全球的食物权

  吉尔吉斯斯坦

The Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic does not explicitly guarantee the right to adequate food. 

The Kyrgyz Republic has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1994 by way of accession.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

National status of international obligations

Article 6.3: “International treaties to which the Kyrgyz Republic is a party that have entered into force under the established legal procedure and also the universally recognized principles and norms of international law shall be the constituent part of the legal system of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The provisions of international treaties on human rights shall have direct action and be of priority in respect of provisions of other international treaties.”

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 9.1: “The Kyrgyz Republic shall elaborate social programs aimed at establishing decent conditions of life and free personal development as well as assistance to employment."

Article 9.2: "The Kyrgyz Republic shall ensure the support to socially vulnerable categories of citizens, guaranteed minimal level of labor remuneration, protection of labor and health."

Article 9.3: "The Kyrgyz Republic shall develop a system of social services, medical services, establishes state pensions, benefits as well as other social security safeguards.”

Article 36.2: “Each child shall have the right to the level of life, necessary for his/her physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development.”

Article 53: 
2. Pensions and social assistance in accordance with the economic resources of the state shall ensure a standard of living not lower than the minimum subsistence level established by the law.”

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Accession (1994)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Accession (1997)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Accession (1994)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Signature (2011)

承认足够食物权的立法和政策

粮农组织理事会通过的并得到世界粮食安全委员会认可的《食物权准则》提供了关于如何在国家粮食安全背景下逐步实现充足食物权的指南。

考虑到可以通过各种法律和政策行动来实现获得充足食物的人权,我们邀请您访问 FAOLEX国家概况数据库, 其中收集了已经在国家一级采取的各种措施。您可能会发现一些文件是与某些相关准则相关的法规和政策,例如与获取资源和资产的准则(准则8)相关的措施,与食品安全和消费者保护准则(准则9)相关的措施,与对弱势群体的支持(准则13)相关的措施,以及与自然灾害和人为灾难(准则16)相关的措施。

您可以在下面找到明确提及食物权的政策和法规

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