30 December 1994 (1996)


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
Date of text: 11 March 2016

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers


Date of text: 01 November 2019
Date of text: 26 September 2021