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Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
Date of text: 14 May 2014

Constitutional provisions

No constitutional provisions available

Agriculture

Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of text: 31 July 1963
Date of text: 25 July 1991
Date of original text: 16 June 1992 (1999)

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of text: 06 July 1989
Date of text: 01 August 1980
Date of text: 18 July 1973

Governance

The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of text: 06 July 1989
Date of text: 31 July 1963
Date of text: 18 July 1973

Infrastructure

Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of text: 08 May 1975

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of text: 31 July 1963
Date of text: 06 July 1989
Date of text: 18 July 1973

Water and Environment

Water in environmentally-sensitive areas; ‘water demand’ by ecosystems; protection forests; water conservation zones; environmental impact assessment
Date of text: 06 July 1989
Date of text: 31 July 1963
Date of text: 18 July 1973

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of text: 06 July 1989
Date of text: 18 July 1973
Date of text: 01 August 1980

Groundwater

Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of text: 01 August 1980
Date of text: 31 July 1963

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
Date of text: 06 July 1989
Date of text: 01 August 1980

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers