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FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
Date of original text: 03 September 2007 (2016)

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 09 April 1900

Right to water: No provisions regarding the right to water.

Natural resources: The Commonwealth shall not, by any law or regulation of trade or commerce, abridge the right of a State or of the residents therein to the reasonable use of the waters of rivers for conservation or irrigation (Art. 100)


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of original text: 06 June 1980 (2008)
Date of original text: 23 May 1985 (2009)

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of original text: 03 November 1992 (2016)
Date of original text: 24 June 2008 (2016)
Date of original text: 27 December 1995 (2012)


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of original text: 20 September 1993 (2008)


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of original text: 03 November 1992 (2016)
Date of original text: 06 June 1980 (2008)

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of original text: 24 December 1993 (2016)
Date of original text: 20 September 1993 (2008)

Water and Environment

Water in environmentally-sensitive areas; ‘water demand’ by ecosystems; protection forests; water conservation zones; environmental impact assessment
Date of original text: 26 May 1998 (2011)
Date of original text: 16 August 2001 (2007)

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of original text: 16 July 1999 (2016)
Date of original text: 21 February 1997 (2009)


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of original text: 07 November 1985 (2006)
Date of original text: 28 October 2008 (2015)

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
Date of original text: 18 February 2005 (2016)

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers