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FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
Date of text: 10 April 2003

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 25 October 2015

Right to water: The Constitution does not mention the right to water.

Natural resources: This constitution affirms the permanent right of inalienable sovereignty over all national wealth and natural resources as fundamental elements of its development (preamble). Any act, agreement, convention, administrative arrangement or other fact which has the effect of depriving the Nation of all or part of its own means of existence, derived from its natural resources or wealth, shall be considered a crime of looting and punished by law (article 44). The law also sets out the rules concerning: the natural resources regime; land tenure; land use planning; the environment and conservation of natural resources and sustainable development (article 125).

Agriculture

Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage

Governance

The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations

Infrastructure

Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use

Water and Environment

Water in environmentally-sensitive areas; ‘water demand’ by ecosystems; protection forests; water conservation zones; environmental impact assessment

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards

Groundwater

Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology