FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
Date of text: 19 September 2021

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 27 March 1993

Right to water: No provisions regarding the right to water.

Natural resources: The National Planning Board shall, among other things, prepare plans for the economic development of Lesotho, including in particular the development, conservation and use of land and other natural resources (Art. 105). Lesotho shall adopt policies designed to protect and enhance the natural and cultural environment of Lesotho and shall endeavour to assure to all citizens a sound and safe environment adequate for their health and well-being (Sect. 36).


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of text: 23 April 1969

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use

Water and Environment

Date of text: 19 September 2021
Date of text: 18 December 1998

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of text: 19 September 2021


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers